Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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Online ISSN: 2312-6418
Print ISSN: 2313-3716
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Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes

Pages: 23-31
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Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.52.23.31

M. Noor Salim

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M. Noor Salim (2018). Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 5(2): 23-31. DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.52.23.31
Potato production in Indonesia is not yet optimal, other factors are related, knowledge level, job outpouring rate, working capital, production facilities and management. The purpose of research to determine the level of productivity and factors of production that is the number of labor, age, education and length of working of labor use. The study was conducted in Pangalengan District, South Bandung in November 2017 until January 2018. The samples were 30 potato farmers. Work productivity is based on the ratio between the amount of revenue and the amount of income employees. Analysis of data with multiple linear regression. The optimization of labor usage based on production elasticity is the ratio of marginal product price to labor cost. Simultaneously the amount of labor income, age, education and length of real employment for employees who work with the magnitude of the division of 75.5%. In general, the amount of labor has a negative effect on the use of labor, while age, education and duration of employment cannot be used for labor usage. The optimization level of -9.589 <1, indicates that the use of labor in the study site is too much, not optimal. The proposed suggestion is that the use of labor needs to be recalculated in the maximum amount of the farmers' maximum wage energy. Suggestions of analysis in accordance with the stages and networks in farmer groups or between groups of farmers.
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Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies: Farmers Perception in Oyo State, Nigeria

Pages: 32-41
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Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies: Farmers Perception in Oyo State, Nigeria

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.52.32.41

Oyewo, I. O. , Raufu, M.O. , Oladosu, B.O. , Adelalu, K.O.

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Oyewo, I. O. , Raufu, M.O. , Oladosu, B.O. , Adelalu, K.O. (2018). Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies: Farmers Perception in Oyo State, Nigeria. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 5(2): 32-41. DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.52.32.41
Climate change and weather variations have been one of the major problems of agricultural productivity most especially among crop farmers in Nigeria. This study therefore assesses farmer’s perception and their adaptation strategies to climate change in Ogo-Oluwa local Government area of Oyo State Nigeria. The survey research design was adopted in selecting 113 respondents, while the instrument of data collection was a structured questionnaire. The data collection was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Results showed that the majority (65.5%) of the respondents were males while about 69% of them are between the ages of 31 to 50 years old, majorities (76.0%) of the respondents were married and average household size was 6.0 persons, family labour was the major source of labour for the respondents, 57.5 per cent and 32.7 per cent of the respondents had farm size of 3- 4 acres and above 4 acres respectively. It also shows that majority (51.3%) earned less than N10, 000 per month while 20.4 % and 21.2 % earns between N10, 000 - N20, 000 and N21, 000- N30, 000 per month respectively. The study reveals that 39.8% of the farmers had long years of farming experiences between 21-30 years. The study also reveals that the majority (81.0%) of the respondents are aware of the changing climatic conditions in their community. Educational qualification of respondents, farmers income, farming experiences and access to extension services are positively and significantly influenced farmer’s perception of climate change in the study area. Majority of the farmers have adapted to climate change through diversification of crop types and varieties, changing planting dates among others also constraints to adaptation of climate change include lack of access to weather forecast information, high cost of improved and resistant varieties, and inadequate knowledge of coping strategies. The study therefore recommends among others a deliberate policy of government to increase farmer’s access to weather forecast information in the study area.
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Farm and Disease Management by Commercial Poultry Farmers

Pages: 42-47
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Farm and Disease Management by Commercial Poultry Farmers

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.52.42.47

Muhammad Shoaib , Ijaz Ashraf , Khalid Mahmood Chaudhary , Umair Talib , Muhammad Usman , Awais Ali Khan

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Muhammad Shoaib , Ijaz Ashraf , Khalid Mahmood Chaudhary , Umair Talib , Muhammad Usman , Awais Ali Khan (2018). Farm and Disease Management by Commercial Poultry Farmers. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 5(2): 42-47. DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.52.42.47
Commercial poultry farming is one of the key sector around the world especially in Pakistan due to its adaptability in different factors such as, low investment per unit, high growth rate, and agro-climatic conditions and also due to short generation interval. Unfortunately its progress is not enough to meet the demanding level due to the rate of high population. Therefore, the study was proposed to assess the farm and diseases management by commercial poultry farmers. Tehsil Faisalabad was selected purposively and the data were collected from randomly selected 120 commercial poultry farmers. The findings of the study revealed that majority of poultry farmers showed high level of knowledge on poultry housing management about spacing and watering equipment’s (70.0%). However their awareness of bedding or litter management (52.5%) and its changing was low. They also had low level of knowledge about quality of feed and water (52.5%), identification of affected birds (54.2%) but they were well known about the vaccination of birds (60.8%) with the help of their traditional experiences. They were also well known about common diseases like bird flu (68.3%) and gumboro (65.0%) however they had lower level of knowledge about Vent gleet (53.3%) and Coccidiosis (41.7%). Therefore, it is recommended that the private extension agents should be encouraged to focus their extension activities on the poultry farmers who are not getting proper and relevant information about the management of housing, disease and their control.
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Influense of Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) for Stenting Propagation of Cut Rose

Pages: 48-52
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Influense of Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) for Stenting Propagation of Cut Rose

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.52.48.52

Tadele Yeshiwas Tizazu , Melkamu Alemayehu Workie , Getachew Alemayehu Damot

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Tadele Yeshiwas Tizazu , Melkamu Alemayehu Workie , Getachew Alemayehu Damot (2018). Influense of Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) for Stenting Propagation of Cut Rose. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 5(2): 48-52. DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.52.48.52
Growth promoting hormones like auxins are now a day commercially used for rooting of many ornamental plants including roses in propagation industries of many countries. Their effects are however influenced by environmental conditions, types of plants, the rooting media and the concentrations used. This research was therefore mainly conducted to evaluate the effects of different IBA concentrations on growth and development of stenting-propagated roses. The experiment was laid down in completely randomized design with four replications in the propagation house of Tana Flora PLC. The performance of rose cuttings treated with 1500 ppm of IBA was the best in all growth parameters including shoot length, Root length, toot number etc. which can be recommended to propagate roses by stenting method in the study area.
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This study is one of very few studies which have been investigated for the improvement of the rooting capacity, growth and development of stenting-propagation of cut rose flowers treating with IBA-Hormone. Therefore, the present finding will contribute to flower growers and propagators through providing ideal concentration of IBA Hormone.