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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

December 2017, Volume 4, 4, pp 101-112

Problems Confronting Shea Butter Industry in Nigeria

Sanusi Mohammed Kabiru

,

Adeloye, Florence Fadeke

,

Adegebo Samson Adegbemi

Sanusi Mohammed Kabiru 1

Adeloye, Florence Fadeke 2 Adegebo Samson Adegbemi 2 

  1. Nigerian Institute for Oil palm Research (NIFOR) Date palm Sub-station, Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 2

Pages: 101-112

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2017.44.101.112

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Article History:

Received: 25 September, 2017
Revised: 12 January, 2018
Accepted: 18 January, 2018
Published: 22 January, 2018


Abstract:

The Shea sector of the Nigeria economy has the potential to generate wealth and employment for large number of people at the same time. However, this is yet to be seen as the industry is currently underexploited. This could be attributed to many problems affecting the entire value chain of the industry. The study reviewed the literatures as well as authors experiences on the field using participatory tools like in-depth interview, focus group discussion and observations to identify the problems confronting the entire Shea butter industry and proffer solutions to them. The problems identified by the study includes indiscriminate cutting of Shea trees, lack of storage facilities for the kernel and butter, poor quality butter produced, lack of modern processing technology, poor infrastructural facilities like road, electricity and water. Others are lack of access to market, no credit facilities and, lack of government assistance and seasonality of Shea kernel. The study recommended that relevant government agencies should providing an enabling environment such as water, electricity, modern processing technologies, storage facility, good roads and make by-laws to stop indiscriminate cutting down of Shea trees to ensure sustainability of the Shea industry. Bank of industry and commercial banks should give out loan to Stakeholders along the value chain line to stimulate Shea butter production. The stakeholders in the industry should also form functional cooperatives to collectively solve their problems.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the problems confronting the Shea butter industry by looking at the Stakeholders along the value chain of production rather than looking at only the processors in a view to proffer solutions and inform policies planning on the way forward.

Keywords:

Shea butter, Sustainability, Value chain, Modern processing technology Problems, Solution.

Reference:


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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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