International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

Published by: Conscientia Beam
Online ISSN: 2312-6477
Print ISSN: 2313-0393
Quick Submission    Login/Submit/Track

Recent Articles

Physiological Aspects of Yield Variation among Seven Groundnut Genotypes Cultivated under Rain-Fed Conditions

Pages: 117-124
Find References

Finding References


Physiological Aspects of Yield Variation among Seven Groundnut Genotypes Cultivated under Rain-Fed Conditions

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.117.124

Yasir E. Mohammed , Ahmed M. El Naim , Tarig E. Ahmed , Abdelatif A. Sulaiman , Omer A. Bakhit , Khalid A. Ibrahim

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS


No any video found for this article.
Yasir E. Mohammed , Ahmed M. El Naim , Tarig E. Ahmed , Abdelatif A. Sulaiman , Omer A. Bakhit , Khalid A. Ibrahim (2019). Physiological Aspects of Yield Variation among Seven Groundnut Genotypes Cultivated under Rain-Fed Conditions. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 6(3): 117-124. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.117.124
A field experiment was conducted at two locations, in North Kordofan under rainfed conditions for two consecutive seasons (2005/06 and 2006/07), to study the physiological aspects of yield variation among seven groundnuts (Araichis hypogaea L.), genotypes (Barberton, Sodiri, Gubiesh, ICGV89171, ICGV93296, ICGV86744 and ICGV92126). The parameters related to morpho-physiological traits were measured: growth rate (CGR), relative growth rate (RGR), specific leaf area (SLA), net assimilation rate (NAR), leaf area (LA), leaf area (LAI) and yield. The results of the combined analysis showed that there were no significant (p =0.05) differences among varieties for the measured morpho-physiological traits throughout the season. Mean seasonal pattern of these traits indicated that the maximum LAI, SLA, CGR, RGR and NAR were attained 65 days after planting. Significant varietal differences were observed for pod yield, hay yield, 100-seed weight and pod maturity. The highest pods yields of 551, 545 and 540 kg ha-1 were recorded by Barberton, ICGV89171 and Sodiri, respectively.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the effect of genotypes on growth and yield of groundnut related to morpho-physiological traits in the traditional rain-fed sector of North Kordofan, Sudan

Study on Temporal Alterations in Land Cover Types in Simien Mountain National Park, Northwest Ethiopia

Pages: 125-136
Find References

Finding References


Study on Temporal Alterations in Land Cover Types in Simien Mountain National Park, Northwest Ethiopia

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.125.136

Getinet Masresha

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS


No any video found for this article.
Getinet Masresha (2019). Study on Temporal Alterations in Land Cover Types in Simien Mountain National Park, Northwest Ethiopia. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 6(3): 125-136. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.125.136
This study was carried out in Simien Mountain National Park (SMNP) of Ethiopia to trace the temporal dynamics in land use types from the information generated through the analysis of land sat images. Results revealed that throughout the study period, variable extent of changes was observed in land use classes. In the first reference period (1972 - 1994), agricultural (9945.56 ha) and barren land (3066.6 ha) showed a remarkable increment whereas other land use types were decreased. In the second reference period (1994 - 2017), montane forest, grassland and shadow showed increasing trend with the dramatic change in grassland. In the first reference period (1972 - 1994), maximum negative rate of change was observed for Erica forest with deceleration rate of 83 ha/year which continued in the 2nd reference period (1994 - 2017) with the change decreasing rate of 16.6 ha/year. Maximum positive rate of change (74.6 ha/year) was observed for agricultural land followed by barren land (68.6 ha/year). In the second reference period maximum positive rate of change was observed for grassland with accelerated rate of change 260.5 ha/year whereas maximum deceleration rate (272.8 ha/year) was observed for agricultural land. At present, montane forest cover is increasing whereas agricultural land is decreasing dramatically contributing for the restoration of the ecosystem. However, intensified grazing was identified as a principal driver affecting ecological process in the Park; therefore, a long term strategy should be designed to meet the sustainable utilization of natural resources in the Park.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by providing basic information for other researchers regarding land use change in Simien Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. In addition, this study documents the current trends land use dynamics in the Park.

Potential Economic Benefit and Producers’ Willingness to Adopt Bt-Brinjal in Bangladesh: An Ex-Ante Analysis

Pages: 137-149
Find References

Finding References


Potential Economic Benefit and Producers’ Willingness to Adopt Bt-Brinjal in Bangladesh: An Ex-Ante Analysis

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.137.149

Md. Abdullah Al Mamun , Mohammad Jahangir Alam , Dilshad Zahan Ethen , Swarup Barua

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS


No any video found for this article.
Md. Abdullah Al Mamun , Mohammad Jahangir Alam , Dilshad Zahan Ethen , Swarup Barua (2019). Potential Economic Benefit and Producers’ Willingness to Adopt Bt-Brinjal in Bangladesh: An Ex-Ante Analysis. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 6(3): 137-149. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.137.149
Introduction of genetic engineering in agriculture is a recent idea of native scientists. Scientists from Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI) are working on developing an FSB resistant brinjal variety namely Bt-brinjal in collaboration with Cornel University, USA. In addition, this study was attempted to find out the potential economic benefit and producers’ willingness to adopt Bt-brinjal. A total of 80 respondents were randomly selected from Gazipur and Jamalpur districts. Descriptive statistics and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze data. Yield gain and reduction in insecticide use data give the result as Bt-brinjal will increase yield by 65.76 percent and 44.87 percent and reduce pesticide cost by 71 percent and 70.36 percent compared to local OPV and Hybrid brinjal respectively. 98 percent of farmers will produce Bt-brinjal if they reduce insecticide use but 65 percent will not produce it if there are any health-related issues. Mass advertisement is also a significant factor of adoption (63.75 percent). It was found that the marketing channel for Bt and non-Bt brinjal is same. For this producers’ adoption of Bt-brinjal is related to the potential benefit and harmlessness of the technology. Results also showed that adoption is significantly influenced by education, own land size, no. of spray per season, season of growing brinjal (p<.01) and household size, type of growing brinjal (p<.05) respectively. Though voice against GM crops was also very loud but the Bangladesh government is very much eager to introduce this technology to the market and give the benefits to its consumers.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated potential economic benefit and producer willingness to adopt of Bt-brinjal in Bangladesh. This study was an ex-ante analysis related to Bt-brinjal adoption in Bangladesh. Hence; this is an original contribution in this field.

Market Integration and Seasonal Price Variation of High-Value Vegetable Crops in Chittagong Hill Districts of Bangladesh

Pages: 150-165
Find References

Finding References


Market Integration and Seasonal Price Variation of High-Value Vegetable Crops in Chittagong Hill Districts of Bangladesh

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.150.165

Shah Johir Rayhan , Md Jahurul Islam , Mohammad Mizanul Haque Kazal , M. Kamruzzaman

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Acharya, S.S. and N.L. Agarwal, 1994. Agricultural marketing in India. New Delhi: Oxford and IBN Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.

Akpan, S.B., I.-M.V. Patrick, G.E. Edet and D.E. John, 2014. Analysis of price transmission of fresh tomato and pineapple in the rural and urban markets of Akwa Ibom Sate, Nigeria. American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 2(3): 66-78.Available at: https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajaf.20140203.13.

Alam, S. and R. Begum, 2007. Testing market integration of leading crops in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, 30(1): 57-78.

Awal, M., S.A. Sabur and A.A. Huq, 2007. Price integration in potato markets of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, 30(2): 69-80.

Chowdhury, A., 2012. Marketing system and seasonal price variation of brinjal in selected area of Bogra Districts. M.S. Thesis, Department of Agribusiness and Marketing, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. Bangladesh.

Dickey, D.A. and W.A. Fuller, 1979. Distribution of the estimators for autoregressive time series with a unit root. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 74(366a): 427-431.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/01621459.1979.10482531.

Dorosh, P., 2001. Foodgrain production and imports: Toward self-sufficiency in rice? In, R Ahmed, S. Haggblade, and T.E. Chowdhury (Eds.), Out of the Shadow of Famine: Evolving Food Markets and Food Policy in Bangladesh. Washington, D.C: International Food Policy Research Institute.

Engle, R.F. and C.W.J. Granger, 1987. Cointegration and error correction: Representation estimation and testing. Econometrica, 55(2): 251-276.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2307/1913236.

Firdaus, M. and I. Gunawan, 2012. Integration among regional vegetable markets in Indonesia. Journal ISSAAS, 18(2): 96-106.

Ghosh, N., 2012. Market integration in agricultural commodities in India: A study on impact of movement in international prices on household welfare. SANEI Working Paper Series No. 12-02, South Asia Network of Economic Research Institutes, Dhaka.

Goletti, F. and S. Babu, 1994. Market liberalization and integration of maize markets in Malawi. Agricultural Economics, 11(2-3): 311-324.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/0169-5150(94)00005-0.

Gujarati, D.N., 2003. Basic econometrics. 4th Edn., India: Tata McGraw-Hill Edition.

HIES, 2017. Preliminary report on household income and expenditure survey 2016. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS), Statistics and Informatics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. pp: 35.

Islam, M.J., 2019. Contextual estimation of marketable and marketed surplus of selected seasonal fruits: A study based on Chittagong Hill tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 6: 21-32.Available at: https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.70.2019.61.21.32.

Mahmud, R., W.M. Zohir, H.R. Sultan and Z. Sajjad, 1994. Agricultural growth through crop diversification in Bangladesh. International Food Policy Research Institute Working Paper No. 7.

Mishra, R. and A. Kumar, 2014. The spatial integration of vegetable markets in Nepal. Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, 8(1): 101-114.

Monke, E. and T. Petzal, 1988. Market integration: An application to international trade in cotton. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 66(4): 401-487.

Monke, E. and T. Petzel, 1984. Market integration: An application to international trade in cotton. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 66(4): 481-487.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2307/1240927.

Moodley, R.D., W.A. Kerr and D.V. Gordon, 2000. Has the Canada-US trade agreement fostered price integration? Review of World Economics, 136(2): 334-354.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02707691.

Mukhtar, T. and M.T. Javed, 2008. Market integration in wholesale maize markets in Pakistan. Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, 8(2): 85-98.

Nasrin, S., 2012. Marketing efficiency of selected vegetables at Shibganj Upazilla in Bogra District. M.S. Thesis, Department of Agribusiness and Marketing, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh. Bangladesh.

Phillips, P.C., 1986. Understanding spurious regressions in econometrics. Journal of Econometrics, 33(3): 311-340.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-4076(86)90001-1.

Piadozo, M.E.S., 2013. Efficiency of benguet vegetable price linkages. Journal of the International Society Asian Agricultural Sciences, 19(2): 104-119.

Ravallion, M., 1986. Testing market integration. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 68(1): 102-109.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2307/1241654.

Shrestha, R.B., W.C. Huang and R. Ghimire, 2010. Market price cointegration of Tomato: Effects to Nepalese farmers. International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics, 2(2): 87-96.

No any video found for this article.
Shah Johir Rayhan , Md Jahurul Islam , Mohammad Mizanul Haque Kazal , M. Kamruzzaman (2019). Market Integration and Seasonal Price Variation of High-Value Vegetable Crops in Chittagong Hill Districts of Bangladesh. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 6(3): 150-165. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.150.165
The present study analyzed the spatial price integration and seasonal price variations of brinjal and yard-long bean in the Chittagong hill districts of Bangladesh. Secondary data were amassed from the Department of Agricultural Marketing (DAM) for the time period of 2006-2015. Correlation coefficient and Engle-Granger (EG) co-integration tests were used as a tool for analyzing price integration among selected district markets. For the estimation of seasonal price variation, ratio to moving average method was adopted for the study. The findings of the study from this observed evaluation of spatial price linkage through correlation coefficients and co-integration among the selected markets of Bangladesh considering the wholesale price of selected vegetables indicated that these markets were well integrated but not strongly integrated. That means the Chittagong market for each commodity was significantly integrated but not significantly highly integrated because of not as much developed transportation system in the hilly areas. The average seasonal variation of price of brinjal was found to be the maximum in the month of October and the minimum in the month of March. The average seasonal price variation of yard long bean was utmost in February and lowest in the month of June. The outcome of the present study could benefit the farmers and market actors monetarily if the production and marketing system of vegetables are well developed.
Contribution/ Originality
Since vegetables are inexpensively and socially important, the spatial price integration among the different vegetable market has not been discussed so far and analyzed for the intended study area where enormous prospects of vegetable production are present. This research is one of the very few researches which attempt to explore the potentiality of value addition practices, market integration and price variation of vegetables in CHT’s Bangladesh.

Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State

Pages: 166-171
Find References

Finding References


Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State

Search :
Google Scholor
Search :
Microsoft Academic Search
Cite

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.166.171

Obidiebube, E.A , Akparobi, S.O , Eruotor, P.G , Achebe, U.A

Export to    BibTeX   |   EndNote   |   RIS

Ahmed, M., M. Alam and H. Mirza, 2010. Growth of different soybean (Glycine Max l. Merril) varieties as affected by sowing dates. Middle East Journal of Scientific Research, 5(5): 388-391.

Akpalu, M.M., 2010. Growth, yield and nutritional quality of five bambara groundnut (Vigna Subterrenea (L) Verde. Landraces to different plant population densities. MSc Thesis of Kwame Nkurumah University of Science and Technology Ghana. pp: 50.

Alhassan, G., B. Kalu and O. Egbe, 2012. Influence of planting densities on the performance of intercropped bambara groundnut with cowpea in Makurdi, Benue state, Nigeria. International Journal of Development and Sustainability, 1(3): 860-879.

Bala, H., V. Ogunlela, B. Tanimu and N. Kuchinda, 2011. Response of two groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) varieties to sowing date and NPK fertilizer rate in a semi-arid environment: Growth and growth attributes. Asian Journal of Crop Science, 3(3): 141-150.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/ajcs.2011.141.150.

Berchie, J.N., 2010. Variation in response of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L) Verde) landraces to sowing date, heat, photoperiod and drought stress. A PhD Thesis submitted – to the Department of Crop and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi Ghana.

Collinson, S.T., A.S.N. Azam, K.M. Chavula and D. Hodson, 1996. Growth, development and yield of bambara groundnut (Vigna Subterranea), in response to soil moisture. Journal of Agricultural Science, 126(4): 307-318.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s0021859600074864.

DPP, 2009. Production guideline for Bambara Groundnut. Directorate agricultural information services. South Africa: Department of Agriculture, pp: 1-9.

Dugie, I.Y., L.O. Omoigni, F. Ekeleme, A.Y. Kamara and H. Aiegbe, 2009. Farmers guide to cowpea production in West Africa. Ibandan, Nigeria: IITA, pp: 1- 20.

Futuless, K.N., M.D. Toungos and B.I. D., 2011. Influence of varieties and planting dates on the performance of Soybean (Glycine max, merr) in Mubi Adamawa State Nigeria. Knowledge Review, 23(2): 9-13.

Ibrahim, M., 2011. Influence of plant spacing on the growth yield and rosette infections of three groundnut varieties. A Thesis the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences Education, Faculty of Agric Education Winneba. pp: 53-75.

Linnemann, A.R. and A. Azam, 1993. Bambara groundnut (Vignasubterranea (L) Verde. In underutilized crops: Pulse and Vegetables J.I William Ed, Published by Chapman and Hall 2-6 Boundary Row. UK, London: SE 38HN, pp: 13-58.

Mkandiwire, C.H., 2007. Review of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L.) Verde.) production in sub- Sahara Africa. Mkdwell online Agricultural Journal, 2(4): 464-470.

Njoku, S.C., A.O. Olojede and C. Nwadiri, 2009. Effect of plant density on the development and yield of two cowpea varieties (Vigna unguiculata (L). Walp). Proceedings of the 43rd Annual Conference of Agricultural Society of Nigeria, Abuja. pp: 44-47.

Onwubiko, N.I.C., O.B. Odum, C.O. Utazi and P.C. Poly-Mbah, 2011. Studies on the adaptation of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranean (L.) verde in Owerri Southeastern Nigeria. Agriculcure Journal, 6(2): 60-65.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3923/aj.2011.60.65.

Saijan, A.S., M. Shekhargounds and Dandanu, 2002. Influence of data of sowing spacing and level of nitrogen on yield attributes and seed yield of 0kro. Ikamataka Journal of Agricultural Science, 15(2): 267-274.

SAS (Stastical Analysis System), 2010. SAS/STAT users guide. Cam. NC. SAS Institute Inc.

Stephen, M., 2009. Growth and yield performance of four groundnut varieties in responses to seed size. A Thesis of the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Kumasi Ghana. pp: 41-51.

Swanevelder, C.J., 1998. Bambara food for Africa (Vigna subterranean- Groundnut). South Africa: Govt. Printer, pp: 1- 66.

Tanimu, B., 1996. Effect of sowing dates, fertilizer level and intra-row spacing on the agronomic characters and yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subterranean L. Verdcourt). A PhD Thesis, 1996 at Ahamadu Bello University Zaria, pp: 161.

No any video found for this article.
Obidiebube, E.A , Akparobi, S.O , Eruotor, P.G , Achebe, U.A (2019). Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 6(3): 166-171. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.166.171
The effect of planting date on growth and yield of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subteranea (L) verdc) varieties was carried out in Asaba area of Delta State. It was aimed to determine the most appropriate planting date for the growth and yield of Bambara groundnut in the rainforest zone of Delta State. The design for this experiment was split-plot carried out in a Randomized Complete Block Design. Bambara varieties EXMF1, EXMF4, IITA165, and ENZK2 were used with planting date May – September. The main plot was assigned to variety while the sub – plot was the planting date with three replicates. Plants cultivated in May and June performed better in growth (plant height, canopy width, number of leaves and total leaf area) than those planted in July, August and September. In yield, those plants cultivated in July had the highest yield with the value of 4289kg/ha with variety EXMF4 performing best. The study therefore recommended that variety EXMF4 should be planted by farmers and month of July is the appropriate time for planting Bambara groundnut in the rainforest zone for maximum productivity.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated on planting date of Bambara groundnut. The paper's primary contribution is finding that month of July is most suitable in planting of Bambara groundnut in the area.