Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

The Level and Associated Factors Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation among Health Science Students of Addis Ababa University

Chalachew Misganaw


Meaza Tenkir


Andualem Deresea


Megdelawit Tesfaye


Tesfalem Teshome Tessema


Hawult Taye

Chalachew Misganaw 1

Meaza Tenkir 2 Andualem Deresea 3
Megdelawit Tesfaye 2 Tesfalem Teshome Tessema 5
Hawult Taye 6

  1. Meningitis Vaccine Trial Project Manager at Armauer Hansen Research Institute, Ethiopia 1

  2. Clinician at government health facility in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2

  3. Lecturer at Haromaya University, DireDawa, Ethiopia 3

  4. (MSc: Lecturer at Department of Public Health, GCC Funded Project Coordinator & Principal Investigator Hawassa College of Health Sciences, SNNPR, Hawassa, Ethiopia 5

  5. Study physician at Armauer Hansen Research Institut., Ethiopia 6


Introduction: Blood can save millions of life. Blood is the cure, and- man is only source of that cure. The 2012 world blood donor day campaign is "Every blood donor is a hero" focuses on the idea that every one of us can become a hero by donating blood. The percentage of blood collected from voluntary Blood donors and the average annual blood collection rate in Ethiopia are extremely low.
Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude, and practice of blood donation and associated factors among health science students in Addis Ababa University.
Method: A quantitative institution based cross-sectional study design was used to conduct the survey on May 2014 among health science students in Addis Ababa University. There were a total of 384 respondents    selected from six departments of the College of Health Sciences in the university. Stratified sampling technique followed by systematic sampling was applied to select respondents. A pretested self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data.  Data will be cleaned, edited, coded and entered on SPSS version 16. Descriptive statistics was applied to describe variables. An analysis of logistic regressions for identifying associated factors was done. A significance level of less than or equal to 0.05 was considered significant.
Result: More than half of the participants, 206 (53.6%) were males and the age range of most of respondents, (90%) were from 19-24 years.  Fifty six percent of respondents were studying medicine. Three hundred twenty one (83.7 %) and 63(16.4%) of respondents have high and low level of knowledge regarding blood donation. Increased year of study and being students in the department of medicine and nursing increased the odds of level of knowledge of respondents on blood donation. Being age > 25 years increased odds of knowledge [AOR (95% CI) =5.092 (1.1, 24.2)].  One third, 123(32%) of respondents have unfavorable attitude towards blood donation.
 Being male increased odds of favorable attitude [AOR (95% CI) =2.2 (1.4, 3.6)]. Less than one quarter, 90 (23.4%) have ever donated blood. Among these, 38(42.2%) of them were a regular donors. Being male increased odds of practice [AOR (95% CI) =3.9 (1.4, 10.8)] and being age >25 increased odds of practice [AOR (95% CI) =6.5 (1.6, 26.9)
Conclusion and recommendations
The level of knowledge on blood donation is high, however, significant number of students in this study have unfavorable attitude towards blood donation. Practice of blood donation is good. In this study, being male, age > 25 and increased year of study and department have significant association.  The university in collaboration with Red Cross society should increase and strengthen clubs. Moreover, clubs in the university should organize different events to build students attitude positively and to increase the number of blood donors.

Contribution/ Originality
The percentage of blood collected from voluntary Blood donors and the average annual blood collection rate in Ethiopia are extremely low. Lack of adequate and safe blood supply results in significant number of morbidity and mortality in Ethiopia. To understand these, this study is the first of its kind to investigate the level of knowledge, attitude and practice and associated factors of blood donation among health science students.




  1. N. D. Lorenzo, V. Tognoni, L. Iezzi, and A. L. Gaspari, "Surgery needs better support from EU," Surg. Endoscopy, Cross Ref | Direct Link |, vol. 25, pp. 339-342, 2011.
  2. N. Dhingra, "World blood donor day: New blood for  the world," World Health Organization. Available:, 2013.
  3. Blood Transfusion Safety, "World health organization, Geneva 27, Switzerland," 2011.
  4. World Malaria Report. Geneva, UNICEF/World Health Organization, 2005.
  5. WHO, "WHO analysis of causes of maternal death: A systematic review," Lancet, vol. 367, pp. 1066–1074.3, 2006.
  6. M. Van Hulst, S. Cees Th Smit, and J. P. Maarten, "Health economics of blood transfusion safety–focus on Sub-Saharan Africa," Biologicals, vol. 38.1, pp. 53-58., 2010.
  7. End Poverty, "Millenium campaign." Available:, 2015.
  8. C. Beyrer, "A call to action for comprehensive HIV services for men who have sex with men," The Lancet 380, vol. 9839, pp. 424-438, 2012.
  9. WHO Report On, "Making safe blood available in Africa in." Available:, 2006.
  10. All Africa, "Africa: HIV transmission via transfusions in continent remains high." Available:, 2009.
  11. WHO Global Database on Blood Safety, "2004–2005 report," World Health Organization, Geneva, 2008.
  12. Paid vs. Unpaid Donors (International Forum), Vox Sanguinis, vol. 90, pp. 63–70, 2006.
  13. WHO, "Voluntary blooddonation." Availale, 2010.
  14. U. N. I. C. E. F. WHO UNAIDS, "Towards universal access: Scaling up priority HIV/AIDS interventions in the health sector," Progress Report, 2010.
  15. World Health Organization, Global blood safety and availability-key facts and figures, 2010. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2010.
  16. B. Suligoi, "The epidemic of HIV infection and AIDS, promotion of testing, and innovative strategies," Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore Di Sanita, vol. 46.1, pp. 15-23, 2010.
  17. C. Sparks, "Killer blood transfusions targeted in the fight against HIV," Medial Global Voice of the Global South, 2010.
  18. UNAIDS, "AIDS epidemic update." Available:, 2009.
  19. D. Gisselquist, "Examining the hypothesis that sexual transmission drives Africa’s HIV epidemic," AIDScience, vol. 3, p. 10, 2003.
  20. S. Reid, "Injection drug use, unsafe medical injections, and HIV in Africa: A systematic review," Harm Reduction Journal, vol. 6, p. 24, 2009.
  21. G. Schmid, A. Buvé, P. Mugyenyi, G. Garnett, R. Hayes, B. Williams, J. Calleja, K. De Cock, J. Whitworth, S. Kapiga, P. Ghys, C. Hankins, B. Zaba, R. Heimer, and J. Boerma, "Transmission of HIV-1 infection in sub-Saharan Africa and effect of elimination of unsafe injections," Lancet, vol. 363, pp. 482-8, 2004.
  22. M. Warner-Smith, "Monitoring the 2001 declaration of commitment on HIV/AIDS," JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 52, pp. S77-S86, 2009.
  23. V. Iajya, "The effects of information, social and economic incentives on voluntary undirected blood donations: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial in Argentina. No. w18630," National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012.
  24. N. Mikkelsen, "Donor associations, a key link between donors and blood centres," ISBT Science Series 5.N1 (2010), pp. 12-16, 2009.
  25. World Health Organization Report in Ethiopia on Blood Donation, Availabl
  26. P. M. J. B. Tapko and A. J. Diarra-Nama, "Report of the 2006 Survey on Status of Blood Safety in the Who African Region," 2009.
  27. World Health Organization, "Global status report on road safety: Time for action," World Health Organization, 2009.
  28. K. Sabu, A. Remya, V. Binu, and R. Vivek, "Knowledge, attitude and practice on blood donation among health science students in a University Campus, South India," Online J Health Allied Scs., vol. 10, p. 6, 2011.
  29. V. Kowsalya, R. Vijayakumar, R. Chidambaram, R. Srikumar, E. Prabhakar Reddy, S. Latha, I. Gayathri Fathima, and C. Kishor Kumar, "A study on knowledge, attitude and practice regarding voluntary blood donation among medical students in Puducherry, India," Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 16, pp. 439-442, 2013.
  30. S. Manikandan, R. Srikumar, and P. N. Ruvanthika, "A study on knowledge, attitude and practice on donation among health professional stud chennai. Tamil Nadu, South India," International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol. 3, 2013.
  31. A. Salaudeen and E. Odeh, "Knowledge and behavior towards voluntary blood donation among students of a tertiary institution in Nigeria," Niger J Clin Pract., vol. 14, pp. 303-7, 2011.
  32. K. Agbovi, M. Kolou, L. Fétéké, D. Haudrechy, M. North, and A. Ségbéna, "Knowledge, attitudes and practices about blood donation. A sociological study among the population of Lomé in Togo," TransfusClin Biol. Epub., vol. 13, pp. 260-5, 2006.
  33. N. Benedict, A. Usimenahon, N. Alexander, and A. Isi, "Knowledge, attitude and practice of voluntary blood donation among physicians in a tertiary health facility of a developing country," International Journal of Blood Transfusion and Immunohematology, vol. 2, pp. 4-10, 2012.
  34. M. Muhammad Razzaq, S. H. A. Z. I. A. Majid, and L. Muhammad Saleem, "Determinants of blood donation behaviour of general public in Pakistan," Pakistan Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, vol. 4.1, pp. 137-42, 2010.
  35. A.-D. Abdul Majeed, "Attitude, belief and knowledge about blood donation and transfusion in Saudi population," Pak J Med Sci., vol. 24, pp. 74-79, 2008.
  36. A. Agrawal, A. Tiwari, A. Ahuja, and R. Kalra, "Knowledge, attitude and practices of people towards voluntary blood donation in uttarakhand," Asian J Transfus Sci., vol. 7, pp. 59-62, 2013.
  37. R. P. NamgayShenga and SubhabrataSengupta, "Behavior disparities towards blood donation in Sikkim, India," Asian J Transfus Sci., vol. 2, pp. 56–60, 2008.
  38. O. Umeora, S. Onuh, and M. Umeora, "Socio-cultural barriers to voluntary blood donation for obstetric use in a rural Nigerian village," Afr J Reprod Health, vol. 9, pp. 72-76, 2005.
  39. N. Zaller, K. Nelson, P. Ness, G. Wen, X. Bai, and H. Shan, "Knowledge, attitude and practice survey regarding blood donation in a North Western Chinese city," Transfusion Medicine (Oxford, England), vol. 15, pp. 277-86, 2005.
  40. S. Rashmi, "Psychosocial profiling of blood donors and assessing source of awareness of blood donation through a blood donation camp at a medical college, Ahmadabad, Gujarat," Asian J Transfus Sci., vol. 5, pp. 183–184, 2011.
  41. I. Gilani, Z. Kayani, and M. Atique, "Knowledge, attitude and practices (Kap) regarding blood donation prevalent in medical and paramedical personnel," J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. , vol. 17, pp. 473-6, 2007.
  42. M. Olaiya, W. Alakija, A. Ajala, and R. Olatunji, "Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and motivations towards blood donations among blood donors in Lagos, Nigeria," Transfus Med., vol. 14, pp. 13-7, 2004.
  43. F. Mousavi, A. Tavabi, B. Golestan, E. Ammar-Saeedi, H. Kashani, R. Tabatabaei, and E. Iran-Pour, "Knowledge, attitude and practice towards blood donation in Iranian population," Transfus Med., vol. 21, pp. 308-17, 2011.
  44. A. Khan Adeel, Z. Ahmed, M. A. Siddiqui, K. Yaqoob, Z. Anis, and S. Farooq, "Blood donation among medical students: Knowledge, Attitude and practices," presented at the 17th Annual PG Medical Education Conference, 2012.
  45. F. Rakhshani, M. E. Sanei, S. M. Soltani, and T. Rakhshani, "Knowledge, attitude and practice of the population of Zahedan province about blood donation," Sci J Blood Transfus Organ., vol. 7, pp. 9-16, 2010.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) The Level and Associated Factors Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation among Health Science Students of Addis Ababa University
( 2 ) Determinants of Non-Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy and Modeling Progression of Adherence Level: At Yirgalem Regional Hospital, Ethiopia; January, 2012
( 3 ) Radiographic Assessment of Alveolar Bone Crest Levels in 9-12 Year Old Children in Davangere, India
( 4 ) The Correlation between Educational Level and Incidence of Syphilis among Female Sex Workers within 7 Cities in Indonesia in 2007
( 5 ) A Sample Survey on Reproductive Women to Assess Level of Stress in Sub-Urban Population, South Chennai, India
( 6 ) Serum Lipid Profile and Leptin Levels in Asthmatic Libyan Children
( 7 ) Food Safety Knowledge, Attitude and Associated Factors of Food Handlers Working in Substandard Food Establishments in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia, 2013/14
( 8 ) Prevalence and Factors Associated With Refractive Error among Primary School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
( 10 ) Non Syndromic, Bilateral, Dentigerous Cysts Associated with Inverted Mandibular Third Molars: A Case Report
( 11 ) Effect of Different Chronotype on Comorbidity and Resistance to Psycho-Emotional Stress in Hypertension Associated With Hepato-Biliary Pathology in the North
( 12 ) Prevalence of Stunting and Associated Factors among Under Five Children in Wondo Genet Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 13 ) Suicides and Factors Associated With Suicides-A Study in a Rural Setup of Pondicherry in South India
( 14 ) About the Pathogenesis of Myasthenia Gravis Associated With Thymic Enlargement
( 15 ) Prevalence of Prediabetes and the Associated Risk of Kidney Disease in Apparently Healthy Subjects in Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
( 16 ) Patterns, Correlates and Knowledge of Health Implications Associated with Alcohol Consumption: A Mix-Method Approach
( 18 ) Prognostic Factors in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Tongue Treated With Adjuvant Therapy Following Surgery
( 21 ) Cause, Magnitude and Contributing Factors for Maternal Death in Selected Hospitals in Snnpr between 2007/2008 and 2009/2010
( 24 ) The Effect of Regular Hazelnut Consumption on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Acceptance in Māori and European
( 25 ) Influence of Parity and Index Child Factors on Adoption of Exclusive Breastfeeding by Nursing-Mothers in Imo State Nigeria
( 26 ) Determinant Factors and Spatial Distribution of Visceral Leishmaniasis in North Gondar in Selected Hospitals
( 27 ) Descriptive Assessment of Medical Outreach Services, Benefits and Factors Influencing Success of Outreach Program in Rural Communities of Enugu State
( 30 ) Evaluating the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Nursing Mothers towards Exclusive Breastfeeding in Tano North District
( 33 ) Staff Nurses and Physicians Attitudes toward the Use of Electronic Patient Record
( 36 ) Contribution of Integrated Nutrient Management Practices for Sustainable Crop Productivity, Nutrient Uptake and Soil Nutrient Status in Maize Based Cropping Systems
( 37 ) Vitamin D Supplementation Practices in Pregnancy and During Infancy and Other Behaviors Related To Vitamin D Status among a Sample of Muslim Women in Ireland and Saudi Arabia
( 38 ) How Do Patients Evaluate the New Health Care System in General Practice? Results from the European Project on Patient Evaluation of General Practice Care (Europep) in Adana, Turkey
( 41 ) Staining Effect of Methanolic Extract of Hibiscus Sabdariffa Calyx on Thin Peripheral Blood Smear
( 47 ) Correlation between Her2/Neu and Histopatholoical Finding among Sudanese Female Breast Cancer Patients
( 49 ) Correlation between Certain Complications and Health Education Program among Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Miletus Patients
( 50 ) Strategies for Addressing Poor Statistical Literacy among Health Scientists and Science Communicators
( 51 ) Patterns of Hazardous Drinking and Socio Demographic Characteristics among Selected Tribal Community, in Bangladesh
( 52 ) Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) Infection Among HIV Patients Accessing Healthcare at Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nigeria
( 53 ) Unprotected Sex among Sexually Active Unmarried Young Adults: A Pariah or Preemptive Incidence
( 54 ) Contribution of Meat towards Nutritional Security - An Analysis through Consumption of Different Food Items among Meat and Non-Meat Consumers in Karnataka
( 55 ) Hypersensitivity to Natural Rubber Latex Gloves among Albanian Dental Students: The Role of Exposure Duration
( 56 ) Gender as Determinant of the Effect of Yeast Selenium on CD4 T Cells Count Among HIV 1 Positive Children
( 57 ) Prevalence of Prehypertension and Assessment of Renal Function among the Prehypertensive Students of the College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria