This paper is situated within the growing literature on globalization and environment issues as a vital sector in international security. Using a game theoretic approach, it makes hypothetical assumptions on how the impact of globalization on the environment will lead to future security problems in two dimensions- horizontal and vertical. It presents the threat of cross- border pollution between nations sharing geographical boundaries (horizontal dimension) and between developed and developing nations (vertical dimension) as a result of environmental scarcity.
The paper contributes the first logical assumptions on how the environmental impact of the economic agents of globalization will become an issue in future international security.
Agagu, A.A., 2008. Effects of the oil industry on the environment and the future of the Niger Delta of Nigeria. Department of Political Science, University of Ado – Ekiti Conference Compilation. pp: 59-78.
Allen, F., 2012. Implementation of oil related environmental policy in Nigeria. Government inertia and conflict in Niger Delta. Newcastle Upon Tyne. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
Ayoob, M., 1995. The third world security predicament: State making, regional conflict and the international system. Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Boge, V., 1992. Proposal for an analytical framework to grasp environmental conflicts. Zurich: ENCOP (Environment and Conflicts Projects) Occassional Paper.
Brown, N., 1989. Climate, ecology and international security. Survival, 31(6): 519 – 532.
Burdo, M.D., A.M. Taylor and J.G. Williamson, 2003. Globalization in theoretical perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Buzan, B., 1991. People, states and fear: An Agenda for international security studies in the post – Cold War Era. 2nd Edn., Boulder: Lynne Rienner.
Buzan, B., 1994a. National security in the post – cold war third world strategic review for Southern Africa, 16(1): 1- 34.
Buzan, B., 1994b. The post – cold war Asia – pacific security order: Conflict or cooperation. In Andrew Mack and John Ravenhill (eds) Pacific cooperation: Building economic and security regimes in the Asia – pacific region. Boulder: Westview Press. pp: 130- 151.
Buzan, B., 1996. International security and international society. In Rick Fawn and Jeremy Larkin (eds), International society after the cold war: Anarchy and order reconsidered. London: Macmillian. pp: 261 – 287.
Buzan, B. and R. Little, 1996. Reconceptualizing anarchy: Structural realism meets world history. European Journal of International Relations, 2(4): 403-438.
Buzan, B., O. Weaver and J. Wilde, 1998. Security: A new framework for analysis. Boulder: Lynne Reinner.
Cerny, P., 1995. Globalization and structural differentiation. Unpublished Paper, European Consortium for Political Research – Standing Group on International Relations (ECPR- SGIR) Conference, Paris.
Conth-Morgan, E., 2002. Globalization and human security: A neo-gramscian perspective. International Journal of Peace Studies, 10(2).
De Wilde, J., 1994. The power politics of sustainability, equity and liveability. In Philip B. Smith, Samuel E Okoye, Jaap De Wilde and Priya Deshing Kar (eds). The world at the crossroads: Towards a sustainable, liveable and equitable world. London: Earthscan. pp: 159 – 176.
Dodds, F. and T. Pipard, 2005. Human and environmental security: An agenda for change. London: Earthscan.
Douglas, O.N., 1997. An overview of environmental protection law and practice in the Niger Delta. Port Harcourt. LASS.
Hislope, R. and A. Mughan, 2012. Introduction to comparative politics: The states and its challenges. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Homer-Dixon, T., 1991. On the threshold: Environmental changes and acute conflict. International Security, 16(2): 76-116.
Ikein, A.A., 1996. The impact of oil on a developing country. London: Praeger Publications.
Jackson, R.H., 1990. Quasi-states: Sovereignty, international relations, and the third world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Kobtzeff, O., 2000. Environmental security and civil society. In Gardner Hall (ed) Central and South-Central Europe in transitions. Wesport: Praeger. pp: 219-296.
Levy, M.A., 1995a. Is the environment a national security issue? International Security, 20(1): 35-62.
Levy, M.A., 1995b. Time for a third wave of environment and security scholarship. In P.J Simmons (ed.) Environmental change and security project report, No. 1. Princeton: Woodrow Wilson Center. pp: 44-46.
Lodgaard, S., 1992. Environmental security world oder and environmental conflict resolution. In Nils Peter Gleditsch (ed) Conversion and the environment. Oslo: International Peace Research Institute (PRIO). pp: 115 – 136.
Luciani, G., 1989. The economic content of security. Journal Of Public Policy, 8(2): 151-173.
MacNeil, J., P. Winsemins and T. Yakushiji, 1991. Beyond interdependence: The meshing of the world’s economy and the earth’s ecology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Matthew, R.A., 1995. Environmental security: Demystifying the concept, clarifying the stakes. In P.J Simmon (eds) Environmental change and security project report, No. 1. Princeton: Windrow Wilson Center. pp: 14-23.