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An Observational Study Evaluating the Impact of Chikungunya Virus Infection on Oral Cavity and Temporomandibular Joint

Besalat Hussain

,

Fatima Mushtaq

,

Naima Javed

,

Affa Khan

Besalat Hussain 1 ,

Fatima Mushtaq 1 Naima Javed 1 Affa Khan 1 
  1. Dental Department, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan 1

Pages: 18-24

DOI: 10.18488/journal.9.2018.51.18.24

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Article History:

Received: 08 June, 2018
Revised: 17 July, 2018
Accepted: 26 July, 2018
Published: 01 August, 2018


Abstract:

Over a past few years, a very limited number of studies researched whether the chikungunya virus affects the oral cavity in addition to pronounced symptoms in extremities but on literature review different studies were found to have different conclusions. Thus an Observational Study was conducted evaluating the impact of Chikungunya Virus Infection on Oral Cavity and Temporomandibular Joint. This was a cross sectional study having a self-designed questionnaire, descriptive and associative tests were run for Data analysis using SPSS. Out of 527 tested, 204 patients were found seropositive and 135 were selected for data analysis on their consent (N 135). Pain and burning sensation of mouth (71.1%), discomfort in mouth opening (65.9%), Bleeding gums (53.3%), and taste aversion (50.3%) were the most common complaints followed by Inability to chew food (48.1%), Discomfort in swallowing (35.5%), Halitosis (34.8%) and tenderness over TMJ (30.4%). The study significantly recorded pain, discomfort and bleeding gums intraorally. Pain, tenderness and decreased efficiency of temporomandibular joint were also noted.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature of Chikungunya virus infection. Interval estimation statistical method is used. It is one of very few studies which have investigated impact of Chikungunya Virus Infection on Oral Cavity and Temporomandibular Joint and concluded it to be quite painful and uncomfortable to bear causing burning gums, limiting speech, decreased chewing ability, altering taste perception, TM-joint and muscles tenderness and difficulty in food swallowing.

Keywords:

Chikungunya virus infection, Intraoral discomfort and pain, TMJ arthritis, Burning gums, Chewing inefficiency, Distaste.

Reference:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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