Valery Okulich-Kazarin , Mykola Zhurba , Oksana Pagava , Iryna Kalko , Iyuriy Serbin (2019). Lecture Method Preferences, Auditory or Visual, of Ukrainian Consumers of Educational Services : A Statistical Analysis. International Journal of Education and Practice, 7(2): 54-65. DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2019.72.54.65
The aim of this study is to examine the lecture method preferences of Ukrainian consumers of educational services. The study has observed two popular methods of providing educational services: the auditory method and the visual method. Research methodology included: information research; questioning and statistical processing of questionnaires; graphical representation of results and verification of statistical hypotheses. The sampling included two groups of students and one group of school teachers. It was statistically proved that Ukrainian students prefer the visual method of lectures but not the auditory method in availing educational services. Since the results are strongly significant, they have a great practical importance, recommending university teachers to use visual methods of lectures more than auditory while providing educational services. This will help them to adapt their lecture form and technique according to the needs and preferences of students as consumers of educational services. In addition, the results will also be useful to design and formulate training programs for teachers of Ukrainian Universities and making policy design for the Ukrainian Higher Education.
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated preferences of consumers of educational services of the type of lecture method of providing educational services. The paper is a contribution to the first logical analysis of the preferences of university students and school teachers.
Trends in Reading Literary Fiction in Print and Cyber Media by Undergraduate Students of Hasanuddin University
Fathu Rahman , M. Amir P. , Tammasse . (2019). Trends in Reading Literary Fiction in Print and Cyber Media by Undergraduate Students of Hasanuddin University. International Journal of Education and Practice, 7(2): 66-77. DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2019.72.66.77
This research investigated the trends in reading literary fiction by students of Hasanuddin University and their main reasons for reading works of fiction. Reading tendencies were grouped into types, reading of fiction in print and fiction in electronic (cyber) media. The purposes of this study were: 1) to quantify the literary fiction reading media preferred by students; 2) to identify specific reasons for their choice of media; 3) to identify perceived personal benefits obtained from reading literary fiction, and 4) to evaluate readers’ personal choices in terms of contents. The majority of students preferred to read using electronic media (62%), although a substantial majority preferred the classical printed book format (38%). The reasons given for preferring cyber literature (defined as works of fiction presented in an electronic medium) to printed literature were mainly practical, such as ease of access using electronic devices (tablets, computers, smartphones, etc.) as well as capacity and versatility, and that one multi-functional device can hold many books or other reading media. This research indicates that young people view reading fiction not only as entertainment, but also as a valuable and rewarding activity. The trend towards electronic media provides a growing and increasingly used opportunity for casual readers and enthusiasts to access and enjoy a wide cross-section of literary fiction.
This study contributes to existing literature on the influence of cyber literary media on reading habits, apart from exploring undergraduate student attitudes to and perceptions on reading literary fiction as well as their reading methods and behaviour. The students view reading fiction as both valuable and pleasurable. Cyber literature is considered more practical than printed matter, in terms of ease of access and the capacity of a single easy to carry device to hold or access many literary works.
Partnership as a Factor in the Effectiveness of Practice-Oriented Education of Students
Valentina I. Dolgova , Vladimir A. Belikov , Mikhail V. Kozhevnikov (2019). Partnership as a Factor in the Effectiveness of Practice-Oriented Education of Students. International Journal of Education and Practice, 7(2): 78-87. DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2019.72.78.87
The task of ensuring the effectiveness of practice-oriented secondary and higher professional education based on social partnership and network interaction of subjects of education in an innovative educational environment is set based on the requirements of the Federal State Educational Standard 3+ for the pedagogical and psychological specialties in higher education and modern (actualized) educational standards for the specialties “Construction and exploitation of buildings” (08.02.01) and “Primary school teaching” (44.02.02) in vocational professional education for the formation of general (general cultural) and professional competencies of students and graduates of institutions of secondary vocational and higher education. The aim of this study is to present the results of theoretical and experimental studies of activities and innovation platforms based on the institution of secondary vocational education, in conditions of the social-network educational partnership. The main methods used in this study were analyses, experiments, questioning and expert evaluation. The results of the experiments show the positive impact of partnerships on the levels of innovative activity of teachers and formation of general (general cultural) and professional competencies of students and graduates of secondary vocational education organizations. The study proves the role and importance of social-network educational partnerships in ensuring the effectiveness of practice-oriented education in modern professional schools, as it takes into account and reflects the characteristics, requirements and needs of the society and individual. It allows one to fulfill his role and take into account the interaction of organizations, institutions and individuals in ensuring the transfer and mastering of the content of professional education in organizations of secondary vocational and higher education.
The study on solutions to the problem was carried out within the framework of the reflexive-activity concept, which consists of substantiating students' professional education through the incorporation of activities for personal development.
Using the Semantic Differential Method to Assess the Learning Motivation and Attitude of First-Year Students Towards Chemistry in University of EMERCOM of Russia
Galina Borisovna Svidzinskaya , Yuri Grigorievich Baskin , Mariya Evgen evna Mezentseva (2019). Using the Semantic Differential Method to Assess the Learning Motivation and Attitude of First-Year Students Towards Chemistry in University of EMERCOM of Russia. International Journal of Education and Practice, 7(2): 88-100. DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2019.72.88.100
It is an interesting to obtain an objective view of students’ attitude toward a certain discipline and to construct effective pedagogical diagnostics based on the obtained data. Such data relates to both the academic performance of students and also their emotional attitude towards a subject and motivation to study it. This research study, using the semantic differential method, used a survey tool for measuring students’ attitudes towards “Chemistry” as a body of knowledge and practical use. A questionnaire was administered to first-year students from the University of EMERCOM of Russia, who were studying Chemistry as a basic discipline. Methods of graphical and factor analysis were used to process the data obtained during the study. The concurrent results of both methods prove the applicability of the graphical data processing method for small subject groups’ analysis, when factor analysis was not sufficiently accurate. As a result of statistical data processing, four basic factors, reflecting the students’ attitude to the Chemistry course, were identified. The learners were seen having different attitudes depending on the major chosen, on gender and on the nature of the educational group. A lack of understanding of the role of Chemistry in professional disciplines was found to be a major cause for low learning motivation. It was also revealed that academic performance could be increased by monitoring the students’ emotional states. A combination of both factor analysis and graphical data processing made this study both qualitative and quantitative.
The primary contribution of this research is to investigate the pedagogical diagnostics method of students’ emotional perception in an educational process, based on the differential method, which allows tracking of the change in attitude towards a subject during training and choose teaching methods that increase motivation for learning.