Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

June 2017, Volume 4, 1, pp 27-41

Sensitivity Analysis and Vulnerability Mapping of the Guilan Aquifer Using Drastic Method

Hadi Modabberi


Mir Moslem Rahbar Hashemi


Mehdi Ashournia


Mohammad Ali Rahimipour

Hadi Modabberi 1 ,

Mir Moslem Rahbar Hashemi 1 Mehdi Ashournia 1 Mohammad Ali Rahimipour 1 
  1. Research deputy of Guilan branch of the Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR), Gas square, Rasht, Iran 1

Pages: 27-41

DOI: 10.18488/journal.80.2017.41.27.41

Share :

Article History:

Received: 17 February, 2017
Revised: 20 March, 2017
Accepted: 18 April, 2017
Published: 07 June, 2017


Vulnerability of the water resources is a continuation of such trends. The first step in management of the groundwater resources is a determination of the vulnerable areas. The objective of this research was determining the vulnerability assessment of the central plain of Gilan using DRASTIC model. Principles of the model are based on overlaying of seven thematic maps of depth to water table, net recharges, aquifer media, soil media, topography, vados zone and hydraulic conductivity by considering appropriate weights and rates. The database was constructed by introducing the mentioned maps. Index of DRASTIC model for aquifer vulnerability of the central plain Gilan was ranged in 82-182. In this plain, there was not very much and very low vulnerability classes. The final map of DRASTIC model showed that %¬48.64 of the area has high vulnerability and %¬50.55 has medium vulnerability and only a small area of plain (%0.81) has low vulnerability. The statistical summary of the DRASTIC model elements shows that the element of depth to groundwater table has the greatest impact on DRASTIC model. Also based on the map remove and single element sensitivity, depth to groundwater table is identified as the effective element in the central plain of Gilan. The results of the correlation between the elements of DRASTIC model and nitrate concentrations showed that there is the highest correlation between nitrate and depth to groundwater table. The average concentration of nitrates is 8.92 mg/lit in the wells studied at the Central Plains Gilan. In all wells studied, nitrate concentration was lower than the recommended level by US Environmental Protection Agency (45 mg/lit).

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated via DRASTIC index for sensitivity analysis of effective parameters which was validated by using of two methods for the map remove and single element in amount of nitrate pollution.


Groundwater vulnerability assessment, Drastic, Nitrate, Sensitivity Analysiss, Guilan Province.



Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Sensitivity Analysis and Vulnerability Mapping of the Guilan Aquifer Using Drastic Method
( 2 ) Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Agricultural Development A Block-Wise Study of Dehradun District
( 3 ) Optimal Density Determination of Bouguer Anomaly Using Fractal Analysis (Case of Study: Charak Area, Iran)
( 4 ) Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Causality Analysis
( 5 ) Energy Consumption and Thermal Comfort Analysis of Public Housing in Sao Paulo, Brazil
( 6 ) Well Log Sequence Stratigraphic and Palynological Analysis of Late Miocene to Pliocene Agbada Formation, Southwestern Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria
( 7 ) Application of Geospatial Analysis and Augmented Reality Visualization in Indoor Advertising
( 8 ) Analysis of Farmers’ Vulnerability, Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change in Kwara State, Nigeria
( 9 ) Analysis of Dioxins Concentration in Domestic Waste and Burnt Tyre Residue at Gosa Dumpsite in Abuja, Nigeria
( 10 ) Comparison of the Gravimetric Network in Esfarayen Region with the Network of Fractal Analysis
( 11 ) An Analysis of Effective Factors on Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Rural Regions of Hamedan Province
( 12 ) Urban Sprawl Analysis in Jalingo Metropolis, Taraba State Nigeria
( 14 ) Analysis of the Trends in Temperature and Rainfall in Thika River Basin in Kenya
( 15 ) Analysis of the Factors Affecting Changes in Land Cover Patterns in Rural Districts in East of Guilan Province (Iran) for Foresight
( 16 ) Sphene and Zircon Fission Track Analysis of Syenite Rocks of the Sushina Hills, Purulia-Bankura Shear Zone (TPSZ)
( 17 ) Analysis of the Effect of Variations in Refractivity Gradient on Line of Sight Percentage Clearance and Single Knife Edge Diffraction Loss
( 18 ) Reading Activities in Kauman Area, Parakan, Indonesia, During the Colonial Era Using Mapping Analysis
( 19 ) Geographical Analysis of Household Waste Generation and Disposal in Taraba State, Northeast Nigeria
( 20 ) Analysis of Physico-Chemical Properties and Bacteriological Loads of Waste Water Effluent from Oxidation Pond at Woldia University, North Wollo, Ethiopia
( 21 ) Analysis of the Link between CO2 Outflows, Energy Utilization, and Economic Development in a Developing Country: Evidence from Republic of Congo
( 22 ) An Eleven Years Analysis of the Seasonal Dynamics of Urban Heat Island (UHI) Intensity (2004-2014)
( 23 ) Analysis of Trend and Variability of Climate of Hawassa Based on Surface Observations
( 26 ) Climate Change Vulnerability in Rwanda, East Africa
( 27 ) 2016-2017 Recession: Perspectives of Women's Vulnerability to Cassava Consumption and Cultivation in Nigeria's Sub-Urban Space
( 28 ) The Remote Sensing Imagery, New Challenges for Geological and Mining Mapping in the West African Craton - The Example of Cote D’ivoire
( 29 ) Soil Erosion Hazard Mapping in Central Zab Basin Using Epm Model in GIS Environment
( 32 ) Location Mapping of Hydrothermal Alteration Using Landsat 8 Data: A Case of Study in Prestea Huni Valley District, Ghana
( 33 ) Zoning of Natural and Man-Made Disasters for Relief and Rescue Centers Site Selection Using the Model Logic (Case Study: Guilan Rural Area)
( 36 ) Fonctionnement Hydrodynamique Des Aquiferes Discontinus De La Region D’abidjan-Agboville (Sud De La Cote D’ivoire)
( 38 ) Hospital Site Selection Using a BDI Agent Model
( 40 ) Application of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for Achieving Desire BA in the Biotransformation of Benzaldehyde Using Free Cells of Saccharomyces Cerevisae and the Effect of Β-Cyclodextrin
( 41 ) Flood Hazard Assessment and Decisions Support Using Geographic Information System: A Case Study of Uyo Capital City, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 42 ) Energy Trading and Congestion Management Using Real and Reactive Power Rescheduling and Load Curtailment
( 44 ) Sequestration Rate of Heavy Metal Contaminants Using Riccia Fluitans as Potential Phytoremediation Agent in Polluted Aquatic Ecosystem
( 45 ) Economic Load Dispatch in Thermal Power Plant Considering Additional Constraints Using Curve Fitting and Ann
( 46 ) Phytoremediation Model System for Aquaculture Wastewater Using Glossostigma Elatinoides and Hemianthus Callitrichoides
( 47 ) Comparative Assessment of Co2 Emission Factors Estimated Using Stack Flue Gas Measurement Data for Two Types of Brick Kiln: A Case Study in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam
( 48 ) Presentation of Empirical Equations for Estimating Internal Friction Angle of SP and SC Soils in Mashhad, Iran Using Standard Penetration and Direct Shear Tests and Comparison with Previous Equations
( 49 ) Determining the Optimal Density of Neka Using Fractal Method and the Study of Its Geological Situation
( 50 ) Improving the Geological Understanding of the Niger Delta Basin of Nigeria Using Airborne Gravity Data
( 51 ) Residential Housing Quality Assessment Based on the Criteria of Sustainable Housing (Case Study: Residential Complex of 100 Units of Region 1 City of Zahedan)
( 52 ) Landfill Site Selection Using Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) Method and Artificial Neural Network Method; A Case Study from Lorestan Province, Iran
( 56 ) Using Rubber Aggregate Derived from Discarded Tires for Producing Cement Concrete towards Resource Recovery and Environmental Protection in Vietnam