Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

Patterns, Correlates and Knowledge of Health Implications Associated with Alcohol Consumption: A Mix-Method Approach

Abiodun, Oluwaseun Oyebode


Taofik, Olatunji Bankole

Abiodun, Oluwaseun Oyebode 1
Taofik, Olatunji Bankole 2

  1. Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Federal Polytechnic, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. 2

Pages: 6-23

DOI: 10.18488/journal.9.2019.61.6.23

Share :

Article History:

Received: 06 May, 2019
Revised: 12 June, 2019
Accepted: 19 July, 2019
Published: 03 September, 2019


Heavy consumers of alcohol are more likely to indulge in social vices due to cognitive impairment and students who engage in high alcohol intake are more likely to perform poorly in their academics. This study describes the patterns of alcohol consumption and investigated the correlates of and knowledge of health implications related with alcohol consumption in the studied locations. This study was a cross sectional research design and employed the mix-research methods. The quantitative data was generated through a survey with 400 respondents selected through a proportionate sampling design from Kwara State College of Education, University of Ilorin, and Federal Polytechnic, Offa. The qualitative evidence was captured through 10 in-depth interviews using a snowball sampling technique to recruit students who are heavy consumers of alcohol. The quantitative data was analysed using Stata version 14. The chi-square and multiple regression analysis results showed that amount of alcohol consumed and perception of were significantly associated with students’ knowledge of health implications associated with alcohol consumption (p<0.05). Results of the multiple regression showed that students’ knowledge on health implications associated with alcohol consumption contributed about 10% to amount of alcohol consumed and their perception of alcohol consumption. Results of the qualitative study revealed that students were of the view that moderate consumption of alcohol was needful with no negative health implications arising from it. The study concluded that students’ perception of the health implications related with consumption of alcohol influenced amount of alcohol and measures taken to reduce quantity of alcohol consumed.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have explored mix-method research technique to validate the correlates of alcohol consumption; and it study provides guidance to proffering solution to the perception and knowledge of students on health risks associated with alcohol consumption amongst college students.


Health implications, Alcohol consumption, Patterns, Northcentral, Kwara.



[1]          World Health Organisation, "Management of substance abuse: WHO Forum on alcohol, drugs and addictive behaviour." Available: . [Accessed 28 August, 2019], 2019.

[2]          J. S. Dong, S. Wi-Young, and T. J. Taikyeong, "Association between alcohol consumption and academic achievement: A cross-sectional study," Central Euro Journal of Public Health, vol. 24, pp. 45–51, 2016. Available at:

[3]          M. Adelekan, R. Ndom, A. Makanjuola, D. Parakoyi, G. Osagbemi, O. Fagbemi, and A. Petu, "Trend analysis of substance use among undergraduates of university of Ilorin, Nigeria, 1988-1998," African J Drug Alcohol Studies, vol. 1, pp. 39-52, 2000.

[4]          O. Abayomi, P. O. Onifade, A. O. Adelufosi, and A. O. Akinhanmi, "Psychosocial correlates of hazardous alcohol use among undergraduates in southwestern Nigeria," General Hospital Psychiatry, vol. 35, pp. 320-324, 2013. Available at:

[5]          S. A. Groves, B. Η. Stanley, and L. Sher, "Ethnicity and the relationship between adolescent alcohol use and suicidal behavior," International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, vol. 19, pp. 19-26, 2007. Available at:

[6]          O. Idoko, A. S. Muyiwa, and B. C. E. Agoha, "The effect of alcohol consumption on the academic performance of undergraduate students," Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 4, pp. 147-153, 2015.

[7]          J. O. Awoyinfa, "An Investigation into the incidence of alcohol usage and abuse among female students of the University of Lagos, Nigeria, West Africa," Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, vol. 3, pp. 174-178, 2012.

[8]          O. A. Adekeye, "Knowledge level and attitude of school going male adolescents towards drug use and abuse," Kontagora Journal of Education, vol. 12, pp. 122-130, 2012.

[9]          A. I. Olusola and A. J. Afolayan, "Psychoactive substance consumption and awareness of health effects among students in tertiary institutions in Ekiti State, Nigeria," Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, vol. 3, pp. 257-262, 2012.

[10]        S. K. Balogun, "Chronic intake of separate and combined alcohol and nicotine on body maintenance among albino rats," Journal of Human Ecology, vol. 19, pp. 21-24, 2006. Available at:

[11]        J. Greenblatt, Patterns of alcohol use among adolescents and associations with emotional and behavioral problems. Rockville, MD: Office of Applied Studies Working Paper. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration, 2000.

[12]        B. Aertgeerts and F. Buntinx, "The relation between alcohol abuse or dependence and academic performance in first-year college students," Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 31, pp. 223-225, 2002. Available at:

[13]        H. W. Perkins, "Surveying the damage: A review of research on consequences of alcohol misuse in college populations," Journal of Studies on Alcohol, supplement, pp. 91-100, 2002. Available at:

[14]        Y. C. Wang, S. N. Bleich, and S. L. Gortmaker, "Increasing caloric contribution from sugar-sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices among US children and adolescents, 1988–2004," Pediatrics, vol. 121, pp. e1604-e1614, 2008. Available at:

[15]        M. L. Booth, T. Chey, M. Wake, K. Norton, K. Hesketh, J. Dollman, and I. Robertson, "Change in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among young Australians, 1969–1997," The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 77, pp. 29-36, 2003. Available at:

[16]        S. N. Bleich, Y. C. Wang, Y. Wang, and S. L. Gortmaker, "Increasing consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages among US adults: 1988–1994 to 1999–2004," The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 89, pp. 372-381, 2008. Available at:

[17]        L. R. Vartanian, M. B. Schwartz, and K. D. Brownell, "Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: A systematic review and meta-analysis," American Journal of Public Health, vol. 97, pp. 667-675, 2007. Available at:

[18]        World Health Organization, "Youth violence and alcohol." Available: . [Accessed June 26, 2019], 2004.

[19]        G. Onongha, "The influence of some factors on alcohol use and abuse among education students of Osun state university, Nigeria," International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 2, pp. 276-283, 2012.

[20]        J. R. Aworemi, I. A. Abdul-Azeez, and S. O. Olabode, "Analytical study of the causal factors of road traffic crashes in southwestern Nigeria," Educational Research, vol. 1, pp. 118-124, 2010.

[21]        R. Audu, "Alcoholism: A habit too expensive and too damaging. P.M News." Available: . [Accessed 22 April, 2019], 2011.

[22]        A. Amadi, International handbook on Alcohol and culture (focus on Nigeria). Westport: CT: Greenwood Press, 2010.

[23]        O. A. Ojo, G. Louwagie, N. Morojele, K. Rendall-Mkosi, L. London, S. Olorunju, and A. Davids, "Factors associated with female high-risk drinking in a rural and urban South African site," South African Medical Journal, vol. 100, pp. 180-182, 2010. Available at:

[24]        S. Ndegwa, A. Munene, and R. Oladipo, "Factors influencing Alcohol use among university students in a Kenyan University," African Journal of Clinical Psychology; School of Human and Social Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 102-117, 2017.

[25]        M. N. Hassan, "Factors associated with alcohol abuse among University of Nairobi Students (Unpublished Master's Thesis)," University of Nairobi, Nairobi. International, 2013.

[26]        D. Adeyemo, "Interpersonal factors as correlates of alcohol use among secondary school adolescents in Oyo State, Nigeria," The Anthropologist, vol. 9, pp. 321-326, 2007. Available at:

[27]        K. Kypri, M. Cronin, and C. S. Wright, "Do university students drink more hazardously than their non-student peers?," Addiction, vol. 100, pp. 713-714, 2005. Available at:

[28]        J. Rehm, C. Mathers, S. Popova, M. Thavorncharoensap, Y. Teerawattananon, and J. Patra, "Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol-use disorders," The Lancet, vol. 373, pp. 2223-2233, 2009. Available at:

[29]        B. Adeoye and A. Ayodele, "Alcohol use among undergraduate students in a selected private university in Nigeria: Prevalence and associated factors," International Journal of Health Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 71-80, 2014.

[30]        World Health Organization, Global health risks. Geneva, Switzerland: Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks, 2009b.

[31]        E. W. Ansari, C. Stock, and C. Mills, "Is alcohol consumption associated with poor academic achievement in university students?," International Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 4, pp. 1175-1188, 2013.

[32]        International Agency for Research on Cancer [IARC], "Alcohol consumption and ethylcaebamate. IARC Monography Eval Carcinog Risks Hum, 100E:1-575. PMID:23193840," 2010.

[33]        S. A. Brown, S. F. Tapert, E. Granholm, and D. C. Delis, "Neurocognitive functioning of adolescents: Effects of protracted alcohol use," Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, vol. 24, pp. 164-171, 2000. Available at:

[34]        P. Anderson, M. B. d. Amaral-Sabadini, B. Baumberg, J. Jarl, and D. Stuckler, "Communicating alcohol narratives: Creating a healthier relationship with alcohol," Journal of Health Communication, vol. 16, pp. 27-36, 2011.

[35]        World Health Organization, Expert committee on problems related to alcohol consumption, second report. Geneva, 2009a.

[36]        T. Hirschi, Causes of delinquency. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1969.

[37]        E. Dumbili, "Changing patterns of alcohol consumption in Nigeria: An exploration of responsible factors and consequences," Medical Sociology Online, vol. 7, pp. 20-33, 2013.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors express their gratitude to Ofino Emmanuel, Adelakun Paul and Adegoke Oluwatosin for their time and energy put towards the collection of quantitative data and conduction of the qualitative aspect of this study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Patterns, Correlates and Knowledge of Health Implications Associated with Alcohol Consumption: A Mix-Method Approach
( 3 ) Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude and Associated Factors of Food Handlers Working in Substandard Food Establishments in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2013/14
( 4 ) The Level and Associated Factors Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation among Health Science Students of Addis Ababa University
( 5 ) Development and Evaluation of the Readability, Stability and Internal Consistency of a Psychometric Instrument Designed to Assess Physiotherapists Knowledge and Attributes of Professionalism
( 7 ) Evaluating the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Nursing Mothers towards Exclusive Breastfeeding in Tano North District
( 8 ) Gendered Perspectives of Men’s Health and Help Seeking: Implications for Public Health and Health Promotion
( 9 ) Antibody Titers Following Hepatitis B Vaccination in Health Care Workers in Khartoum State, Sudan
( 11 ) A Review of a Community Health Care Workers’ Programme in South Africa
( 12 ) Impact of Ramadan Fasting on Some Biochemical Aspects in Healthy Subjects
( 13 ) Interventions for Reducing Coercion in Mental Health for Adults: A Systematic Review and the Impact of Updating
( 14 ) Malaysian Translation and Psychometric Evaluation for Parent and Child Questionnaires of Children Health Survey for Asthma
( 15 ) The Role of Health and Medical Professions in Indonesia
( 16 ) Free Maternal and Child Health Services in Enugu State, South East Nigeria: Experiences of the Community and Health Care Providers
( 17 ) Correlation between Certain Complications and Health Education Program among Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Miletus Patients
( 18 ) How Do Patients Evaluate the New Health Care System in General Practice? Results from the European Project on Patient Evaluation of General Practice Care (Europep) in Adana, Turkey
( 19 ) Strategies for Addressing Poor Statistical Literacy among Health Scientists and Science Communicators
( 20 ) Common Health Concerns in African Immigrants in the Us- Implications for the Family Physician
( 21 ) Empirical and Practical Implementation Methodology for Clinical Integration of E-Health Iot Technology
( 22 ) The Right to Dignity and Consensus in the Psychiatric Health Treatment
( 23 ) Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) Infection Among HIV Patients Accessing Healthcare at Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nigeria
( 24 ) Exploring Social Opportunities for and Constraints to Primary Healthcare Seeking behavior in Urban Bangladesh: A Study on Rajshahi City
( 25 ) Assessment of the Quality of Antenatal Care Rendered at a Northern Nigeria Primary Health Care Center, Zaria, Nigeria
( 26 ) Prevalence of Prehypertension and Assessment of Renal Function among the Prehypertensive Students of the College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
( 27 ) Prevalence of Prediabetes and the Associated Risk of Kidney Disease in Apparently Healthy Subjects in Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
( 28 ) Preparing Nurses for Community Health Care: A Comparative Study of the ADN and BSN Programs
( 30 ) The Outbreak of Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic: Consequences on Public Mental Health
( 35 ) Prevalence and Factors Associated With Refractive Error among Primary School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
( 37 ) Non Syndromic, Bilateral, Dentigerous Cysts Associated with Inverted Mandibular Third Molars: A Case Report
( 38 ) Effect of Different Chronotype on Comorbidity and Resistance to Psycho-Emotional Stress in Hypertension Associated With Hepato-Biliary Pathology in the North
( 39 ) Prevalence of Stunting and Associated Factors among Under Five Children in Wondo Genet Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 40 ) Suicides and Factors Associated With Suicides-A Study in a Rural Setup of Pondicherry in South India
( 41 ) About the Pathogenesis of Myasthenia Gravis Associated With Thymic Enlargement
( 44 ) Ultrasound Guided Axillary Node Sampling in Patients of Carcinoma Breast with Clinically Negative Axilla: A Pilot Study
( 45 ) Prognostic Factors in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Tongue Treated With Adjuvant Therapy Following Surgery
( 49 ) Effect of Dietary Supplementation with Cyphostemma Digitatum on Serum Lipid Profile and Liver Enzymes in Hyperlipidemic Subjects
( 50 ) Effectiveness of Treatment of Water Surface with Ferric Chloride and Aluminium Sulphate
( 51 ) Acute Renal Failure, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Changes in Three Cases with Ileostomy
( 52 ) Comparison of Reading Speed Using Malay Unrelated Word Reading Chart with Standardized English Reading Charts
( 53 ) Review on Preparation and Description of Some First Series Divalent Transition Metal Complexes with Novel Schiff’s Base Ligands
( 55 ) Impaired Immune Phenotype of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in None-Diabetic Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: Impact on Insulin Resistance
( 56 ) Patient Satisfaction with the Supportive Services in Gulhane Military Medical Faculty Training Hospital
( 57 ) The Successful Treatment of Obstructive Uropathy Caused By Retroperitoneal Fibrosis with Steroids in the Latent Tuberculosis Case