Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

49th International Scientific Conference on Sport, Medical and Health Sciences
Vennue: Hotel Istana Kuala Lumpur City Centre 73 Jalan Raja Chulan, Kuala Lumpur, 50200, Malaysia
Date: 04-Sep-2018
More Details

6th International Academic Conference on Medical and Health Sciences
Vennue: Hotel Istana Kuala Lumpur City Centre 73 Jalan Raja Chulan, Kuala Lumpur, 50200, Malaysia
Date: 08-Sep-2018
More Details

50th International Scientific Conference on Sport, Medical and Health Sciences
Vennue: Hotel Grand Flora Dubai, UAE Al- Rigga Road Deira , Near Al-Rigga Metro station , Deira Dubai UAE
Date: 20-Dec-2018
More Details

Impact of Ramadan Fasting on Some Biochemical Aspects in Healthy Subjects

Haleema Al Nahari, Hamed Kouja

Haleema Al Nahari 1

Hamed Kouja 2

  1. Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, King Abdul Aziz University, Saudi Arabia 1

  2. Department of Medical Technology Sciences, King Abdul Aziz University, Saudi Arabia 2


Abstract:

Muslims are obligated to fasting during the day and restricting food and drinking amount for the period after the sunset during Ramadan. Modifications in the circadian distribution of the eating and sleeping schedule result in various changes in different biochemical parameters. In this study the effect of fasting on glucose, insulin, Cortisol, triglyceride, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), estradiol, testosterone, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), FT4 and FT3 during and post fasting was measured. Blood samples were taken from 26 adult male subjects during and post fasting. The results obtained showed a significant decrease in glucose and TSH levels, while the levels of insulin triglyceride, free thyroxine (FT4) and free triiodothyronine (FT3) showed a significant increase. This study showed that there are changes in dietary habits depending on cultural rituals, often practices during Ramadan, among Muslim societies. Consequently that may affect various components of metabolic importance.
Contribution/ Originality
This study showed that there are changes in dietary habits depending on cultural rituals, often practices during Ramadan, among Muslim societies. Consequently that may affect various components of metabolic importance

Keywords:


Video:

Reference:

  1. H. M. Al Hourani, M. F. Atoum, S. Akel, N. Hijjawi, and S. Awawdeh, "Effects of Ramadan fasting on some haematological and biochemical parameters," Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 3, pp. 103- 108, 2009.
  2. L. Dewanti, C. Watanabe, Sulistiawati, and R. Ohtsuka, "Unexpected changes in blood pressure and hematological parameters among fasting and nonfasting workers during Ramadan in Indonesia," Eur .J. Clin. Nutr., vol. 60, pp. 877-881, 2006.
  3. V. Ziaee, M. Razaei, Z. Ahmadinejad, H. Shaikh, R. Yousefi, L. Yarmohammadi, F. Bozorgi, and M. J. Behjati, "The changes of metabolic profile and weight during Ramadan fasting," Singapore Med J., vol. 47, pp. 409–414, 2006.
  4. A. Sadiya, S. Ahmed, H. H. Siddieg, I. J. Babas, and M. Carlsson, "Effect of Ramadan fasting on metabolic markers, body composition, and dietary intake in emiratis of Ajman (UAE) with metabolic syndrome," Diabetes. Metab. Syndr. Obes, vol. 4, pp. 409-416, 2011.
  5. H. A. Khafaji, A. Bener, M. Osman, A. Al Merri, and J. Al Suwaidi, "The impact of diurnal fasting during Ramadan on the lipid profile, hs-CRP, and serum leptin in stable cardiac patients," Vasc. Health. Risk. Manag., vol. 8, pp. 7-14, 2012.
  6. S. Kul, E. Savas, Z. A. O¨ ztu¨rk, and G. Karadag, "Does Ramadan fasting alter body weight and blood lipids and fasting blood glucose in a healthy population? A meta-analysis," J Relig Health, vol. 53, p. 929, 2014.
  7. F. Azizi, "Islamic fasting and health," Ann Nutr Metab., vol. 56, pp. 273–282, 2010.
  8. N. A. Sliman, K. S. Ajlouni, and F. A. Khatib, "Effect of fasting Ramadan on some blood hormones in healthy muslim males," Mu'tah J. Res. Studies, vol. 8, pp. 91-109, 1993.
  9. N. Zadegan, M. Atashi, G. Naderi, A. Baghai, and S. Asgary, "The effect of fasting in Ramadan on the values and interrelations between biological,coagulation and hematological factors," Annals of Saudi Medicine, vol. 20, pp. 5–6, 2000.
  10. S. Saleh, A. Elsharouni, B. Cherian, and M. Mourou, "Effects of Ramadan fasting on waist circumference, blood pressure, lipid profile, and blood sugar on a sample of healthy Kuwaiti men and women," Mal J Nutr., vol. 11, pp. 143–150, 2005.
  11. M. Khaled and S. Belbraouet, "Ramadan fasting diet entailed a lipid metabolic disorder among type 2 diabetic obese women," American Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 6, pp. 471–477, 2009.
  12. M. H. Hallak and M. Z. A. Nomani, "Body weight loss and changes in blood lipid levels in normal men on hypocaloric diets during Ramadan fasting," Am J Clin Nutr., vol. 48, pp. 1197–1210, 1988.
  13. M. Z. A. Nomani, S. K. Baloch, and I. P. Siddiqui, "Changes in serum cholesterol levels and dietary vegetable-fat at restricted energy intake condition during Ramadan fasting," International Journal of Food Science & Technology, vol. 4, pp. 30–36, 1992.
  14. M. Maislos, N. Khamaysi, A. Assali, Y. Abou-Rabiah, I. Zvilim, and S. Shany, "Marked increase in plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol after prolonged fasting during Ramadan," Am J Clin Nutr., vol. 57, pp. 640–642, 1993.
  15. A. Adlouni, N. Ghalim, A. Benslimane, J. M. Lecerf, and R. Saile, "Fasting during Ramadan induces a marked increase in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and decrease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol," Annals of Nutrition and Metablolism, vol. 41, pp. 242–249, 1997.
  16. M. Z. A. Nomani, "Dietary fat blood cholesterol and uric acid levels during Ramadan fasting," International Journal of Ramadan Fasting Research, vol. 1, pp. 1–6, 1997.
  17. S. A. Nagra, Z. U. Rahman, and M. Javaria, "Study of some biochemical parameters in young women as affected by Ramadan fasting," International Journal of Ramadan Fasting Research, vol. 2, pp. 1–5, 1998.
  18. A. C. Tsai, A. Sandretto, and Y. C. Chung, "Dieting is more effective in reducing weight but exercise is more effective in reducing fat during the early phase of a weight-reducing program in healthy humans," Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, vol. 14, pp. 541–549, 2003.
  19. Y. Furuncuoglu, E. Karaca, S. Aras, and A. Yo¨ntem, "Metabolic, biochemical and psychiatric alterations in healthy subjects during Ramadan," Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, vol. 6, pp. 209–211, 2007.
  20. K. M. S. Mansi, "Study the effects of Ramadan fasting on serum glucose and lipid profile among healthy Jordanian students," Am. J. Appl. Sci., vol. 4, pp. 565-569, 2007.
  21. W. H. Ibrahim, H. M. Habib, A. H. Jarrar, and S. A. Al Baz, "Effect of Ramadan fasting on markers of oxidative stress and serum biochemical markers of cellular damage in healthy subjects," Annal of Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 53, pp. 175-181, 2008.
  22. M. Y. Lamri-Senhadji, B. El Kebir, J. Belleville, and M. Bouchenak, "Assessment of dietary consumption and time-course of changes in serum lipids and lipoproteins before, during and after Ramadan in young Algerian adults," Singap. Med. J., vol. 50, pp. 288-294, 2009.
  23. M. M. Marbut, H. Al-Deen, S. M. Al-Najjar, and M. A. Abdulrahman, "Effect of Ramadan fasting on some physiological parameters," Medical Journal of Tikrit, vol. 2, pp. 6–8, 2005.
  24. M. A. Abdulrahman, A. J. Manssor, and M. M. Marbut, "The effect of Ramadan fasting & moderate exercise on body weight, serum glucose & lipid profile in healthy fasting subjects," Medical Journal of Tikrit, vol. 2, pp. 26–30, 2006.
  25. G. h. R. Farshidfar, H. Yousfi, M. Vakili, and F. Asadi Noughabi, "The effect of Ramadan fasting on hemoglobin, hematocrit and blood biochemical parameters," J Res Health Sci., vol. 6, pp. 21-27, 2006.
  26. A. Barkia, K. Mohamed, M. Smaoui, N. Zouari, and M. Hammami, "Change of diet, plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and fatty acids during Ramadan: A controversial association of the considered Ramadan model with atherosclerosis risk," J Health Popul Nutr., vol. 29, pp. 486–93, 2011.
  27. A. Shehab, A. Abdulle, A. El Issa, J. Al Suwaidi, and N. Nagelkerke, "Favorable changes in lipid profile: The effects of fasting after Ramadan," PLoS ONE, vol. 7, p. e47615, 2012.
  28. G. C. Boear, R. C. Osburne, J. T. O'Brian, L. P. Georges, and K. D. Burman, "Fasting decreases thyrotropin responsiveness to thyrotropin-releasing hormone: A potential cause of misinterpretation of thyroid function tests in the critically ill," J Clin Endocrinol Metab., vol. 57, pp. 3-380, 1983.
  29. C. A. Spencer, S. M. Lum, J. F. Wilber, E. M. Kaptein, and J. T. Nicoloff, "Dynamics of serum thyrotropin and thyroid hormone changes in fasting," J Clin Endocrinol Metab., vol. 56, pp. 8-883, 1983.
  30. S. S. Fedail, D. Murphy, S. Y. Salih, C. H. Bolton, and R. F. Harvey, "Changes in certain blood constituents during Ramadan," Am J Clin Nutr., vol. 36, pp. 350–353, 1982.
  31. S. M. Khan, H. G. Abbas, and U. S. E. Sabih, "Thyroid disorder in Multan, Pakistan and hormone levels during Ramadan," in Proceedings of International Symposium on Nuclear Techniques in developing countries, 26--30 Aug. 1985. Vienna, IAEA, 1986, p. 295.
  32. S. Al-Chalabi Effect of Ramadan fasting on sex hormones in infertile Male. Medical Journal of Tikrit, vol. 9, pp. 277–281, 2013.
  33. F. Azizi, "Medical aspects of islamic fasting," Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 10, pp. 241-246, 1996.
  34. R. Sariri, A. Varasteh, and A. Erfani, "Alternations in salivary glucose during ramadan fasting," HEALTH, vol. 2, pp. 769-772, 2010.
  35. S. G. Hasselbalch, G. M. Knudsen, J. Jakobsen, L. P. Hageman, S. Holm, and O. B. Paulson, "Blood-brain barrier permeability of glucose and ketone bodies during short-term starvation in humans," Am J Physiol., vol. 268, pp. 6-1161, 1995.
  36. S. Bahijri, A. Borai, G. Ajabnoor, A. Abdul Khaliq, and I. Al Qassas, "Relative metabolic stability, but disrupted circadian cortisol secretion during the fasting month of Ramadan," PLoS ONE, vol. 8, p. 1, 2013.
  37. M. Al-Hadramy, T. H. Zawawi, and S. M. Abdelwahab, "Altered cortisol levels in relation to Ramadan," Eur J Clin Nutr., vol. 42, pp. 359–362, 1988.
  38. L. Ben Salem, S. B’Chir, F. Bchir, R. Bouguerra, and C. Ben Slama, "Circadian rhythm of cortisol and its responsiveness to ACTH during Ramadan," Ann Endocrinol (Paris), vol. 63, pp. 497–501, 2002.
  39. M. Haouari, F. Haouari-Oukerro, A. Sfaxi, M. C. Ben Rayana, N. Kâabachi, and A. Mbazâa, "How Ramadan fasting affects caloric consumption, body weight, and circadian evolution of cortisol serum levels in young, healthy male volunteers," Horm Metab., vol. 40, p. 7575, 2008.
  40. A. A. Haghdoost and M. Poorranjbar, "The interaction between physical activity and fasting on the serum lipid profile during Ramadan," Singapore Med J., vol. 50, pp. 897-901, 2009.
  41. S. Mahboob, R. Sattarivand, M. Nouri, and S. Arefhosseini, "Effect of Ramadan fasting on serum lipids profiles in normal and hyperlipidemic subjects," Saudi Med J., vol. 20, pp. 50-947, 1999.
  42. S. Asgary, F. Aghaei, G. A. Naderi, R. Kelishadi, M. Gharipour, and S. Azali, "Effects of Ramadan fasting on lipids peroxidation, serum lipoproteins and fasting blood sugar," Medical Journal of Islamic Academy of Sciences, vol. 13, pp. 9-35, 2000.
  43. M. Unalacak, I. Kara, D. Baltaci, O. Erdem, and P. Bucaktepe, "Effects of Ramadan fasting on biochemical and hematological parameters and cytokines in healthy and obese individuals," Metab Syndr Relat Disord., vol. 9, pp. 157-161, 2011.
  44. A. I. Al-Shafei, "Ramadan fasting ameliorates arterial pulse pressure and lipid profile, and alleviates oxidative stress in hypertensive patients," Blood Press, 2014, vol. 23, pp. 160-167, 2013.
  45. K. A. Gumaa, K. Y. Mustafa, N. A. Mahmoud, and A. M. Gader, "The effect of fasting in Ramadan. 1. Serum uric acid and lipid concentration," Br J Nutr., vol. 40, pp. 573–581, 1978.
  46. M. A. F. El-Hazmi, F. Z. Al-Faleh, and I. B. Al-Mofleh, "Effect of Ramadan fasting on the values of hematological and biochemical parameters," Saudi Med J., vol. 8, pp. 171–176, 1987.
  47. M. I. Shoukry, "Effect of fasting in Ramadan on plasma lipoproteins and apoproteins," Saudi Med J., vol. 7, pp. 561–565, 1986.
  48. M. Maislos, Y. Abou-Rabiah, I. Zuili, S. Iordash, and S. Shany, "Gorging and plasma HDL-cholesterol – the Ramadan model," Eur J Clin Nutr., vol. 52, pp. 127–130, 1998.
  49. M. Rahman, M. Rashid, S. Basher, S. Sultana, and M. Z. Nomani, "Improved serum HDL cholesterol profile among Bangladeshi male students during Ramadan fasting," East Mediterr Health J., vol. 10, pp. 131–137, 2004.
  50. M. Salehi and M. Neghab, "Effects of fasting and a medium calorie balanced diet during the holy month Ramadan on weight, BMI and some blood parameters of overweight males," Pak J Biol Sci., vol. 10, pp. 968–971, 2007.
  51. A. Chaouachi, K. Chamari, and R. Roky, "Lipid profiles of judo athletes during Ramadan," Int J Sports Med., vol. 29, pp. 282-288, 2008.
  52. J. R. Alkandari, R. J. Maughan, R. Roky, A. R. Aziz, and U. Karli, "The implications of Ramadan fasting for human health and well-being," J Sports Sci., vol. 1, pp. 9–19, 2012.
  53. D. A. Streja, E. Boyko, and S. W. Rabkin, "Changes in plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration after weight reduction in grossly obese subjects," British Medical Journal, vol. 281, pp. 770–772, 1980.
  54. M. C. Murphy, C. Chapman, J. A. Lovegrove, S. G. Isherwood, L. M. Morgan, and J. W. Wright, "Meal frequency: Does it determine postprandial lipaemia?," European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 50, pp. 491–497, 1996.
  55. S. Shahabi, S. Esmaeilzadeh, M. G. Amiri, M. Faramarzi, A. R. Firouzjahee, and T. Esmaeili, "Does islamic fasting affect gonadotropin around female ovulation?," International Journal of Fertility and Sterility, vol. 4, pp. 94-97, 2010.
  56. F. Azizi, "Serum levels of prolactin, thyrotropin, thyroid hormones, TRH responsiveness, and male reproductive function in intermittent islamic fasting," Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Irim, vol. 5, pp. 145-148, 1991.
  57. F. El-Migdadi, A. Shotar, Z. El-Akawi, I. Banihani, and R. Abudheese, "Effect of fasting during the month of Ramadan on serum levels of luteinizing hormone and testosterone in people living in the below sea level environment in the Jordan valley," Neuro Endocrinol Lett., vol. 25, pp. 7-75, 2004.
  58. L. Iraki, A. Bogdan, F. Hakkou, A. N., A. Abkari, and Y. Touitou, "Ramadan diet restrictions modify the circadian time structure in humans. A study on plasma gastrin, insulin, glucose, and calcium and on gastric pH," Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 28, pp. 73-261, 1997.
  59. K. M. Sajid, M. Akhtar, and G. Q. Malik, "Ramadan fasting and thyroid hormone profile," J Pak Med Assoc., vol. 41, pp. 6-213, 1991.
  60. A. Bogdan, B. Bouchareb, and Y. Touitou, "Ramadan fasting alters endocrine and neuroendocrine circadian patterns. Meal-time as a synchronizer in humans?," Life Sci., vol. 68, pp. 15-1607, 2001.
  61. A. G. Abdulla, "Histological effects of fasting and subsequent refeeding on thyroid follicles of rabbits morphometric analysis," Medical Journal of Tikrit, vol. 2, pp. 12–16, 2011.
  62. P. E. Belchetz, G. Gredley, D. Bird, and R. L. Himsworth, "Regulation of thyrotrophin secretion by negative feedback of tri-iodothyronine on the hypothalamus," J Endocrinol., vol. 76, pp. 48-439, 1987.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


Related Article

( 1 ) Impact of Plant Oils as Antifungal Activity Against Fungal Pathogens of Cinnamomum Zeylanicum (Cinnamon)
( 2 ) Impact of Ramadan Fasting on Some Biochemical Aspects in Healthy Subjects
( 3 ) Interventions for Reducing Coercion in Mental Health for Adults: A Systematic Review and the Impact of Updating
( 4 ) Impaired Immune Phenotype of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in None-Diabetic Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: Impact on Insulin Resistance
( 5 ) An Observational Study Evaluating the Impact of Chikungunya Virus Infection on Oral Cavity and Temporomandibular Joint
( 8 ) Nutritive Value of Some Agro–Industrial By–Products as Supplement to Guinea Grass (Panicum Maximum) By Sokoto Gudali Calf
( 10 ) Screening of Antimicrobial Activity of Essential Oil of Thymus Vulgarison Some Pathogens
( 11 ) Review on Preparation and Description of Some First Series Divalent Transition Metal Complexes with Novel Schiff’s Base Ligands
( 12 ) Contribution of Planting Space and Harvesting Period on the Nutrient Compositions of Some OFSP Sweet Potato Varieties Grown in Southeast Nigeria Ultisol
( 14 ) Protective Effect of L-Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) On Mercury Detoxication and Physiological Aspects of Albino Rats
( 16 ) Update on Nutritional Aspects of Gluten-Free Diet in Celiac Patients
( 18 ) Gendered Perspectives of Men’s Health and Help Seeking: Implications for Public Health and Health Promotion
( 19 ) Antibody Titers Following Hepatitis B Vaccination in Health Care Workers in Khartoum State, Sudan
( 20 ) Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude and Associated Factors of Food Handlers Working in Substandard Food Establishments in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2013/14
( 21 ) Old Theories Revisited on Cancer Assistant Therapy
( 22 ) Access to HIV Prevention Services for Injecting Drug Users in Hai Phong, Vietnam: Qualitative Results
( 23 ) Management of Difficult Airway Due To Chop Wound In Posterior Neck
( 24 ) A Systematic Review to Explore the Scope of Global Interventions to Reduce the Incidence of Gastric Cancer
( 25 ) EuroFIR Project – A Key Role in Creation and Compiling of Bulgarian Food Composition Database
( 26 ) Prevalence and Infection Patterns of Geo-Helminthiasis in a Rural Community along River Okumeshi, Delta State, Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study
( 27 ) Ultrasound Guided Axillary Node Sampling in Patients of Carcinoma Breast with Clinically Negative Axilla: A Pilot Study
( 28 ) Prognostic Factors in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Tongue Treated With Adjuvant Therapy Following Surgery
( 30 ) Prevalence and Factors Associated With Refractive Error among Primary School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
( 31 ) The Level and Associated Factors Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation among Health Science Students of Addis Ababa University
( 32 ) Genetic Evaluation and Activity of Antifungal against Clinical Isolates Candida Albicans Biofilms
( 33 ) Non Syndromic, Bilateral, Dentigerous Cysts Associated with Inverted Mandibular Third Molars: A Case Report
( 34 ) Anthropometric Parameters as Predictors of Peak Expiratory Flow Rate in Central Indian Children 5-15 Years
( 35 ) Application of Saliva as Diagnostic Bio-Fluid- An Overview
( 36 ) Retrospective Study on Outcome of In-Patient Treatment of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Jimma University Specialized Hospital from September 2011-September 2012
( 37 ) Serum Rankl/Osteoprotegerin Complex and Endothelial Progenitor Cells in Chronic Heart Failure
( 38 ) Chromium Complex Pre-Catalysts in Ethylene Oligomerization/Polymerization
( 40 ) A Review of a Community Health Care Workers’ Programme in South Africa
( 44 ) Chondrosarcoma of the Upper Extremity of the Humerus: A Case Report
( 45 ) Effect of Different Chronotype on Comorbidity and Resistance to Psycho-Emotional Stress in Hypertension Associated With Hepato-Biliary Pathology in the North
( 47 ) Treatment of Adamantinoma in Tibial Diaphysis by Hemicortical Resection and Strut Allograft
( 48 ) Clinical Significance of Salivary Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 in Oral Precancerous Conditions and Oral Cancer
( 49 ) Cause, Magnitude and Contributing Factors for Maternal Death in Selected Hospitals in Snnpr between 2007/2008 and 2009/2010
( 50 ) Determinants of Non-Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy and Modeling Progression of Adherence Level: At Yirgalem Regional Hospital, Ethiopia; January, 2012
( 51 ) Role of Iron Metabolism in Breast Cancer Patients
( 52 ) Effect of Dietary Supplementation with Cyphostemma Digitatum on Serum Lipid Profile and Liver Enzymes in Hyperlipidemic Subjects
( 53 ) Ethanolic Extract of Ginger on the Histology of the Pancrease in Adult Wistar Rats
( 54 ) Effectiveness of Treatment of Water Surface with Ferric Chloride and Aluminium Sulphate
( 55 ) Prosthodontic Rehabilitatative Therapy through Surgical Obturator for Maxillectomy Patients: A Review
( 56 ) Prevalence of Stunting and Associated Factors among Under Five Children in Wondo Genet Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 57 ) Xerostomia in Geriatric Population: An Insight into Etiopathogenesis, Diagnosis and Management
( 58 ) Contribution of Integrated Nutrient Management Practices for Sustainable Crop Productivity, Nutrient Uptake and Soil Nutrient Status in Maize Based Cropping Systems
( 59 ) Vitamin D Supplementation Practices in Pregnancy and During Infancy and Other Behaviors Related To Vitamin D Status among a Sample of Muslim Women in Ireland and Saudi Arabia
( 60 ) Acute Renal Failure, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Changes in Three Cases with Ileostomy
( 61 ) Comparison of Reading Speed Using Malay Unrelated Word Reading Chart with Standardized English Reading Charts
( 62 ) Correlation between Her2/Neu and Histopatholoical Finding among Sudanese Female Breast Cancer Patients
( 63 ) Radiographic Assessment of Alveolar Bone Crest Levels in 9-12 Year Old Children in Davangere, India
( 65 ) Gene Therapy in the Developing Countries
( 66 ) Locus Coeruleus Neuronal and Behavioral Activity Following Acute and Chronic Methylphenidate
( 67 ) Evidence of A Pharmacological Dissociation Between The Robust Effects of Methylphenidate on Adhd Symptoms and Weaker Effects on Working Memory
( 68 ) Suicides and Factors Associated With Suicides-A Study in a Rural Setup of Pondicherry in South India
( 69 ) Gene Expression during the Cell Cycle: Obfuscation of Original Cell-Cycle Gene Expression Data by Normalization
( 70 ) Heart Failure in a Young Lady: A Reversible Cause
( 71 ) Dietary Polyamines and Diseases: Reducing Polyamine Intake Can Be Beneficial In Cancer Treatment
( 72 ) The Effect of Regular Hazelnut Consumption on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Acceptance in Māori and European
( 73 ) Apoptotic Analysis of Cumulus Cells for the Selection of Competent Oocytes to Be Fertilized by Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
( 75 ) Re-Irradiation for Recurrent Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma after Primary Radical Therapy
( 76 ) The Social Context of Street Culture in Substance Use; a Literature Review of Homeless Youth Perspectives
( 77 ) Patient Satisfaction with the Supportive Services in Gulhane Military Medical Faculty Training Hospital
( 78 ) FNAC of Normal Size Paediatric Lymph Nodes: Is It Justified?
( 79 ) Chryseobacterium Gleum Urinary Tract Infection
( 80 ) Malaysian Translation and Psychometric Evaluation for Parent and Child Questionnaires of Children Health Survey for Asthma
( 81 ) The Successful Treatment of Obstructive Uropathy Caused By Retroperitoneal Fibrosis with Steroids in the Latent Tuberculosis Case
( 82 ) About the Pathogenesis of Myasthenia Gravis Associated With Thymic Enlargement
( 83 ) Evaluation of Techniques for the Diagnosis of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Paediatric Patients
( 84 ) Influence of Seed Location in the Fruit Pod of Fluted Pumpkin (Telfairia Occidentalis Hook. F.) and Poultry Wastes on Plant Sex Ratio
( 85 ) Reliability of the Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis (Lrinec) Score for Early Diagnosis of Necrotizing Fasciitis
( 86 ) Localized Amyloidosis of the Neck: A Rare Case and Literature Review
( 87 ) The Correlation between Educational Level and Incidence of Syphilis among Female Sex Workers within 7 Cities in Indonesia in 2007
( 88 ) The Role of Health and Medical Professions in Indonesia
( 89 ) Free Maternal and Child Health Services in Enugu State, South East Nigeria: Experiences of the Community and Health Care Providers
( 90 ) Biological Functions of Plasma Membrane-Derived Extracellular Vesicles and Their Role in Diseases
( 91 ) Spectrum of Morphological Changes and Prevalence of “P53 Signatures” In Tubal Fimbrial Epithelium in General Population and In Patients with Pelvic Serous Carcinomas
( 92 ) The Importance of Clinical Genotype in Patients with Klinefelter Syndrome. A Genetic Disorder Asociated to Taurodontism
( 93 ) A Review on the Use of Moxifloxacin in Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis
( 94 ) Anti-Proliferative Effect of Asiatic Acid on Hep-G2 Cell Line
( 95 ) Correlation between Certain Complications and Health Education Program among Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Miletus Patients
( 96 ) Pleural Effusion in Gorham-Stout Syndrome: A Case Report and a Literature Review
( 97 ) Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Egyptian Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Single Center Study
( 98 ) Personalized Medicine: Futuristic Predictive Nanomedicines for Diagnosis and Therapeutics
( 99 ) Study of Hepatic Dysfunction in Patientsinfected with Dengue Virus
( 100 ) Investigation of Kidney Stone Using a Microstrip Patch Antenna Scanning System
( 101 ) The Potential Protective Role of Chamomile Extract on Rat Liver Ultrastructural Changes Induced by 2, 4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid
( 102 ) A Sample Survey on Reproductive Women to Assess Level of Stress in Sub-Urban Population, South Chennai, India
( 103 ) How Do Patients Evaluate the New Health Care System in General Practice? Results from the European Project on Patient Evaluation of General Practice Care (Europep) in Adana, Turkey
( 104 ) Scedosporium Prolificans, An Unusual Cause of Frontal Abscess
( 105 ) The Role of Demography in Moderation the Influence of Nonverbal Communication to Patient’s Satisfaction
( 106 ) Stevia Derivative and its Potential Uses in Diabetic-Directed Foods. Review
( 107 ) Clinical Presentation of Infertility in Mkar-Gboko, North-Central Nigeria
( 108 ) Strategies for Addressing Poor Statistical Literacy among Health Scientists and Science Communicators
( 109 ) Diagnosis of Childhood Apraxia of Speech: A Systematic Review
( 110 ) Ontology with SVM Based Diagnosis of Tuberculosis and Statistical Analysis
( 111 ) Common Health Concerns in African Immigrants in the Us- Implications for the Family Physician
( 112 ) Model for Absorption of Perfluoropropane Intraocular Gas after Retinal Surgeries
( 113 ) Current Issue: Smoking Cessation, The Patient, The Physician and The Policy Makers
( 114 ) Patterns of Hazardous Drinking and Socio Demographic Characteristics among Selected Tribal Community, in Bangladesh
( 115 ) Dyspnea as an Unusual Presentation of Rickets in A 3-Month-Old Infant: A Case Report
( 116 ) Unsteady Plane Couette Flow of an Incompressible Couple Stress Fluid with Slip Boundary Conditions
( 117 ) Prospects of Molecular Genetics in Sports Medicine
( 118 ) How to Treat Diastasis Recti Abdominis with Physical Therapy: A Case Report
( 119 ) Lifetime Cancer Risk of Gamma Radioactivity Results from Smoking
( 120 ) Serum Lipid Profile and Leptin Levels in Asthmatic Libyan Children
( 121 ) Profile of Physiotherapist Educators in Anglophone West African Countries: A Cross-Sectional Study
( 122 ) A Rare Histological Entity- Oral Fibrolipoma
( 123 ) The Superinfection of Dermoid Cysts in Nigeria
( 124 ) Empirical and Practical Implementation Methodology for Clinical Integration of E-Health Iot Technology
( 125 ) The Right to Dignity and Consensus in the Psychiatric Health Treatment
( 126 ) Profile of Patients Visiting a Tertiary Eye Hospital and their Perception Regarding Barrier for Eye Care Services in the Western Saudi Arabia
( 127 ) Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) Infection Among HIV Patients Accessing Healthcare at Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nigeria
( 128 ) Tumors of the Gnathic System with Multiple Histogenetic Characteristics
( 129 ) Risk-Based Disease Management in the Fight Against to Bovine Tuberculosis; Area Prioritization
( 130 ) Development of Periodontitis after Antihelicobacter Therapy in Patients with Ulcer Disease
( 131 ) Multifactorial Analysis of the Parameters for Immunity in Preterm Infants
( 132 ) Exploring Social Opportunities for and Constraints to Primary Healthcare Seeking behavior in Urban Bangladesh: A Study on Rajshahi City
( 133 ) Evaluation of the Relative Viability of Anthropometric Parameters, Aerobic Capacity, Spinal Mobility, Abdominal Muscular Endurance, Back and Lower Limb Muscle Strength in Predicting the Balance Performance of Young Adult Males
( 134 ) Contribution of Meat towards Nutritional Security - An Analysis through Consumption of Different Food Items among Meat and Non-Meat Consumers in Karnataka
( 135 ) The Risk of Ovarian Cancer in Women Fed with Milk Obtained from Goats Having Different Birth Type and Kid Sex
( 136 ) Determination of the Seasonality of Bovine Tuberculosis Disease from the Risk Based Disease Management
( 137 ) Assessment of the Quality of Antenatal Care Rendered at a Northern Nigeria Primary Health Care Center, Zaria, Nigeria
( 138 ) Hypersensitivity to Natural Rubber Latex Gloves among Albanian Dental Students: The Role of Exposure Duration
( 139 ) The Effect of Phacoemulsification Surgery on Corneal Endothelium
( 140 ) Nano Formulations of Natural Compounds for Enhanced Delivery
( 141 ) Reducing Surgical Site Infection by Placing Subcutaneous Drain in the Obese Patients
( 142 ) A Rare Clinical Presentation of Lipoma- Palmar Lipomatosis