The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between reaction time and deception type and investigate the effect of deception type on reaction time during smash in Badminton. Sex Badminton players are high level athletes in the world participated in the last Olympic championship "London 2012", (mass 69.17±6.31 kg, length 178.00±0.06 cm. Reaction time is defined as the period of time that elapses between offensive player stroke the shuttle and opponent player move to shuttle direction. Smashes were analyzed of the last six matches in Olympic championship London 2012, two matches in Quarter-finals, two matches of Semi-finals, Bronze Medal Match and Gold Medal Match. Dartfish v.7 software motion analysis used to analysis 230 smashes and for the statistical analysis of the data the IBM SPSS Statistics 21 was used. The complex deception is more difficult types of deception for the opponents as the player use more than a tool during the striking and then the degree of difficulty followed by arm deception, while the performance of the smashes without deception gives a greater opportunity for an opponent to anticipate the strike and then stopped, and this means that the increase the degree of difficulty of deception increased the time of reaction necessary to repel the strike, thereby increasing the opportunity to make the point, therefore must specify a part in the content of the training programs for the smashes combined with different types of deception.
This study uses new estimation methodology to determine the reaction time for different deception types during smash in badminton. This methodology depended to use motion analysis software to determine the reaction time during a real situation in the match. These data may be important for badminton’s coaches to smash performance training.
Akarsu, S., E. Caliskan and ?. Dane, 2009. Athletes have faster eye-hand visual reaction times and higher scores on visuospatial intelligence than nonathletes. Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences, 39(6): 871-874.
Akl, A.-R., 2012. Setting a biomechanical bases for leg-pushing according to specified models in sports performance. Egypt: Alexandria University.
Akl, A.-R., 2013. A comparison of biomechanical parameters between two methods of countermovement jump. International Journal of Sports Science and Engineering, 7(2): 123-128.
Bankosz, Z., H. Nawara and M. Ociepa, 2013. Assessment of simple reaction time in badminton players. TRENDS in Sport Sciences, 20(1): 54-61.
Dane, ?., F. Hazar and Ü. Tan, 2008. Correlations between eye-hand reaction time and power of various muscles in badminton players. International Journal of Neuroscience, 118(3): 349-354.
Downey, J., 2007. Tactics in badminton singles. England: Jake Downey.
El-Gizawy, H., 2007. The efficiency of tactical performance of the forehand smash and their relation ship to game results for the high standard players in badminton. Egypt: Alexandria University.
El-Gizawy, H., 2011. Designing ameasure for tactical thinking for some attack performances for the high levels players in badminton, in: Games department. Egypt: Alexandria University.
Gowitzke, B. and D. Waddell, 1991. Biomechanical studies of badminton overhead power strokes: A review, in: IX International Symposium of Biomechanicsin Sports, Ames, Lowa. pp: 103-109.
Grice, T., 2008. Badminton steps to success. 2nd Edn.: Human Kinetics, Inc.
Hayashi, T., M. Kakuta and Y. Sekine, 2008. Shot determination in a badminton match by 3 dimensional DLT method, in: Health and Sport Science the 59th Meeting Proceeding, Japan Society of Physical Education, Japan. pp: 152.
Jones, B. and H. Jarvis, 1998. Badminton. London: Royal Navy.
Loureiro, L. and P.D. Freitas, 2012. Influence of the performance level of badminton players in neuromotor aspects during target-pointing task. Exercise and Sports Sciences, 8(3): 203-207.
Maæka, K. and P. Cych, 2011. Factors influencing the response time in teaching and perfecting low start. Rozprawy Naukowe AWF [In Polish], 33(2): 5-11.
Nagasawa, M., Y. Hatori, M. Kakuta, T. Hayashi and Y. Sekine, 2012. Smash motion analysis for Badminton from image in: Proceedings of the IIEEJ Image Electronics and Visual Computing Workshop 2012, Kuching, Malaysia.
Osi?ski, W., 2003. Anthropomotorics [In Polish]. 2 Edn., Pozna?: AWF.
Raczek, J., W. Mynarski and W. Ljach, 2003. Shaping and diagnosis of coordination motor abilities. Handbook for teachers, trainers and students. AWF Katowice [In Polish] Katowice.
Rambely, A., W. Bakar, W. Abas and M. Yusof, 2005. The analysis of the jumping smash in the game of badminton, in: Proc. of XXIII International Symposium of Biomechanics in Sports. pp. 671-674.
Solanki, J., N. Joshi, C. Shah, H.B. Mehta and P.A. Gokhle, 2012. Study of correlation between auditory and visual reaction time in healthy adults. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health, 2(2): 36-38.
Waddell, D. and B. Gowitzke, 2000. Biomechanical principles applied to badminton power strokes, in: 18 International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports, Hong Kong, China. pp. 817-822.