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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

September 2020, Volume 7, 3, pp 143-153

Comparing the Molluscicidal Action of Metaldehyde, Oxamyl, Potassium Nitrate and a Botanical Insecticide for Managing Limacolaria Spp Infesting Banana Plantations in Cameroon

Tientcheu Cheke Bernadette Limunga

Tientcheu Cheke Bernadette Limunga 1

  1. Cameroon Development Corporation (CDC), Tiko Banana Plantations, South West Region, Cameroon. 1

Pages: 143-153

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.73.143.153

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Article History:

Received: 16 March, 2020
Revised: 23 April, 2020
Accepted: 29 May, 2020
Published: 03 July, 2020


Abstract:

Snails are an emerging problem in banana production in Cameroon due to the damages caused on the banana fruits. They attack the banana fruits resulting in aesthetically disfigured fruits. This study was carried out to compare the effectiveness of selected agrochemicals in the laboratory and the field for the control of the snails. The agrochemicals compared were Bromorex® (chilli pepper extracts), Potassium Nitrate, Vydate® (Oxamyl), and Limace® (Metaldehyde). Laboratory results showed that snail mortality caused by the different treatments after 7 and 14 days was highest for Limace (37% and 100% respectively). Limace® had the highest mean percentage (86.4%) of snails at the snail zone as compared with the control (6.1%) which was the least. Field results showed that plants treated with Limace® had the lowest mean number of snails counted on the corms and pseudostems during the 12-week period while the Control (2.67snails/plant) had the highest mean value followed by Bromorex®. But the mean number of living snails with plant treated with Potassium Nitrate, Vydate® and Limace® increased from the 10th week albeit less than 1 snail/plant. During the first three weeks plants treated with Limace® and Vydate® the number of dead snails was relatively higher (1.6 snails/plant and 1.08 snails/plant respectively). Of the four treatments assessed, Limace® was most effective in the management of snails followed by Vydate®. Limace® controlled the snails best both in the laboratory and on the field at concentrations of 5 g per container (7x7x13 cm) and 50 g per banana mat respectively.
Contribution/ Originality
This research is one of the very few researches that have compared the molluscicidal effects of different chemical groups on Limacolaria species, an emerging pest of crops. In addition, it is one of the few researches that have tested molluscicides effects on Limacolaria spp. in the field.

Keywords:

Snail, Pest, Pesticide, insecticide, Banana, Metaldehyde, Oxamyl.

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Statistics:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) Ekona, South West Region, Cameroon for permission to allow researchers use the facilities of the Entomology-Nematology Unit. Cameroon Development Corporation for permission to use part of fields at Tiko and Agrochemical Company Douala for supplying Bromorex® pesticide. AgroVital Services and Consulting helped in statistical analysis.

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