Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

December 2020, Volume 7, 4, pp 275-286

The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa

Franci Jordaan

,

Jaco Van Rooyen

Franci Jordaan 1 ,

Jaco Van Rooyen 1 
  1. Pasture Science Division, North West Dept. of Agriculture & Rural Development, Potchefstroom, South Africa. 1

Pages: 275-286

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.74.275.286

Share :

Article History:

Received: 18 September, 2020
Revised: 14 October, 2020
Accepted: 26 November, 2020
Published: 11 November, 2020


Abstract:

There are three main types of rangeland management systems in South Africa, namely commercial livestock farming, communal livestock farming and game farming. In commercial farming you normally find one manager/owner with a specific management plan, whilst communal farming is characterized by numerous land users with no specific management plan. The communal areas are also normally overstocked and this overstocking leads to rangeland degradation. In this study the effect of two land-uses (commercial and communal) on herbaceous production and grazing capacity were studied. It was clear from the results that the herbaceous production of the communal rangelands was lower than that of the commercial rangelands. The grazing capacity figures showed that sustainable farming practices were also not possible if the communal rangeland is in a poor condition – this was not even possible in good rainfall years.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated herbaceous production and grazing capacity in the Molopo district of the North West Province of South Africa. The paper's primary contribution is finding that broad extrapolations between commercial and communal farming is scientifically incorrect.

Keywords:

Land-use, Communal, Commercial, Biomass production, Grazing, Capacity, Limit of resilience, Domain of attraction.

Reference:

Acocks, J. (1988). Veld types of South Africa. Memoirs Botanical Survey South Africa, No.57 (3rd ed., pp. 1-146). South Africa: SANBI, Pretoris.

Barnes, D., Odendaal, J., & Beukes, B. (1982). Use of the dry-weight-rank method of botanical analysis in the eastern Transvaal Highveld. Proceedings of the Annual Congresses of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa, 17(1), 79-83.

Briske, D. D., Derner, J., Brown, J., Fuhlendorf, S. D., Teague, W., Havstad, K., & Willms, W. (2008). Rotational grazing on rangelands: Reconciliation of perception and experimental evidence. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 61(1), 3-17. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2111/06-159r.1.

Coetzee, M. (2006). Best land-use strategies towards sustainable biodiversity and land degradation management in semi-arid Western rangelands in Southern Africa, with special reference to ants as bio-indicators (2006). PhD-Thesis, North West University, Potchefstroom Campus.  

DAFF (Department of Agriculture Forestry & Fisheries). (2017). Abstract of agricultural Statistics 2017. Pretoria: Directorate Statistics and Economic Analysis.

De Bruyn, T. D., Goqwana, M., & Van Averbeke, W. (1998). Is communal grazing in the Eastern Cape sustainable? Veld and Flora, 84(3), 82-83.

De Lange, A. (1994). Communal farming in arid regions. Karoo Agric, 6(1), 12-16.

Delgado, J. A., Groffman, P. M., Nearing, M. A., Goddard, T., Reicosky, D., Lal, R., & Salon, P. (2011). Conservation practices to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, 66(4), 118A-129A. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2489/jswc.66.4.118a.

Gamouna, M., Pattonb, B., & Hanchi, B. (2015). Assessment of vegetation response to grazing management in arid rangelands of southern Tunisia. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services & Management, 1(2), 106-113.

Garland, G., Hoffman, M. T., & Todd, S. W. (1999). Chapter 6: Soil degradation. (1999). (In Hoffman M.T., S.W. Todd, Z. Ntshona & S.D. Turner. A national review of land degradation in South Africa.) (pp. 69-107). Pretoria: DEAT.

Hall, R., & Cousins, B. (2013). Livestock and the rangeland commons in South Africa's land and agrarian reform. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 30(1-2), 11-15. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220119.2013.768704.

Hoffman, M., Todd, S., Ntshona, Z., & Turner, S. (1999). Land degradation in South Africa. Claremont, Pretoria, SA: National Botanical Institute.

Hoffman, M. T., & Todd, S. W. (1999). Chapter 7: Vegetation degradation (1999). (In Hoffman M.T., S.W. Todd, Z. Ntshona & S.D. Turner. A national review of land degradation in South Africa.) (pp. 108-161). Pretoria: DEAT.

Jordaan, F. P., Van Rooyen, J. N., & Strydom, W. S. (2019). The effect of land-use on the species composition and rangeland condition in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa. (2019). Modern Agricultural Science and Technology, 5(5), 29-42. Available at: 10.15341/mast(2375-9402)/03.05.2019/004.

Kelly, R., & McNeill, L. (1980). Tests of two methods for determining herbaceous yield and botanical composition. Proceedings of the Annual Congresses of the Grassland Society of Southern Africa, 15(1), 167-171. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/00725560.1980.9648906.

Kirkman, K. P. (1999). Impact of stocking rate, livestock type and livestock movement on sustainable utilisation of sourveld. PhD Thesis, University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg.  

Low, A. B., & Rebelo, T. (1998). Vegetation of South Africa, Leshoto, and Swaziland. Pretoria: Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Mangold, S., Kalule-Sabiti, M., & Walmsley, J. (2002). State of the environment report (pp. 210). North West Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Environment. Mzuri Consultants, Pretoria, South Africa.

Mannetje, L., & Haydock, K. (1963). The dry-weight-rank method for the botanical analysis of pasture. Grass and Forage Science, 18(4), 268-275. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1963.tb00362.x.

MEA Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: Synthesis. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Mucina, L., & Rutherford, M. C. (2006). The vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Pretoria: South African National Biodiversity Institute.

North West Department of Rural Environment and Agricultural Development. (2014). North West environment outlook report 2013 (pp. 139). Mahikeng: North West Provincial Government.

NWREAD (North West Department of Rural Environment and Agricultural Development). (2014). North West environment outlook report 2013. Mahikeng: North West Provincial Government.

O'Connor, T. G., Kuyler, P., Kirkman, K. P., & Corcoran, B. (2010). Which grazing management practices are most appropriate for maintaining biodiversity in South African Grassland? African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 27(2), 67-76. Available at: 10.2989/10220119.2010.502646.

Palmer, A. R., & Bennett, J. E. (2013). Degradation of communal rangelands in South Africa: Towards an improved understanding to inform policy. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 30(1-2), 57-63. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220119.2013.779596.

Peden, M. (2005). Tackling'the most avoided issue': Communal rangeland management in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 22(3), 167-175. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220110509485876.

Ragab, R., & Prudhomme, C. (2002). Soil and water: Climate change and water resources management in arid and semi-arid regions: Prospective and challenges for the 21st century. Biosystems Engineering, 81(1), 3-34. Available at: 10.1006/bioe.2001.0013.

Scogings, P., De Bruyn, T., & Vetter, S. (1999). Grazing into the future: Policy making for South African communal rangelands. Development Southern Africa, 16(3), 403-414. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/03768359908440088.

Smet, M., & Ward, D. (2005). A comparison of the effects of different rangeland management systems on plant species composition, diversity and vegetation structure in a semi-arid savanna. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 22(1), 59-71. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220110509485862.

Stats, S. (2020). Census of commercial agriculture of the North West Province. Results Presentation via Microsoft Teams.

Teague, R. (2017). Managing grazing to restore soil health and farm livelihoods. Paper presented at the Presentation at the Forages and Pastures Symposium: Cover Crops in Livestock Production: Whole-system Approach held at the 2017 ASAS-CSAS Annual Meeting, July 11, 2017, Baltimore, Maryland.

Todd, S., & Hoffman, M. (2000). Correlates of stocking rate and overgrazing in the Leliefontein Communal Reserve, central Namaqualand. African Journal of Range and Forage Science, 17(1-3), 36-45.

Van Oudtshoorn, F. (2012). Guide to grasses of Southern Africa (pp. 288). Queenswood, Pretoria. SA: Briza Publications.

Vetter, S. (2013). Development and sustainable management of rangeland commons–aligning policy with the realities of South Africa's rural landscape. African Journal of Range & Forage Science, 30(1-2), 1-9. Available at: https://doi.org/10.2989/10220119.2012.750628.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

This study was funded by the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Effect of Different Sources of Fertilizers on the Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Variety Kohat-2000 Under Rainfed Conditions of Kohat During 2012
( 2 ) Effect of Different Types of Surfectants on Zinc Efficiency in Spinach Yield
( 3 ) Effect of Some Botanicals against Termites, Macroterms Spp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) Under Laboratory Conditions
( 4 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 5 ) The Effect of Steaming Process on Fat Soluble Vitamins Content and Fatty Acid Profile in Bluefish and Rainbow Trout Fillets
( 6 ) Effect of Carbon Monoxide on Active Oxygen Metabolism of Postharvest Jujube
( 7 ) Effect of Different Concentrations of Vermicompost (Biohumus) On the Root Collar Diameter and Height Growth in the Seedlings of Anatolian Black Pine
( 8 ) Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan
( 9 ) Effects of Age at Fattening On Butana Camel Males Carcass Characteristics in the Sudan
( 10 ) Effect of Sowing Date on Maize Seed Yield and Quality: A Review
( 11 ) Effect of Fungi and Manure on Cadmium Content and Biomass of Maize Grown In Cadmium Contaminated Tailing from Bangka Indonesia
( 12 ) Germination Effects of Purposive Bruchid Screening of African Ebony (Dalbergia Melanoxylon) Seeds In the Arid and Semi-Arid Region of South Eastern Kenya
( 13 ) Studies on Seasonal Performance of Newly Developed Bivoltine Silkworm (Bombyx Mori L) Hybrids Tolerant To Bmnpv and Effect of Temperature on Disease Induction
( 14 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 15 ) Effect of Using Different Pre-Storage Warming Times on Hatchability of White Hisex Breeders’ Eggs
( 16 ) Effect of Ethanol and Petroleum Ether Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants on Sclerotiumrolfsii, Causal Agent of Postharvest Rot of Yam (Dioscorea Spp.)
( 17 ) Effects of Ebola (EVD) Outbreak on Bush Meat Marketing and Consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 18 ) Effects of Degasified Extender on Quality Parameters of Cryopreserved Bull Spermatozoa
( 19 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 20 ) In Vitro Differential Effect of Nerve Growth Factor on Functional Parameters of Murrah Buffalo Spermatozoa in Low and High Fertile Groups
( 21 ) Physiological Effects of Some Artificial and Natural Food Coloring on Young Male Albino Rats
( 22 ) Effect of Sodium Alginate Coating with Ascorbic Acid on Shelf Life of Raw Pork Meat
( 23 ) Effect of Intra Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Carrot (Daucus Carrota L.Sub Sp. Sativus)
( 24 ) Protective Effects of Sweet Orange Peel (Citrus Sinensis L.) The Induction of Micronuclei Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Human Peripheral Lymphocytes
( 25 ) Effect of Domestic Cooking on Physicochemical Parameters, Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Properties of Algerian Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L. Var. Marmande)
( 26 ) Effect of Contamination by Fungi and Yeast on the Physiochemical Characteristics of Gum Arabic Stored in Semi-Desert Climate of Khartoum City, Sudan
( 27 ) Analysis of Climate Change Effects among Rice Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 28 ) Effect of Temperature and Time on the Physical Properties of Bread Produced from Wheat – Cocoyam Flour Using Response Surface Methodology
( 29 ) Effect of Jameed Form on the Chemical Composition, Rheological and Microbial Properties
( 30 ) Effect of a Plant Extract in Several Traits of Plymouth Rock Barred Hens and Pullets Challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium in a Rural Village in Central Mexico
( 31 ) Effect of Environmental Pollution on Production and Metabolic Profile in Buffalo Cows
( 32 ) The Effect of the Reduced Dose of GnRH on Conception, Ovulation and Ovarian Structures in Ovsynch Program of Lactating Dairy Cows
( 33 ) Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L)
( 34 ) The Effects of Magnetic Field on Germination of Seeds and Growth of Seedlings of Stone Pine
( 35 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 36 ) Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia
( 37 ) Effect of Soaking on the Nutritional Values of Kordala (Maerua Pseudopetalosa) Seeds Grown in Kordofan Region, Sudan
( 38 ) Effect of Substrates on Nutritional Composition and Functional Properties of Pleurotus Ostreatus
( 39 ) Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria
( 40 ) Effect of Body Weight on Reproductive Fitness in Spodoptera Litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
( 41 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 42 ) The Potential Effect of Zinc Deficiency on Reproductive Profile of Male Rat and its Possible Consequences
( 43 ) A Pictorial Guidebook on Poultry Diseases; Diagnostic Techniques and their Effective Treatment
( 44 ) Effects of Community Financing Institutions on Cassava Farmers Income in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 45 ) Effect of Blended Fertilizer and Lime Application on Yield of Finger Millet, and Soil Properties of Acidic Soils in Western Ethiopia
( 46 ) Changes in Certain Agronomic Characteristics of Table Grape Cultivar Alphonse Lavallee’ in Response to Water Deficit under the Different Rootstock Effect
( 47 ) Effect of Tuber Sections, Heat Treatment and Rehydration with Process Chemicals on the Physicochemical Properties of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L. (Lam)) Flour
( 48 ) Effect of Seed Rate and Cultivar on Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in New Halfa Locality, Sudan
( 49 ) Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State
( 50 ) The Effect of Varieties and Fungicide Spray Frequencies on Septoria Leaf Blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola) Epidemics on Bread Wheat in Western Amhara, Ethiopia
( 51 ) The Fungicide and Variety Integration Effect on Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans) Disease of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Western Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 52 ) High-Sensitivity Testing of Effectiveness of Citrus Limon, Vitis Vinifera and Citrus Sinensis in the Postharvest Control of Callosobruchus Maculatus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Infestation of Cowpea Seeds
( 53 ) Effects of Inclusion of Processed Grapefruit Pulp on Wheat Flour Biscuit
( 54 ) Effect of Boiling and Roasting on the Nutrients, Phytochemical and Functional Properties of Red and Green Cultivars of D. Bulbifera Flours
( 55 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 56 ) Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea
( 57 ) Storage Effects on Microbiological and Some Antioxidant Potentials of Partially Substituted Bread Produced from Wheat Flour and Fresh Coconut Meat
( 58 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 59 ) Study of Heavy Metals Variability and their Effect on Plant Growth in Kanzenze River of Upper Akagera Catchment, Rwanda
( 60 ) The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa
( 61 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 62 ) Interactive Effects of Zinc-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungi on Cadmium Uptake, Rubisco, Osmolyte Synthesis and Yield in Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
( 63 ) The Effect of Farmers Social Networks on Sustainable Agricultural Practices Adoption: A Scoping Review Protocol
( 64 ) Effect of Blanching Time and Drying Method on Quality of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum)
( 65 ) Effect of Photoperiod on Estrus Cycle and Reproductive Organs in Female African Giant Rat (Cricetomys Gambianus: Waterhouse)
( 66 ) Development of an Effective Biocatalyzed Organic Fertilizer Derived from Gliricidia Sepium Stem Biochar
( 69 ) Suitability of Temperate and Tropical Crossbred Dairy Cattle under Peri-Urban Production System in Bangladesh
( 70 ) The Extent of Finger Millet Production in South Omo Zone in the Case of South Ari Woreda
( 71 ) Production Efficiency of Sesame in Selamago District of South Omo Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 72 ) Economics of Sheep Production in Zuru Local Government Area of Kebbi State Nigeria
( 73 ) Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability to Guide Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolar) Production in Miesso Areas, Eastern Ethiopia
( 74 ) Profitability of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) Production and Marketing in Zuru Local Government Area, Kebbi State: A Case for Honey
( 75 ) Constraints to Brood and Sell Poultry Production among Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 76 ) Climate Relevant Emissions from Animal Production and Reduction Potentials
( 77 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 78 ) An Analysis of the Pre and Post Harvest Management Techniques in Rice Production: The Case of Unvda Ndop, North West Region, Cameroon
( 79 ) Gender Issues of Labour Participation in Vegetable Production in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State
( 81 ) Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
( 82 ) Village Chicken Production and Marketing in West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia
( 83 ) Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria
( 84 ) Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production
( 86 ) An Example of Non-Wood Forest Products in Turkey: Production of Pine Nuts
( 87 ) Mechatronics and Precision Livestock Farming in Mexican Animal Production
( 88 ) Perception of Cassava Farmers of Climate Change on Cassava Production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 89 ) Growth and Survival Parameters and Blood IgG and Total Protein Levels of Calves Born in the First Production Year of Brown Swiss and Simmental Cows
( 90 ) Forecasting Goat Milk Production in Turkey Using Artificial Neural Networks and Box-Jenkins Models
( 91 ) Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production
( 93 ) Assessment of Technical Efficiency of Layer Production in Mampong Municipality: Stochastic Frontier Approach
( 94 ) Probiotic Supplementation in Poultry Production as an Alternative to Antibiotic Feed Additive
( 95 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 96 ) Purple-Blue Pigmentation Production as a Sign of Immune Response by Bleached Corals to Avoid Stress Caused by Elevated Sea Surface Temperature
( 97 ) The Relationship between Food Production, Agricultural Land, Rice Production, and Rice Price: An Empirical Study on Thailand and Viet Nam
( 98 ) Youth Participation in Sesame Production in Gwer West Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria
( 99 ) Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State
( 100 ) Production and Value Chain Analysis of Lentil in Some Selected Areas of Bangladesh
( 101 ) Contributing Factors of Boro-Rice Production in Hakaluki Haor of Bangladesh
( 103 ) A Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis of Wheat Production Sustainability in the Semi-Arid Environment of Mashhad, Northeastern Iran
( 104 ) Boosting Farm Productivity through Intensification of Soybean Production Technology
( 107 ) Determination of Phosphorous Fixation Capacity on Alluvium, Sandstone and Shale Soils of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 109 ) Small-Scale Milk Processing, Utilization and Marketing of Traditional Dairy Products in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha Districts, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 110 ) Physico-Chemical Properties of Honey Produced In Masha, Gesha, and Sheko Districts in Southwestern Ethiopia
( 112 ) Key for First Recorded Dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera) Fauna of District Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
( 113 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 114 ) Pepper Disease Assessment and Identification in Major Growing Districts of West Gojam Zone in Northwestern Ethiopia
( 115 ) Agronomic Practices of Maize and Farm Nutrient Status in Bako Tibe District, West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia: Lesson from Agronomic Panel Survey
( 116 ) Market Integration and Seasonal Price Variation of High-Value Vegetable Crops in Chittagong Hill Districts of Bangladesh
( 117 ) Adoption Impact of Improved Cowpea Variety in Selected Areas of Chattogram District of Bangladesh
( 118 ) Economic Benefits of Waste Management Based on Cocoa Farming System in Rural Area: Evidence from East Kolaka District of Southeast Sulawesi Province
( 120 ) Relationship between Human Activities and Deforestation in Karongi District of Rwanda
( 122 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 123 ) Land Use/Land Cover Dynamics in Hulet Wogedamea Kebele, Northern Ethiopia
( 124 ) Analysis of Determinants of Demand and Supply of Maize in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 125 ) Variation in Density and Shrinkage between Sawmill and Hand Processed Khaya Senegalensis Woodin Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria
( 127 ) Evaluation of Improved Varieties of Teff in West Belessa, Northwest Ethiopia
( 128 ) Adaptation Study of Mung Bean (Vigna Radiate) Varieties in Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia
( 129 ) Pulsing Preservatives to Prolong Vase Life of Cut Rose Flowers in Bahir Dar, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 130 ) Study of Factors Linked to the Variation in Rentability in the Farming of Broiler Chickens in Northeast Algeria
( 131 ) Determinants and Extent of Pre- and Postharvest Losses of Fruits in Northwestern Ethiopia
( 133 ) Study on Temporal Alterations in Land Cover Types in Simien Mountain National Park, Northwest Ethiopia
( 134 ) Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties against Faba Bean Gall Disease in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia
( 135 ) Variability, Heritability and Genetic Advance Analysis in Bread Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Genotypes in Northwestern Ethiopia
( 136 ) Phenotypic Performance Evaluation of Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef L) Genotypes in North Gondar
( 138 ) On-Farm Evaluation of Conservation Agriculture Practice on Weed Control and Yield of Wheat in Northern Bangladesh
( 140 ) Cultivation and Nutritional Quality of Moringa Oleifera Lam. Produced Under Different Substrates in Semi-Arid Region in Northeast Brazil
( 141 ) Impacts of Rural Community on the Forest Estate in Ugbolu, Oshimili North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 142 ) Preservative Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Ginger in Wara - A West African Traditional Soft (Unripened) Cheese
( 145 ) Frequency of Gastrointestinal Parasites and Egg per Gram Faeces Count of Nematodes in Black Bengal Goat under Field Condition in West Bengal, India
( 146 ) Screening of Some Coffee Arabica Genotypes Against Coffee Wilt Diseases (Gibberella Xylarioides Heim And Saccus) At Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia
( 151 ) Breeding Objective, Breeding Practices and Selection Criteria of Indigenous Sheep in Western Amhara, Ethiopia