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Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

December 2017, Volume 4, 2, pp 42-50

Spatial Appraisal of Problems and Prospects of Fertilizer Use for Agriculture on the Environment in Mbieri, Mbaitoli Local Government Area, Imo State Nigeria

Chikwendu, L.

,

Jenkwe, E. D.

,

Eleazu, E. I.

,

Ogbonna, C. G.

Chikwendu, L. 1

Jenkwe, E. D. 2

Eleazu, E. I. 3 Ogbonna, C. G. 3 

  1. Department of Geography and Environmental Management, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria. 2

  3. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Abia State Polytechnic, Aba, Nigeria. 3

Pages: 42-50

DOI: 10.18488/journal.80.2017.42.42.50

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Article History:

Received: 02 May, 2017
Revised: 05 June, 2017
Accepted: 19 July, 2017
Published: 08 August, 2017


Abstract:

This study appraises the spatial problems and prospects of fertilizer use in agriculture on the Environment in Mbieri, Mbaitoli Local Government Area of Imo State. Structured questionnaires were sampled in  each villages randomly selected from the seven autonomous communities of Amaike-Mbieri, Awo Mbieri, Ezi-Mbieri, Ihitte Isi-Mbieri, Obazu Mbieri, Obi-Mbieri and Umueze-Mbieri for collection of data. The data were analysed using descriptive statistical tools of tables, charts and graphs. The outcome showed that 71.2% of the farmers do not have University Education. All the kinds of fertilizer in use in the study area contain Nitrogen with NPK 20-10-10 the most sought-after. Findings show that 54% of the farmers prefer the application of fertilizer NPK for replenishing lost soil nutrients while, 60% of the Farmers in the study area use surface broadcast method in application of fertilizer NPK on their farms. However, it was observed from this research that majority of this nitrogen compounds are washed down through surface runoffs causing pollution and eutrophication of the Ecosystems and water bodies. Government should set up research centre for Fertilizer use in Agriculture where farmers can be equipped with adequate knowledge of the best way to use fertilizer NPK while sustaining the environment

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on the improper use of fertilizer. The study uses new estimation methodology of sampling questionnaire to villages observed to be most involved in Agriculture. This originates new formula that there is unbalanced use of fertilizer for agriculture.

Keywords:

Fertilizer NPK, Farmers, Soil fertility, Pollution of ecosystem, Eutrophication, Environment, Mbieri.

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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