Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

Animal Review

March 2014, Volume 1, 1, pp 11-16

Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan

Asma H.M Hamed

,

Amani A. B. Osman

,

Mohmed E. Elimam

Asma H.M Hamed 1

Amani A. B. Osman 2
Mohmed E. Elimam 3

  1. Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of Gadarif, Gadarif, Sudan 1

  2. Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Kassala University, HalfaElgadida, Sudan 2

  3. Goat Research Centre, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan 3


Abstract:

An experiment was conducted to evaluate cotton gin trash(CGT) as a feed for Shugor Desert lambs in New Halfa area in the Butana plain, Kassala State, Sudan. Cotton gin trash has high EE and CP and the proximate analysis (%) is 98.67, 18.25, 22.70, 38.35, 8.20 and 12.50 for DM, EE, CF, CP, ash and NFE, respectively. These residues cause environmental problem when it is not well exploited. Fifteen Shugor Desert lambs about 8-10 month old weighing 26.5 kg in average were divided to three groups and fed isocaloric and isonitrogenous rations with 0, 10% and 20% CGT for 6 weeks. Daily feed intake increased significantly (P≤0.05) with increasing CGT in rations (1.12, 1.30 and 1.37 kg at 0, 10 and 20% CGT, respectively).Final body weight increased with CGT in rations, but not significantly (P≥ 0.05) and were 34.66,34.76 and 36.90 kg , respectively. Weight gain increased with increasing CGT in rations, but not significantly(P≥ 0.05).They were 7.72, 7.78 and 9.98 kg at 0,10 and 20%CGT, respectively. Feed conversion ratio improved with increasing CGT in rations and were 7.80, 6.54 and 6.03 at 0,10 and 20%CGT, respectively. The results showed that CGT had good nutritive value and improved sheep feed intake, performance and feed conversion ratio and should be promoted.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the effect of different levels of cotton gin trash on the performance of Sudanese desert lambs.The papers primary contribution is finding that cotton cotton gin trash had good nutritive value and improved sheep feed intake, performance and feed conversion ratio.

Keywords:


Reference:

  1. A. A. B. Osman and M. E. Elimam, "The effects of different levels of mesquite (Prosopischilensis) pods on the performance of shugor lambs in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan," Gezira Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 10, pp. 95-101, 2012.
  2. A. H. Mohamed, "Evaluation of some range plants for goats in the rahad area, butana plain, Sudan," M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan, 2001.
  3. H. M. H. Asma, "Upgrading and the utilization by Nubian goats of some crop residues in the Sudan," Ph. D Thesis, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Gezira, Wad Medani, Sudan, 2007.
  4. R. O. Myer, Cotton gin trash: Alternative roughage feed for beef cattle. Document AN177, Animal sciences department, Florida cooperative extension service: Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Avialable: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu, 2007.
  5. M. K. Khalafalla, "Effect of dietary level of cotton gin trash on nutrients utilization and performance of Sudan desert lambs," M.Sc. Thesis. (Anim. Prod.), University of Khartoum, Khartoum North, Sudan, 1988.
  6. H. A. Tayfour and Z. H. Rashid, Oilseed crops, 1st ed. Iraq: Maousil, 1990.
  7. E. S. Erwin and C. B. Roubicek, "Utilization of cotton gin trash by growing and fattening steers," J. Anim. Sci., vol. 17, pp. 133-139, 1958.
  8. M. J. Bader, R. K. Bramwell, R. L. Stewart, and G. M. Hill, "Gin trash studies conducted in Georgia," Beltwide Cotton Production Research Proceedings, vol. 2, pp. 1698-1699, 1998.
  9. NRC, Nutrient requirements of beef cattle. Washington, DC, USA: National Academy of Science, National Research Council, 2000.
  10. J. B. Kennedy, "Evaluation of cotton gin trash as a roughage source for stocker cattle," M. Sc Thesis, Auburn University, Alabama, USA, 2006.
  11. D. L. Arndt, C. R. Richardson, R. C. Albin, and L. B. Sherrod, "Digestibility of chemically treated cotton plant by-product and effect on mineral balance, urine volume and pH," J. Anim. Sci., vol. 51, pp. 215-223, 1980.
  12. Villalobos, C. M. Britton, M. Avila, R. Richardson, G. Holt, and G. Bezanilla, "Cotton by-products supplementation for steers grazing tobosa grass (Hilariamutica[Buckl.] Benth.) rangeland," The Texas Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resource, vol. 22, pp. 7-16, 2009.
  13. R. L. Stewart, M. J. Bader, and G. H. Harris, "The evaluation of cotton gin trash as a cattle feed," University of Georgia, Animal & Dairy Science Annual Report, 1998.
  14. AOAC, Official methods of analysis, 15th ed. Arlington, Virginia,USA: Association of Official Analytical Chemist, Inc, 1990.
  15. G. Snedecor and W. G. Cochran, Statistical methods. Ames, Iowa, U.S.A.: Iowa State University Press, 1980.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


Related Article

( 1 ) Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan
( 2 ) Effects of Age at Fattening On Butana Camel Males Carcass Characteristics in the Sudan
( 3 ) Germination Effects of Purposive Bruchid Screening of African Ebony (Dalbergia Melanoxylon) Seeds In the Arid and Semi-Arid Region of South Eastern Kenya
( 4 ) Effects of Ebola (EVD) Outbreak on Bush Meat Marketing and Consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 5 ) Effects of Degasified Extender on Quality Parameters of Cryopreserved Bull Spermatozoa
( 6 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 7 ) Physiological Effects of Some Artificial and Natural Food Coloring on Young Male Albino Rats
( 8 ) Protective Effects of Sweet Orange Peel (Citrus Sinensis L.) The Induction of Micronuclei Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Human Peripheral Lymphocytes
( 9 ) Analysis of Climate Change Effects among Rice Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 10 ) The Effects of Magnetic Field on Germination of Seeds and Growth of Seedlings of Stone Pine
( 11 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 12 ) Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria
( 13 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 14 ) Effects of Community Financing Institutions on Cassava Farmers Income in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 15 ) Effects of Inclusion of Processed Grapefruit Pulp on Wheat Flour Biscuit
( 16 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 17 ) Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea
( 18 ) Storage Effects on Microbiological and Some Antioxidant Potentials of Partially Substituted Bread Produced from Wheat Flour and Fresh Coconut Meat
( 19 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 20 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 22 ) Stage Specific Life Table of Invasive Pest Mealybug, Phenacoccus Solenopsis (Tinsley) Under Cotton Field Conditions
( 23 ) Preservative Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Ginger in Wara - A West African Traditional Soft (Unripened) Cheese
( 25 ) Effect of Sodium Alginate Coating with Ascorbic Acid on Shelf Life of Raw Pork Meat
( 26 ) Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin
( 27 ) Feeding Potential of Red Palm Weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus on Different Date Palm, Phoenix Dactylifera Varieties Under Field Conditions
( 28 ) Importance of Arginine as Immune Regulator in Animal Nutrition
( 29 ) Socioeconomic Impact of Bagging Technology for Value Addition in Mango in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh
( 30 ) Comparing the Molluscicidal Action of Metaldehyde, Oxamyl, Potassium Nitrate and a Botanical Insecticide for Managing Limacolaria Spp Infesting Banana Plantations in Cameroon
( 33 ) Impact of Laser Land Leveling On Water Productivity of Wheat under Deficit Irrigation Condations
( 34 ) An Assessment of the Level of Awareness of Climate Change and Variability among Rural Farmers in Taraba State, Nigeria
( 35 ) Screening of Mycotoxins Producer Fungal and Aflatoxins Level in Dried and Smoked Fish (Clarias Sp.) and (Oreochromis Sp.) from Lake Fitri - Chad
( 38 ) Growth and Survival Parameters and Blood IgG and Total Protein Levels of Calves Born in the First Production Year of Brown Swiss and Simmental Cows
( 39 ) Performance of Growing Grasscutters Fed Diets with Varying Levels of Soybean Meal Replaced by Brewers Dried Grain
( 40 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 41 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 43 ) The Influence of Probiotics and Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers
( 44 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 45 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 46 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 47 ) Studies on Seasonal Performance of Newly Developed Bivoltine Silkworm (Bombyx Mori L) Hybrids Tolerant To Bmnpv and Effect of Temperature on Disease Induction
( 48 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 50 ) Performance of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in the Shiselweni Region of Swaziland
( 51 ) Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia
( 54 ) Impact of Subclinical Mastitis on Reproductive Performance of Dairy Animals
( 55 ) Phenotypic Performance Evaluation of Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef L) Genotypes in North Gondar
( 56 ) Growth Performance of Kit Rabbits Fed Concentrate Diet Supplemented with Varying Foliage Leaf Meals
( 57 ) Evaluation of Bread Making Performance of Some Wheat Flour Brands Available in Nigerian Markets as Affected by Cassava or Sweet Potato Flour Inclusion
( 58 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 61 ) Effect of Contamination by Fungi and Yeast on the Physiochemical Characteristics of Gum Arabic Stored in Semi-Desert Climate of Khartoum City, Sudan
( 63 ) Biochemical and Electron Microscopic Changes Induced by Giardia in Experimentally Infected Lambs
( 66 ) A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation
( 67 ) Effect of Seed Rate and Cultivar on Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in New Halfa Locality, Sudan
( 72 ) Analysis of Determinants of Demand and Supply of Maize in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 73 ) Profitability of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) Production and Marketing in Zuru Local Government Area, Kebbi State: A Case for Honey
( 74 ) Ectoparasitosis in Domesticated Turkeys (Meleagris Gallopavo) in Jere Area, Borno State, Nigeria
( 77 ) GGE and Ammi Biplot Analysis for Field PEA Yield Stability in Snnpr State, Ethiopia
( 79 ) Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Soil Chemical Properties in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
( 81 ) Ethnomedicinal Survey of Plants Used In Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Abia State, Nigeria
( 83 ) Analysis of Fresh Fish Marketing in Ngaski Local Government Area of Kebbi State, Nigeria
( 84 ) Assessment of Human Capital Attributes Influencing Occupational Diversification among Rural Women in Anambra State, Nigeria
( 85 ) Ingessana Goats Phenotype, Carcass and Wholesale Cuts Characteristics in Fadamia, Bao Locality, Blue Nile State, Sudan
( 86 ) Assessment of Veterinary Inspection Practices on Quality of Beef Produced In Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 87 ) Constraints to Brood and Sell Poultry Production among Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 88 ) Farmers Assessment of the Training and Visit Extension System in Niger State: Evidence from Fadama Ii & Iii in Mokwa Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
( 89 ) Stover Yield and Chemical Composition in Some Sorghum Varieties in Gadarif State, Sudan