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Review of Environment and Earth Sciences

June 2017, Volume 4, 1, pp 1-11

Zoning of Natural and Man-Made Disasters for Relief and Rescue Centers Site Selection Using the Model Logic (Case Study: Guilan Rural Area)

Mohammad Ali Rahimipour Sheykhani Nejad

,

Farzaneh Nasiri Jan Agha

,

Farzaneh Nasiri Jan Agha

,

Sayedeh Sakineh Khatami

,

Yalda Fattahzadeh

Mohammad Ali Rahimipour Sheykhani Nejad 1 Farzaneh Nasiri Jan Agha 1 Farzaneh Nasiri Jan Agha 1 ,
;
Sayedeh Sakineh Khatami 1 Yalda Fattahzadeh 1 

  1. Department of Regional Studies, Research Deputy of Guilan Branch of the Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR), Rasht, Iran 1

Pages: 1-11

DOI: 10.18488/journal.80.2017.41.1.11

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Article History:

Received: 03 December, 2016
Revised: 29 December, 2016
Accepted: 09 January, 2017
Published: 19 January, 2017


Abstract:

Guilan Province with vast forest resources and abundant rainfall which sometimes causes flooding, fires, road accidents and earthquakes, besides its tourist attraction, high population density and dispersion of rural areas has faced with the problems that necessitate emergency response centers against unexpected disaster with a balanced and equitable access. In order to select stationary and mobile station sites the potential risks were identified at first and then danger zones were determined. Nine major risks including floods, earthquakes, mass movements, fires, road accidents, snow and blizzards, marine incidents, avalanches and war were paired compared using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Then proper sites were determined based on required standards for establishing relief and rescue centers using the model LOGIC. Finally, 49 and 34 points were proposed for establishing stationary and mobile centers, respectively. Also the radius of effective range for each center was calculated based on a maximum response time to the incident.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which can be used as a template to optimal site selection for relief and rescue centers in rural areas of the Province.

Keywords:

Site selection, Stationary and mobile stations, Relief and rescue, Disasters, Zoning, Analytical hierarchy process.

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Reference:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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