Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

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Is Working from Home Good for Work-Life Balance, Stress, and Productivity, or does it Cause Problems?

Pages: 237-249
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Is Working from Home Good for Work-Life Balance, Stress, and Productivity, or does it Cause Problems?

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2021.93.237.249

Christian Wiradendi Wolor , Ahmad Nurkhin , Yudin Citriadin

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Christian Wiradendi Wolor , Ahmad Nurkhin , Yudin Citriadin (2021). Is Working from Home Good for Work-Life Balance, Stress, and Productivity, or does it Cause Problems?. Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, 9(3): 237-249. DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2021.93.237.249
This study aims to investigate the impact of employee productivity while working from home for a long period due to the COVID-19 pandemic quantitatively from the aspects of work-life balance, and employee stress levels. Several previous studies have explained that working from home (WFH) is known to contribute positively to work productivity. However, in contrast, several other studies have shown that working from home harms employee productivity. This research was conducted in Jakarta, Indonesia. The study sample comprised 135 employees who worked from home and the analysis was carried out using LISREL 8.5. The results of this study indicate that work-life balance and work-related stress affect work productivity. Meanwhile, working from home does not affect work productivity. The findings of this study show surprising results and can influence changes in organizational policies and strategies for collaborating between working from home and working from an office for employees.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature related to work from home policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research has never been carried out by previous research regarding the impact of work from home on work-life balance, stress, and work productivity during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Earnings Quality and Audit Quality: Analysis of Investor Reaction

Pages: 250-259
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Earnings Quality and Audit Quality: Analysis of Investor Reaction

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2021.93.250.259

Deden Tarmidi , Etty Murwaningsari , Zuhal Maftuh Ahnan

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Deden Tarmidi , Etty Murwaningsari , Zuhal Maftuh Ahnan (2021). Earnings Quality and Audit Quality: Analysis of Investor Reaction. Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, 9(3): 250-259. DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2021.93.250.259
This study aims to analyze investor reaction to management behavior in preparing financial reports, especially earnings quality and audit quality. We also analyze the effect of financial performance as moderation. Generally, investors react positively to a company's financial performance, but the amount of fraud surrounding financial information, including auditor cooperation, raises big questions for investors about a company's financial information. We analyzed companies within the manufacturing sector that were listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2015 to 2019, and it was found that investors reacted positively to earnings quality and audit quality moderated by financial performance. These results provide evidence that management should focus on earnings quality in financial reports and on the audit process to ensure quality and exceptional financial performance to obtain positive reactions from investors, which has a positive impact on increasing the value of companies’ shares. This study used the stock prices on the publication date of the financial statements, which reflect the direct reactions of investors to the information contained in the financial statements, such as earnings quality, audit quality, and financial performance. The different investor reactions were apparent on the day of the deadline for submitting financial statements according to existing regulations. These results reflect that the use of stock prices on the publication dates more accurately describes the reaction of investors than on the deadline for submitting financial statements.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to existing literature by investigating investor reaction to management behavior in preparing financial reports, especially earnings quality and audit quality.

Level of Burnout among Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Riyadh

Pages: 260-272
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Level of Burnout among Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Riyadh

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2021.93.260.272

Shehana M. Alqafari

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Shehana M. Alqafari (2021). Level of Burnout among Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Riyadh. Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, 9(3): 260-272. DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2021.93.260.272
This research aims to identify the level of burnout among the teachers of students with learning disabilities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and its relationship to gender, qualification, years of experience, and age group variables. The sample consisted of 296 teachers, and the study adopted the descriptive analytical approach and utilized the Maslach Burnout Inventory after verifying its psychometric characteristics. The results showed a high level of burnout among the teachers of students with learning disabilities; their mean scores were high for emotional exhaustion, moderate for depersonalization, and low for lack of personal accomplishment. Moreover, female teachers were exposed to emotional exhaustion more often than male teachers, and burnout did not differ according to academic qualification or age. Furthermore, teachers with experience of five years or fewer showed more emotional exhaustion. Based on the results, it’s recommended that ongoing psychological support and appropriate reinforcement should be provided to teachers of students with learning disabilities to motivate them to achieve more and improve their mental health.
Contribution/ Originality
This research contributes to the existing literature by providing theoretical information and discussing the critical issue regarding the mental health of the teachers of students with learning disabilities. It is one of very few studies which have investigated the level of burnout among these teachers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

The Adoption of Social Media Platforms in Informal Home-Based Businesses in Kuwait

Pages: 273-287
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The Adoption of Social Media Platforms in Informal Home-Based Businesses in Kuwait

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2021.93.273.287

Sawsan Malik , Chris Mantas

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Sawsan Malik , Chris Mantas (2021). The Adoption of Social Media Platforms in Informal Home-Based Businesses in Kuwait. Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, 9(3): 273-287. DOI: 10.18488/journal.73.2021.93.273.287
The purpose of this research is to explore the adoption of social media platforms by informal home-based business owners. A qualitative multi-case study approach was applied, and in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 28 owners of home-based businesses, and all are located in Kuwait. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis technique. The results revealed that social media (mainly Instagram) is an important advertising and marketing tool for home-based business activities in Kuwait. It aids the launch of new informal ventures for home-based business owners and facilitates the acquisition of requirements for the business. Also, social media accounts can be used as catalogues for displaying photos and videos about informal home-based business activities. This research makes several contributions to existing literature on this topic by empirically exploring the adoption of social media platforms for home-based businesses. The limitation of this study is due to its small sample size, which means that the results should be generalized with caution. This study contributes to the existing literature by presenting new knowledge about informal home-based businesses and social media in Kuwait. Also, it makes an empirical contribution to home-based businesses and marketing literature by exploring the role of social media on the start-up of informal home-based businesses. This study is one of very few studies which have explored the adoption of social media platforms in informal home-based businesses in Kuwait, and it can be used as a base for future research on adopting social media platforms in informal home-based businesses in Kuwait.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by presenting new knowledge about informal home-based businesses and social media in Kuwait. Also, it makes an empirical contribution to home-based businesses and marketing literature by exploring the role of social media on the start-up of informal home-based businesses. This study is one of very few studies which have explored the adoption of social media platforms in informal home-based businesses in Kuwait, and it can be used as a base for future research on adopting social media platforms in informal home-based businesses in Kuwait.