Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

Journal of Tourism Management Research

June 2017, Volume 4, 1, pp 17-29

Tourism Price Competition Index for National Destinations

Ramazan Goral


Erkan Akgoz

Ramazan Goral 1

Erkan Akgoz 2

  1. Selcuk University Beysehir Ali Akkanat Faculty of Tourism, Beysehir, Konya, Turkey 1

  2. Selcuk University Beysehir Ali Akkanat Faculty of Tourism, Beysehir, Konya, Turkey 2

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 17-29

DOI: 10.18488/journal.31.2017.41.17.29

Share :

Article History:

Received: 06 January, 2017
Revised: 13 February, 2017
Accepted: 08 March, 2017
Published: 11 April, 2017


Visitors are aware towards touristic goods and service prices and take cost of tourism package involving touristic goods and services into consideration in decision of choosing destination. Addressing cost of touristic goods and service package with destination choice and touristic demand made price competition a current issue in tourism. The destination that has comparative price advantage among alternative destinations is accepted as having high tourism price competition power. In this scope the first aim of our study is to develop a method that can make tourism package price comparison in rival national destinations. The second aim on the other hand depending upon the first aim is to form price competition towards alternative national destinations. In this scope basing on Household Budget Study of Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK), tourism package prices of the most important 4 destinations of Turkey were compared and price competition index was calculated.

Contribution/ Originality


Competition, Destination competitiveness, National tourism price competition, Price competitiveness indicators, Touristic expenditure, Tourism price competitiveness.



  1. Ahmed, Z.U. and F.B. Krohn, 1990. Reversing the United States' declining competitiveness in the marketing of ınternational tourism: A perspective on future policy. Journal of Travel Research, 29(2): 23-29. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  2. Buhalis, D., 2000. Marketing the competitive destination of the future. Tourism Management, 21(1): 97-116. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  3. Crouch, G.I., 1992. Effect of İncome & price on İnternational tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 19(4): 643-644. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  4. Crouch, G.I., 2011. Destination competitiveness: An analysis of determinant attributes. Jorunal of Travel Research, 50(1): 27-45. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  5. Crouch, G.I. and J. Ritchie, 1995. Destination competitiveness and the role of the tourism enterprise. Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Business Congress 13-16 July. pp: 43-48.
  6. Crouch, G.I. and J. Ritchie, 1999. Tourism, competitiveness and cocietal prosperity. Journal of Business Research, 44(3): 137-152. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  7. Dupeyras, A. and N. MacCallum, 2013. Indicators for measuring competitiveness in tourism: A guidence document. Paris: OECD Tourism Papers 2013/2.
  8. Dwyer, l., P. Forsyth and P. Rao, 2000. The price competitiveness of travel and tourism: A comparison of 19 destinations. Tourism Management, 21(1): 9-22. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  9. Dwyer, L., P. Forsyth and P. Rao, 2001. PPPs and the price competitiveness of ınternational tourism destinations. Washington D.C: World Bank-OECD Semınar on Purchasing Power Parities.
  10. Dwyer, L. and C. Kim, 2003. Destination competitiveness: Determinants and indicators. Current Issues in Tourism, 6(5): 369-414. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  11. Forsyth, P. and L. Dwyer, 2009. Tourism price competitiveness. Geneva: World Economic Forum The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2009.
  12. Kozak, M., Ş. Baloğlu and O. Bahar, 2009. Measuring destination competitiveness: Multiple destinations versus multiple nationalities. Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, 19(1): 56-71. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  13. MAS-SCTA, 2010. A proposal for developing a travel, transport and tourism price ındex(TTPI) for Saudi Arabia. Riyadh: Saudi Commision for Tourism and Antiquties and Tourism Information and Research Center.
  14. Oyewole, P., 2004. International tourism marketing in Africa: An assesment of price competitiveness using the purchasing power parities of the ICP. Journal of Travel&Tourism Marketing, 16(1): 3-17. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
  15. Ritchie, J.R. and G.I. Crouch, 1993. Competitiveness in ınternational tourism: A framework for understanding and analysis. 43rd Congress of the Association Internationele d'Experts Scientifique du Tourisme, San Carlos de Bariloche. pp: 23-71.
  16. TÜİK, 2008. Fiyat Endeksleri ve Enflasyon Sorularla Resmi İstatistikler Dizisi -3. Ankara: Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu.
  17. TÜİK, 2016. Retrieved from adresinden alınmıştır [Accessed 08/010/2016].
  18. Turner, P. and J. Van'tdack, 1993. Measuring ınternational prıce and cost competitveness. Bank For International Settlements BIC Economoc Papers No. 39.
  19. World Economic Forum, 2015. The travel and tourism competitiveness. Geneva: World Economic Forum.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Tourism Industry of Kashmir (1947-1989)
( 2 ) Is the Tourism Industry A Fragile Heavy Weight? Validation through a Literature Review of Tourism System Shocks
( 3 ) Supporting Tourism Business in Nigeria via Integrated Marketing
( 4 ) Space Tourism in Malaysia: A Strategic Move to Boost the Space Industry?
( 5 ) Pedagogy Design in Responsible Tourism Vis-À-Vis Challenges of Sustainable Development- A Qualitative Study On Reports and Cases of Research and Advocacy Organisations
( 6 ) The Enhancement of Sustainable Tourism Education and Training to Primary School Level and Rural Communities in Zimbabwe
( 7 ) Conceptual Framework of Brand Image for Tourism Industry: Tourism Management and Advertisement as Moderators
( 8 ) Tourism and Hospitality Management Students’ Perceptions Towards Foreign Languages at State Universities in Zimbabwe: Case of Midlands State University
( 9 ) Ranking the Personal Excellence Training Needs of Undergraduate Tourism Students
( 10 ) Tourism in Odisha: An Engine of Long Run Growth
( 11 ) QSPM Usage in SWOT Analysis as a Tool for Strategic Management of Caspian Sea Coasts (Case Study: Tourism Development in Caspian Eastern Coast at Gilan Province)
( 12 ) The Importance Performance Analysis of Taiwan Tourism Mobile Marketing
( 13 ) Development of Health Tourism in Turkey: SWOT Analysis of Antalya Province
( 14 ) Tourism Price Competition Index for National Destinations
( 15 ) Assessing Competencies of Tourism Students through Poster Presentation: Evidence from Indonesia
( 16 ) Financial Efficiency of India Tourism Development Corporation (ITDC) Limited: An Empirical Study
( 17 ) Outside in, Inside Out: Tourism Competitiveness and Brazilian Strategy Analysis
( 18 ) International Tourism Demand in Bangladesh: An ARDL Bounds Test Approach
( 19 ) A Research on Determinants of Participation Intention in Medical Tourism to Korea -Focused on Mongolian Customers
( 20 ) Improving the Methodology for Organizing Financial Results in Tourism
( 21 ) Residents Perception of Impacts toward Tourism Development: The Case of Bandung City, Indonesia
( 22 ) Edu-Tourism Destination Selection Process in an Emerging Economy
( 23 ) Factors Influencing the Decision of the People of Kisii Town to Consume Domestic Tourism Products
( 24 ) Articulation between the Websites of the City Hall and the City Council of Tourism in Porto Seguro-BA / BR: The Importance of the Virtual City for Tourist Communication
( 25 ) Responsible and Sustainable Tourism: A Comparison of Community Perceptions
( 26 ) Antecedent and Consequences of Risk Perception on Tourist Decision Making towards the Sustainable Medical Tourism Development in Bangladesh
( 27 ) Creative Cultural Tourism as a New Model for Cultural Tourism
( 28 ) Do Demographic Variables Affect the Organizational Cynicism Levels in Tourism?
( 29 ) Socio-Economic Analysis of Tourism: Evidence from Calabar Metropolis, Cross River State, Nigeria
( 30 ) The Relationship between Tourism and Economic Growth: Evidence from Oceania
( 31 ) Analysis of the Skills Gap in Tourism and Hospitality Industry in Kenya
( 32 ) The Tourism Business Industry of the Municipality of Tanay, Rizal, Philippines: An Assessment on Human Resource and a Province-Wide Market Research
( 33 ) Hotel Corporate Social Responsibility and Residents Support for Tourism Development
( 34 ) An Empirical Investigation between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Tourism in Bangladesh
( 35 ) Determinants of Sale Response Probability and Tourism Backward Linkage with Local Micro and Small Enterprises of Kisumu County – Kenya
( 36 ) Tourism and Growth in Nigeria: Application of TYDL Granger-Causality Test and Innovation Accounting Techniques
( 37 ) Demographic Profiling and Domestic Tourism Participation Behavior in Nairobi County, Kenya
( 38 ) The Impact of Neighborhood Characteristics on Housing Prices-An Application of Hierarchical Linear Modeling
( 39 ) Price Distortions, Exports, and Economic Growth: Evidence from the Non-Oil Sectors of Nigeria
( 43 ) Invigorating Entrepreneurial Spirit among Workforce
( 44 ) Towards Low Carbon Society: Exploring Users Perceptions on the Service Quality Level Performance of Public Transport Staff in the Klang Valley
( 45 ) Measuring SMEs’ Sustainability: A Literature Review and Agenda for Research
( 46 ) Impact of Product Development and Innovation on Organisational Performance
( 47 ) An Architecture for Personal Achievement Evaluation System in An University By Applying Open Source ECM and Bi Software
( 48 ) Foreign Direct Investment Affluences in Iskandar Malaysia
( 49 ) On Energy Subsidy Reform and Sustainable Development in Nigeria
( 50 ) Financial Performance Assessment of Large Scale Conglomerates Via Topsis and Critic Methods
( 51 ) Analysis of Batik Semarang Business Performance Using SCP (Structure-Conduct-Performance) Approach
( 52 ) Performance Culture – The E.Q., Support of the Reposition of Companies on the Market – Answer To the Impact of Economic Crisis
( 53 ) The Impact of Credit Risk Management on the Commercial Banks Performance in Nigeria
( 54 ) Do it Helps SMEs Gain Better Performance: A Conceptual Analysis on RBV Theory
( 55 ) Analysis of Workplace Stress and Organizational Performance in Human Resource Management: A Case Study of Air Traffic Controllers of Pakistan
( 56 ) Performance Audit: A Tool for Fighting Corruption in the Nigeria’s Public Sector Administration
( 57 ) The Impact of Team Diversity, Task Interdependence, Team Conflict and Team Cooperation on Job Performance: Using Real Estate Brokers as Examples
( 58 ) Critical Success Factors for Franchised Restaurants Entering the Kenyan Market: Customers’ Perspective
( 59 ) The Inclination of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Students towards Entrepreneurship
( 60 ) Cumulative Average Abnormal Return and Semistrong Form Efficiency Testing in Indonesian Equity Market over Restructuring Issue
( 61 ) Strategic Determinants of Family Firm Performance: A Proposed Research Framework
( 62 ) Use of Value-At-Risk for the Quantification of Risks In Insurance
( 63 ) Developing a Mindset for Rapid Incremental Innovation
( 64 ) School Inspection in Tanzania as a Motor for Education Quality: Challenges and Possible Way Forward
( 65 ) Distured Acetylcholinesterase Activity in Haemolymph and Fat Bodies of Schistocerca Gregaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae) By Extracts of Pomegranate Punica Granatum Linn. And Toothpick Weed Ammi Visnaga L.
( 66 ) Introduction to the Application of Organic Polymers for Photovoltaic Devices Organic Electronics Approach: Critical Review
( 67 ) Marketing Location as a Key Determinant for Inflow of Direct Investments into Bosnia and Herzegovina
( 68 ) Performance Based Budgeting System Design in Universitas Sebelas Maret
( 69 ) Asset System Design Based on Accrual To Improvement Quality of Financial Information (A Case Study in the City of Pacitan)
( 70 ) Business Strategies for Effective Entrepreneurship: A Panacea for Sustainable Development and Livelihood in the Family
( 71 ) Implementing IFRS for SMEs: Challenges for Developing Economies
( 72 ) Effects of Servant Leader Behaviors on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors for the Individual (OCB-I) In the Nigeria’s Utility Industry Using Partial Least Squares (PLS)
( 73 ) Future Forward: Banking on Youngsters to Create Value
( 74 ) Exploring Potential Entrants’ Perceptions of the Performance of an Agrirural Social Enterprise in Taiwan
( 75 ) A Comprehensive Public-Private Partnership Concept for Resources Sustainability from a Mega-Project Management Multi-Level Perspective
( 77 ) Comparison between Decision Making Method for Success Right or Wrong of Software Development Project
( 79 ) A Model on Knowledge Workers Performance Evaluation
( 80 ) The Human Capital Retention Strategies that Local Authorities in Zimbabwe Can Adopt for Successful Talent Retention
( 81 ) The Influence of Strategy Implementation on the Performance of Micro Enterprises in Ruiru Sub County, Kiambu County, Kenya
( 82 ) The Role of Supervisory and Leadership Type in Budgeting Commitment on Hospitals’ Financial Performance in East Java Province, Indonesia
( 83 ) The Creation of Financial Performance Based on the Economic Value Added Perspective: A Case of Indonesian Estate Firms
( 84 ) Contribution of Employee Engagement and Interpersonal Relationship to Improve Employee Performance
( 85 ) Influence of Outside Directors on Performance of Japanese Companies
( 86 ) English Ability Assessment for Economic Analysis of Employment and Income in Cambodian Frontline Staff
( 87 ) Benefits and Risks of Satisficing Levels for Input and Output Quantities in Efficiency Analyses from a Corporate Social Responsibility Perspective
( 91 ) The Study of Formation Characteristics and Development Tendencies of International Information and Knowledge Economy
( 92 ) Scale for Measuring Transformational Leadership in Public Sector Organizations in Sri Lanka: With Special Reference to Ministries of Western Provincial Council
( 93 ) An Investigation into the Factors Affecting the Sustainability of the Land Reform Programme Beneficiaries in Kwa Zulu-Natal Province
( 94 ) The Effect of Proactive Market Orientation on Company Performance: The Case of Medium and Large Manufacturing Companies in Ethiopia
( 95 ) Transformational Leadership and Contextual Performance: A Quantitative Study among Nursing Staff in Kuala Lumpur
( 96 ) Challenges for Sustainability in Critical Raw Material Assessments
( 97 ) The Impact of Destination Service Quality and Destination Environment on Tourist Satisfaction: A Field Study on Jordans Golden Triangle for Tourists Point of View
( 98 ) Impact of Information and Communication Technology on the Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Nigeria
( 99 ) Does Gearing Influence on Corporate Performance? Evidence from Kenya
( 101 ) Factors Affecting Garments Employees Perception on Job Performance: Evidence from Bangladesh
( 103 ) Customer Care Service Management is Moving Forward to Achieve Sustainable Customer Retention in Every Industry. Does it play a Role to Increase Brand Retention?
( 104 ) Effects of Constructivist Instructional Method on Low Achievers Academic Performance and Retention in Automechanics in Technical Colleges