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Journal of Diseases

June 2019, Volume 6, 2, pp 61-80

Unprotected Sex among Sexually Active Unmarried Young Adults: A Pariah or Preemptive Incidence

Taofik Olatunji Bankole


Rasheed Adebayo Yinusa


Muazu Alhaji Shamaki

Taofik Olatunji Bankole 1

Rasheed Adebayo Yinusa 2 Muazu Alhaji Shamaki 2 

  1. Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Federal University, Birnin-Kebbi Nigeria. 2

Pages: 61-80

DOI: 10.18488/journal.99.2019.62.61.80

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Article History:

Received: 12 June, 2019
Revised: 16 July, 2019
Accepted: 19 August, 2019
Published: 10 October, 2019


Globally, HIV endemic has been linked to several but preventable predictors, amongst these, is the practice of unprotected sex. In spite of the burdens of HIV/AIDS in Nigeria, there is a dearth of studies with focus outside the conventional approach to predicting the incidence of unprotected sex among sexually active unmarried young adults in Nigeria. This study addresses this limitation. The study adopted a cross-sectional and multistage sampling technique. A total sample size of 384 respondents was systematically and randomly selected among young adults aged 20-29 in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. Unprotected sex was the study’s response variable and was categorised into respondents who had unprotected sex in at least the last three months prior the survey with single sex partner and those who had with multiple sex partners over the same period. The key explanatory variables were a pariah and preemptive factors while the confounding variable was knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Rank-ordered logistic regression was employed using Stata 14. Results showed that pariah and preemptive factors were significantly associated with unprotected sex (p<0.05). The study concluded that the incidence of unprotected sex among unmarried young adults across Ile-Ife communities was predisposed to pariah and preemptive factors.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature by reconnoitering risky sexual behaviour outside the conventional recognized approach; it documents joint influence of pariah and preemptive factors on incidence of unprotected sex; as such document provides insights to inhibiting the spread of HIV and avoidance of unwanted pregnancy outside wedlock.


Pariah, Preemptive, Unprotected sex, Young adults, Unmarried, HIV endemic.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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