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Review of Plant Studies

June 2019, Volume 6, 1, pp 11-20

Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties against Faba Bean Gall Disease in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia

Wulita Wondwosen

,

Mashilla Dejene

,

Negussie Tadesse

,

Seid Ahmed

Wulita Wondwosen 1

Mashilla Dejene 2
Negussie Tadesse 3
Seid Ahmed 4

  1. Debre Birhan Agricultural Research Center, Debre birhan, Ethiopia. 1

  2. School of Plant Sciences, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia. 2

  3. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dray Areas, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 3

  4. Biodiversity and Integrated Gene Management Program, ICARDA, Rabat Institutes, Morocco. 4

Pages: 11-20

DOI: 10.18488/journal.69.2019.61.11.20

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Article History:

Received: 06 September, 2019
Revised: 10 October, 2019
Accepted: 13 November, 2019
Published: 16 December, 2019


Abstract:

Faba bean gall disease is a newly emerging and devastating disease of faba bean that threaten its production and productivity in Ethiopia. Thus, this study was conducted with the objective to evaluate the reactions of faba bean varieties against faba bean gall disease. A field experiment was conducted at Basona Werana and Ankober Districts, in 2014. Sixteen faba bean varieties along with local check were tested in RCBD design with three replications. Faba bean varieties varied significantly (p<0.05) for both disease and yield parameters. The lowest disease severity, AUDPC and infection rates were recorded from variety Gachena (Lay Gorebela) and Gora and Gachena (Mush). Moreover, the highest (2737 and 3374%-days) AUDPC values were recorded from the variety local and Selale at Mush and Lay Gorebela. The highest yield was obtained from varieties Gora, Gebelcho, Degaga, Gachena and Walki (Mush) and from varieties Gora and Gachena (Lay Gorebela). Also, yield of faba bean correlated negatively and significantly with AUDPC and final severity at both locations, whereas, AUDPC and severity associated positively and significantly from each other. From this study it can be concluded that relatively resistant and high yielder varieties can be used in combination with other control measures. Therefore, in the future, researches on integration of resistance and high yielder varieties with other management options should be conducted.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies in Ethiopia which have investigated the response of Faba bean varieties for the newely emerged gall disease. The study assessed seventeen varieties by scientifically comparing them with very important agronomic and disease resistance related attribute and come up with valid conclusion.

Keywords:

Faba bean, Faba bean gall, Percent severity index, AUDPC, Varieties, Yield.

Reference:

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[14]        Y. Getnet and A. Yehizbalem, "Adaptation of faba bean varieties for yield,for yield components and against faba bean gall (Olpidium Viciae Kusano) disease in South Gondar, Ethiopia," The Crop Journal, vol. 5, pp. 560-566, 2017.Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cj.2017.05.007.

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[16]        T. Belachew, "Assessment of faba bean gall disease intensity and its management using cultivars and fungicides in north shoa zone of central Ethiopia," MSc. Thesis,Ambo university, Ambo, Ethiopia, 2016.

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Statistics:

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Funding:

This study was financed by International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dray Areas (ICARDA) through ADA project (Austrian Development Agency).

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

The authors are thankful to Daniel Admasu, Zerihun Kebede, Kibnesh Girma and Fikrey Tesfaye for assistance in field work, laboratory work and write up. They thank Holleta Agricultural Research Center for providing us with faba bean seeds.

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