This study analyzed spatial and temporal land use /land cover change in
Jalingo Metropolis, Taraba State, north east Nigeria. This was carried
out with the use of land sat images from 1990-2015. Satellite images
were obtained from the United State Geological Survey (USGS) database
online resources. The images were georeferenced and processed.
Supervised image classification technique was employed. Ground truthing
field survey was carried out to complement information about the types
of land use and land-cover classes in the area. The change detection and
change matrixes of the classified satellite images were analyzed using
percentage to see the rate of change in a simple form. Land use maps
were obtained through supervised classifications of satellite imageries
and presented in Tables. The findings of the study show that Jalingo
Metropolis has witnessed unprecedented spatial growth over the years.
The town has grown from 6.01km2 in 1990 to 55.7km2 in 2005 and 101.16 in
2015. This growth was as a result of change in the status of the
metropolis from Local Government headquarters to state capital which
brought about the establishment of government ministries and agencies,
with wide range of opportunities. Despite the existence of master plan,
implementation has not been satisfactory for a number of reasons. This
has resulted in proliferation of haphazard and uncontrolled development
(including slums and squatters), environmental degradation, lack of
basic amenities and transportation problems within and around the town.
The study recommends the need to update the urban database of Jalingo
town using GIS and Remote Sensing techniques to plan and monitor urban
land use changes in the area.
This study is one of very few studies that maps urban sprawl in the
study area. This helps to anticipate the likely danger of urban sprawl
and the rate of urban expansion in the area.
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This study received no specific financial support.
The authors declare that they have no competing interests.
All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.