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6th International Academic Conference on Engineering Research
Vennue: Hotel Istana Kuala Lumpur City Centre 73 Jalan Raja Chulan, Kuala Lumpur, 50200, Malaysia
Date: 08-Sep-2018
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Study on the Factors Influencing Residential Location Choice of the Garments Workers of Mirpur, Dhaka City

Shammi Shawal, Jannatul Ferdous

Shammi Shawal 1 ,

Jannatul Ferdous 1 
  1. Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Bangladesh 1

Pages: 73-86

DOI: 10.18488/journal.65/2014.1.6/65.6.73.86

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Abstract:

Bangladesh is a developing country with huge population and huge scarcity of resources. Its economy is largely dependent on ready-mate-garment industry. So garments industries as well as garments workers are very much important for our economy. Dhaka being the capital city, a large number of garment factories is situated here. But the majority of garment workers earn less than the living wage, which is the minimum requirement to provide a family with food, shelter and education. They can hardly find a suitable residence for them and are compelled to live in congested, unhygienic and sub-human condition. The development of a country is not possible by only developing the middle and upper class people depriving the lower class who occupy a major part of the economy. So, it’s the need of the day to solve the problems of the housing condition of the garments workers. Therefore, this study emphasizes on the factors influencing residential location choice of the garment workers of Dhaka city.  The target group is the residents of Mirpur 1. House rent, availability of utility facilities, monthly household income, distance from workplace, social security, dependence on family decision, size of dwelling unit, communal living, availability of community facilities - these have been pointed out as important factors in residential location choice of the garment workers by questionnaire survey. The study also investigated the priority among the pointed factors so that it could help the policy makers and developers to take any types of housing development project for the workers. If we can ensure a better residence and better facilities for them, their potentiality will increase and in the long run we can reap greater benefit from them.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper contributes the first logical analysis of the factors influencing the residential location choice of garment workers of Dhaka City and the relative priority of those factors. The paper’s primary contribution is finding that the workers cannot afford standard housing on their own with their minimum wage.

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Reference:

  1. S. S. Absar, Conditions, concerns and needs of garment workers in Bangladesh. Australia: The Australian National University, 2002.
  2. P. P. Majunder and A. Begum, "The gender imbalances in the export oriented garment industry in Bangladesh. Working Paper Series No. 12, The World Bank Development Research Group/Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network," 2000.
  3. G. K. Kundu, Accommodation problems of garment workers in Dhaka city. Dhaka: Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, 2004.
  4. R. Wiest, A. Khatun, and H. Mohiuddin, Workplace, residence and relationship of garment workers in Bangladesh in globalizing export economy. In M. Rahman and H. Mohiuddin (Ed.), Globalization, environmental crisis and social change in Bangladesh. Canada: The University Press Ltd. ISBN: 9840516655, 2003.
  5. B. Ahmed, R. Hasan, and K. Pervez, Improving the living conditions of the garment workers: Participatory planning based approach, A case study of: Pallabi Molla Bosti. Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh: Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, 2010.
  6. Economic Adviser's Wing, "Bangladesh economic review 2011, Finance Division, Ministry of Finance, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh," 2012.

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