Gil Rodrigues dos Santos 1Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mourão 1Fernando Machado Haesbaert 1Talita Pereira de Souza Ferreira 1Pedro Raymundo Argüelles Osorio 1Rosângela Ribeiro de Souza 1Priscila Fonseca Costa 1Eduardo Côrtes Ribeiro Ferreira 1Raimundo Wagner de Souza Aguiar 1
Federal University of Tocantins, Campus of Gurupi, 77410-530 Gurupi, TO, Brazil 1
The knowledge of medicinal plants utilized by the quilombolas is considered important in the conservation of these plants within the Brazilian biodiversity, and must be preserved and transmitted over the generations. Thus, the objective of this study was to make a survey of the use of medicinal plants utilized by the Quilombola Community of Chapada da Natividade, located in the state of Tocantins, Brazil. The data gathering was carried through informal interviews with listing of the plants and the sampling technique utilized for selection of informers was the “Snow Ball”. There were registered 32 species belonging to 22 distinct families. The families with the higher number of cited species were Fabaceae, Anacardidaceae and Lamiaceae. The predominant medicinal uses are mostly associated to the respiratory and tegumental systems, with the leaves being the most used parts, in teas by decoction and infusion. Also, there was carried the study of the main illnesses, considering the use of medicinal plants for the treatment of them. The results show a vast diversity of vegetal species utilized, and that the role of the medicinal plants is not only as agent in the cure of diseases, but also as cultural form
This study documents the main medicinal plants used by Quilombolas for the treatment of diseases and the different forms of preparation. This contributes with information that can help in the alternative treatment of diseases, as well as a cultural form of preserving the knowledge acquired through the generations.
Alternative therapy, Quilombos, Medicinal herbs, Traditional knowledge, Self-medication, Tea.
This study received no specific financial support.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.