Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

International Journal of Education and Practice

April 2016, Volume 4, 4, pp 154-166

Factors that Influence Teachers’ Perceptions of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in Mathematics Teaching in Kenyan Secondary Schools

Leonard Mwathi Kamau


Peter Kimani


Priscilla Muthoni

Leonard Mwathi Kamau 1

Peter Kimani 2 Priscilla Muthoni 2 

  1. Lecturer of Mathematics and Mathematics Education Department of Educational Communication and Technology South Eastern Kenya University, Kitui, Kenya 1

  2. PhD student, Department of Educational Administration and Planning, South Eastern Kenya University, Kitui, Kenya 2

Pages: 154-166

DOI: 10.18488/journal.61/2016.4.4/

Share :


This study investigated the factors that influence mathematics teachers’ perceptions of ICT in mathematics teaching in Kenyan secondary schools. Participants for the study came from a population of mathematics teachers in Nairobi and Nyandarua counties in Kenya. The results revealed that mathematics teachers’ perceived roles of ICT in the classroom were positive with a large proportion of teachers agreeing that ICT plays a significant role in the teaching-learning process. Additionally, demographic factors such as age, school type, teachers’ educational level, principal’s subject major, and so on were significantly related to mathematics teachers’ perceptions of the roles of ICT in the classroom. The Internet and ownership of laptop computer were found to be useful in shaping mathematics teachers’ perceptions; however, this was not true for the availability of computer labs, technology resources, and location of the school (rural or urban). Additionally, limited time to integrate ICT in the lessons and inadequate ICT training in mathematics related software were found to limit mathematics perceptions of the positive roles of ICT in mathematics teaching. The study recommends that mathematics teachers need to be trained on the relevant mathematics software, be provided with reliable Internet connection, and encouraged to acquire laptop computers for instructional use.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated teachers’ perceptions of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in mathematics education. Limited studies have investigated this research problem in the African context. The study used the Chi-square statistics as a lens of identifying the variables in the study.


ICT, Factors, Perceptions, Activity theory, Chi-square, Kenya, Mathematics, Teaching.



  1. Babbie, E., 1990. Survey research methods. Belmont: Wadsworth Press.
  2. Cole, M. and Y. Engeström, 1991. A cultural-historical approach to distributed cognition. In G. Salmon (Ed). Distributed cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  3. Creswell, J.W., 2008. Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. 3rd Edn., Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
  4. Cuban, L., H. Kirkpatrick and C. Peck, 2001. High access and low use of technologies in high school classrooms: Explaining an apparent paradox. American Educational Research Journal, 38(4): 813–834.
  5. Demetriadis, S., A. Barbas, A. Molohides, G. Palalgeorgiou, D. Psillos and L. Vlahavas, 2003. Cultures in negotiation: Teachers acceptance/resistance attitudes considering the infusion of technology into schools. Computers and Education, 41(1): 19-37.
  6. Demiraslan, Y. and Y. Usluel, 2008. ICT integration in Turkish schools: Using activity theory to study issues and contradictions. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 24(4): 458-474.
  7. Divaharan, S. and L.C. Ping, 2010. Secondary school socio-cultural context influencing ICT integration: A case study approach. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 26(6): 741-763.
  8. Engeström, M.Y., 1987. Learning by expanding: An activity-theoretical approach to developmental research. Helsinki: Orienta-Konsultit.
  9. Fauske, J.R. and R. Raybould, 2005. Organizational learning theory in schools. Journal of Educational Administration, 43(1): 22-40.
  10. Karasavvidis, I., 2009. Activity theory as a conceptual framework for understanding teacher approaches to information and communication technologies. Computers & Education, 53(2009): 436–444.
  11. Lim, C.P., 2002. A theoretical framework for the study of ICT in schools: A proposal. British Journal of Educational Technology, 33(4): 415–426.
  12. Ocak, M.A., 2005. Mathematics teachers attitudes toward the computers. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 4(3): 82-89.
  13. Tella, A., A. Tella, O.M. Toyobo, L.O. Adika and A.A. Adeyinka, 2007. An assessment of secondary school teachers use of ICTs: Implication for further developments of ICT’s use in Nigerian secondary schools. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 6(3): 5-17.
  14. Tezci, E., 2011. Turkish primary school teachers perceptions of school culture regarding ICT integration. Educational Technology Research and Development, 59(3): 429-443.
  15. Whattananarong, K., 2004. An experiment in the use of mobile phones for testing at King Mongkut’s institute of technology North Bangkok, Thailand. Proc. International Conference on Making Education Reform Happen: Learning from the Asian Experience & Comparative Perspectives, Bangkok, Thailand.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing Behavior in Academic Communities: Grounded Theory
( 2 ) Factors that Influence Teachers’ Perceptions of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in Mathematics Teaching in Kenyan Secondary Schools
( 3 ) Factors Influencing Accounting Students Under-Performance: A Case Study in a Malaysian Public University
( 4 ) Investigating Factors Influencing Grade 9 and 12 Learner-Performance in Science – Views of School Administrators, Teachers, and Learners: The Case of Eastern Province, Zambia
( 5 ) Factors Affecting Students Choice of Higher Education Institution: A Malaysian Perspective
( 6 ) Factors Influencing Undergraduates Choice of Teaching as a Career (Fit-Choice) in Nigeria
( 7 ) Factors Affecting Academic Performance of First-Year University Students: A Case of a Vietnamese University
( 8 ) Factors Affecting Korean Military Cadets Attitude towards Diversity
( 9 ) Operational Strategies and Sustainability Factors Influencing Implementation of Education Intervention in Honduras, Central America: Avanzado Libros Project
( 10 ) Factors Associated with Under-Performance of Accounting Students: Evidence from a Nigerian Public University
( 11 ) A Study of Factors Influencing the Development of Student Talent
( 13 ) Skills that Matter and Will Last a Lifetime
( 14 ) Gender and Location Influence on Ghanaian Students’ Perceptions of Energy and Classroom Learning
( 15 ) A Case Study of Helping In-Service Science Teacher to Teach with the Science-Technology-Society Approach and its Influence on Students’ Scientific Argumentation
( 16 ) Influence of Laboratory Method on Students’ Mathematical Creativity in Yenagoa Local Government Area of Bayelsa State
( 18 ) The Extent to Which Parental Involvement Influences Transition of Pupils from Lower to Upper Primary in Manga District Schools
( 19 ) The Influence of Perfectionism on Academic Self-Concept
( 20 ) Do Teachers Attitudes, Perception of Usefulness, and Perceived Social Influences Predict their Behavioral Intentions to Use Gamification in EFL Classrooms? Evidence from the Middle East
( 21 ) The Influence of Government Policy, Principle Leadership, and Participation of Parents on Strengthening Teacher Organizations (KKG/MGMP) and Development of Problem Solving in Students: Indonesia Case
( 22 ) The Influence of the Prevention, Advocacy, Distribution, Repair, and Adjustment Functions of Teacher Guidance and Counselling on the Psychosocial Conditions, Self-Reliance, and Competence of High School Students in DKI Jakarta Province
( 23 ) The Influence of the Maritime Learning Activities on the Development of Student Competencies: Case Study
( 24 ) Student-Teachers’ Attitudes toward Students with Disabilities: Associations with Contact and Empathy
( 25 ) Teachers’ Perception on Laws and Education in Nigeria
( 26 ) Episodic Memories among First and Fourth Graders Early Childhood University Student Teachers, Concerning Teachers’ Behaviors: A Mixed Method Approach
( 27 ) Teachers’ Maxims in English Language Teaching; a Challenge in Education for Social Transformation in Kenya
( 28 ) The Training Dilemma: Three Teachers’ Views of CPD
( 30 ) The Ethics of Teachers’ Practices During Evaluations at University Level: The Case of the University of Maroua
( 32 ) Developing Pre-Service Teachers Awareness and Change of Gender-Oriented Perceptions
( 34 ) Perceptions of the Open Distance and E-Learning Model at a South African University
( 35 ) Teacher Perceptions of the Impact of Peer Learning in their Classrooms: Using Social Interdependence Theory as a Model for Data Analysis and Presentation
( 36 ) User Perceptions of Technology Integration in Schools: Evidence from Turkey’s Fatih Project
( 37 ) Instructors Perceptions of EFL Supervisors Classroom Observation Practices at University Level
( 38 ) Perceptions of Faculty Members on the Leadership Capacity of their Students at Vietnam National University Ho Chi Minh City
( 39 ) Information and Communication Technology challenges and Strategies among Office Technology and Management Educators in Nigerian Polytechnics
( 40 ) Digitization and Preservation as Means of Accessing Information in Nigerian University Libraries: A Case Study of Bayero University, Kano and Kashim Ibrahim Library, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
( 42 ) Investigation into Information Literacy and the Use of Web 2.0 Technologies in a Faculty of Architecture
( 43 ) Poster Presentations Improve Engineering Students’ Communication Skills
( 45 ) Disaster Management: Planning and Communication Approaches Used in Organizations in Kenya
( 47 ) The Analysis of Entrepreneurship Program Within Higher Education (Institution Case Study of the Management of Business in Telecommunications and Informatics, Telkom University - Indonesia)
( 48 ) Remediating Some Learning Difficulties of L200 Science Education Students of Modibbo Adama University of Technology in Some Physics Concepts Using Multiple Representations
( 49 ) Teacher Preparation Programs and Technology Integration: Best Practices for Curriculum Design
( 50 ) Application of PBL Method in Beverage Technology Teaching
( 51 ) Effective Use of Teaching Methodologies in Science, Technology and Mathematics (STM) Classrooms in Nigeria: A Panacea to Vision 20:2020
( 54 ) Quality Assurance in Higher Education Using Business Intelligence Technology
( 56 ) Developing ICT Competences in Bachelors of Engineering and Technology in a Multilingual Environment
( 59 ) Teaching of Mathematics and Physics in Secondary School through Research and Study Paths
( 61 ) Self-Concept as a Correlate of Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Mathematics
( 63 ) Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Knowledge and Problem-Solving Skills in Mathematics: High School Graduates Work Analysis and Standpoints
( 64 ) Realistic Mathematics Education in Vietnam: Recent Policies and Practices
( 65 ) Effects of Gender, Test Anxiety and Test Items Scrambling on Students Performance in Mathematics: A Quasi-Experimental Study
( 66 ) Effectiveness of E-Learning in Teaching Chemistry With Reference To Certain Selected Variables
( 67 ) The Impact of Teacher-Pupil Ratio on Teaching-Learning Process in Primary Schools: Experiences from Tanzania
( 68 ) Incorporating Error Analysis Approach into the Teaching of Practical Chemistry in Senior Secondary Schools in Makurdi Nigeria: Any Effect on Achievement?
( 69 ) Learning Analytics in Practice: Development and Implementation of A Support System to the Management of the Teaching Activity
( 70 ) Using Cooperative E-Learning Teaching Strategy to Enhance Students’ Creativity in Secondary School Biology: A Study of Selected Schools in Nakuru County, Kenya
( 71 ) Key Challenges of Work-Based Learning Application in Teaching and Learning Strategies for Accounting Programs
( 73 ) The Importance of Computers with Matlab Software in the Teaching and Learning of Geometry in Space
( 74 ) Student- Teacher and Student- Student Interaction in Second Language Teaching- Learning Environment: A Micro-Teaching Case Study
( 77 ) Availability and Use of Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Primary Schools in Nandi North District, Kenya
( 79 ) Mainstreaming ICT Mobile in Teaching Large Classes in Higher Learning Institutions in Tanzania: The Case of Ardhi University
( 81 ) Effective Application of Local Teaching Aids for Cost Control in Learning Islamic Studies in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
( 82 ) EFL Teachers Response to the Ecological Expectations of the Teaching Context at a Saudi University
( 83 ) Anxiety in Classroom Presentation in Teaching - Learning Interaction in English for Students of Indonesian Study Program at Higher Education
( 84 ) Industry 4.0: Employers Expectations of Accounting Graduates and its Implications on Teaching and Learning Practices
( 85 ) Shifting Primary School Teachers Understanding of Songs Teaching Methods : An Action Research Study in Indonesia
( 86 ) Out-of-Field Social Studies Teaching through Sustainable Culture-Based Pedagogy: A Filipino Perspective
( 87 ) Impact of Co-Teaching Approach in Inclusive Education Settings on the Development of Reading Skills
( 88 ) Participatory Teaching and Learning Approach: A Framework for Teaching Redox Reactions at High School Level
( 90 ) The New Model for Teaching Collaboration between Universities and Enterprises: In the Case of Vietnam
( 91 ) Motivation for Preservice Students to Choose a Teaching Career by Gender, Age, and Subject Area in Nigeria
( 92 ) Favorite Methods of Teaching and Evaluation among Students in University Colleges
( 95 ) Counselling Against Dropout among Secondary School Students in Edo State
( 97 ) Overcoming Domestic Labour among Secondary School Students in Kenya
( 98 ) Relationship between Selected Total Quality Management Practices Employed By Public Secondary Schools Principals and Students’ Performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education in Kiambu County, Kenya
( 100 ) Drug Use and Anti-Social Behaviour as Correlates of Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Biology in Makurdi Local Government Area of Benue State
( 101 ) Marketing Strategies And Students’ Enrolment in Private Secondary Schools in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria
( 103 ) Principals’ School Plant Management and Academic Performance of Biology Students in Public Secondary Schools in Uyo Senatorial District, Akwa Ibom State
( 104 ) Preference of Learning Styles and its Relationship with Academic Performance among Junior Secondary School Students in Dutse Local Government Area, Jigawa State, Nigeria
( 105 ) Development of a Rating Scale for Measuring Teacher Classroom Autonomy in Secondary Schools in Southwestern Nigeria