Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

September 2020, Volume 7, 3, pp 118-133

Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State

Ezra A

,

Adebayo A.A

,

Umar A. S

Ezra A 1 ,

Adebayo A.A 1 Umar A. S 1 
  1. Department of Geography, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria. 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 118-133

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.73.118.133

Share :

Article History:

Received: 10 March, 2020
Revised: 14 April, 2020
Accepted: 18 May, 2020
Published: 03 June, 2020


Abstract:

This research was aim at applying Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) in Agro-Climatic Zoning of Taraba State for rice Production. Climatic variables, Rice Yield, Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Land Sat 8 (OLI) and Soil Texture map were the data used. Climatic data of the state were analyzed over time and Space using trend and spatial analysis tools in excel and Arc GIS respectively, while correlation and stepwise regression analysis between rice yield and the climatic variables were analyzed in SPSS. Mean temperature, August and September rainfalls were identified to be the critical Climatic factors affecting the growth and yield of rice in the State. The highly suitable cover places such as; Lisasam, Takum, Donga, Wukari, Mutum Biyu and Bali while the suitable area occupy places like Serti, Lau, Sunkani, Jalingo and Lankaviri. Suitability map produced with NDVI showed that the highly suitable area for Rice cultivation reduced from 31.93% to 28.76%. In regards to this findings, cultivation of rice should be encourage in Highly Suitable and Suitable zones of the State while cultivation of alternative crops other than rice in not suitable area is very important in reducing the risk of crop failure. In addition, application of Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) a Remote Sensing and GIS tool and NDVI plays a significant role in Agro-climatic suitability zoning, as such, the tools are recommended in Agro-climatic research.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the Agricultural planning by determining the suitable area for cultivation of rice in Taraba State. Similarly, this paper contributes the first logical analysis that incorporates Agro-climatic statistical method and MCDM (AHP) method in designing a model for Agro-climatic suitability analysis.

Keywords:

Analytical hierarchical process (AHP), Suitability model, Rice production, Taraba State.

Reference:

Adebayo, A. A. (2000). Agro-climatic classification of Adamawa State, Nigeria for Upland rice production. The Nigerian Geographical Journal, New Sderies, 3(4), 83-97.

Adebayo, A. A., & Umar, A. (1999). Hydrology and water resources in Adebayo, A. A. & Tukur, A. L. (Eds) Adamawa state in maps. Geography Department, FUT (pp. 17-19). Yola: Yola & Paraclette Publishers.

Adebayo, A., & Adebayo, E. (1997). Forecasting the yield of upland rice in Adamawa State, Nigeria on the basis of agroclimatic factors. Malaysian Journal of Tropical Geography, 28(2), 97-101.

Ayoade, J. O. (2005). Introduction to agroclimatology. Ibadan, Nigeria: Vintage, Publisher.

Buck, L. (2010). Knowledge of rice growth stages important. LA farm and Ranch. Retrieved from: www.isuagcenter.com. [Accessed 19/01/2010].

CSR/ FAO. (1983). Reconnaissance and land resource surveys. 1: 250,000 Scale Atlas format procedures. Centre for Soil Research, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of Indonesia, Bogor, and the United Nations Development Program and Food and Agriculture Organization.

Dkhar, D. K., Feroze, S., Singh, R., & Ray, L. I. (2017). Effect of rainfall variability on rice yield in north eastern hills of India: A case study. Agricultural Research, 6(4), 341-346.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40003-017-0276-4.

Ekaete, M. (2017). Vegetation zones in Nigeria and their features. Retrieved from: https://www.legit.ng/1096264-vegetation-zones-nigeria-features.html.

Elaalem, E., Comber, A., & Fisher, P. (2010). Land evaluation techniques comparing fuzzy AHP with TOPSIS methods. Paper presented at the 13th AGILE International Conference on Geographic Information Science, 10–14 May, 2010, (Guimara˜ es, Portugal).

Emeka, D. O., & Abbas, B. (2011). The geography of Taraba State, Nigeria. Australia: LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing LTD.

European Digital Archive of Soil Maps (EuDASM). (2017). United nations convention to combat desertification. Retrieved from: https://knowledge.unccd.int/publications/european-digital-archive-soil-maps-eudasm.

Fick, S. E., & Hijmans, R. J. (2017). WorldClim 2: New 1-km spatial resolution climate surfaces for global land areas. International Journal of Climatology, 37(12), 4302-4315.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.5086.

Figueira, J., Greco, S., & Ehrgott, M. (2005). Multiple criteria decision analysis—State of the Art Survey. New York, USA: Springer.

Getachew, A. T., & Solomon, B. A. (2015). Land suitability analysis for rice production: A GIS based multi-criteria decision approach. American Journal of Geographic Information System, 4(3), 95-104.

Govinda, B. (2013). Effect of precipitation and temperature variation on the yield of major cereals in Dadeldhura district of Far Western development region, Nepal. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Sciences, 3(1), 247-256.

Hodgett, R. (2016). Comparison of multi-criteria decision-making methods for equipment Selection. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 85(5-8), 1145-1157.

Huang, I. B., Keisler, J., & Linkov, I. (2011). Multi-criteria decision analysis in environmental sciences: Ten years of applications and trends. Science of the Total Environment, 409(19), 3578-3594.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.06.022.

Husson, O., Castella, J., & Tuan, N. H. D. (2001). Agronomic diagnosis and identification of factors limiting upland rice yield in mountainous areas of northern Vietnam. SAM Pap.Ser. 2 Retrieved from:http://asia-uplands.org/Sam/Sam/pdf/SAMPS02.

Hwang, C.-L., & Yoon, K. (1981). Multiple attribute decision making methods and applications. In a state of the art survey (Vol. 181): SpringerVerlag.

Iloeje, N. P. (2001). A new geography of Nigeria (New Revised ed., pp. 200). Nigeria PLC: Longman.

Ishizaka, A., & Nemery, P. (2013). Multi-criteria decision analysis, methods and software. Chichester, UK.: Wiley and Sons Ltd.

Janse, B. (2018). Multiple criteria decision analysis (MCDA). Retrieved from: https://www.toolshero.com/decision-making/multiple-criteria-decision-analysis-mcda/.

Joseph, K., Bosco, N. J., & Murage, H. (2013). Suitability analysis for rice growing sites using a multicriteria evaluation and GIS approach in great Mwea region, Kenya. SpringerPlus, 2(1), 1-9.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-2-265.

Mahmood, N., Ahmad, B., Hassan, S., & Bakhsh, K. (2012). Impact of temperature ADN precipitation on rice productivity in rice-wheat cropping system of Punjab province. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 22(4), 993-997.

Majumder, M., & Saha, A. K. (2016). Feasibility model of solar energy plants by ANN and MCDM techniques, Springer briefs in energy: Springer Science+Business Media Singapore Pte Ltd.

Mayumi, K., Yoshinori, Y., Yulius, B. P., Fransiscus, S. R., Akira, M., & Daigo, M. (2016). How growth and yield of upland rice Vary with topographic conditions. Tropical Agriculture and Development, 60(3), 162-171.

Mrinmoy, M., & Apu, K. S. (2016). Feasibility model of solar energy plants by ANN and MCDM techniques: Springer Briefs in Energy.

Mu, E., & Pereyra-Rojas, M. (2017). Practical decision making; understanding the analytic hierarchy process: SpringerBriefs in Operations Research.

National Bureau of Statistics (NBC). (2017). Demographic statistics Bulletin Nigerianstat.gov.ng., 1-26.

National Population Commission (NPC). (2017). Population estimate of the federal republic of Nigeria. Abuja, Nigeria: National Bureau of Statistics.

Oikeh, S. O., Nwilene, F. E., Agunbiade, T. A., Oladimeji, O., Ajayi, O., Mande, S., . . . Samejima, H. (2008). Growing upland rice: A production handbook. Africa Rice Center, Benin (WARDA). 40. Retrieved from: http://www.irri.org/.

Oladimeji, Y. (2017). Food production trend in Nigeria and Malthus theory of population: Empirical evidence from rice production. Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment, 13(1), 126-132.

Olalekan, S. A., Cao, Y., Hamel, K. M., & Finnegan, A. (2015). B cells expressing IFN-γ suppress Treg-cell differentiation and promote autoimmune experimental arthritis. European Journal of Immunology, 45(4), 988-998.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/eji.201445036.

Powers, R. F., Scott, D. A., Sanchez, F. G., Voldseth, R. A., Page-Dumroese, D., Elioff, J. D., & Stone, D. M. (2005). The North American long-term soil productivity experiment: Findings from the first decade of research. Forest Ecology and Management, 220(1-3), 31-50.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.08.003.

Saaty, T. L. (1980). The analytical hierarchy process. New York: McGraw Hill.

Saaty, T. (1996). Decision making with dependence and feedback: the analytic network process. Pittsburgh: RWS Publications.

Saaty, T. L. (2012). Decision making for leaders; The analytical hierarchy process for decisions in a complex world (Third Revised ed.). Pittsburgh: RWS Publications.

Saaty, T. L. (1977). A scaling method for priorities in Hierarchical structure. Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 15(3), 34-39.

Six, J., Paustian, K., Elliott, E. T., & Combrink, C. (2000). Soil structure and organic matter I. Distribution of aggregate-size classes and aggregate-associated carbon. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 64(2), 681-689.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj2000.642681x.

Sridevi, V., & Chellamuthu, V. (2015). Impact of weather on rice–A review. International Journal of Applied Research, 1(9), 825-831.

Teh, S. K. (1998). Sustainable rice production. Paper presented at the Malaysian National Congress of Irrigation and Drainage-Annual Conference held on 13 October 1998, Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia.

Tiamiyu, S. A., Eze, J. N., Yusuf, T. M., Maji, A. T., & Bakare, S. O. (2015). Rainfall variability and its effect on yield of rice in Nigeria. International Letters of Natural Sciences, 49, 63-68.Available at: https://doi.org/10.18052/www.scipress.com/ilns.49.63.

Tripathi, K. K., Ranjini, W., Govila, O. P., & Vibha, A. (2011). Biology of oryza sativa L. (Rice). Ministry of Environment and Forest Government of India.

Udo, R. K. (1978). Geographical regions of Nigeria. London: Heinemann.

United Nation. (2017). Nigeria to become 3rd most populous country by 2050 – UN report. Retrieved from: https://www.vanguardngr.com/2017/06/nigeria-become-3rd-populous-country-2050-un-report/.

Worou, O. N., Gaiser, T., Saito, K., Goldbach, H., & Ewert, F. (2012). Simulation of soil water dynamics and rice crop growth as affected by bunding and fertilizer application in Inland valley systems of West Africa. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 162, 24-35.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2012.07.018.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All data and other related information used in this paper were extracted from Ph.D. Thesis of Andrew Ezra, Department of Geography, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, as such, Authors want to appreciate the effort of Professor A.A. Adebayo and Dr. A . S Umar, for supervising the thesis.

Related Article

( 1 ) Application of Agroforestry Techniques in the Management of Bamboo
( 2 ) Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production
( 3 ) Mobile Food Consumption Monitoring Application
( 4 ) Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia
( 5 ) Determinants of Farmers' Use of Land Reclamation Practices in Oil Producing Areas of Imo State, Nigeria: Application of Multivariate Logistic Analysis
( 6 ) Effect of Blended Fertilizer and Lime Application on Yield of Finger Millet, and Soil Properties of Acidic Soils in Western Ethiopia
( 7 ) Insecticide Spraying Regime to Control Insect Pest of Cowpea: Management and Monitored Application of Cypermethrin in Lomami Province, DR Congo
( 8 ) Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State
( 10 ) Analytical Evaluation of Four Accessions of Dialium guineense (L.) Leaves
( 12 ) Small-Scale Milk Processing, Utilization and Marketing of Traditional Dairy Products in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha Districts, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 13 ) The Effect of Steaming Process on Fat Soluble Vitamins Content and Fatty Acid Profile in Bluefish and Rainbow Trout Fillets
( 14 ) Variation in Density and Shrinkage between Sawmill and Hand Processed Khaya Senegalensis Woodin Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria
( 15 ) Experimental Model Validation and Control of a Lactic Fermentation Process
( 16 ) Effect of Tuber Sections, Heat Treatment and Rehydration with Process Chemicals on the Physicochemical Properties of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L. (Lam)) Flour
( 17 ) The Oils Refining Process and Contaminants in Edible Oils: A Review
( 18 ) Effects of Inclusion of Processed Grapefruit Pulp on Wheat Flour Biscuit
( 20 ) Market Participation and Food Security Status of Bio-Fortified Cassava Processors in South Western Nigeria
( 21 ) Processing and Storage Impact on Carotenoid Contents and Functional Properties of Yellow Cassava Traditional Food Products
( 22 ) Utilization of Food Processing Technologies by Women Farmers in Umuahia Agricultural Zone, Abia State, Nigeria
( 23 ) Quality Attributes of Yam (Dioscorea rotundata) Flour as Affected by Some Processing Parameters
( 24 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 26 ) Agricultural Dualism, Wage Inequality and Development Policies
( 27 ) Development of a Mathematical Model for Angle of Soil Failure Plane in Case of 3-Dimenssional Cutting
( 28 ) Social, Economical and Environmental Issues of Floriculture Sector Development in Ethiopia
( 29 ) Social, Economical and Environmental Issues of Floriculture Sector Development in Ethiopia
( 31 ) Challenges of Groundwater Development for Towns and Big Cities Water Supply in Rift Valley Areas
( 32 ) Suitability of Temperate and Tropical Crossbred Dairy Cattle under Peri-Urban Production System in Bangladesh
( 34 ) Monte Carlo Modeling for Aflatoxin B1 Distribution in Pistachio Samples: A Prerequisite for Sampling Plan Validation
( 37 ) Runoff Response to Climate Variability: An Analysis of Thika River Basin in Kenya Using Hydrological Simulation Model (Hysim)
( 38 ) Forecasting Goat Milk Production in Turkey Using Artificial Neural Networks and Box-Jenkins Models
( 39 ) Uncertainty Analysis and Calibration of Swat Model for Estimating Impacts of Conservation Methods on Streamflow and Sediment Yield in Thika River Catchment, Kenya
( 40 ) Tabu-Genetic Algorithm-Based Model for Poultry Feed Formulation
( 41 ) Modelling and Optimization of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Paddy Pre-Treatments for Optimum Chemical Property using Response Surface Methodology
( 44 ) GGE and Ammi Biplot Analysis for Field PEA Yield Stability in Snnpr State, Ethiopia
( 45 ) Growing Jatropha Curcas and Jatropha Gossypiifolia as a Interculture with Sunflower for Control of Meloidogyne Javanica in Egypt
( 47 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 48 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 49 ) Diversity, Use Pattern and Management of Forest Resources in the Eastern Himalaya: A Case Study of Mizoram, India
( 50 ) Urban Area - Review of Protective Forest Management
( 51 ) Soil Respiration, Microbial Biomass and Ratios (Metabolic Quotient and Mbc/Toc) As Quality Soil Indicators in Burnt and Unburnt Aleppo Pine Forest Soils
( 52 ) Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan
( 53 ) The Influence of Probiotics and Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers
( 54 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 55 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 56 ) Key for First Recorded Dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera) Fauna of District Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
( 57 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 58 ) Studies on Seasonal Performance of Newly Developed Bivoltine Silkworm (Bombyx Mori L) Hybrids Tolerant To Bmnpv and Effect of Temperature on Disease Induction
( 59 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 60 ) Profitability of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) Production and Marketing in Zuru Local Government Area, Kebbi State: A Case for Honey
( 61 ) Examination of Oribatid Mites for Cysticercoids of Moniezia Sp
( 62 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 63 ) Partial Budgeting Analysis of Different Strategies for Management of Insect Pests in Cashew and Mango Orchards in Tanzania
( 64 ) Chemical Analysis of Acacia Ehrenbergiana (Salam) Tree Fruits (Seed and Pods) As Dry Season Supplement For Livestock in Arid and Semi –Arid Lands of Sudan
( 65 ) Genotype X Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis for Yield and Yield Related Traits of Desi-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) In Ethiopia
( 66 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 67 ) Estimation of Export Demand Function for Swazi Sugar: A Panel Data Analysis
( 68 ) Analysis of Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Maize Food in Swaziland
( 70 ) Hydrostatic and Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Swimming Animals- an Inspiration for Hybrid Buoyant Aircraft
( 71 ) “Evaluation of Phytochemical Constituents of the Fruits of Cucumis Sativus Linn. For their Hepatoprotective Activity by Molecular Docking Studies”
( 72 ) Rheological Studies of Texture-Modified Chicken Rendang with Tapioca and Sago Starches as Food Thickener for Patients with Dysphagia
( 73 ) Evaluation of the Biomass of the Green Oak (Quercus Rotundifolia) of the Central Middle Atlas: Case of the South Jbel Aoua Forest (Morocco)
( 74 ) Study on Agronomic Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum, Mill.) Varieties for Phonological, Growth and Yield Characters
( 75 ) Effect of Jameed Form on the Chemical Composition, Rheological and Microbial Properties
( 76 ) Analysis of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 77 ) Performance of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in the Shiselweni Region of Swaziland
( 78 ) Multi-Environment Variety Testing (Pre-Met) for Irrigated Ecosystem in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.)
( 79 ) A Suction Trap for Sampling Aphids and Aphidophagous Insects in Pecan Trees
( 80 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 81 ) An Example of Non-Wood Forest Products in Turkey: Production of Pine Nuts
( 82 ) A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation
( 83 ) Heterosis for Nitrogen Fixation and Seed Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
( 84 ) Evaluation of the Sustainability Criteria of Forest Management in the Municipality Palma Soriano, Santiago De Cuba Province
( 85 ) Prospects of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 86 ) Variation of Wood Density in Tropical Rainforest Trees
( 87 ) Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal
( 88 ) Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia
( 90 ) Performance of Growing Grasscutters Fed Diets with Varying Levels of Soybean Meal Replaced by Brewers Dried Grain
( 92 ) Optimization of Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius) Extract Syrup Formula as a Nutritive Antioxidant Drink
( 93 ) Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes
( 94 ) The Value of Selected Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of East Mau Forest Ecosystem, Kenya
( 95 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 96 ) Roles of Extension Services in Adoption of Agroforestry Practices among Farmers in South West Nigeria
( 97 ) Influense of Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) for Stenting Propagation of Cut Rose
( 99 ) Patterns of Plant Community Formation and Vegetation Structure in the Afro- Alpine Vegetation of Simien Mountains National Park, Ethiopia
( 100 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 101 ) Risk Factors for the Contamination of Wild Stomoxys niger niger Macquart 1851 (Diptera: Muscidae) with the Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus
( 102 ) Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State
( 103 ) Dynamic Shift-Share Analysis of Forestry Industry Structure and Competitiveness in Heilongjiang Province
( 104 ) Socioeconomic Impact of Bagging Technology for Value Addition in Mango in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh
( 105 ) Short-Term Benefits of Grain Legume Fallow Systems on Soil Fertility and Farmers Livelihood in the Humid Forest Zone of Cameroon
( 106 ) Evaluation of Leaf-Water Relation Traits, as Selection Criterion for Developing Drought Resistant Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Genotypes
( 107 ) Comparative Evaluation of Six Different Storage Materials for Long-Term Preservation of Huckleberry (Solanum scabrum) Seeds
( 108 ) Impact of Subclinical Mastitis on Reproductive Performance of Dairy Animals
( 109 ) Evaluation of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc.) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agroecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria
( 111 ) Phenotypic Performance Evaluation of Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef L) Genotypes in North Gondar
( 112 ) Principal Component Analysis for the Quantification of Soil Horizon Carbon Stocks in Relation to Soil Bulk Density
( 113 ) Penman and Thornwait Equations for Estimating Reference Evapotranspiration Under Semi-Arid Environment
( 115 ) Color-Based Forest Cover Type Image Segmentation using K-Means Clustering Approach
( 116 ) Comparing the Molluscicidal Action of Metaldehyde, Oxamyl, Potassium Nitrate and a Botanical Insecticide for Managing Limacolaria Spp Infesting Banana Plantations in Cameroon
( 118 ) Growth Performance of Kit Rabbits Fed Concentrate Diet Supplemented with Varying Foliage Leaf Meals
( 119 ) Evaluation of Bread Making Performance of Some Wheat Flour Brands Available in Nigerian Markets as Affected by Cassava or Sweet Potato Flour Inclusion
( 121 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 122 ) The Role of Drones as an Enabler for the 4th Agricultural Revolution
( 123 ) Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L)
( 124 ) Estimation of Ground Water Recharge for Irrigation Water Budget Planning in Kanzenze Swamp
( 125 ) Plant Diversity and Regeneration Potentials in Protected Area Forests of Sierra Leone
( 126 ) Characteristics of Bread and Biscuit Made With Wheat and Rice Flour Composites
( 127 ) An Analysis of the Pre and Post Harvest Management Techniques in Rice Production: The Case of Unvda Ndop, North West Region, Cameroon
( 128 ) Nutrient Composition, Amylose Content and Pasting Characteristics of Some Elite Accessions of Nerica Rice
( 129 ) Analysis of Climate Change Effects among Rice Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 130 ) Technical Efficiency of Swamp Rice Farmers in Ebonyi South Agricultural Zone, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 133 ) Molecular Characterization of Parental Lines of Rice Aiming to Address High Yield and Nutritional Quality Under Drought and Cold Stress Condition
( 134 ) Market Integration and Seasonal Price Variation of High-Value Vegetable Crops in Chittagong Hill Districts of Bangladesh
( 135 ) Comparative Larvicidal Efficacy of Carica Papaya Leaves and Seed Extract on Mosquito Larval Population in Rice Fields in Bida Metropolis, Niger State
( 137 ) The Relationship between Food Production, Agricultural Land, Rice Production, and Rice Price: An Empirical Study on Thailand and Viet Nam
( 139 ) Contributing Factors of Boro-Rice Production in Hakaluki Haor of Bangladesh
( 141 ) The Extent of Finger Millet Production in South Omo Zone in the Case of South Ari Woreda
( 142 ) Production Efficiency of Sesame in Selamago District of South Omo Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 143 ) Economics of Sheep Production in Zuru Local Government Area of Kebbi State Nigeria
( 144 ) Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability to Guide Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolar) Production in Miesso Areas, Eastern Ethiopia
( 146 ) Constraints to Brood and Sell Poultry Production among Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 147 ) Climate Relevant Emissions from Animal Production and Reduction Potentials
( 150 ) Gender Issues of Labour Participation in Vegetable Production in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State
( 151 ) Effect of Environmental Pollution on Production and Metabolic Profile in Buffalo Cows
( 152 ) Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
( 153 ) Village Chicken Production and Marketing in West Gojjam Zone, Ethiopia
( 154 ) Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria
( 158 ) Mechatronics and Precision Livestock Farming in Mexican Animal Production
( 159 ) Perception of Cassava Farmers of Climate Change on Cassava Production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 160 ) Growth and Survival Parameters and Blood IgG and Total Protein Levels of Calves Born in the First Production Year of Brown Swiss and Simmental Cows
( 162 ) Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production
( 163 ) Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria
( 164 ) Assessment of Technical Efficiency of Layer Production in Mampong Municipality: Stochastic Frontier Approach
( 165 ) Probiotic Supplementation in Poultry Production as an Alternative to Antibiotic Feed Additive
( 167 ) Purple-Blue Pigmentation Production as a Sign of Immune Response by Bleached Corals to Avoid Stress Caused by Elevated Sea Surface Temperature