Guilan Province with vast forest resources and abundant rainfall which
sometimes causes flooding, fires, road accidents and earthquakes,
besides its tourist attraction, high population density and dispersion
of rural areas has faced with the problems that necessitate emergency
response centers against unexpected disaster with a balanced and
equitable access. In order to select stationary and mobile station sites
the potential risks were identified at first and then danger zones were
determined. Nine major risks including floods, earthquakes, mass
movements, fires, road accidents, snow and blizzards, marine incidents,
avalanches and war were paired compared using Analytical Hierarchy
Process (AHP). Then proper sites were determined based on required
standards for establishing relief and rescue centers using the model
LOGIC. Finally, 49 and 34 points were proposed for establishing
stationary and mobile centers, respectively. Also the radius of
effective range for each center was calculated based on a maximum
response time to the incident.
This study is one of very few studies which can be used as a template to
optimal site selection for relief and rescue centers in rural areas of
Site selection, Stationary and mobile stations, Relief and rescue, Disasters, Zoning, Analytical hierarchy process.
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This study received no specific financial support.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.