Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

International Journal of Education and Practice

March 2019, Volume 7, 3, pp 286-293

Investigating Effectiveness of Disability Friendly Education Training Modules in Indonesian Schools

Abdul Salim


M. Furqon Hidayatullah


Permata Primadhita Nugraheni


Dian Atnantomi W

Abdul Salim 1 ,

M. Furqon Hidayatullah 1 Permata Primadhita Nugraheni 1 Dian Atnantomi W 1 
  1. Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Sebelas Maret Univeristy, Indonesia. 1

Pages: 286-293

DOI: 10.18488/journal.61.2019.73.286.293

Share :

Article History:

Received: 03 May, 2019
Revised: 12 June, 2019
Accepted: 15 July, 2019
Published: 30 August, 2019


This study aimed to determine the effect of disability friendly education training on teachers’ understanding by applying disability-friendly education training modules. The research design adopted the pre-posttest method given to the same group before and after training on imparting disability friendly education. Classroom teachers in inclusive schools under the Ministry of Religion in Surakarta were the subjects of this research. The validity of the instrument was tested by using content validity on the feasibility or relevance of the contents of the test instrument through rational analysis by expert judgment. The results showed that the paired sample T-Test score was -17.736 with significant level at 0.000, which means <0.05. It suggests that there is a significant difference in the score of the average teacher's understanding of disability-friendly education before and after training, and the difference is statistically significant too. It can therefore be concluded that disability friendly educational training is effective to improve teachers' understanding in public schools.
Contribution/ Originality
The primary contribution of this research is to find out whether training modules can prove effective in developing understanding among teachers of public school about persons with disabilities. This study is unique in proving that training intervention can make schools become disability-friendly schools for persons with disabilities.


Disability-friendly education, Public school teachers, Training modules, Teachers’ understanding, Mainstream schools.


Alimul, H., M. Masrukan and S. Sulhadi, 2018. Evaluation program of inclusive education in College (Study at Brawijaya University Malang and State Islamic University of Sunan Kalijaga Yogyakarta). Journal of Educational Research and Evaluation, 7(2): 128-138.

Anwar, S., 2012. Reliability and validity. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Balta, N., M. Arslan and H. Duru, 2015. The effect of in-service training courses on teacher achievement: A meta-analysis study. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 3(5): 254-263.Available at:

Black-Hawkinsa, K., 2014. Inclusive education and the philosophy of education: What can inclusive education learn from philosophy? Cambridge Journal of Eeducation, 44(4): 445–450.Available at:

Charema, J., 2010. Inclusive education in developing countries in the Sub Saharan Africa: From theory to practice. International Journal of Special Education, 25(1): 87-93.

Cross, D., T. Shaw, M. Epstein, N. Pearce, A. Barnes, S. Burns, S. Waters, L. Lester and K. Runions, 2018. Impact of the friendly schools whole-school intervention on transition to secondary school and adolescent bullying behaviour. European Journal of Education, 53(4): 495-513.Available at:

Cross, D., S. Waters, N. Pearce, T. Shaw, M. Hall, E. Erceg, S. Burns, C. Roberts and G. Hamilton, 2012. The friendly schools friendly families programme: Three-year bullying behaviour outcomes in primary school children. International Journal of Educational Research, 53: 394-406.Available at:

Daroni, G.A., A. Salim and Sunardi, 2018. Impact of parent's divor.Ce on children's education for disability kids. Indonesian Journal of Disability Studies, 5(1): 35 - 45.

Faradina, N., 2016. Self acceptance of parents who have children with special needs. E-Journal Psychology, 4(4): 34-39.

Haller, B.A., 2006. Promoting disability-friendly campuses to prospective students: An analysis of university recruitment materials. Disability Studies Quarterly, 26(2): 15 - 22.Available at:

Harounan, K., D. Levy, L.L. Linden and M. Sloan, 2013. The effects of" girl-friendly" schools: Evidence from the BRIGHT school construction program in Burkina Faso. American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 5(3): 41-62.Available at:

Hartono, A. and A. Pamungkas, 2010. Media development training towards child friendly schools. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Hasan, A.S. and M.M. Handayani, 2014. The relationship between peer friend social support and self-adjustment of deaf students in the inclusion school. Journal of Educational and Development Psychology, 14(2): 128 – 135.

Irawati, N., 2015. The relationship between empathy and regular student social acceptance of disabilities students in inclusive classes (junior high school 2 sewon). Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 10(4): 56-62.

Ni’matuzahroh, 2015. Analysis of teacher readiness in management of inclusion classes. Psychology & Humanity Seminar. Psychology Forum UMM.

Nugraheni, 2018. Attitude of teachers' acceptance of learning-friendly education for children with disability in the ministry of religion in Surakarta. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 6(1): 52-59.

Oluremi, O., F., 2012. Creating a friendly school learning environment for Nigerian children. European Scientific Journal, 8(8): 44-49.

Pandji and Wardani, 2013. Have we friendly special needs children? , Jakarta: Elex Media Komputindo.

Pratiwi and Murtaningsih, 2013. Tips for success in caring for children with special needs. Ar-ruzz, Yogyakarta.

Risnawati, 2013. Child friendly schools as education oriented to children's needs. Bandung: Rosda.

Salamanca, S., 1994. The Salamanca statement and framework for action on special needs education. World Conference on Special Needs Education: Access and Quality. Spanyol.

Salend, J.S., 2011. Creating inclusive classrooms. Effective and reflective practices. New York: Pearson.

Salim, A., 2017. Teacher’s mastery on the concepts of differentiated instruction in inclusive primary schools. Proceeding International Conference on Special Education in Southeast Asia Region. Malang: January 21 2017. pp: 1-4.

Salim, A., 2019. The analysis of teachers’ competence in participating the in-service training program of inclusive education in Indonesia. Asian Social Science, 15(2): 8-16.

Santos, D. and L. Miguel, 2019. The relationship between teachers' beliefs, teachers' behaviors, and teachers' professional development: A literature review. International Journal of Education and Practice, 7(1): 10-18.Available at:

Slam, Z., 2016. Education nonviolence through child friendly school. TARBIYA: Journal of Education in Muslim Society, 3(2): 186-204.Available at:

Syafrida, E. and W.T. Aryani, 2013. Teachers' attitudes toward inclusive education are viewed from the forming factors of attitude. Journal of Development and Education Psychology, 13(2): 10 – 12.

Tarmansyah, 2007. Inclusion educational for all. Jakarta: Depdiknas.

UNESCO, 2007. Toolkit for developing an inclusive, friendly environment for learning. Jakarta: Directorate General of Primary and Secondary Education Management.

Utari, R.E., 2016. Implementation of child friendly school programs in tempuran 1 junior high school magelang district. Journal of Education Policy, 5(7): 695 – 707.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received financial support from competitive research postgraduate grants.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Investigating Linguistic Errors in English Composition: A Case Study of Non-English Department EFL Undergraduate Students
( 2 ) When Virtual Becomes Better than Real: Investigating the Impact of a Networking Simulation on Learning and Motivation
( 3 ) Investigating Readiness for Acceptance of Change for the Adoption of Blackboard LMS at Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
( 4 ) Investigating Issues and Challenges in Employing Action Research for Teacher Training in Malaysian Context
( 5 ) Investigating Factors Influencing Grade 9 and 12 Learner-Performance in Science – Views of School Administrators, Teachers, and Learners: The Case of Eastern Province, Zambia
( 6 ) Investigating Effectiveness of Disability Friendly Education Training Modules in Indonesian Schools
( 7 ) Investigating Employment and Career Decision of Health Sciences Teachers in the Rural School Districts and Communities: A Social Cognitive Career Approach
( 8 ) Investigating Attitude towards Role Play and its Subjective Value in Predicting Arabic Language Proficiency among UiTM Students
( 9 ) Investigating the Aesthetic Domain of the “Early Childhood Education and Care Curriculum Framework” for Young Students in Taiwan
( 10 ) Effectiveness of E-Learning in Teaching Chemistry With Reference To Certain Selected Variables
( 11 ) Disciplinary Management in Public Primary Schools and Teachers Job Effectiveness in Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria
( 12 ) School-Community Relationship and School System Effectiveness in Secondary Schools in Cross River State
( 13 ) Partnership as a Factor in the Effectiveness of Practice-Oriented Education of Students
( 14 ) Effectiveness of Gamification of Web-Based Learning in Improving Academic Achievement and Creative Thinking among Primary School Students
( 16 ) The Effectiveness of a Cloud-Based Learning Program in Developing Reflective thinking Skills in Islamic Education among Students in UAE
( 18 ) Making Schools More Girl Friendly: Exploring the Effects of Girl Friendly Space on School Attendance of Adolescent Girls
( 20 ) Remediating Some Learning Difficulties of L200 Science Education Students of Modibbo Adama University of Technology in Some Physics Concepts Using Multiple Representations
( 21 ) Tablet Technologies and Education
( 22 ) Reflective Practice in Teacher Education in Ghana
( 23 ) “Students’ Perspective of Most To Least Preferred Parameters Affecting the Quality of Education in an Affiliated Undergraduate Engineering Institution in Haryana”
( 24 ) Education and Poverty Alleviation: Problems and Prospects
( 25 ) Teachers’ Perception on Laws and Education in Nigeria
( 26 ) Career/Vocational Guidance/Counselling: A Tool for Functional Education and Graduate Employability
( 27 ) Analysis of Integrated Science and Computer Science Students’ Academic Performances in Physics in Colleges of Education, Nigeria
( 28 ) Relationship between Selected Total Quality Management Practices Employed By Public Secondary Schools Principals and Students’ Performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education in Kiambu County, Kenya
( 29 ) Regulatory Roles of the National Universities Commission and the Quality of Nigerian University Education
( 30 ) Managing the Nigerian Tertiary Education for National Transformation through Effective Continuous Staff Training and Development (CSTD)
( 31 ) Performance Accountability in Higher Education (Case Study on the Performance Accountability at Andalasuniversity West Sumatera - Indonesia)
( 32 ) Teachers’ Maxims in English Language Teaching; a Challenge in Education for Social Transformation in Kenya
( 33 ) Quality Assurance in Higher Education Using Business Intelligence Technology
( 34 ) The Implication of Customer Service in Higher Education: Review Paper
( 35 ) Internationalizing Teacher Education: A U.S. – Vietnam Case Study
( 36 ) Managing Academic Service Delivery in South-South Nigerian Universities for National Education Transformation
( 37 ) Benchmarking in Physical Education Teacher Education Program
( 38 ) Advanced Education and Training Programs to Support Renewable Energy Investment in Africa
( 39 ) Educationally Game-Based Learning Encourages Learners to be Actively Engaged in their Own Learning
( 40 ) Do Preschool Teachers' Education Affect their Classroom Practices and Career Paths?
( 41 ) The Analysis of Entrepreneurship Program Within Higher Education (Institution Case Study of the Management of Business in Telecommunications and Informatics, Telkom University - Indonesia)
( 42 ) The Rwandan Secondary School Competence-Based Curriculum: Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes to Incorporate in the University of Rwanda-College of Education Programs to Align them with the Current Curriculum
( 43 ) Evaluation of the Goals of Art Education Programme in the North-East, Nigeria
( 44 ) How Parental Education and Literacy Skill Levels Affect the Education of their Wards: The Case of Two Schools in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana
( 45 ) The Decline in Science Students’ Enrolment in Nigerian Colleges of Education: Causes and Remedies
( 46 ) Anxiety in Classroom Presentation in Teaching - Learning Interaction in English for Students of Indonesian Study Program at Higher Education
( 47 ) Lecture Method Preferences, Auditory or Visual, of Ukrainian Consumers of Educational Services : A Statistical Analysis
( 49 ) Leadership in Higher Education in Saudi Arabia: Benefits, Constraints and Challenges of Adopting Servant Leadership Model by Department Chairs
( 51 ) Factors Affecting Students Choice of Higher Education Institution: A Malaysian Perspective
( 52 ) Supporting STEM in Higher Education
( 53 ) The Feasibility and Expediency of Gamification Activities in Higher Education
( 54 ) Impact of Co-Teaching Approach in Inclusive Education Settings on the Development of Reading Skills
( 56 ) Realistic Mathematics Education in Vietnam: Recent Policies and Practices
( 58 ) Quality Education from Faculty Management Perspectives in Private Higher Education: Does Faculty Commitment Behaviour Mediate?
( 59 ) Effects of Self-Management and Social Skills Training On the Reduction of Adolescents’ Conduct Disorder
( 61 ) The Training Dilemma: Three Teachers’ Views of CPD
( 62 ) Building a Project Culture through Research and Innovation Training of Future PhDs in Ukraine
( 69 ) The Impact of Teacher-Pupil Ratio on Teaching-Learning Process in Primary Schools: Experiences from Tanzania
( 70 ) Incorporating Error Analysis Approach into the Teaching of Practical Chemistry in Senior Secondary Schools in Makurdi Nigeria: Any Effect on Achievement?
( 71 ) Using Cooperative E-Learning Teaching Strategy to Enhance Students’ Creativity in Secondary School Biology: A Study of Selected Schools in Nakuru County, Kenya
( 72 ) Students’ Perception of Girlchild Affirmative Action in High Schools in Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe
( 74 ) How to reach and Teach African American Students in Today’s Schools
( 75 ) Marketing Strategies And Students’ Enrolment in Private Secondary Schools in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria