Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

Humanities and Social Sciences Letters

March 2015, Volume 3, 1, pp 10-24

Bipolar Confrontation in Global Politics: History, Philosophy And Challenges: As Witnessed Above And Beyond September 11th 2001 Attacks On the Us and Typified In the Current Boko Haram Saga in Nigeria

Ugwu, Ude

,

Moko, Finian

Ugwu, Ude 1
Moko, Finian 2


  1. Institute of Public Policy and Administration, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Philosophy, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria 2

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 10-24

DOI: 10.18488/journal.73/2015.3.1/73.1.10.24

Share :


Abstract:

The current study is a contribution to existing literatures in search of international peace and global stability. The study adopts a new estimation methodology adopted every non-empirical, philosophical and theoretical researches. The study originates a new formula showing a  deepening concern over US’ over-activated denial of genuine sovereignty to nations of the Arab Spring in our  Post-September 11, 2011 Global Response to Sept. 11th 2011 Attacks on the US by Osama-Led Al-Qaida Groups. The study is therefore one of the few studies which have investigated into the rights of ‘underdog nations’, such as Iraq and Nigeria, under the current bipolar confrontation between the US and a seeming Arab Hegemony. The paper is a contribution to the first logical analysis of the history, the philosophy, and the challenges of the realists power-drunk approach to international politics around which the present bipolar politics between the US and an emerging Arab Hegemony seems to have been built. The main finding of the paper is its discovery that the power-based realists philosophy of bipolarity is to be rejected if the international community must move beyond the Sept. 11, 2011 event. The research documents and sources are materials which include books, internet articles, paper publications and input from journals.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to research by raising a new question, not about the merits or demerits ofbipolar politics as in existing literature, but a new question about the philosophy behind the politics, namely, realists emphasis on domination, highlighted in the philosophy, history, and challenges of bipolar politics

Keywords:


Video:

Reference:

  1. Abiola, A., 2006. Transformation in international relations since 1945. Lagos; A-Triad Associates. “NATO”, BY Knuid Bartel, Available from: www.nato.intl. [Accessed June22nd, 2014].
  2. Daniel, F.J., 1996. Emergence and selective enforcement of international minority rights protection policy in Europe after the cold war. Available from Cisac.stanford.edu/publications/news [Accessed June 20th 2014].
  3. History Doctor (Online), Cold war and the formation of A bipolar world. A free online article by  an internet site designated simply as 'History Doctor', and has been made. Available from www.historydoctor.net/advanced%2520 [Accessed 24th 2014].
  4. History Doctor (Online), Cold war and the formation of a bipolar world. Available from hisroerydoctornet/advanced%2520 [Accessed June  24th 2014].
  5. Javis Robert, 2009. Unpolarity; a structural perspective. Journal of World Politics, 1(61): 188-231,190. Available from 101353/wp.0.0031 [Accessed June 24th 2014].
  6. Junction, M.D., 2009. Online support group testimonies. Available from www.mdjucntion.com/dreams/starting.t [Accessed June 24th 2014].
  7. Kroynak, T., 2012. Diffusing conflicts with “I” statements. Available from blogpsychocentral.com/bipolar/2012 [Accessed June 2014].
  8. Leonids, K., 1996. New dimensions in international system after cold war, an online article of an FSI standford foundation for international security and cooperation. Available from cisac.fsi.standford.edu/publications [Accessed June 20th, 2014].
  9. Marcus Tullies Cicero (ADI), Cicero, the wikipedia, free encyclopedia online. Available from en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cicero “History Dictionary” (online dictionary.com) [Accessed 21st June 2014].
  10. Moises Saman, 2011. Post Sept 11th attacks on the US” in “The New York times” (Online). Available from www.Newyorktimes.com/ [Accessed June 21st, 2014].
  11. Montairo Numo, 2012. Polarity and power. US hegamony and China’s challenges. Published in International Security, 10(36): 9-40. DOI 101162/ISEC-900064.
  12. Morgenthau, H.J., 1948. The politics of nations. In William H, Wright M. and Evans T. (Eds) (1993). A reader in international relations and political theory. Vancouver: UBC Press.
  13. Obi Emeka, A., 2006. Basic concepts and theories of international relations. Onitsha: Book Point Press.
  14. The Punch (Daily Publication) Newspaper Nigeria Ltd, Boko Haram Insurgency, Febuary 29th, 2012 (Online). Available from  www.punchng.com>home>opinion>letters. [Accessed June 23rd, 2014].
  15. Waltz Kennedy, 1964. The stability of bipolar world. Published in The Daedalies (2002); A Journal of Science, Technology and Organizational Researches (JSTOR), Published June 2002; (p.887), 20026863, 3(93): 881-909.
  16. William Dartmorth, 2010. In the wikipedia article, bipolar confrontation and the formation of the cold war. Available from historydoctor.net [Accessed June 24th 2014].
  17. William, H., M. Wright and T. Evans, 1993. Reading in international relations and political theories. Vancouver: UBC Press.
  18. Wohlforth, W., 1999. The stability of unipolar world. Published in International Security, 1(24): 5-41, 23. DOI 101162/016228899560031.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


Related Article

( 1 ) Bipolar Confrontation in Global Politics: History, Philosophy And Challenges: As Witnessed Above And Beyond September 11th 2001 Attacks On the Us and Typified In the Current Boko Haram Saga in Nigeria
( 3 ) Globalization and Environmental Issues: A New Framework for Security Analysis
( 5 ) Kambang Putih Revitalization: Paving the Way towards Indonesias Global Maritime Fulcrum
( 6 ) Globalization, Social Media and Imperatives in the Promotion of Nigerian Cultural Values
( 11 ) ‘One $ Dollar Saved My Life’ A Case of Kombi Text Inscriptions on Zimbabwean Roads
( 12 ) An Assessment of Child Abuse among Muslim Parents in Keffi Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
( 13 ) Economic Empowerment A Panacea To Conflicts: A Case of Mashonaland Central Province, 1999 to 2012
( 14 ) Has Financing Poverty Reduction Scheme Help to Alleviate Poverty? Evidence from Nigeria
( 15 ) Learning Centred Environments Supporting The Environment of E-Learning in South Africa in Law Class
( 16 ) Ndebele Kinship Structures: A Solid Base for Conflict Management, Peace and Security in Our Communities
( 17 ) Comparing and Contrasting the Concept of the Intellect between Classical Muslim Philosophers with Modern Cognitive Psychologists: A Definitional Reflection
( 18 ) An Evaluation of the Role Played By the Head of School in the Delivery of Quality Education in Zimbabwean Day Secondary Schools: A Case Study of Nkayi North West Circuit
( 19 ) Managing Change in Broadcast Organisations: BBC Producer Choice Twenty Years On
( 20 ) Accessibility of Health Services in the South Eastern Nigeria: The Way Forward
( 21 ) An Assessment of the Perception of Christian Women of Family Planning Methods in Benue State
( 23 ) The Basics of Kenyan Morals and the Professional Practice of Journalism: The Case for Society-Centered Media Decency
( 24 ) Oguamalam Masquerade Performance beyond Aesthetics
( 25 ) Feminist Perspective of HIV and AIDS: Cases from the Kathmandu Valley of Nepal
( 26 ) Assessment of Student Internship Programme By 2013/2014 Final Year Students of the Department of Basic Education, University of Education, Winneba, Ghana
( 27 ) Streetism as a Social Tragedy in Amma Darko’s Faceless
( 28 ) Culture and Security Relations on the Basis of Hofstede’s Cultural Perspective
( 29 ) Popularity and Customer Preferences for Herbal Medicines in Nigeria: A Questionnaire Based Survey
( 30 ) Problems of International Committed Partnership Cooperation: A Successful Case of Reconstruction Surgery in Japan for Laotian Child with Severe Facial Anomaly
( 31 ) Added Value of Ijarah Tamwilia Service in Jordanian Islamic Bank (Case Study of Contract No: 2012/500)
( 32 ) Uses of the Hashtag #Blacklivesmatter: A Quantitative Proposal for Researching Online Social Movements
( 33 ) Assets Pricing and Equity Duration Paradox
( 34 ) Women's Self-Image and Tendency to Experience Sexual Harassment from the Perspective of Men (A Study from the Perspective of Harassers / Men)
( 35 ) Material Culture and Environmental Woes: Devotion to Fast Fashion
( 37 ) Culture as a Parameter in Assessing Students Performance
( 38 ) Implementation Model of Integrated Public Policy in National Program for Community Empowerment in Makassar City, South Sulawesi Province
( 39 ) Can Gamified Assessment Replace Traditional Tests?
( 40 ) The Politics of Fear in the US Political Discourse about Migration: An Argument- Based Approach
( 41 ) Assessing the Relocation of Adekunle Ajasin University to Akokoland on Transportation System and Rural Development in Ondo State
( 42 ) Has Word of Mouth Advertising in Cyberspace Affected Iran's 2017 Presidential Elections?
( 43 ) Teachers of Secondary Education and Professional Stress with Students Performance: A Geographical Case Study
( 44 ) The Poverty of Lecture as an Instructional Strategy in the Teaching of Science at the Secondary School Level
( 45 ) Interrogating the Dilemma of Foreign Aid as a Tool for Economic Development in Latin America in the 20th Century
( 46 ) Effects of Teaching Methods on Basic Science Achievement and Spatial Ability of Basic Nine Boys and Girls in Kogi State, Nigeria
( 47 ) Management of Educational Support Services and Attainment of Universal Basic Education Goals in Primary Schools in Cross River State
( 48 ) The Effects of Country-Level Governance and Corporate Cash Holdings: Evidence from Hospitality Firms in ASEAN-5
( 58 ) Access and Utilization of Micro-Lending Scheme among Rural Farmers in Cross River State: Potentials for Sustainable Agricultural Development in Nigeria
( 59 ) Flooding in IMO State Nigeria: The Socio-Economic Implication for Sustainable Development
( 62 ) Incorporating User Participation in Heritage Institutions: Approaching Institutional Strategies in Relation To New Social Media and Audience Needs
( 63 ) Children, Morality and Abusive Words: The Ghanaian Perspectives
( 64 ) A Study on the Reporting of Indian Muslim Women’s Problems in the Mainstream Media
( 65 ) Significant Impacts on Egyptian Legal System Caused by Egyptian Investment Legislation
( 66 ) Female Employment and Fertility Decisions; Is there an Implication for Household Consumption in South-West Nigeria?