This study investigated the effect of baking temperature and time on the physical properties of bread from 10% cocoyam and 90% wheat flour. A central composite rotatable experimental design with two factors and five levels were used. The independent factors were baking temperature (174.82 – 251.18oC) and baking time (30 – 45min). The responses were specific loaf volume (Y1), crumb moisture (Y2), crumb hardness (Y3) and overall acceptability (Y4). Thirteen (13) baking trials were performed with five center points and eight non center points. The specific loaf volume (3.35 – 3.9cm3/g), crumb moisture content (32.1 – 35%), crumb hardness (70 – 70.48N) and overall acceptability (4.85 – 8) varied significantly (P<0.05) with the baking temperature and time. The panelists preferred the bread baked at 186oC for 45min.
This study documents the effect of baking temperature and time on the physical properties of bread from wheat- cocoyam flour using response surface methodology and revealed that acceptable bread can be obtained from 90% wheat flour and 10% cocoyam flour at the baking temperature of 1860C for 45mins.
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