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International Journal of Natural Sciences Research

January 2017, Volume 5, 1, pp 1-7

Fuzzy Control of Hydrogen Generation by the Reaction of Activated Aluminum Particles and Water

Bui Trong Giap

,

Kenji Takahara

,

Toshinori Kajiwara

,

Koji Maekawa

Bui Trong Giap 1 Kenji Takahara 1 ,
;
Toshinori Kajiwara 1 Koji Maekawa 4

  1. Department of Electrical Engineering, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, Fukuoka, Japan 1

  2. Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kitakyushu National College of Technology, Fukuoka, Japan 4

Pages: 1-7

DOI: 10.18488/journal.63.2017.51.1.7

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Article History:

Received: 18 November, 2016
Revised: 21 December, 2016
Accepted: 30 December, 2016
Published: 10 January, 2017


Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to design a fuzzy control system for generating hydrogen at a desired level by a reaction between water and activated aluminum particles. The activated aluminum particles are produced shredded aluminum sawdust. It is difficult to characterize the reaction quantitatively because the characteristics of hydrogen generating reaction vary as depending on the samples, the environment of the reaction and so on. The experimental system consists of a fuel cell (FC) of 100[W], a water tank, a reaction vessel, pressure sensors, a water pump, a radiator and a one-chip microcomputer. The fuzzy control system is designed to determine the quantum of water which is supplied to the activated aluminum particles. The error forms a desired value of the pressure of the reaction vessel and the change of the error are chosen as the labels of the fuzzy membership functions. The proposed fuzzy control system is applied to maintain the pressure of the reaction vessel of the developed hydrogen generation system at a certain level. The developed hydrogen generation system is confirmed to provide hydrogen to the FC by experiments under various conditions.
Contribution/ Originality

Keywords:

Fuel cell, Hydrogen generation, Activated aluminum particles, Fuzzy control.

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Reference:

  1. J. H. Stannard, "A portable hydrogen generator for vehicles," Hydrogen Energy Progress, vol. 8, pp. 935-944, 1990.
  2. R. M. Mohring, "A sodium borohydride on-board hydrogen generator for powering fuel cell and internal combustion engine vehicle," in Proceedings of Future Transportation Technology Conference, 2001-01-2529, 2001, pp. 1-4.
  3. S. Murooka, "Consideration on fundamental characteristic of hydrogen generator system fueled by NaBH4 for fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle," in Proceedings of the 2012 IEEE International Electric Vehicle Conference, 2012, pp. 1-6.
  4. K. Maekawa, "Control of hydrogen generation from water molecules dissociated by activated aluminum particles based on fuzzy logic," Transactions of the Society of Instrument and Control Engineers, vol. 47, pp. 150-156, 2011.
  5. K. Maekawa, "A portable fuel cell system using activated aluminum," IEE Journal of Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 132, pp. 997-1002, 2012.
  6. M. Watanabe, "Generation of pure hydrogen from water using activated aluminum powder," in Proceedings of Joint Seminar on Environmental Science and Disaster Mitigation Research 2007, pp. 15-16.
  7. O. S. Markus, Hydrogen in metals. I M Bernstein Eds. Bilthoven: ASM International, 1974.
  8. K. Takahara and K. Maekawa, "Development of a microcompact fuel-cell vehicle equipped with a hydrogen generator," Journal of Asian Electric Vehicles, vol. 12, pp. 1687-1691, 2014. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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