Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

Towards a Proposal of a Local Authority Model Based on the Systemic Approach

Hanane Haddad

Hanane Haddad 1

  1. Faculty of Law, Social Sciences and Economics, Abdelmalik Essaâdi University Tangier, Morocco. 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 34-43

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.71.34.43

Share :

Article History:

Received: 27 April, 2020
Revised: 03 June, 2020
Accepted: 01 July, 2020
Published: 13 July, 2020


As a result of the evolution of our societies, several types of organizations have emerged. They were designed to meet specific needs. Therefore, each organization has its own purpose and missions. Consequently, these organizations have developed interactions and interconnections in order to achieve their goals. This concerns both public and private organizations. If public and private organizations share the quest of efficiency, public organizations have additional missions which consist of pursuing the common interest. However, modern era which is qualified as instable and uncertain, makes organizations’ everyday life becomes more complex and unpredictable. Hence the need for understanding these organizations in order to know how they work, to make a diagnosis and provide an analysis of them. This is particularly true for local authorities, since they have been connected to many internal and external stakeholders, they have been managed by a dual structure combining elected politicians and administrative staff; they have been in charge of many functions including: ensuring local development, guaranteeing citizens’ well-being, and providing higher quality services with lower cost. Given their nature and the complexity of their role, modeling this organization becomes a necessity. In this perspective, this paper aims to propose a model of a local authority using Kast and Rosenzweig (1985) and Meinadier (1998) models. Both of those are largely based on Von Bertalanffy's systems theory commonly known as systemic approach. Results show that local authority is an open, complex, and dynamic socio-technical system which is exposed to a wide typology of risks.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature related to public administration and especially local authorities. It proposes a new formula to grasp and understand local authorities by introducing new variables such as time and space evolution. This makes local authority an open, complex, and dynamic socio-technical exposed to risks.


Local authority, Model, Systemic approach, Sociotechnical system, Open system, Complex system, Risks.


Aloui, S. (2007). Contribution to the modeling and analysis of risk in a healthcare organization using a system approach. Doctoral Thesis, Paris School of Mines.   

Bérard, C. (2009). The decision process in complex systems: An analysis of a systemic intervention. Thesis for obtaining a doctorate in Management Sciences, University of Paris-Dauphine and University of Quebec in Montreal.  

Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2015). Basics of qualitative research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Elcock, H. (2013). Local government: Policy and management in local authorities (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Gourmelen, B. (2012). Discovering organizations - for a methodological, sociological and economic approach. Paris: The Harmattan.

Hampton, W. (1991). Local government and urban politics (2nd ed.). London: Longman.

Hennink, M., Hutter, I., & Bailey, A. (2020). Qualitative research methods (2nd ed.). London: Sage.

Kast, F., & Rosenzweig, J. E. (1985). Organization and management: A systems and contingency approach. New York: McGraw Hill.

Kast, F., & Rosenzweig, J. E. (1972). General systems theory: Applications for organization and management. Academy of Management Journal, 15(4), 447-465.

Lockard, D. (1963). The politics of State and local government. New York: Macmillan.

Mazouz, B., Leclerc, J., & Tardif, M. J. B. (2008). Integrated management by results: Designing and otherwise managing performance in public administration. Quebec: University of Quebec Press.

Meinadier, J. P. (1998). Systems engineering and integration. Paris: Hermes.

Naoum, S. (2001). People and organizational management in construction. London: Thomas Telford.

Ndreu, A. (2016). The definition and importance of local governance. Social and Natural Sciences Journal, 10(1), 5-8.

Proulx, D. (2006). Management approaches: the relevance of dealing with management approaches, In C. L. Proulx et al, Management of public organizations (pp. 1-27). Quebec: Quebec University Press.

Thietart, R. A. (2014). Management research methods (2nd ed.). Paris: Dunod.

Yin, R. (1994). Case study research: Design and methods (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declares that there are no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.


Related Article

( 1 ) An Enquiry into the Contributions of Microfinance Institutions Towards the Development of Small Scale Business in Nigeria
( 2 ) Quality Management Practices towards Customer Satisfaction in Local Authority Public Services Website
( 3 ) Managing Public Perception towards Local Government Administration
( 4 ) A Factor Analysis Approach Towards a Study of the Factors Affecting Students’ Choice of Higher Education Institution: A Case Study of a Private Institution (Twintech International University College of Technology)
( 5 ) The Importance of Public Administration Towards Achieving Good Governance for Positive National Development by Using SmartPLS 3
( 6 ) Conceptualisation of Lack of Discipline and Probity as the Main Cause towards Good Governance Practice
( 7 ) Assessing the Perceived Value of Customers for being Satisfied towards the Sustainability of Hypermarket in Malaysia
( 8 ) Effect of Brand Enhancement on Buying Behavior towards the Sport Sponsorship Companies in Riyadh, KSA
( 9 ) Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Mindset: Towards Societal Re-Engineering
( 10 ) Developing a Conceptual Model for Antecedents of Resistance to Change towards Sustainable Construction Practices
( 11 ) Towards a Proposal of a Local Authority Model Based on the Systemic Approach
( 12 ) A Process Model for Conformance of Health Information Systems: Towards National Interoperability
( 13 ) What Explains the Overwhelmingly Positive Perception towards Microfinance Institutions? Application of Firth’s Logistic Regression in a Small Sample
( 14 ) Analysis of Demographic Factors on Perceptions of Inventory Managers towards Healthcare Performance
( 16 ) A Review on Criteria for Green Infrastructure to be Adopted by Local Authorities
( 17 ) Geographical Starting Points the Analysis of Current Rural Problems in Montenegro: Case Study of Rural Local Community Kralje
( 18 ) Conceptual Framework of Green Infrastructure Performance Evaluation for Local Authority
( 20 ) Local Governance and Service Delivery in Zimbabwean Local Authorities: The Case of Harare and Masvingo Urban Municipalities
( 21 ) Promoting Local Acceptability of International Oil Companies (IOCS) Through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): The Case of Tullow Oil in Ghana
( 22 ) Rural Saving Mobilizations and Economic Development in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State - Nigeria
( 24 ) Rural Roads Infrastructure and Agricultural Products Distribution: A Focus on Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria
( 25 ) A Case Study of Local Government Implementation of the Ward Based Local Economic Development (LED) Program
( 26 ) The Impact of Organisational Culture on Public Sector Performance: A Case Study of Local Authorities in Zimbabwe
( 27 ) Value for Money (VFM) Audit and Public Sector Performance in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 29 ) The Financial Decentralization Policy for Local Development in Cameroon: An Econometric Analysis
( 33 ) The Development of Participated Environmental Education Model for Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management on Eastern Part of Thailand
( 34 ) The Impact of Human Capital on Economic Growth: Evidence from Tunisia Using Star and Stecm Models
( 35 ) An Inventory Model with Lost Sale is Time Dependent
( 36 ) A Model of Strategic Thinking: Islamic and Iranian Perspective
( 37 ) Stock Market Performance and Economic Growth: Evidence from Nigeria Employing Vector Error Correction Model Framework
( 38 ) Workplace Bullying: Modelling Construct Validity in an Australian Public Sector Workforce
( 39 ) Estimating Value at Risk for Sukuk Market Using Generalized Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models
( 40 ) Dynamic Analysis of Competitive Technology Innovation Diffusion Model
( 41 ) A Review upon the Changes Which Come With the Model upon Turkish Metropolitan Municipality within the Provincial Administrative Boundaries
( 42 ) Confirming the Mediation Effect of A Structural Model By Using Bootstrap Approach: A Case Study of Malaysian 8th Grade Students’ Mathematics Achievement
( 43 ) The Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Consumer Prices in Nigeria: Evidence from VECM Model
( 44 ) Examining Long Run Relationship between Household Debt and Household Savings in South Africa – An Error Correction Model and Granger Causality
( 45 ) Comparative Analysis of the Effectiveness of Coub-Douglas, Real Business Cycle, and Keynsian Growth Models in Determining Economic Growth in Nigeria
( 46 ) An Econometric Planning Model of Urban Forestry as a Measure of Sustainability: A Matrix of Action and Change
( 47 ) On the Prediction of the Inflation Crises of South Africa Using Markov-Switching Bayesian Vector Autoregressive and Logistic Regression Models
( 48 ) Triple Hurdle Model with Zero Expenditures
( 49 ) Dutch Disease: Myth or Reality? An Analysis of the ARDL Model
( 50 ) Consumers’ Behavioural Intention to Adopt Mobile Banking in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Using an Extension of Technology Acceptance Model: Lessons from Zimbabwe
( 51 ) Evaluating the Model of Demand for Money in Nigeria
( 55 ) Role of Talent Development on Talent Engagement and Self-Efficacy: A Structural Model
( 56 ) Modelling Stock Returns Volatility and Asymmetric News Effect: A Global Perspective
( 57 ) Are the Predictions of the Mundell-Fleming Model Applicable to Mexico?
( 58 ) Contemporary Approach to Enhanced Road Transport System in Nigeria Through the Application of It-Based (Online) Bus Ticketing and Payment System
( 59 ) Agent-Based Simulation of Contribution Games
( 60 ) Measuring the Gap Between the Syrian Accounting Qualifications and the International Accounting Education Based on IES 2 and IES 3
( 61 ) Forecasting-Based Carry Trade Using Pegged Currency: A Case of Omani Rial
( 63 ) Financial Market Predictions with Factorization Machines: Trading the Opening Hour Based on Overnight Social Media Data
( 64 ) An Analysis of Chinas Poverty Research Based on CiteSpace
( 65 ) Decision-Making on Working Capital Management, Based on Industry Differences
( 66 ) Optimal Stock Portfolio Issuers of Building Construction Registered in LQ45 Based on the Markowitz Approach
( 68 ) Assessment of Mental Health of Undergraduate Students Based on Age: A Bayesian Ordinal Quantile Regression Approach
( 69 ) Research on the Construction and Application of Chinese Enterprises Overseas Port Investment Confidence Index Based on D-S Evidence Theory
( 72 ) Strategic Evaluation of Distributed Power Generation Technology: A Sustainable Approach
( 73 ) Public Infrastructure Spending and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) Approach
( 74 ) Study of the Relationship between Economic Growth and Inflation: Application to the Countries of the South Side of the Mediterranean: A Panel Data Approach
( 75 ) Relationships between Financial Development and Economic Growth: A New Approach by Inputs
( 76 ) Structural Breaks and the Long-Run Stability of Demand for Real Broad Money Function in Nigeria: A Gregory-Hansen Approach
( 77 ) Determinants of Tax Revenue in Ethiopia (Johansen Co-Integration Approach)