Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

Journal of Food Technology Research

June 2021, Volume 8, 1, pp 1-8

Quality Evaluation of Instant Mosa (A Fried Maize Based Snack) Produced from Fermented Maize and Sorghum Flour

Abdus-Salaam R.B.


Arohunmolase, A.C.


Kareem, K.O.

Abdus-Salaam R.B. 1 ,

Arohunmolase, A.C. 1 Kareem, K.O. 1 
  1. Department of Food Technology, Lagos State Polytechnic, Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria. 1

Pages: 1-8

DOI: 10.18488/journal.58.2021.81.1.8

Share :

Article History:

Received: 02 November, 2020
Revised: 07 December, 2020
Accepted: 30 December, 2020
Published: 19 January, 2021


The study evaluated the quality of mosa produced from fermented maize and sorghum flour. The grains were subjected to fermentation, drying and milling to obtain four samples coded MFDS (Milled Fermented Dried Sorghum), MFDM (Milled Fermented Dried Maize), FDMM (Fermented Dried Milled Maize) and FDMS (Fermented Dried Milled Soghum). Proximate, functional and physiochemical analysis were determined on the flour with sensory evaluation of the fried mosa using the traditional fermented wet milled maize as control. The value of protein, fat, crude fiber, ash and carbohydrate ranged from 4.25-7.06, 0.42-0.71%, 0.27-0.46%, 2.17-3.26% and 29.85-88.72% respectively. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) between sample FDMS and FDMM in respect to protein, fat and crude fibre. Also, there was no significant difference (p>0.05) between samples FDMS and MFDM with respect to ash and carbohydrate. The water absorption capacity, oil absorption, swelling capacity and solubility ranged were 0.65-0.74 g/ml, 26.33-88.33 g/ml, 13.00-81.00 g/ml, 3.93-9.04 g/ml and 0.20-7.00% respectively. FDMS, FDMM and MFDS did not differ significantly (p>0.05) in bulk density, swelling capacity and solubility. The value of pH and TTA ranged from 4.19-6.86 and 0.05-0.34 respectively. The colour, taste, flavor, appearance, texture and overall acceptability ranged 6.27-8.10, 4.93-7.80, 4.80-7.40, 6.57-7.50, 4.87-7.47 and 5.73-7.87 respectively. The sensory scores revealed no significant difference (p>0.05) between sample FMWM, MFDM, FDMS and FDMM with respect to taste, colour, flavor and overall acceptability. The study shows that a more nutritious mosa can be produced from fermented sorghum grains, followed by drying and milling.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is finding that Mosa (a maize based snack) can be produced alternatively from sorghum, and more instantly and conveniently using pre fermented flours thus increasing the utilization of sorghum grains and conveniency of Mosa production. The product compared well with the control.


Fermented, Milled, Dried, Maize, Sorghum, Mosa.


Adelakun, O. E., Adejuyitan, J. A., Olajide, J. O., & Alabi, B. K. (2005). Effect of soybean substitution on some physical, compositional and sensory properties of kokoro (a local maize snack). European Food Research and Technology, 220(1), 79-82.

Adepeju, A. B., Gbadamosi, S. O., Omobuwajo, T. O., & Abiodun, O. A. (2014). Functional and physico-chemical properties of complementary diets produced from breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis). African Journal of Food Science and Technology, 5(4), 105-113.

Amankwah, E. A., Barimah, J., Acheampong, R., Addai, L. O., & Nnaji, C. O. (2009). Effect of fermentation and malting on the viscosity of maize-soyabean weaning blends. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8(10), 1671-1675.

Amir, B., Mueen-Ud-Din, G., Abrar, M., Mahmood, S., Nadeem, M., & Mehmood, A. (2015). Chemical composition, rheological properties and cookies making ability of composite flours from maize, sorghum and wheat. Journal of Agroalimentary Processes and Technologies, 28-35.

AOAC. (2000). Methods of the association of official analystical chemists. Official methods of analysis (18th ed.): Alitington Virgina Association.

Ayo, J. A., Agu, H., & Famoriyo, O. F. (2008a). Effect of different cereals on the quality of Masa. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 7(4), 530-533.

Ayo., J. A., Agu, H., Ayo, V. A., & Famoriyo, O. F. (2008b). Effect of Groundnut Paste on the quality of Maize based Masa. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 7(4), 557-560.

Banigo, E. B., & Mepba, H. D. (2005). Certain functional properties of wheat-breadfruit composite flours. Paper presented at the In: Proced.29th Annual Conference of Nigerian Institute of Food Science and Tech.(NIFST).

Beugre, G. A. M., Yapo, B. M., Blei, S. H., & Gnakri, D. (2014). Effect of fermentation time on the physico-chemical properties of maize flour. International Journal of Research Studies Bioscience, 2(8), 30-38.

Bhupender, S. K., Rajneesh, B., & Baljeet, S. Y. (2013). Physicochemical, functional, thermal and pasting properties of starches isolated from pearl millet cultivars. International Food Research Journal, 20(4), 1555-1561.

Cardoso, L. M., Pinheiro, S. S., Carvalho, C. W. P., Queiroz, V. A. V., Menezes, C. B., Moreira, A. V. B., . . . Pinheiro-Sant’Ana, H. M. (2015). Phenolic compounds profile in sorghum processed by extrusion cooking and dry heat in a conventional oven. Journal of Cereal Science, 65(1), 220-226.

Eke-Ejiofor, J., & Oparaodu, F. O. (2019). Chemical, functional and pasting properties of flour from three millet varieties. Research Journal of Food and Nutrition, 3(3), 15-21.

Elkhalifa, A. O., Schiffler, B., & Bernhardt, R. (2005). Effect of fermentation on the functional properties of sorghum flour. Food Chemistry, 92(1), 1-5.

Ertas, N., Sert, D., & Demir, M. K. (2015). Functional properties of tarhana enriched with whey Concentrate. Agronomy Research, 13(4), 919–928.

FAO. (2003). Chapter 2 food security: Concepts and measurement. In FAO (Ed.), Trade reforms and Food Security (pp. 25-34). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United State.

Giami, S. Y., Achinewhu, S. C., & Ibaakee, C. (2005). The quality and sensory attributes of cookies supplemented with fluted pumpkin (Telfairia occidentalis Hook) seed flour. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 40(6), 613-620.

Huang, M. F., Wang, H. Y., & Yu, J. G. (2009). Preparation and properties of green thermoplastic B. Saunders Company.

Igwe, E. C., Oyebode, Y. B., & Dandago, M. A. (2013). Effect of fermentation time and leavening agent on the quality of laboratory produced and market samples of masa (a local cereal based puff batter). African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 13(5), 8415-8427.

Jimoh, W. L., & Abdullahi, M. S. (2017). Proximate analysis of selected sorghum cultivars  Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 10(1), 285 - 288.

Kolawole, O. M., Kayode, R. M. O., & Akinduyo, B. (2007). Microbial analysis of Burukutu and Pito produced in Ilorin, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology, 6(5), 587-590.

Mbaeyi-Nwaoha, I. E., & Onweluzo, J. C. (2013). Functional properties of sorghum (S. bicolor L.)-pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) flour blends and storage stability of a flaked breakfast formulated from blends. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 12(4), 382-397.

Meite, A., Kouame, K. G., Amani, N. G., Kati-Coulibaly, S., & Offoumou, A. (2008). Physico-chemical and sensory features of breads fortified with the flours of seeds of citrulluslanatus. Journal of science. Pharmacology and Biolology, 9(1), 32-43.

Nwosu, J. N., Ogueke, C. C., Owuamanam, C. I., & Onuegbu, N. (2011). The effect of storage conditions on the proximate and rheological properties of soup thickener brachystegia enrycoma (Achi). Report and Opinion, 3(5), 52-58.

Onitilo, M. O., Sanni, L. O., Daniel, I., Maziyadixon, B., & Dixon, A. (2007). Physico-chemical and functional properties of native starches from cassava varieties in southwest Nigeria. Journals of Food Science and Agricultural Environment, 5, 108–114.

Onwurafor, E. U., Umego, E. C., & Uzodinma, E. O. (2017). Chemical, functional, pasting and sensory properties of sorghum-maize-mungbean malt complementary food. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 16(11), 826-834 

Peleg, M., & Bagley, E. B. (2000). Physical properties of foods. Westport, Connecticut: AVI Publishing Co. Inc.

Peluola-Adeyemi, O. A., Obi, T. E., & Ugbogu, D. I. (2016). Effect of temperature and time on the physical properties of head produced from wheat-cocoyam flour using response surface methodology. Journal of food Technology Research, 3(2), 63-71.

Pereira, D., Correia, P. M., & Guiné, R. P. (2013). Analysis of the physical-chemical and sensorial properties of Maria type cookies. Acta Chimica Slovaca, 6(2), 269-280.

Sadler, G. D., & Murphy, P. A. (2010). pH and titratable acidity In: Food Analysis (Nielsen SS ed.) (4th ed., pp. 219-238). New York, USA: Springer.

Samuel, F. O., Ishola, O. R., & Otegbayo, B. O. (2015). Nutritional and sensory evaluation of rice-based Masa Enriched with Soybean and Crayfish. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6(02), 234-241.

Sanni, L. O., Adebowale, A. A., Filani, T. A., Oyewole, O. B., & Westby, A. (2006). Quality of flash and rotary dried fufu flour. Journal of Food Agriculture and Environment, 4(3and4), 74-78.

Sosulski, F. W., Humbert, F. S., Bui, K., & Jones, J. D. (1976). Functional properties of rapeseed flours, concentrates and isolates. Journal of Food Science (USA), 41(6), 1349-1352.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Agricultural Dualism, Wage Inequality and Development Policies
( 2 ) Quality Characteristics of High-Oleic Sunflower Oil Extracted from Some Hybrids Cultivated Under Egyptian Conditions
( 3 ) Maximizing the Productivity of Olives by Using Some Materials and Its Impacts on the Quality Indices of Picual Olive Oil
( 4 ) Soil Respiration, Microbial Biomass and Ratios (Metabolic Quotient and Mbc/Toc) As Quality Soil Indicators in Burnt and Unburnt Aleppo Pine Forest Soils
( 5 ) Effect of Sowing Date on Maize Seed Yield and Quality: A Review
( 6 ) Influence of Dehydrated Medicago Sativa on Quality Characteristics of Marchigiana Beef
( 7 ) Assessment of Veterinary Inspection Practices on Quality of Beef Produced In Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 8 ) Correlation between Milk Yield, Somatic Cell Count and Milk Quality in Dairy Farming
( 9 ) Effects of Degasified Extender on Quality Parameters of Cryopreserved Bull Spermatozoa
( 10 ) Molecular Characterization of Parental Lines of Rice Aiming to Address High Yield and Nutritional Quality Under Drought and Cold Stress Condition
( 11 ) Harvesting Date Influences Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Yield and Quality of Based-Products
( 12 ) Palm Kernel Separation Efficiency and Kernel Quality from Different Methods Used in Some Communities in Rivers State, Nigeria
( 13 ) The Quality of Fried Chips Varies with Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Varieties and Soaking Regime
( 14 ) Determination of Microbiological Quality of White Cheeses Marketed in Afyonkarahisar
( 15 ) Evaluating Variation in Seed Quality Attributes in Pinus Patula Clonal Orchards using Cone Cluster Analysis
( 16 ) Quality Attributes of Cheese Produced from Goat’s Milk Supplemented with Coconut Milk
( 17 ) Quality Attributes of Yam (Dioscorea rotundata) Flour as Affected by Some Processing Parameters
( 18 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 19 ) Exogenous Application of Antioxidants on Leaf Chlorophyll, Yield Dynamics and Berry Quality of Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)
( 20 ) Quality Evaluation of Instant Mosa (A Fried Maize Based Snack) Produced from Fermented Maize and Sorghum Flour
( 21 ) Effect of Blanching Time and Drying Method on Quality of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum)
( 22 ) Cultivation and Nutritional Quality of Moringa Oleifera Lam. Produced Under Different Substrates in Semi-Arid Region in Northeast Brazil
( 23 ) Bacteriological Quality and Cyanide Contents of Different Cassava Products Processed in Benue State for Use as Food for Man or Feedstock for Animals
( 24 ) Soil-Blade Interaction of a Rotary Tiller: Soil Bin Evaluation
( 25 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 26 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 27 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 28 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 29 ) Evaluation of the Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobialproperties of Extracts from Chrysophyllum Albidum (African Star Apple) Leaf
( 30 ) “Evaluation of Phytochemical Constituents of the Fruits of Cucumis Sativus Linn. For their Hepatoprotective Activity by Molecular Docking Studies”
( 31 ) Evaluation of Improved Varieties of Teff in West Belessa, Northwest Ethiopia
( 32 ) Evaluation of the Biomass of the Green Oak (Quercus Rotundifolia) of the Central Middle Atlas: Case of the South Jbel Aoua Forest (Morocco)
( 33 ) Study on Agronomic Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum, Mill.) Varieties for Phonological, Growth and Yield Characters
( 34 ) Evaluation of Chemical-Nutritional Characteristics of Rainbow Trout Samples Affected by the
( 35 ) The Evaluation of Some Dietary Fiber Rich by-Products in Ice Creams Made from the Traditional Pudding - Kesme Muhallebi
( 36 ) Evaluation of Selected Botanical Extracts against Mendi Termite Macrotermes subhyalinus (Isoptera: Termitidae), under Laboratory Condition
( 37 ) The Evaluation of the Agriculture of Hazelhazelnut in Duzce According to Climate Parameters
( 38 ) Evaluation of Different Tillage Practices on Growth and Yield of Fluted Pumpkin Telfairia Occidentalis in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 39 ) Evaluation of the Sustainability Criteria of Forest Management in the Municipality Palma Soriano, Santiago De Cuba Province
( 40 ) Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia
( 41 ) Evaluation of Eggshell as Organic Fertilizer on Sweet Basil
( 42 ) Evaluation of Repellency of Plant-Derived Insecticide against Brinjal and Pepper Pest Populations
( 43 ) Evaluation of Leaf-Water Relation Traits, as Selection Criterion for Developing Drought Resistant Potato (Solanum Tuberosum L.) Genotypes
( 44 ) Comparative Evaluation of Six Different Storage Materials for Long-Term Preservation of Huckleberry (Solanum scabrum) Seeds
( 45 ) Evaluation of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Varieties against Faba Bean Gall Disease in North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia
( 46 ) Evaluation of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna Subterranea (L) Verdc.) Varieties for Adaptation to Rainforest Agroecological Zone of Delta State, Nigeria
( 47 ) Phenotypic Performance Evaluation of Improved Tef (Eragrostis tef L) Genotypes in North Gondar
( 48 ) Analytical Evaluation of Four Accessions of Dialium guineense (L.) Leaves
( 49 ) Evaluation of Bread Making Performance of Some Wheat Flour Brands Available in Nigerian Markets as Affected by Cassava or Sweet Potato Flour Inclusion
( 50 ) On-Farm Evaluation of Conservation Agriculture Practice on Weed Control and Yield of Wheat in Northern Bangladesh
( 52 ) Evaluation of Socio-Economic Impacts of Deforestation in Edo State, Nigeria
( 55 ) Efficacy of Allicin (Allium Sativum Linn.) Against Bipolaris Sorokiniana in Barley Plants
( 56 ) Some Insect Pests (Arthropoda: Insecta) of Summer Vegetables, Their Identification, Occurrence, Damage and Adoption of Management Practices
( 57 ) Description of Immature Stages of the Brown Dog Tick Rhipicephalus Sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) Using Scanning Electron Microscopy
( 59 ) Genotypic Difference in Growth and Yield Related Traits of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Southern Tigray
( 60 ) Microscopic Detection of Haemoparasites in Muscovy Ducks (Anas Platyrynchos) in Gombe State, Nigeria
( 61 ) Management of Food Shelf Life and Energy Efficiency with Adaptive Food Preservation System (AFPS) Appliance
( 63 ) Optimization of Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius) Extract Syrup Formula as a Nutritive Antioxidant Drink
( 64 ) Growth and Yield Response of Shallot (Allium cepa var. aggregatum) Varieties to Intra-Row Spacing in Eastern Amhara, Ethiopia
( 65 ) Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State
( 66 ) Interactive Effects of Zinc-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungi on Cadmium Uptake, Rubisco, Osmolyte Synthesis and Yield in Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
( 67 ) Characterization of a Novel Floral Mutation Induced by Gamma Irradiation of Philippine Rice Variety NSIC Rc9 (Apo)
( 71 ) Study on Adaptability of Released Midland Maize Varieties around South Ari Woreda, South Omo Zone, Southern Nation Nationality Peoples Region, Ethiopia
( 73 ) Analysis of Determinants of Demand and Supply of Maize in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 74 ) Effect of Fungi and Manure on Cadmium Content and Biomass of Maize Grown In Cadmium Contaminated Tailing from Bangka Indonesia
( 75 ) Analysis of Consumer Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Maize Food in Swaziland
( 76 ) Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia
( 77 ) Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin
( 78 ) Agronomic Practices of Maize and Farm Nutrient Status in Bako Tibe District, West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia: Lesson from Agronomic Panel Survey
( 79 ) Breeding for Weevil (Sitophilus Zeamais Motschulsky) Resistance in Maize (Zea mays L)
( 81 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 83 ) Tabu-Genetic Algorithm-Based Model for Poultry Feed Formulation
( 84 ) Contextual Estimation of Marketable and Marketed Surplus of Selected Seasonal Fruits: A Study Based on Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT) of Bangladesh
( 85 ) Color-Based Forest Cover Type Image Segmentation using K-Means Clustering Approach
( 86 ) Economic Benefits of Waste Management Based on Cocoa Farming System in Rural Area: Evidence from East Kolaka District of Southeast Sulawesi Province
( 89 ) Nutritional, Functional and Sensory Properties of Biscuit Produced from Wheat-Sweet Potato Composite
( 90 ) Physico-Chemical Properties of Honey Produced In Masha, Gesha, and Sheko Districts in Southwestern Ethiopia
( 92 ) Effect of Temperature and Time on the Physical Properties of Bread Produced from Wheat – Cocoyam Flour Using Response Surface Methodology
( 94 ) Biochemical Composition and Consumption Risk of Leafy Vegetables Puts and Babenda Cereals Produced in Five Cities in Burkina Faso
( 95 ) Storage Effects on Microbiological and Some Antioxidant Potentials of Partially Substituted Bread Produced from Wheat Flour and Fresh Coconut Meat
( 97 ) Reduction of Aflatoxins and Microorganisms in the Koura-Koura Produced in Burkina Faso with Spices and Aromatic Leaves
( 101 ) Screening of Mycotoxins Producer Fungal and Aflatoxins Level in Dried and Smoked Fish (Clarias Sp.) and (Oreochromis Sp.) from Lake Fitri - Chad
( 103 ) Climate Relevant Emissions from Animal Production and Reduction Potentials
( 106 ) Farmers Assessment of the Training and Visit Extension System in Niger State: Evidence from Fadama Ii & Iii in Mokwa Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
( 107 ) Bioaccumulation of Hydrocarbon, Heavy Metals and Minerals in Tympanotonus Fuscatus from Coastal Region of Bayelsa State, Nigeria
( 108 ) Microbiological Profile, Shelf Stability and Some Physicochemical Properties of Fermented Flour from Different Sweet Potato Cultivars