Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

National Urban Development Policy and the Unanswered Development Question of Slum in Nigeria

Salisu Ojonemi PAUL

Salisu Ojonemi PAUL 1

  1. Department of Public Administration and Local Government Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 102-115

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2019.62.102.115

Share :

Article History:

Received: 18 July, 2019
Revised: 22 August, 2019
Accepted: 27 September, 2019
Published: 06 November, 2019


Abstract:

Urbanization itself is not a curse if positively managed. This is due to the current fact that there is a fundamental debate that the mobilization of human resources is critical and unavoidable for the political, socio-economic and technological transformation of any nation. Though successive governments in Nigeria have initiated the National Urban Development Policy however, the reverse is the case because the swelled urban towns and cities’ government have not made decisive efforts to meet the development demands of the city overflow which is referred to as “urban slum” that has created a sharp gap between the urban wealthy and urban poor. This paper, therefore, adopted the content analysis and Poverty-Focused Intervention Approach to analyze its major arguments. Hence, through primary and secondary data, the study presented some findings and recommendations. The research concluded with campaigns for efficient, inclusive and sustainable development of all settings of the urban sector in Nigeria.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by the pictorial exposition of the absence of impactful implementation of National Urban Development Policy in Nigeria resulting in –perpetual overcrowding, poor environmental management, inadequate critical infrastructure, poor supervision and abandonment of development projects, and the explosion of road-side-marketing by the slum occupants.

Keywords:

Development, Marginalisation, Policy Structure, Poverty, Slum, Urbanization.

Reference:

Adelekan, I.O., 2010. Vulnerability of poor urban coastal communities to flooding in Lagos, Nigeria. Environment and Urbanization, 22(2): 433-450.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0956247810380141.

Adewale, K.L., 2015. The forefathers dream for Nigeria. Ibadan: Leaders Printers.

Ado, M., 2017. Urbanization challenges in the 21st century Nigeria: The issues. Geography Research Review, 12(3): 60 – 79.

Afolabi, J.F., 2017. The poor we have with us always. Bayero University, Kano Professorial Inaugural Lecture Series, No. 22, 26th October.

Agono, C.M., 2017. Where has the rural people gone wrong in Nigeria? Nasarawa: Tempo Publishers.

Ajaegbu, H.I., 2000. Urbanisation, urban development and prospects, In, H.I. Ajaegbu, B.J. ST. Matthew-Daniel & O.E. Uya (Eds.), Nigeria, a people united, a future assured: Vol. 1, A compendium. Abuja: Federal Ministry of Information.

Akinwotu, E., 2017. The rural-urban divides in Nigeria. The Guardian Newspaper.

Amsden, A.H., 2010. Say’s law, poverty persistence, and employment neglect. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 11(1): 57-66.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/19452820903481434.

Aribigbola, A. and O.I. Ayeniyo, 2012. Sites-and-services as a strategy for achieving adequate housing in Nigeria in the 21st century. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2(2): 126-132.

Babanyara, Y., H. Usman and U. Saleh, 2010. An overview of urban poverty and environmental problems in Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology, 31(2): 135-143.

Bahadure, P. and S. Bahadure, 2012. Sustainable urban development in India: Challenge & Approaches. In Conference proceedings on Advances in Architecture and Civil Engineering Conference held on 21st – 23rd June, 712-720. Advances in Architecture and Civil Engineering Conference held on 21st – 23rd June, pp: 712-720.

Bloch, R., J. Monroy, S. Fox and A. Ojo, 2015. Urbanisation and urban expansion in Nigeria. Urbanisation Research Nigeria (URN) Research Report. London, GB: ICF International.

Catalán, B., D. Saurí and P. Serra, 2008. Urban sprawl in the mediterranean?: Patterns of growth and change in the Barcelona Metropolitan Region 1993–2000. Landscape and Urban Planning, 85(3-4): 174-184.

Chambers, R., 1995. Poverty and livelihoods: Whose reality counts? Environment and Urbanization, 7(1): 173-204.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/095624789500700106.

Cohen, B., 2006. Urbanization in developing countries: Current trends, future projections, and key challenges for sustainability. Technology in Society, 28(1-2): 63-80.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2005.10.005.

Davis, K., 1965. The urbanization of the human population. Scientific American, 213(3): 40-53.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0965-40.

Dawson, N., A. Martin and T. Sikor, 2016. Green revolution in sub-saharan africa: Implications of imposed innovation for the wellbeing of rural smallholders. World Development, 78: 204-218.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.10.008.

Egboje, M.J., 2018. The unending challenges of rural sector in Nigeria. Bata-Kano: Abdullahi Karaye Printers.

Escobar, A., 2011. Encountering development: The making and unmaking of the third world . Princeton: University Press.

FGN, 2010. Nigeria at 50: A compendium. Abuja: Federal Republic of Nigeria.

FGN, 2014. Nigeria at 100: The journey so far. Abuja: National Planning Commission.

Gkartzios, M. and M. Scott, 2010. Residential mobilities and house building in rural ireland: Evidence from three case studies. Sociologia Ruralis, 50(1): 64-84.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9523.2009.00502.x.

Hammond, L., 2008. Strategies of invisibilization: How Ethiopia's resettlement programme hides the poorest of the poor. Journal of Refugee Studies, 21(4): 517-536.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fen041.

Hnatkovskaa, V. and A. Lahiri, 2013. The rural-urban divide in India. London: International Growth Centre, Working Paper.

Ibietan, J. and O. Ekhosuehi, 2013. Trends in development planning in Nigeria: 1962 to 2012. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 15(4): 297-311.

Idike, A.A., 1992. Rural development in Nigeria: An overview, In M.S.O. Olisa & J.I.Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and Strategies. Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 65 – 106.

Igbaja, S.J., 2012. The impact of public investment on poverty reduction in Nigeria. A B.Sc. Project Submitted to the Department of Economics, Kwara State: University of Ilorin.

Indrawati, S.M., 2014. Opening remarks at the international Conference on Urban China: Toward efficient, inclusive and sustainable urbanisation at Beijin, March 25. The World Bank Group.

Jiboye, A.D., 2011. Sustainable urbanization: Issues and challenges for effective urban governance in Nigeria. Journal of sustainable Development, 4(6): 211-221.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v4n6p211.

Khalifa, M.A., 2015. Evolution of informal settlements upgrading strategies in Egypt: From negligence to participatory development. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 6(4): 1151-1159.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asej.2015.04.008.

Lamond, J., B.K. Awuah, E. Lewis, R. Bloch and B.J. Falade, 2015. Urban land, planning and governance systems in Nigeria. Urbanisation research Nigeria (URN) Research Report. London: ICF International.

Lourens, K., 2018. The impact of 100kwh free electricity on meeting the energy needs of poor urban households. A Published Doctoral Dissertation.

Lyneham, S., 1998. The great divide in the 2020 megacity: Urbanisation trends, problems and opportunities. In, Australian Development Studies Network (Ed.), Urban Infrastructure and Development. Australian National University: Development Bulletin, 46:  9 – 13.

Mabogunje, A.L., 1990. Urban planning and the post-colonial state in Africa: A Research Overview 1. African Studies Review, 33(2): 121-203.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2307/524471.

Mabogunje, A.L., 2005. Global urban poverty research agenda: The African case. In a Seminar on “Global Urban Poverty: Setting the Research Agenda” Organised by the Comparative Urban Studies Project of the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars held in Washington DC on Thursday. 15.

Mansuri, M. and V. Rao, 2004. Community-based and driven development: A critical review. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No 3209.

Matthews, Z., A. Channon, S. Neal, D. Osrin, N. Madise and W. Stones, 2010. Examining the" urban advantage" in maternal health care in developing countries. PLoS Medicine, 7(9): e1000327.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1000327.

Moughalu, L.N., 1992. Planning and administration of rural development in Nigeria: The missing link, In M.S.O. Olisa & J.I. Obiukwu (Ed.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and Strategies. Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 129 -142.

Nelson, R.R., 2013. National innovation systems: It is. Regional innovation and global. Routledge. pp: 19-34.

Ofuebe, C., 1992. Organising the Nigerian peasantry for rural development: The case for effective education in rural co-operatives. In, M.S.O. Olisa & J.I. Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural Development in Nigeria: Dynamics and strategies.Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 176– 182.

Ogbazi, J.O., 1992. Maintenance of rural physical infrastructures through capital improvement programming. In, M.S.O. Olisa & J.I. Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and strategies. Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 232 – 249.

Ogbundinkpa, A., 1992. Quest for Nigeria’s rural technological development: The way out. In, M.S.O. Olisa & J.I. Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and strategies. Awka: MEKSLINK Publishers. pp: 165 – 175.

Okoye, J.C., 1992. The rural content of Nigeria’s development plan. In, M.S.O. Olisa & J. I. Obiukwu (Eds.), Rural development in Nigeria: Dynamics and strategies. Awka:             MEKSLINK Publishers, pp: 107-126.

Okupe, L., 2002. Private sector initiative in housing development in Nigeria–How feasible. Housing Today, 1(6): 21-26.

Olotuah, A. and S. Bobadoye, 2009. Sustainable housing provision for the urban poor: A review of public sector intervention in Nigeria. The Built and Human Environment Review, 2(1): 51-63.

Omale, I., 2005. Policies and strategies for rural development in Nigeria:  From the colonial era to the era of DFRII in the mid-80s to the early 1990s, In I. Omale & J. Ebiloma (Eds.), Principles and practice of community development in Nigeria. Makurdi: Aboki Publishers.

Opoko, P.A. and A. Oluwatayo, 2014. Trends in urbanisation: Implication for planning and low-income housing delivery in Lagos, Nigeria. Architecture Research, 4(1A): 15-26.

Parker, A.M., 1999. Decentralisation: The way forward for rural development? Policy Research Working Paper. Available from https://elibrary.worldbank.org/doi/abs/10.1596/1813-9450-1475.

Paul, O., M. Agba and D. Chukwurah, 2014. Rural development programmes and rural Underdevelopment in Nigeria: A rethink. International Journal of Public Administration and Management Research, 2(4): 1-14.

Paul, O.S. and O.O. Samuel, 2013. Rural development policies and the challenges of realizing the millennium development goals in Nigeria. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 4(2): 643-648.

Porter, G., 2002. Living in a walking world: Rural mobility and social equity issues in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Development, 30(2): 285-300.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0305-750x(01)00106-1.

Prahalad, C.K. and A. Hammond, 2002. Serving the world's poor, profitably. Harvard Business Review, 80(9): 48-59.

Riddell, R.C. and M. Robinson, 1995. Non-governmental organisations and rural poverty alleviation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rodney, W., 1972. How Europe underdeveloped Africa. Washington, D.C: Howard University Press.

Rondinelli, D.A., 2013. Development projects as policy experiments: An adaptive approach to development administration . London: Routledge.

Rozakis, L.E., 2004. The complete idiot’s guide to research methods. America: Alpha Penguin Group Inc.

Sachs, J., 2005. The end of poverty: How we can make it happen in our lifetime. London: Penguin Books Ltd.

Sattelberger, J. and V. Neumann, 2017. Urban poverty: New challenges for growing cities. KfW Development Research in Brief. Available from https://www.kfw- entwicklungsbank.de › PDF› Download-Center › 2017.

Satterthwaite, D., 2001. Reducing urban poverty: Constraints on the effectiveness of aid agencies and development banks and some suggestions for change. Environment and Urbanization, 13(1): 137-157.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1630/095624701101285531.

Tanko, A., 2017. Urbanisation and rise of slums: An imbalance between urban growth and urban development. Green Habitat Initiative Publishers.

Tedele, K.V., 2018. Untapped resources and development of rural communities. Agricultural Development Research, 5(3): 40-59.

The World Bank, 2014. Toward efficient, inclusive, and sustainable urbanisation. Washington DC: Development Research Center of the State Council, the People’s Republic of China.

Uphoff, N., 1984. Participation in development initiatives; fitting projects to people. In Cernes, M. (ed.). Putting People First: Sociological Variables in Rural Development. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Uphoff, N., 1991. A field methodology for participatory self-evaluation. Community Development Journal, 26(4): 271-285.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/26.4.271.

Upokawo, D., 2018. Development programmes and the expected development. International Journal of Development Studies, 3(2): 70-89.

Zipin, L., S. Sellar, M. Brennan and T. Gale, 2015. Educating for futures in marginalized regions: A sociological framework for rethinking and researching aspirations. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 47(3): 227-246.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/00131857.2013.839376.

Zubairu, M., 2015. A case study from Nigeria: Development and implementation of Nigerian National Urban Development Policy, 2012. A Paper Presented at the Incheon Metropolitan City First International Conference on National Urban Policy: Towards Smarter and Greener Cities. 14-15 December 2015, Incheon, Republic of Korea.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

The research was not funded by any organisation but was individually supported by Mrs. Raliat Abeke Jegede and Aunty Omii Ebele Nwankwo both of the Training School,Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria, Ikeja-Lagos, Nigeria.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:


Related Article

( 1 ) Financial Integration and International Risk Diversification
( 2 ) Does the Mena Countries May Converge in GDP to Southern European One? The Effects of International Trade
( 3 ) A Study of Transnational and Transformation Leadership Styles and Factors Affect The Leadership Style
( 4 ) National Urban Development Policy and the Unanswered Development Question of Slum in Nigeria
( 5 ) Factors Impacting on SMEs Internationalization: Dairy Industry in Zimbabwe
( 6 ) Promoting Local Acceptability of International Oil Companies (IOCS) Through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): The Case of Tullow Oil in Ghana
( 7 ) Republic of Zimbabwe National Water Policy: A Desk Review of the Gaps between the Policy and Its Implementation
( 8 ) Various International Experiences in Waste Management - Useful Lessons for Algeria
( 9 ) Measuring the Gap Between the Syrian Accounting Qualifications and the International Accounting Education Based on IES 2 and IES 3
( 10 ) Development of the National Economies and the Foreign Trade Relations between Ukraine and Bulgaria (In the Period 2005-2014)
( 11 ) A Factor Analysis Approach Towards a Study of the Factors Affecting Students’ Choice of Higher Education Institution: A Case Study of a Private Institution (Twintech International University College of Technology)
( 12 ) The Relationship between Currency Conversions and International Business Transactions: Small Businesses and Travelers
( 13 ) National Security and Democratization in Nigeria: The Case of Insurgence
( 14 ) Internationalization of State Multilatinas: A Multi-Case Study in The Oil Sector
( 15 ) The Importance of Public Administration Towards Achieving Good Governance for Positive National Development by Using SmartPLS 3
( 16 ) Determinants of Corporate Tax Avoidance Strategies among Multinational Corporations in Malaysia
( 18 ) Local Governance and Service Delivery in Zimbabwean Local Authorities: The Case of Harare and Masvingo Urban Municipalities
( 19 ) Kuala Lumpur Urban Biodiversity: Birds Community in Urban Public Parks
( 20 ) The Potential of Rural–Urban Linkages for Sustainable Development and Trade
( 21 ) Rural - Urban Balance as a Measure of Socio-Economic Development with Special Reference to Iran
( 22 ) An Econometric Planning Model of Urban Forestry as a Measure of Sustainability: A Matrix of Action and Change
( 23 ) The Nexus between Urbanization, Energy Demand and Healthcare in Bangladesh
( 24 ) Urban Population Growth and Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria
( 25 ) Growing and Building: Collaboration of Urban Poverty Reduction Strategy
( 26 ) The Development of Participated Environmental Education Model for Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management on Eastern Part of Thailand
( 27 ) The Impact of Investment Climate Reforms on the Development of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Nigeria: A Policy Brief
( 28 ) How Telecommunication Development Aids Economic Growth: Evidence from Itu Ict Development Index (IDI) Top Five Countries for African Region
( 29 ) Development of Logarithmic Equations for Statistical Sample Determination
( 30 ) An Enquiry into the Contributions of Microfinance Institutions Towards the Development of Small Scale Business in Nigeria
( 31 ) Relationships between Financial Development and Economic Growth: A New Approach by Inputs
( 32 ) The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Rural Socio-Economic Development in Africa
( 34 ) Good Governance, Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges
( 35 ) Rural Saving Mobilizations and Economic Development in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State - Nigeria
( 36 ) Nigerian Politics, Economic Development, and the Role of Human Rights Organisations on Elections
( 38 ) Development, Preference Change, and Inequality in an Integrated Walrasian-General-Equilibrium and Neoclassical-Growth Theory
( 40 ) A Review on EU Transportation Projects within the Case of Turkey for European Union Regional Development Policy
( 42 ) The Effect of Access and Quality of Education on Economic Development in Botswana
( 43 ) The Influence of Communication, Work Motivation and Career Development on Elementary School Teacher’s Job Performance in Medan, Indonesia
( 44 ) A Case Study of Local Government Implementation of the Ward Based Local Economic Development (LED) Program
( 45 ) Military Regimes and Nigeria’s Economic Development, 1966-1999
( 47 ) Assessment of Dual Carriageway for Sustainable Socio-Economic Development in Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
( 48 ) Trade Policy and Democracy for Development in Central African Countries
( 49 ) Health Care Outcomes, Malnutrition and Food Security in Southern Africa Development Community: A Quantile Regression Approach
( 50 ) The Roles of Labour Union in Nigeria Industrial Harmony and Development
( 51 ) Impact of Network Finance Development on Inflation: Evidence from Chinese Market
( 52 ) Africa's Human Capital Development: Is Public Finance Management an Effective Strategy?
( 53 ) The Relationship between Financial Development, Economic Growth, and Inflation: Evidence from Southeast Asia
( 54 ) Family Leadership and Small to Medium Sized Enterprises Research and Development Investments
( 55 ) Perceived Poverty and Alleviation Efforts of Kogi State Community and Social Development Agencies in Kogi State: An Empirical Investigation
( 56 ) NGO Programming and Policy Advocacy in the Land Sector in Zimbabwe
( 58 ) Institutionalising and Mainstreaming Policy Analysis Culture in African Environments
( 59 ) Social Security; A Public Policy for Good Governance in Nigeria: The Role of Nigerian Legislature
( 60 ) An Essay on the Political Economy of Fiscal Policy Making in Pakistan
( 62 ) Dividend Policy Relevancy in Theoretical and Practical Economics
( 63 ) The Role of Bank Loans in Monetary Policy Transmission in Malaysia
( 64 ) The Impact of Dividend Policy on Shareholders’ Wealth before and After Financial Melt down: Evidence from FMCG Sector in India
( 65 ) The Wider Vision of Social Policy: Exploring the Ways of Curbing Violence against Women in Four Wards of Shamva North Constituency (Zimbabwe)
( 66 ) Credibility and Monetary Policy under Inflation Targeting
( 67 ) Compliance Behaviour in State-Run Fisheries: Situating Lake Chivero in a Policy Perspective
( 70 ) Empirical Evidence on Municipal Tax Policy and Firm Growth
( 71 ) Technological Innovation in Central and Eastern Europe: What’s the Contribution of Innovation Policy?
( 73 ) Uncertainties in Global Economic Policy and Nigerias Export Earnings
( 106 ) Social Protection and Agricultural Production in ECOWAS: The Youth Unemployment Question
( 108 ) Contemporary Approach to Enhanced Road Transport System in Nigeria Through the Application of It-Based (Online) Bus Ticketing and Payment System
( 109 ) Impact of Labour, Capital and Human Resources in Productivity of Transport Firms in Nigeria
( 111 ) Gaining Trust After the Financial Crisis in the Nigerian Economy: A Conceptual Framework
( 113 ) Exchange Rate Movements, Import And Economic Growth in Nigeria (1986-2010)
( 114 ) Challenges of Human Rights Abuses in Nigerian Democratic Governance – Which Way Forward ?
( 115 ) Public Infrastructure Spending and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) Approach
( 116 ) Impact of Microfinance Lending On Economic Growth of Third world Nations: Study of Nigeria
( 117 ) Anti-Corruption Crusade in Nigeria: More Words Than Deeds
( 120 ) Government Borrowing Behaviour: Implications for Private Sector Growth in Nigeria
( 121 ) Effective Tax Administration and Institutionalization of Accounting Systems in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises: Evidence from Nigeria
( 122 ) The Impact of Rice Production, Consumption and Importation in Nigeria: The Political Economy Perspectives