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Journal of Social Economics Research

December 2020, Volume 7, 2, pp 107-117

Socioeconomic Environment and Obesity on the US West and East Coasts

Bahram Adrangi


Athena Hoppe


Kambiz Raffiee

Bahram Adrangi 1

Athena Hoppe 2
Kambiz Raffiee 3

  1. W.E. Nelson Professor of Financial Economics Pamplin School of Business Administration University of Portland, USA. 1

  2. Pamplin School of Business Administration University of Portland, USA. 2

  3. College of Business Administration Foundation Professor of Economics College of Business, University of Nevada, USA. 3

Pages: 107-117

DOI: 10.18488/journal.35.2020.72.107.117

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Article History:

Received: 22 July, 2020
Revised: 25 August, 2020
Accepted: 17 September, 2020
Published: 01 October, 2020


The objective of this paper is to examine the association between obesity in the US West and East Coasts and access to grocery stores, fast food, convenience stores, recreational facilities, as well as the medium household income. A multivariate regression model based on aggregate county level observations for the West and the East Coasts based on the data from the US Department of Agriculture is estimated. Empirical results show that there is a positive association between obesity and convenience stores per county, while the rest of the variables showed negative association in the regression model. The elasticity between medium household income and obesity is the largest in magnitude for both geographic areas. These findings suggest policy recommendations for the short- and long-run that may be deployed to combat the obesity epidemic.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on obesity by focusing on the socioeconomic aspects rather than traditional clinical aspects of obesity. An empirical result of the econometric model shows that association between obesity and income, availability of grocery stores, fast food, and recreational facilities is negative. The elasticity between medium household income and obesity is the largest in magnitude for both West and East coasts of the US. These findings suggest policy recommendations for the short- and long-run that may be deployed to combat the obesity epidemic.


Obesity, Socioeconomics, Obesity, Multivariate regression model



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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