Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

Journal of New Media and Mass Communication

June 2017, Volume 4, 1, pp 16-32

An Aesthetic Appraisal of Newspaper Coverage of Boko Haram Activities

Godspower Udoh

Godspower Udoh 1

  1. Department of Communication Arts University of Uyo, Nigeria 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 16-32

DOI: 10.18488/journal.91.2017.41.16.32

Share :

Article History:

Received: 09 January, 2017
Revised: 15 February, 2017
Accepted: 07 March, 2017
Published: 13 March, 2017


Abstract:

The International Community and other global bodies have repeatedly issued statements condemning the activities of Boko Haram, a militant organisation which emerged around 2002 as a local Islamic group. The world body has been calling on individuals and institutions, particularly the press, to help in the fight against Boko Haram. However, a typical West African country where the insurgency has as its major flashpoint is Nigeria, whose press, is accordingly used as a case study here. Given the fact that newspapers have a role to play in the fight against Boko Haram, one expects them to be creative in their coverage of the activities of the sect, if their coverage should contribute significantly towards peaceful coexistence. This is where application of aesthetic principles of violent conflict reporting, as identified in this paper, comes in. But have the newspapers been applying the aesthetic indices of violent conflict reporting identified in this paper, while contributing their quota towards the return of peace to the sub-region? An appraisal of the various stories on the activities of Boko Haram in Nigeria within the last two years of the group’s peak activities shows that Nigerian newspapers have been mainly informative and alarmist in their coverage of the activities of the group, and could not strike a balance with the other aesthetic indices. The paper concludes, therefore, that Nigerian newspapers are, to a great extent, mono aesthetic in their coverage of Boko Haram activities, and needs to ensure an aesthetic equilibrium for them to create more impact in the peace process.

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to existing scanty literature in newspaper aesthetics. It uses a new methodology, called aesthetic content analysis. It is one of very few studies which have investigated aesthetics in conflict reporting. The paper primarily finds out that Nigerian newspapers are mono-aesthetic in their coverage of Boko Haram activities.

Keywords:

Aesthetic Indices, Informativeness, Peaceableness, Criticalness, Visualness, Insurgency, News, Feature, Depthness, Boko Haram.

Video:

Reference:

  1. Ademola, S., 2006. Theories of social conflicts.  In: Gaya Best, S. (Ed.) Introduction to Peace and Conflict Studies in West Africa. Ibadan: Spectrum Books and UPEACE Africa Programme. pp: 35-57.
  2. Akpan, E. and U. Etuk, 1990. Aesthetics, philosophical and artistic dimensions. Uyo: Modern Business Press.
  3. Akpan, E.D., 1987. Communication and media arts: An introduction to the basics. Uyo: Modern Business Press.
  4. Akpan, I., 1996. Package as a medium of advertising: A communicative cum aesthetic imperative. Journal of University Media and Aesthetics, 1(1): 45 – 53.
  5. Akpan, I., 2011. Aesthetics in public relations. Journal of Media and Aesthetics, 3(1): 16 – 17.
  6. Ani, N., 2008. Aesthetics in advertising: A case study of advertisements. International Journal of Communication, 7(8): 326 – 334.
  7. Anim, E., 2003. The aesthetic value of newspaper layout. Journal of University Media and Aesthetics, 1(3): 63-75. View at Google Scholar 
  8. Batta, H., 2008. Aesthetic considerations in the design of magazine cover. International Journal of Communication, 6(8): 300 – 312. View at Google Scholar 
  9. Eti, C., 2009. Objectivity and balance in conflict reporting: Imperatives for the Niger Delta Press. AKSU Journal of Communication Research, 1(1): 4 – 5.
  10. Folarin, B., 2002. Theories of mass commujication: An introductory text. 3rd Edn., Ibadan: Bakinfol Publications.
  11. Frost, C., 2012. Designing for newspapers and magazines. London: Routledge.
  12. Gutierrez, J., 2012. European Union Election Observation Mission Report, Freetown.
  13. Ikpe, E., 2003. Aesthetics in organisational corporate culture for effective corporate image. Journal of University Media and Aesthetics, 1(3): 40 - 46.
  14. Ikpe, E.H., 1990. Organisational communication problems and effective approaches process . In Akpan, E. D. (Ed.), Communication arts: priciples, applications, and practices. Uyo: Modern Business Press. pp: 25-31.
  15. Jayakamar, K., 2014. Peace Journalism and Boko Haram. Retrieved from https/www/insightonconflict.org. [Accessed November 9, 2016].
  16. Johnson, E., 2004. Aesthetics, the dialectics and theatrics and communication. Nigeria: Concept Publications.
  17. Kerr, R. and J. Lincoln, 2008. The special court for Sierra Leone,outreach,legacy and impact, final report. London: King’s College.
  18. M’Bayo, R., R. Nwanko and C. Onwumechili, 2000. The press and politics in Africa. Lampeter, Wales: The Edward Mellen Press.
  19. McQuail, D., 2005. Mcquail’s mass communication theory. 5th Edn., London: Sage Publications.
  20. Nkana, N., 2003. An analysis of Nigerian television authority’s Newsline programme: The Aesthetic and Artistic Dimension. An Unpublished Dissertation, University of Uyo, Nigeria.
  21. Onu, G., 2009. The method of conflict resolution and transformation. In: Ikejiana-Clark, M. (Ed). Peace Studies Studies and Conflict Resolution in Nigeria. Ibadan: Spectrum Books. pp: 83-102.
  22. Owens-Ibie, N., 2002. Socio-cultural considerations in conflict reporting in Nigeria. In: Pate, U. (Ed) Intrduction to Conflict Reporting in Nigeria. Lagos: Friedrich Ebert Stifting. pp: 30-44.
  23. Udoakah, N., 1996. Print media aesthetics: A forgotten notion in mass communication. Journal of University Media and Aesthetics, 1(2): 20 – 26.
  24. Udoakah, N., 2014. Government and the media in Nigeria. Ibadan: Stirling Horden Publishers Ltd.
  25. Udoakah, N. and F. Oliseh, 2009. Readers perception of the aesthetic elements in cover page designs of newsmagazines in Nigeria. Journal of Communication and Media Research, 2(7): 93 – 105.
  26. Udoh, G., 2010. Aesthetics as a factor in newspaper selection among academics in South-South Nigeria. An Unpublished Doctoral Thesis of the University of Uyo, Nigeria.
  27. Udoh, G., 2012. Aesthetics in newspaper page design. Mediacom Journal, 2(7): 185 – 196.
  28. Udoh, G., 2014. News writing and aesthetics. Uyo: Clear Prints Ltd.
  29. Udoh, G., 2015. Editing & designing. Uyo: Peace Letters Communication Ltd.
  30. Udoh, G. and C. Obot, 2013. Textual aesthetics: A look at print media news and features in Nigeria. Global Journal, 5(13): 11 – 16.
  31. Umar, M., 2002. Reporting conflict on radio: The editorial dimension. In: Pate, U. (Ed) Introduction to Conflict Reporting in Nigeria. Lagos: Friedrich Ebert Stifting. pp: 121-132.
  32. Wilson, D., 1996. Traditional media arts: An aesthetic appreciation of the town crier. Journal of University Media and Aesthetics, 1(1): 24 – 25.
  33. Wilson, D., 2015. Ethnocommunicology, trado-modern commmunication and mediamorphosis in Nigeria: An Iconoclast's demystification of some communication traditions. Uyo: University of Uyo Press.
  34. Zettl, H., 2005. Sight, sound, motion: Applied media aesthetics. New York: Wadsworth Publishing Company Inc.
  35. Zettl, H., 2009. Television production handbook. New York: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declares that there are no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Acknowledgement:


Related Article