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Patterns, Correlates and Knowledge of Health Implications Associated with Alcohol Consumption: A Mix-Method Approach

Abiodun, Oluwaseun Oyebode


Taofik, Olatunji Bankole

Abiodun, Oluwaseun Oyebode 1
Taofik, Olatunji Bankole 2

  1. Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Federal Polytechnic, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. 2

Pages: 6-23

DOI: 10.18488/journal.9.2019.61.6.23

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Article History:

Received: 06 May, 2019
Revised: 12 June, 2019
Accepted: 19 July, 2019
Published: 03 September, 2019


Heavy consumers of alcohol are more likely to indulge in social vices due to cognitive impairment and students who engage in high alcohol intake are more likely to perform poorly in their academics. This study describes the patterns of alcohol consumption and investigated the correlates of and knowledge of health implications related with alcohol consumption in the studied locations. This study was a cross sectional research design and employed the mix-research methods. The quantitative data was generated through a survey with 400 respondents selected through a proportionate sampling design from Kwara State College of Education, University of Ilorin, and Federal Polytechnic, Offa. The qualitative evidence was captured through 10 in-depth interviews using a snowball sampling technique to recruit students who are heavy consumers of alcohol. The quantitative data was analysed using Stata version 14. The chi-square and multiple regression analysis results showed that amount of alcohol consumed and perception of were significantly associated with students’ knowledge of health implications associated with alcohol consumption (p<0.05). Results of the multiple regression showed that students’ knowledge on health implications associated with alcohol consumption contributed about 10% to amount of alcohol consumed and their perception of alcohol consumption. Results of the qualitative study revealed that students were of the view that moderate consumption of alcohol was needful with no negative health implications arising from it. The study concluded that students’ perception of the health implications related with consumption of alcohol influenced amount of alcohol and measures taken to reduce quantity of alcohol consumed.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have explored mix-method research technique to validate the correlates of alcohol consumption; and it study provides guidance to proffering solution to the perception and knowledge of students on health risks associated with alcohol consumption amongst college students.


Health implications, Alcohol consumption, Patterns, Northcentral, Kwara.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors express their gratitude to Ofino Emmanuel, Adelakun Paul and Adegoke Oluwatosin for their time and energy put towards the collection of quantitative data and conduction of the qualitative aspect of this study.

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