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Journal of Diseases

March 2019, Volume 6, 1, pp 7-12

Gender Based Differences in Epidemiologic and Clinical Profile of Adult Vitiligo

Ehiaghe L Anaba

Ehiaghe L Anaba 1

  1. Department of Medicine, Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 7-12

DOI: 10.18488/journal.99.2019.61.7.12

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Article History:

Received: 15 October, 2018
Revised: 23 November, 2018
Accepted: 24 December, 2018
Published: 21 March, 2019


Vitiligo, an asymptomatic de-pigmenting skin disease occurs in both males and females. It is not readily known if differences in clinical and socio-demographic features exist between male and female vitiligo patients. To document gender based differences in socio-demographic (age at onset, area of onset, family history of vitiligo) and clinical characteristics (type of vitiligo, severity of disease, activity of lesions, area affected) of adult Nigerian vitiligo patients. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study of 76 adult vitiligo patients who attended the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of the University College Hospital, Ibadan from January 2005 to December 2009. A questionnaire designed for the study was used to document the relevant information. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 16. Prevalence of vitiligo was 4.5%, 44 males (57.9%) and 32 females (42.1%) were seen. Mean age at onset was 34.6 ±17.1 years with a range of 1-78 years. The face and scalp were the commonest areas of vitiligo occurrence in both genders. There were differences in clinical characteristics however, they were not statistically significant. Significate difference was found in level of education, self-medication and duration of disease. There are some differences in clinical profile between male and female adult vitiligo patients.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on vitiligo in adults. Vitiligo occurs in both adult males and females. However, differences in clinical and epidemiologic features of vitiligo between males and females is not readily documented. This study highlights these differences.


Vitiligo, Gender, Clinical profile, Adult, Differences, Epidemiology.




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declares that there are no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.


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