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The Economics and Finance Letters

June 2021, Volume 8, 1, pp 32-43

The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Global Economy: Emphasis on Poverty Alleviation and Economic Growth

Prince Asare Vitenu-Sackey


Richard Barfi

Prince Asare Vitenu-Sackey 1 ,

Richard Barfi 1 
  1. School of Finance and Economics, School of Management, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province, P. R. China. 1

Pages: 32-43

DOI: 10.18488/journal.29.2021.81.32.43

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Article History:

Received: 02 November, 2020
Revised: 25 November, 2020
Accepted: 15 December, 2020
Published: 04 January, 2021


The COVID-19 pandemic has devastated the global economy, which has rendered many of the world's population impoverished. Moreover, the pandemic has generated some uncertainties regarding economic and social policies. This phenomenon is lately the brunt of every government across the globe. This present study seeks to evaluate the pandemic's impact on poverty alleviation and the global GDP by considering individual countries' heterogeneous effects in a panel study. The motivation is to unravel the social and economic effects on the global economy. However, 170 countries are utilized in this study, and econometric panel techniques such as OLS and robust least square regression methods are utilized. The data was collected from, comprising total COVID-19 cases, total deaths, stringency index, human development index, and gross domestic product per capita. The study's findings stipulate that many people's stringency and the contraction of the disease have inversely affected poverty alleviation and economic growth. Nevertheless, for the deaths recorded so far positively affects both poverty alleviation and economic growth. This development signals the essence of controlling population growth as it impedes economic growth and poverty alleviation. The study recommends that governments invest in health and education improvement and stimulate their economies to create employment that could propagate growth to improve poverty alleviation and economic growth.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature and presents the long-run impact of COVID-19 pandemic on economic growth and poverty alleviation in the global context.


Stringency Index, COVID-19 Pandemic, Human development Index, Economic growth, Poverty Alleviation.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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