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International Journal of Education and Practice

April 2019, Volume 7, 4, pp 324-333

The Power of Role-Playing in Counseling Children with Learning Difficulties in Inclusive Schools of Indonesia

Asrowi .


Gunarhadi .


Muhammad Hanif

Asrowi . 1 ,

Gunarhadi . 1 Muhammad Hanif 1 
  1. Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia. 1

Pages: 324-333

DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2019.74.324.333

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Article History:

Received: 15 May, 2019
Revised: 21 June, 2019
Accepted: 24 July, 2019
Published: 13 September, 2019


This research was conducted to measure the impact of counseling among children with learning difficulties in terms of motivation and self-confidence. This study is an action research. The research took place in an inclusive school in Indonesia conducted in collaboration between special education teacher, counselor and practitioners. The subjects were 30 learners in mainstream classroom setting where seven children with learning difficulties were included. Data was collected through pretest and posttest and observation. The tests were used to measure their academic achievement, and observation was carried out to see the learning motivation of children with learning difficulties during the respective classroom instruction that employed role play and educational games. The data were analyzed by using SPSS 16 by comparing test scores obtained before and after the cycles of instruction. The results showed that the use of educational games or role play can overcome the problem of motivation and self-confidence of children with learning difficulties. It was also proven by the acquisition of t value which was greater than the value of t-table at the level of significance of 5%, i.e. 8.789> 2.045. It also proved that the average score before treatment was 123.97 and after treatment was 133.03 with an average increase of 3.622%.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by investigating the use of role plays to solve problem of lack of motivation and self-confidence in inclusive school. It highlights the effect of combination of counseling and role plays to achieve social interaction, engagement and learning achievement of students with disabilities.


Motivation, Self-confidence, Role play, Counseling, Learning difficulties, Social interaction.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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