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Review of Plant Studies

December 2020, Volume 7, 1, pp 1-15

Root Density, Distribution and Yield Relationships of High Yielding Sugarcane Varieties Under Sandy Soil Condition

Rachel Sarol


Maria Vina Serrano


Johnny Agsaoay Jr.


Nestor Guiyab


Agnes Casupanan


Benjamin Manlapaz

Rachel Sarol 1 ,

Maria Vina Serrano 1 Johnny Agsaoay Jr. 1 Nestor Guiyab 1 Agnes Casupanan 1 Benjamin Manlapaz 1 
  1. Sugar Regulatory Administration, Philippine. 1

Pages: 1-15

DOI: 10.18488/journal.69.2020.71.1.15

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Article History:

Received: 14 September, 2020
Revised: 02 October, 2020
Accepted: 16 October, 2020
Published: 29 October, 2020


Roots are the less explored part of the sugarcane plant but are essential for sufficient nutrient and water supply to ensure better growth, development and sugar yield. Understanding the nature of the root system will help the plant breeder in selecting superior varieties that are adapted to different soil conditions. An experiment using ten high yielding sugarcane varieties was conducted to determine the root characteristics and yield performance in sandy soil of Pampanga, Philippines. The experiment was laid-out in RCBD with four replications. ANOVA revealed significant differences in 16 out of 18 parameters. Phil 8013, Phil 7544, Phil 97-3933, Phil 99-1793, Phil 04-0081, Phil 00-2569 and Phil 03-1727 produced significantly highest sugar yield (LKg/ha) which ranged from 223.05-257.93. Root density (RD) (g) and distribution at different soil depths from 0-100cm with interval of 10cm were 318.35 (46.47%), 132.36 (21.59%), 81.02 (14.05%), 26.24 (4.57%), 14.77 (2.61%), 14.58 (2.53%), 13.23 (2.32%), 11.53 (2.05%), 10.80 (1.93%) and 10.63 (1.87%). Stalk characteristics such as diameter, length and number of millable stalks and RD at 0-10cm, 11-20cm, 21-30cm, 51-60cm, 61-70cm, 71-80cm and 90-100cm were positively correlated with cane yield while percent brix and purity were positively correlated with sucrose content.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies in the country which investigated sugarcane roots. Information derived from this study may guide farmers in the selection of varieties suited in sandy soil including the adoption of appropriate cultural management practices for a more efficient utilization of resources.


Sugarcane, Roots, Cane yield, Sugar yield, Sandy soil, Root distribution , Root density, Stalk.


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This study received financial support from Sugar Regulatory Administration & Sugar Center Bldg., North Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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