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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

December 2017, Volume 4, 4, pp 84-90

Feeding Potential of Red Palm Weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus on Different Date Palm, Phoenix Dactylifera Varieties Under Field Conditions

Hakim Ali Sahito

,

Waheed Ali Kubar

,

Tasneem Kousar

,

Nisar Ahmed Mallah

,

Faheem Ahmed Jatoi

,

Wali Muhammad Mangrio

,

Bilawal uddin Ghumro

Hakim Ali Sahito 1 ,

Waheed Ali Kubar 2
Tasneem Kousar 1 Nisar Ahmed Mallah 1 Faheem Ahmed Jatoi 1 Wali Muhammad Mangrio 1 Bilawal uddin Ghumro 1 
  1. Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mirs, Sindh 1

  2. Department of Zoology, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur Mir’s, Sindh 2

Pages: 84-90

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2017.44.84.90

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Article History:

Received: 09 June, 2017
Revised: 20 July, 2017
Accepted: 01 August, 2017
Published: 08 August, 2017


Abstract:

The date palm, Phoenix dactylifera is one of the main cash crops of Sindh particularly of upper Sindh, district Khairpur. It is main source of nutrients such as; carbohydrates, vitamins etc. It is cultivated on 100,000 acres only in district Khairpur with total production of 293,000 tons, this production is much less as compared to other countries main cause of this low yield is the attack of date palm weevil. About, 3 species of insect pests have been recorded in Pakistan. The feeding behavior of RPW on three verities of date palm, Aseel, Fasly and Karbalian showed that Aseel was most susceptible, weekly observation showed that the given stem piece of Aseel was completely eaten from inside by RPW, while the stem piece of two other varieties partially damaged. Present study revealed that (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus) weevils fed voraciously on Aseel in comparison to two other varieties those have eaten 7.58 mean % of given stem of Aseel while 6.54 of Fasly and 7.06 of Karbalian. Thus, the present study indicated that feeding behavior takes an important role towards control strategy due to lack knowledge of feeding behavior it is imperative to manage this pest.

Contribution/ Originality
This study uses new estimation methodology of biological parameters b/c this study is one of very few studies which have been investigated from the region, Khairpur, Sindh – Pakistan on this vigorous pest of date palm orchards which would be helpful to manage the pest.

Keywords:

Aseel, Fasly, Karbalian, Feeding, R. ferrugineus, Date palm.

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Reference:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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