Sri Hidayati , Ishak Abdulhak , Dinn Wahyudin , Rusman Rusman (2020). The Influence of the Maritime Learning Activities on the Development of Student Competencies: Case Study. International Journal of Education and Practice, 8(3): 379-397. DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2020.83.379.393
This study aims to test the impact of government commitment, curriculum development, and education and training, either directly or indirectly through school management and business actors' participation in maritime learning activities to develop student competencies. This research was conducted on junior high school students in grade IX obtained through random sampling techniques from five schools in five districts / cities. The total sample of students is 175 people. Data collection and information were conducted through questionnaire distribution techniques to student respondents, interviews with principals and teachers, and focus group discussions (FGD). Specifically, the questionnaire was administered before testing was performed to determine its validity and reliability using the help of the SPSS version 24.0 program. The questionnaire was processed and analyzed using SEM techniques with the Lisrel 2 version 8.70 program. The results show that variables of government commitment, curriculum development, education and training, both directly and indirectly through school management and business actors participation, have a positive effect on maritime learning activities. Furthermore, maritime learning activities have a positive impact on the development of students' competencies, especially in making career choices, developing entrepreneurial aspirations, and the love of marine life. On this basis, marine learning activities require attention to influence variables along with indicators that contribute to each of the variables studied. The development of marine competence requires supporting facilities, establishing cooperative relationships with parties outside of school, apprenticeship or training assistance, the availability of learning media (including digital technology as a source of knowledge, information, etc.).
The development of student competencies in marine aspects requires attention to the variables that influence and the strength of the indicators on each variable. The influence variable is not only from the availability of the marine curriculum, but also other influence variables, both in terms of government commitment, availability of adequate supporting facilities, collaboration with parties outside of school, internships or training, and others. Maritime learning tends to lack of competency and student participation, if not fully carried out by the school.