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International Journal of Education and Practice

April 2019, Volume 7, 4, pp 334-346

Investigating Attitude towards Role Play and its Subjective Value in Predicting Arabic Language Proficiency among UiTM Students

Azman Che Mat


Azarudin Awang


Ahmad Zulfadhli Nokman


Nor Shaifura Musilehat


Ahmad FakrulaziziAbu Bakar


Muhammad Saiful Anuar Yusoff

Azman Che Mat 1 Azarudin Awang 1 Ahmad Zulfadhli Nokman 1 Nor Shaifura Musilehat 1 Ahmad FakrulaziziAbu Bakar 1 Muhammad Saiful Anuar Yusoff 1 ,

  1. Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia, Terengganu Branch, Malaysia. 1

Pages: 334-346

DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2019.74.334.346

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Article History:

Received: 17 May, 2019
Revised: 26 June, 2019
Accepted: 30 July, 2019
Published: 20 September, 2019


Role play activities contribute to learners’ performance if they actively participate in a group. Learners may gain confidence when given a proper and clear role in role play which enhances their motivation levels. This study adopts Byram (2004) resultative and motivational hypothesis and Eccles et al. (1983) Expectancy-Value theory as underlying theories to investigate the relationship between attitude toward role play and subjective role play value to account for Arabic language proficiency. The data were analyzed using more recent confirmatory analysis which is now available in SmartPLS 3.2.6 called consistent PLS (PLSc). Using a sample of 331 students from UiTM campuses at Kelantan, Terengganu and Pahang, the analysis showed that these theories support a sound framework for predicting Arabic language proficiency. Additionally, Arabic language proficiency was significantly influenced by attitude towards role play and subjective role play value. Attitude toward role play and subjective role play value are found to be positively influencing Arabic language proficiency. The R2 was measured as 0.308 for Arabic language proficiency. Therefore, it is believed that these findings will be considered as a useful source of information to lecturers, teachers, institutions, and management in supporting role play practices and thus enhancing Arabic language proficiency among UiTM students.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few that have investigated motivational factors regarding Arabic language proficiency through active participation in role play activities. The application of recent confirmatory analysis in SmartPLS 3.2.6 provides more reliable results, contributing to the existing body of literature with empirical evidence on language proficiency.


Attitude toward role play, Subjective role play value, Arabic language proficiency, Expectancy-value theory, motivation.



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This work was partly supported by UiTM registered under: 600-IRMI/DANA 5/3ARAS (0105/2016).

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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