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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

June 2019, Volume 6, 2, pp 54-67

Floristic Composition and Density of Main Woody Species of the Parklands in Two Phytogeographical Zones in Burkina Faso

Nabaloum Moumouni

,

Belem Mamounata

,

Ouoba Pounyala Awa

,

Yameogo Josephine

,

Da Dapola Evariste Constant

Nabaloum Moumouni 1 ,

Belem Mamounata 2 Ouoba Pounyala Awa 1 Yameogo Josephine 2 Da Dapola Evariste Constant 1 

  1. University of Ouagadougou. Training and Research Unit in Human Sciences. Laboratory in Dynamics of Spaces and Societies, 03 BP: 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso. 1

  2. National Center for Scientific and Technological Research / Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research. Department of Environment and Forests. 03 BP: 7047, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso. 2

Pages: 54-67

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2019.62.54.67

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Article History:

Received: 21 January, 2019
Revised: 01 March, 2019
Accepted: 04 April, 2019
Published: 27 May, 2019


Abstract:

This study carries out in three villages belonging to the two phytogeographical zones (South-Sudanian and North-Sudanian sectors) in Burkina Faso. It intends to describe the floristic composition and calculate three main woody species density of the agroforestry parks in those two phytogeographical zones. The methodology consisted, on the one hand, to measure the area of fields and, on the other hand, the floristic species inventory. The results show that parklands in Bala (South-Sudanian phytogeographical zone) contains 14 species from 14 genus and 9 botanical families: Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae, Fabaceae-Faboideae-Mimosoideae, Bombacaceae, Anacardiaceae, Meliaceae Combretaceae, Sapotaceae, Moraceae, and Verbenaceae. The parklands of Toessin and Bonogo (North-Sudanian sector) are rich of 51 species, 36 genus and 22 families which are, in additional to those cited in Bala Rubiaceae, Fabaceae-Faboideae, Ebenaceae Rhamnaceae, Balanitaceae, Anonnaceae, Myrtaceae, Bignoniaceae, Moringaceae, Apocynaceae, Sterculiaceae and Lythraceae. The calculation of trees density showed that the dominant woody species in the parks of Bala are in order of importance Vitellaria paradoxa, Parkia biglobosa and Tamarindus indica. Their maximum densities are respectively 66; 8 and 1 trees/ha. On the other hand, in Toessin and Bonogo, north-sudanian sector Lannea microcarpa, Vitellaria paradoxa, Parkia biglobosa predominate with maximum densities respectively from 34, 38 and 3 trees/ha.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature concerning floristic composition and density of the ligneous in the parklands. This study uses a new estimation methodology: measure, survey. This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated in these aspects. This study documents the knowledge on the ligneous and distribution.

Keywords:

Burkina Faso, South-Sudanian sector, North-sudanian sector, Parklands, Species, Trees density, Genus, Botanic families.

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Funding:

The authors sincerely thank the Livelihood Project Gotenborg of the International Agency for the Development of Sweden (AIDS) and the Department Environment and Forests of the INERA of Burkina Faso for their financial assistance and their support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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