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Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin

Sylvestre ASSOGBA, Pacome A. NOUMAVO, Gustave DAGBENONBAKIN, Nadege A. AGBODJATO, Corentin AKPODE, Abdel D. KODA, Ricardos M. AGUEGUE, Farid BADE, Adolphe ADJANOHOUN, Alejandro FALCON RODRIGUEZ, Blanca M. de la NOVAL PONS, Lamine BABA- MOUSSA

Sylvestre ASSOGBA 1 

Alejandro FALCON RODRIGUEZ 2 Blanca M. de la NOVAL PONS 2 Lamine BABA- MOUSSA 1 ,
;
Pacome A. NOUMAVO 5
Gustave DAGBENONBAKIN 6
Nadege A. AGBODJATO 1 Corentin AKPODE 1 Abdel D. KODA 1 Ricardos M. AGUEGUE 1 Farid BADE 11
Adolphe ADJANOHOUN 12

  1. Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moleculaire en Microbiologie, Departement de Biochimie et de Biologie Cellulaire, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, Universite d Abomey Calavi, 05 BP 1604 Cotonou, Benin 1

  2. Departamento de Fisiologia y Bioquimica Vegetal, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Agricolas, MES, Cuba 2

  3. Laboratoire de Biologie et de Typage Moleculaire en Microbiologie, Departement de Biochimie et de Biologie Cellulaire, Faculte des Sciences et Techniques, Universite d Abomey-Calavi, 05 BP 1604 Cotonou, Benin; Laboratoire de Microbiologie et des Tech 5

  4. Centre de Recherches Agricoles d Agonkanmey, Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Benin, Benin 6

  5. Laboratoire de Microbiologie ;Section Eau, Hygiene et Aliment,Ministere de la sante du Benin 11

  6. Centre de Recherches Agricoles Sud, Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Benin, Attogon, BP 884 Cotonou, Benin 12

Pages: 63-76

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2017.43.63.76

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Article History:

Received: 15 May, 2017
Revised: 13 June, 2017
Accepted: 04 July, 2017
Published: 25 July, 2017


Abstract:

The objective of our study was to evaluate the promoted effects of three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on maize growth and yield on ferruginous soil in center of Benin.  The maize variety used was EVDT 97 STR C1. The maize seeds were inoculated with each of three arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Glomus intraradices, Funneliformis mosseae and Rhizophagus cubens) combined with or not to mineral fertilizer dose recommended (50% of NPK). The experimental device was a completely randomized random block of nine treatments with four repetitions. The data collected were related to growth (height, diameter and leaf area), yield (biomass and grain yield), mycorrhization (frequency, intensity and number of spores) and NPK content. The maximum height, best seeds yield and larger leaf surface are obtained with maize plants treated with R. intraradices combined with 50% of NPK respectively surpassing of 17.44%, 38.14%, 45.99% the values obtained with the controls plants. G. cubens combined with 50% of NPK was induced an increase of diameter (6.50%), dry aerial biomass (32.86%) and dry ground biomass (94.73%) compared to the control. G. cubens only has led to the best frequency (41.25%), intensity of mycorrhization (6.07%) and a high number of spore (1.81 spores/g soil). These results show the potential of these arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi to improve the maize productivity on ferruginous soil in center of Benin.

Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding that mycorrhizal inoculation increase maize productivity by reducing the use of mineral fertilizer.

Keywords:

Maize, Productivity, Mycorrhization, Ferruginous, Soil, Spore, Benin.

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Funding:

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

The Authors thank and the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Agrıcolas (INCA, Cuba) for giving the mycorrhizal fungi.

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