Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

The Economics and Finance Letters

January 2015, Volume 2, 1, pp 1-7

Income Elasticity of Poverty: Estimates for South Asian Countries

Rati Ram

Rati Ram 1

  1. Department of Economics, Illinois State University, Normal, USA 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 1-7

DOI: 10.18488/journal.29/2015.2.1/29.1.1.7

Share :


Abstract:

Responsiveness of poverty to growth of income in developing countries is of obvious importance. The responsiveness is usually stated in terms of the magnitude of the so-called growth elasticity of poverty, which has received much attention. Noting that in the vast literature on the topic, there is hardly any study that provides estimates of the elasticity for individual countries, this short paper makes a beginning by reporting the elasticity for six South-Asian countries during the period 1990-2005. Even in this relatively cohesive group, the elasticity shows a huge variability from nearly zero for Bangladesh and 0.35 for India to 4.67 for Pakistan, and illustrates the important point that income growth can translate into poverty reduction at vastly different rates, primary reliance on income growth for poverty reduction does not seem appropriate, and poverty-reducing public policy measures may matter even more than income growth.
Contribution/ Originality
This paper reports income elasticity of poverty in South Asian countries and brings out the enormous diversity in the rate at which income growth translates into poverty reduction even in this small group. One important implication is that direct public policies may be as important as income growth for poverty reduction.

Keywords:


Video:

Reference:

  1. Bourguignon, F., 2003. The growth elasticity of poverty reduction: Explaining heterogeneity across countries and time periods. In: T. Eicher and S.Turnovsky (Eds). Inequality and growth. MIT Press.
  2. Chambers, D. and S. Dhongde, 2011. A non-parametric measure of poverty elasticity. Review of Income and Wealth, 57(4): 683-703.
  3. Collier, P. and D. Dollar, 2002. Aid allocation and poverty reduction. European Economic Review, 46(8): 1475-1500.
  4. Inchauste, G., 2014. Understanding changes in poverty. Directions in development. Washington, DC.
  5. Kalwij, A. and A. Verschoor, 2007. Not by growth alone: The role of the distribution of income in regional diversity in poverty reduction. European Economic Review, 51(4): 805-829.
  6. Ram, R., 2006. Growth elasticity of poverty: Alternative estimates and a note of caution. Kyklos, 59(4): 601-610.
  7. Ram, R., 2013. Income elasticity of poverty in developing countries: Updated estimates from new data. Applied Economics Letters, 20(6): 554-558.
  8. Ram, R., 2014. Income elasticity of human development: A South Asian perspective. Empirical Economics Letters, 13(1): 89-94.
  9. Solt, F., 2009. Standardizing the world income inequality database. Social Science Quarterly. SWIID Version 5.0. October 2014, 90(2): 231-242.
  10. Son, H.H., 2007. Pro-poor growth: Concepts and measures. ERD Technical Note No. 22. Asian Development Bank.
  11. United Nations, 2009. Rethinking poverty: Report on the World Social Situation 2010. New York.
  12. World Bank, 2012a. World development indicators. Washington, DC.
  13. World Bank, 2012b. World development indicators CD-ROM. Washington, DC.
  14. World Bank, 2014. World development indicators. Washington, DC.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


Related Article

( 1 ) New Evidence on the Link Between Income Inequality and Misery Index: A Nonlinear Time Series Analysis
( 2 ) Income Elasticity of Poverty: Estimates for South Asian Countries
( 3 ) An Empirical Test on Effect of Intra-Product Trade on Regional Income Distribution: The Case of Liaoning, China
( 4 ) Impact of Inflation on Per Capita Income in Emerging Economies: Evidence from BRICS Nations
( 5 ) Education and Income Relationship in Turkey
( 8 ) Contemporary Approach to Enhanced Road Transport System in Nigeria Through the Application of It-Based (Online) Bus Ticketing and Payment System
( 9 ) Making Poverty A History in Africa: The Role of the G8
( 10 ) Impact of Labour, Capital and Human Resources in Productivity of Transport Firms in Nigeria
( 11 ) External Factors Influencing on Industrial Building System (Ibs) in Malaysia
( 12 ) The Climate Change Menace, Food Security, Livelihoods and Social Safety in Northern Ghana
( 13 ) Consideration the Relationship Between Information Communications Technology and Economic Growth in Top 10 Economic
( 14 ) NGO Programming and Policy Advocacy in the Land Sector in Zimbabwe
( 15 ) Compost Adoption in Northern Ghana
( 16 ) The Development of Participated Environmental Education Model for Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management on Eastern Part of Thailand
( 17 ) Study on Environment and Energy Using Belonging Materials
( 18 ) Marxist Political Economy and the Crisis of Relevance in Contemporary World
( 19 ) The Impact of Investment Climate Reforms on the Development of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Nigeria: A Policy Brief
( 20 ) The Technical Efficiency of Collective Irrigation Schemes in South-Eastern of Tunisia
( 21 ) Shifting Global Economic Paradigm
( 22 ) Importance of Corporate Governance Quality and Voluntary Disclosures of Corporate Governance Information in Listed Malaysian Family Controlled Businesses
( 24 ) Relationships Between Leadership Roles and Project Team Effectiveness as Perceived by Project Managers in Malaysia
( 25 ) Testing the Random Walks in Korea Stock Exchange
( 26 ) Relationships among Team Trust, Team Cohesion, Team Satisfaction and Project Team Effectiveness as Perceived by Project Managers in Malaysia
( 27 ) How Telecommunication Development Aids Economic Growth: Evidence from Itu Ict Development Index (IDI) Top Five Countries for African Region
( 28 ) Kashmir Peasant Economy under Dogra’s: A Case Study of Agrarian Produce and Livestock 1885-1925 A.D
( 29 ) Social Sustainability of High-Rise Buildings
( 30 ) Gaining Trust After the Financial Crisis in the Nigerian Economy: A Conceptual Framework
( 31 ) Strategic Evaluation of Distributed Power Generation Technology: A Sustainable Approach
( 32 ) The Effects of Exchange Rate Liberalization in Kenya on French Beans Exports
( 33 ) Analyzing Skill Profile Among Business Graduates: Is it Generic or Specific?
( 34 ) Driving Role of Institutional Investors in the Indian Stock Market in Short and Long-Run – An Empirical Study
( 35 ) Development of Logarithmic Equations for Statistical Sample Determination
( 36 ) An Enquiry into the Contributions of Microfinance Institutions Towards the Development of Small Scale Business in Nigeria
( 37 ) A Review on Criteria for Green Infrastructure to be Adopted by Local Authorities
( 38 ) The Prospects of Accounting and Economic Systems in the Era of Global Knowledge Economy
( 39 ) Financial Integration and International Risk Diversification
( 40 ) Promoting Entrepreneurship through Open and Distance Education in Zimbabwe. A Case Study of the Zimbabwe Open University Students at Masvingo Regional Campus
( 41 ) Does the Mena Countries May Converge in GDP to Southern European One? The Effects of International Trade
( 42 ) Taylor Rule in The Context of Inflation Targeting: The Case of Tunisia
( 43 ) Geographical Starting Points the Analysis of Current Rural Problems in Montenegro: Case Study of Rural Local Community Kralje
( 44 ) Labor and Economic Growth in Zimbabwe
( 45 ) Can the Interdependence Effect and the Contagion Phenomena be Related with One Another?
( 46 ) Institutionalising and Mainstreaming Policy Analysis Culture in African Environments
( 47 ) The Impact of Human Capital on Economic Growth: Evidence from Tunisia Using Star and Stecm Models
( 48 ) Exchange Rate Movements, Import And Economic Growth in Nigeria (1986-2010)
( 49 ) Impact of Food Beverage Price Index and Exchange Rate Volatility on Economic Growth
( 50 ) Cross-Cultural Leadership Intelligence: Recommendations for Kenya
( 51 ) Improved Performance Through Empowerment of Small Industry
( 52 ) Challenges of Human Rights Abuses in Nigerian Democratic Governance – Which Way Forward ?
( 53 ) Metered and Unmetered Billing: How Asymmetric are the Phcn Bills?
( 54 ) An Inventory Model with Lost Sale is Time Dependent
( 55 ) Long-Run Relationships and Causality Tests Between Military Expenditure and Economic Growth in India
( 56 ) French Students of Maghreb Background and Entrepreneurship
( 57 ) Reminiscing Stock Splits Announcement: A Malaysian Case
( 58 ) Teachers Characteristics and Students’ Performance Level in Senior Secondary School Financial Accounting
( 59 ) The Sustainable Livelihoods Index: A Tool To Assess the Ability and Preparedness of the Rural Poor in Receiving Entrepreneurial Project
( 60 ) Fiscal Decentralization and Poverty Reduction: Citizens View
( 61 ) Public Infrastructure Spending and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) Approach
( 62 ) Survey of Students’ Academic Achievement and Mathematics Identity-Formation
( 63 ) Organizational Commitment of White Collar Employees in Damansara Heights, Kuala Lumpur
( 64 ) The Nexus between Financial Crisis and Household Consumption: Evidence from Emerging Countries
( 65 ) Study of the Relationship between Economic Growth and Inflation: Application to the Countries of the South Side of the Mediterranean: A Panel Data Approach
( 66 ) The Entrepreneurship, Knowledge Spillover and Economic Growth
( 67 ) Ensuring Quality Provision of Education for All: Discovering Challenges Faced by Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Regular Primary Schools in Masvingo District
( 68 ) A Study of Transnational and Transformation Leadership Styles and Factors Affect The Leadership Style
( 69 ) Corruption’s and Democracy’s Effects on Economic Growth
( 70 ) Testing the Random Walk: The Case of Hong Kong Stock Exchange
( 71 ) Relationships between Financial Development and Economic Growth: A New Approach by Inputs
( 72 ) Impact of Microfinance Lending On Economic Growth of Third world Nations: Study of Nigeria
( 73 ) Explaining Psychological Capital Components through Organization’s Ethical Climate Components
( 74 ) The Interactions between Culture, Global Mindset and Leadership in Global Context
( 75 ) The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Rural Socio-Economic Development in Africa
( 76 ) Anti-Corruption Crusade in Nigeria: More Words Than Deeds
( 77 ) Conceptual Framework of Green Infrastructure Performance Evaluation for Local Authority
( 78 ) Social Security; A Public Policy for Good Governance in Nigeria: The Role of Nigerian Legislature
( 79 ) Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Employment: A Case of Province of Punjab, Pakistan
( 80 ) An Essay on the Political Economy of Fiscal Policy Making in Pakistan
( 81 ) Contracting Out: What Works, What Doesn’t and Why?
( 82 ) National Urban Development Policy and the Unanswered Development Question of Slum in Nigeria
( 83 ) Rate of Return Would Not Increase To the Extent of Annuity Saving Discount
( 84 ) Value Creation in the Multi-Project Environment
( 85 ) Dividend Policy Relevancy in Theoretical and Practical Economics
( 86 ) S-Dimensional Assets Portfolio Evaluation
( 87 ) Government Borrowing Behaviour: Implications for Private Sector Growth in Nigeria
( 88 ) Earnings Management and Stock Market Returns
( 89 ) The Recruitment of Migrant Workers in the Food Service Industry in Malaysia. A Study of Old Town White Coffee and Pappa Rich Kopitiam
( 90 ) Quality Management Practices towards Customer Satisfaction in Local Authority Public Services Website
( 91 ) A Multidimensional Structure of Shopping Centre Visit Objectives - An European Consumers Perspective
( 92 ) Effective Tax Administration and Institutionalization of Accounting Systems in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises: Evidence from Nigeria
( 93 ) Coaching in Action Research
( 94 ) The Association Between Corporate Risk Disclosure and Firm Performance in Emerging Country – The Case of Egypt
( 95 ) Moderating Effect of Demographics on Monetary Motivation and Employees Job Performance Relationship: Evidence from Malaysia
( 96 ) The Impact of Rice Production, Consumption and Importation in Nigeria: The Political Economy Perspectives
( 97 ) Good Governance, Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges
( 98 ) The Role of Bank Loans in Monetary Policy Transmission in Malaysia
( 99 ) A Model of Strategic Thinking: Islamic and Iranian Perspective
( 100 ) The Dynamics of Land Market and Food Security in Malawi
( 101 ) Consideration the Effects of Water Sector Investment on Economic Growth in Iran
( 102 ) Is Brics a Viable Solution for Russia in the Context of the Present Eu’s Economic Sanctions?
( 103 ) Local Governance and Service Delivery in Zimbabwean Local Authorities: The Case of Harare and Masvingo Urban Municipalities
( 104 ) Federalism and Planning in Nigeria
( 105 ) Structural Breaks and the Long-Run Stability of Demand for Real Broad Money Function in Nigeria: A Gregory-Hansen Approach
( 106 ) Just-In-Time: Review of Empirical Studies
( 107 ) A Theoretical Review on Critical Success Factors (CSFS) of Entrepreneurship Programs in Community College
( 108 ) Kuala Lumpur Urban Biodiversity: Birds Community in Urban Public Parks
( 109 ) Influence Internship Learning Effect in Business Service Sector: Using Internship Self-Efficacy as the Mediator Variable
( 110 ) The Impact of Dividend Policy on Shareholders’ Wealth before and After Financial Melt down: Evidence from FMCG Sector in India
( 111 ) Green Products Purchasing Among Malaysian Consumers
( 112 ) Stock Market Performance and Economic Growth: Evidence from Nigeria Employing Vector Error Correction Model Framework
( 113 ) Factors Impacting on SMEs Internationalization: Dairy Industry in Zimbabwe
( 114 ) Promoting Local Acceptability of International Oil Companies (IOCS) Through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): The Case of Tullow Oil in Ghana
( 115 ) Gun Violence in United States of America Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
( 116 ) The Biodiesel Market in Brazil and the Prospects for the Sector
( 117 ) Challenges and Survival Strategies for Women in Small Scale Catering Business: A Case Study of Siyaso Magaba, Mbare
( 118 ) Beyond Marxist Economism and Entrepreneurial Essentialism: Post-Colonial Politics of Empire in Chinua Achebe’s And Linus Asong’s Writings
( 119 ) Rural Saving Mobilizations and Economic Development in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State - Nigeria
( 120 ) The Influence of Information Technology and Communication Supply Chain Management Performance for Greater SME Manufacturing in Aguascalientes
( 121 ) Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-Arid Dodoma: An Experience from Eco-Village
( 122 ) Bancassurance - Growth Guaranteed in India
( 123 ) Awareness and Perception of Muslim Consumers on Halal Cosmetics and Personal Care Products
( 124 ) The Phenomenon of Money Politics and Nigeria’s Democratization: An Exploration of the Fourth Republic
( 125 ) Emergent Behavior of “Rational” Agents in Some Forgotten N-Person Games
( 126 ) A Mixed-Methods Study to Explore Stage of Readiness and Intention of Micro and Small Enterprises to Adopt Mobile Money in Indonesia
( 127 ) Attributes Influencing Strategic Alignment in the Service Sector: An Indonesian Banking Sector Case Study
( 128 ) Leveraging Telematics for Optimal Fleet Performance
( 129 ) Micro-Credits and Poverty Reduction in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania: A Case Study of Dar-Es-Salaam Commercial Bank
( 130 ) Nigerian Politics, Economic Development, and the Role of Human Rights Organisations on Elections
( 132 ) Profit And Loss Sharing As an Offshoot for Bank Stability: A Comparative Analysis
( 133 ) The Wider Vision of Social Policy: Exploring the Ways of Curbing Violence against Women in Four Wards of Shamva North Constituency (Zimbabwe)
( 134 ) The Potential of Rural–Urban Linkages for Sustainable Development and Trade
( 135 ) Workplace Bullying: Modelling Construct Validity in an Australian Public Sector Workforce
( 136 ) The Effect of Selected Financial Ratios on Profitability: An Empirical Analysis of Listed Firms of Cement Sector in Saudi Arabia
( 138 ) Role of Foreign Investment and External Debt in Determination of Exchange Rate
( 139 ) Benefit-Cost Analysis of Alternative Insect Pests Management in Cashew and Mango Orchards in Tanzania
( 140 ) Stock Market Index Prediction with Neural Network during Financial Crises: A Review on Bist-100
( 141 ) Credibility and Monetary Policy under Inflation Targeting
( 142 ) Effects of Advertising on Consumer Behavior in Low Density Houses: The Case of Marlborough, Zimbabwe
( 143 ) The Total Factor Productivity of Libyan Banks, 2004 – 2010
( 144 ) The Life-Time of Tomorrow Party of Japan and Its Negative Impacts on the Anti-Nuclear Movements in Japan’s Politics
( 145 ) Moderating Effects of Project Management Experience, Project Team Size, Project Duration and Project Value Size on the Relationship between Project Manager’s Leadership Roles and Project Team Effectiveness in Malaysia
( 146 ) Exploration of Suitability of Situational Leadership in the Oil and Gas Sector
( 147 ) An Assessment of the Impact of Information Communication Technology (ICT) On the Administration of Public Records: A Case Study of the Bolgatanga Municipal Assembly in the Upper East Region of Ghana-West Africa
( 148 ) The Effects of Changes in Accounting Standards on Value Relevance of Financial Statement Information of Malaysia and Nigeria Banks
( 149 ) The Role of Strategic Planning on the Management of Organizational Change
( 150 ) Compliance Behaviour in State-Run Fisheries: Situating Lake Chivero in a Policy Perspective
( 151 ) Republic of Zimbabwe National Water Policy: A Desk Review of the Gaps between the Policy and Its Implementation
( 152 ) Estimating Value at Risk for Sukuk Market Using Generalized Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models
( 153 ) Development, Preference Change, and Inequality in an Integrated Walrasian-General-Equilibrium and Neoclassical-Growth Theory
( 154 ) Share Options, Share Award and Firm’s Performance: Evidence from Malaysian Public Listed Companies
( 155 ) Comparative Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Milk Production Systems in Uasin Gishu County of Kenya
( 157 ) Agent-Based Simulation of Contribution Games
( 158 ) An Analysis of Purchase Behavior of Generation Y in Kenya
( 159 ) Dynamic Analysis of Competitive Technology Innovation Diffusion Model
( 160 ) The Effect of Outsourcing on Anglogold Ashanti Obuasi Mines Performance
( 161 ) A Review upon the Changes Which Come With the Model upon Turkish Metropolitan Municipality within the Provincial Administrative Boundaries
( 162 ) Insecurity and Foreign Direct Investment in Nigeria
( 163 ) The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Debt, Liquidity, Growth, and Volume of Companies in Palestine Stock Exchange
( 164 ) Organisational Politics – Causes and Effects on Organisation and Employees
( 165 ) The Mediating Effect of Market Orientation on the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation Dimensions and Organizational Performance: A Study on Banks in Libya
( 166 ) Milk or Wine: Are Critical Infrastructure Protection Architectures Improving with Age?
( 167 ) The Impact of the Decline in Oil Prices in Latin America
( 168 ) Opinion of Parents about Child Labour and Their Education – A Study
( 169 ) An Assessment of the Relationship between Budget Deficit Syndrome and Consumer Welfare in Nigeria (1985 – 2014)
( 170 ) Determinants of Share Price Movement in Nigeria -The Management Perspective
( 171 ) Various International Experiences in Waste Management - Useful Lessons for Algeria
( 172 ) The Correlation Between the Palestinian Civil Society Institutions and the Universities (Status: The Palestine Technical University Kadourie with Tulkarm Institutions)
( 173 ) Measuring the Gap Between the Syrian Accounting Qualifications and the International Accounting Education Based on IES 2 and IES 3
( 174 ) Rural - Urban Balance as a Measure of Socio-Economic Development with Special Reference to Iran
( 175 ) Teaching Hypothesis Test in an Easy Way
( 176 ) Measuring the Quality of Islamic Banks Services and Its Impact on Customers Satisfaction A Survey Study on the Islamic Banks Customers in Lattakia-Syria
( 177 ) A Negative Rational Pigs Game and its Applications to Website Management
( 178 ) Causal Relationship between Imports and Economic Growth in Zimbabwe: An Empirical Analysis 1975 – 2013
( 179 ) The Internal Branding Process: Customer Reprofiling and Brand Positioning (Empirical Study on Traditional Snack Food in Bandung-Indonesia)
( 180 ) The Investment Performance of Socially Responsible Investment in Japan
( 181 ) Managerial Judgement Versus Financial Techniques in Strategic Investment Decisions: An Empirical Study on the Syrian Coastal Region Firms
( 182 ) Investigating the Demand of Small Hotel and Restaurant Businesses for Bank Financing: The Case of Turkey
( 183 ) Determinants of Tax Revenue in Ethiopia (Johansen Co-Integration Approach)
( 184 ) A Review on EU Transportation Projects within the Case of Turkey for European Union Regional Development Policy
( 185 ) Confirming the Mediation Effect of A Structural Model By Using Bootstrap Approach: A Case Study of Malaysian 8th Grade Students’ Mathematics Achievement
( 186 ) Measuring Efficiency in Banks: A Brief Survey on Non – Parametric Technique (Data Envelopment Analysis)
( 187 ) Land Use/Land Cover Change and its Effects on Bamboo Forest in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Ethiopia
( 189 ) Appointment of Directors and Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Sub Saharan Africa: Do We Need More Executive or Non-Executive Directors?
( 190 ) Corporate Funding and Sustainability of Non- Governmental Organizations in Africa
( 191 ) Acquisition of Personal Assets Through Loan Bank and Commercial Credit: What’s the Best Option?
( 192 ) Does Managerial Emotional Biases Affect Debt Maturity Preference? Bayesian Network Method: Evidence from Tunisia
( 193 ) Managing Public Perception towards Local Government Administration
( 194 ) Development of the National Economies and the Foreign Trade Relations between Ukraine and Bulgaria (In the Period 2005-2014)
( 195 ) Studying the Integration of Damascus Securities Exchange with Selected Stock Markets
( 196 ) Market Share and Profitability Relationship: A Study of the Banking Sector in Nigeria
( 197 ) Determinants of Import Demand Functions of Pakistan: An ARDL Bound Testing Approach
( 198 ) Empirical Evidence on Municipal Tax Policy and Firm Growth
( 199 ) Emotional Workgroup Performance and Group Effectiveness Egyptian Context
( 200 ) The Effect of Public Debt on Domestic Product and Unemployment (An Empirical Study on the Palestinian Economy)
( 201 ) The Lead-Lag Relationships between Construction Investment and GDP: Granger Causality Tests and Impulse Responses Using Japanese Data
( 202 ) Forecasting-Based Carry Trade Using Pegged Currency: A Case of Omani Rial
( 203 ) The Indirect Impact of Overconfidence on the Performance of Tunisian Firms Through their Financing Structure
( 204 ) The Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Consumer Prices in Nigeria: Evidence from VECM Model
( 205 ) The Effect of Access and Quality of Education on Economic Development in Botswana
( 206 ) Quality of Accounting Reporting After the IFRS Adoption in Nigeria
( 207 ) Testing the PPP Using Unit Root Tests with Structural Breaks: Evidence from Politically Unstable Arab Countries
( 208 ) Effect of Media Transportation and Advertising Transportation on Customers Responsiveness
( 209 ) Impact of FDI on Environmental Quality of China
( 210 ) The Effect of Personal Factors on the Customer Rating of the Quality of Services of the Islamic Banks Operating in the Syrian Coast
( 211 ) A Theoretical Analysis Upon the Environmental Health and Justice Issue: A Case Study for a Comparison Between G20s Unitary and Federal Members
( 212 ) Academic Mobility for Engineering and Technology Graduates in Africa: Lessons and Experiences from the Implementation
( 213 ) A Review of Cross Border Higher Education in Africa: Focus on Graduate Level Training in Engineering and Technology
( 214 ) Decoupling Analysis of Bulgaria’s Agriculture
( 215 ) Determining Rural Poverty in Manga Del Cura – Ecuador Non Delimited Zone
( 216 ) A Factor Analysis Approach Towards a Study of the Factors Affecting Students’ Choice of Higher Education Institution: A Case Study of a Private Institution (Twintech International University College of Technology)
( 217 ) Examining Long Run Relationship between Household Debt and Household Savings in South Africa – An Error Correction Model and Granger Causality
( 218 ) Panel Data Analysis of the Impact of Economic Freedom as Well as Economic Conditions, The Quality of Life, and Public Education Spending on U.S. Undocumented Immigrant Settlement Patterns
( 219 ) Dynamics of Inflation, Economic Growth, Money Supply and Exchange Rate in India: Evidence from Multivariate Analysis
( 220 ) Does the Holiday Effect Differ from Religious to Non-Religious Holidays? Empirical Evidence from Egypt
( 221 ) The Relationship between Currency Conversions and International Business Transactions: Small Businesses and Travelers
( 222 ) Ambient Particulate Matter (PM) Evaluation in Gasabo District, Rwanda
( 223 ) Purchasing Power Parity Hold in Major SAARC Countries? Panel Cointegration Analysis
( 224 ) Structural Breaks, Electricity Generation and Economic Growth in Nigeria
( 225 ) Auditing Procedures and Process in the Public Sector
( 226 ) Effects of Environmental Satisfaction on Family Displacement Case Study: Gohar Dasht Region, Karaj City
( 227 ) Measuring the Quality of Health Services in Lattakia Province Patients' Perspective (Field Study of Health Centers in Jableh City)
( 228 ) Rice Farmer and Capital Formation: A Case Study of Rice Farmer's Credit Cooperative in Itoikin, Ikosi-Ejirin LCDA, Lagos State
( 229 ) Specifying Quality of Governance in Transition Economies with Cluster Analysis
( 230 ) Investment Climate Rating Evaluation: The Case of Ukrainian Economy
( 231 ) How the Principles of the Sharing Economy Can Improve Organizational Performance of the US Public School System
( 232 ) Interfaces Between Road Infrastructure and Poverty in Africa: The Case of Malawi, 1994-2013
( 233 ) Food Security Amongst Small Grains and Long Grains Smallholder Farmers of Masvingo Province in Zimbabwe
( 234 ) Effect of Budget Defict on Private Investment in East African Community for the Period 1981-2015: A Panel Data Analysis
( 235 ) Comparative Analysis of the Effectiveness of Coub-Douglas, Real Business Cycle, and Keynsian Growth Models in Determining Economic Growth in Nigeria
( 236 ) Implications of Crude Oil Price Volatility and Parallel Exchange Rate Fluctuation on the Cost of Living in Nigeria
( 237 ) National Security and Democratization in Nigeria: The Case of Insurgence
( 238 ) The Link Between Agricultural Budgetary Allocation and Economic Growth in Nigeria
( 239 ) Evaluation of the Current Procurement Planning Process in a District Municipality
( 240 ) An Econometric Planning Model of Urban Forestry as a Measure of Sustainability: A Matrix of Action and Change
( 241 ) Technological Innovation in Central and Eastern Europe: What’s the Contribution of Innovation Policy?
( 242 ) Pollution Tax Under Imperfect Competition and Air Transport in a Domestic Economy
( 243 ) Financial Deepening, Interest Rate Spread and Economic Growth: New Evidence from Sub-Sahara Africa
( 244 ) Internationalization of State Multilatinas: A Multi-Case Study in The Oil Sector
( 245 ) Implications of Accountants Unethical Behavior and Corporate Failures
( 246 ) Relevance of Stakeholders Theory, Organizational Identity Theory and Social Exchange Theory to Corporate Social Responsibility and Employees Performance in the Commercial Banks in Nigeria
( 247 ) A Brief Survey of the House Allocation Problems
( 248 ) Public Sector Size and GDP Growth Nexus: Panel Data Estimation
( 249 ) China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC): Analysis of Internal and External Challenges
( 250 ) Overview of the Most Common Types of Maladministration Raised at EU Level
( 251 ) Financial Tables Reports Gaps in Jordanian Islamic Banks
( 252 ) Analyzing Factors Affecting the Success of Social Media Posts for B2b Networks: A Fractional-Factorial Design Approach
( 253 ) The Influence of Communication, Work Motivation and Career Development on Elementary School Teacher’s Job Performance in Medan, Indonesia
( 254 ) Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa
( 255 ) Rural Roads Infrastructure and Agricultural Products Distribution: A Focus on Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria
( 256 ) The Effects of Exchange Rate Variability on Trade Flows in Nigeria: A Cointegration Analysis
( 257 ) What Drives Banking Stability? Empirical Evidence from ECOWAS Countries
( 258 ) Construction and Application of Water Resource Accounting Information System in Taiwan
( 259 ) The Profitability of Momentum Strategies: Empirical Evidence from Damascus Securities Exchange (DSE)
( 260 ) Determinants of Rural Residential Solid Waste Collection Services in Lagos State
( 261 ) Is Alumni Salary an Appropriate Metric for University Marketers?
( 262 ) A Case Study of Local Government Implementation of the Ward Based Local Economic Development (LED) Program
( 263 ) Investigation on SMEs Features in Both China and Iran
( 264 ) The Effect of Work-Life Balance on Accounting Ethics
( 265 ) On the Prediction of the Inflation Crises of South Africa Using Markov-Switching Bayesian Vector Autoregressive and Logistic Regression Models
( 266 ) Military Regimes and Nigeria’s Economic Development, 1966-1999
( 267 ) Social Protection Programmes, Agricultural Production and Youth Employment in Nigeria: Analysis from LSMS-ISA
( 268 ) Entrepreneurial Networking and Women Entrepreneurs’ Contribution to Employment Creation in Rivers State, Nigeria
( 269 ) Participatory Processes in Planning for Self-Help Housing Provision in South Africa: Policies and Challenges
( 270 ) The Moderating Effect of Governance Mechanisms on the Relationship Between Innovation Strategy and the Performance
( 271 ) An Investigation of the Relationship between Manufacturing Output and Economic Growth : Evidence from Nigerias Data Set
( 272 ) Under-Utilization of Female Capital: A Quantitative Study in Pakistani Perspective
( 273 ) The Role of Social Entrepreneurship in Pakistan and its Impact on Economy
( 274 ) Public-Private Partnership as a Strategy for E-Governance Funding in Africa: The Gains and the Pains
( 275 ) Scenario Economic Impact Analysis of Offshore Fishing Tournaments in Ocean City
( 276 ) Employee Loyalty and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour in the Port Harcourt Area Command of the Nigeria Police Force
( 277 ) Effect of Institutional Factors on Foreign Direct Investment in Nigeria
( 278 ) Does Gold Price Lead or Lags Islamic Stock Market and Strategy Commodity Price? A Study from Malaysia
( 279 ) Measuring and Assessing the State of Technological Innovations and the Level of Interaction between Rice Processors and Stakeholders in Rice Processing Industry in Nigeria
( 280 ) An Evaluation of Effectiveness of Oversight Committees: A Case of City of Johannesburg, Section 79 Committees
( 281 ) An Investigation into the Causes of Failures in Railway Infrastructure at Transnet Freight Rail - A Case of the Steel and Cement Business Unit
( 282 ) Macroeconomic Indicators and Capital Formation Growth in Nigeria: A New Evidence
( 283 ) Foreign Capital Inflows and Unemployment in Nigeria: A New Evidence from ARDL-Bounds Testing Approach
( 284 ) Social Protection and Agricultural Production in ECOWAS: The Youth Unemployment Question
( 285 ) Financial Market Predictions with Factorization Machines: Trading the Opening Hour Based on Overnight Social Media Data
( 286 ) Electronic Banking Innovations and Selected Banks Performance in Nigeria
( 287 ) The Effect of Internal and External Factors of Companies on Profitability and its Implications on Stock Price Index of State-Owned Banks
( 288 ) An Empirical Investigation into the Key Drivers of Economic Performance in the CEMAC Zone: A Panel Corrected Standard Errors Approach
( 289 ) Firm-Level Investment Decisions Under Uncertainty and Irreversibility in Zimbabwes Private Firms
( 290 ) Awareness on Air Pollution and Risk Preparedness among Residents in Kigali City of Rwanda
( 291 ) The Nexus between Urbanization, Energy Demand and Healthcare in Bangladesh
( 292 ) Leading Indicators and Financial Crisis: A Multi-Sectoral Approach Using Signal Extraction
( 293 ) Triple Hurdle Model with Zero Expenditures
( 294 ) Incorporating Islamic Ethic Elements into Marketing Mix Paradigm
( 295 ) An Analysis of Chinas Poverty Research Based on CiteSpace
( 296 ) Forecasting Equity Index Volatility: Empirical Evidence from Japan, UK and USA Data
( 297 ) Intention to Use E-Recruitment System: Empirical Evidence from Jobseekers in the Advertising Industry in Malaysia
( 298 ) Disaggregated Foreign Capital Inflows and Economic Growth in a Developing Economy: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
( 299 ) Impact of Telecommunications Market Liberalization on Labor Productivity in Economic Community of West African States
( 300 ) Urban Population Growth and Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria
( 301 ) The Importance of Public Administration Towards Achieving Good Governance for Positive National Development by Using SmartPLS 3
( 302 ) Depositors Confidence and Mergers and Acquisitions: The Nigerian Banking Sector Experience
( 303 ) Assessment of Dual Carriageway for Sustainable Socio-Economic Development in Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
( 304 ) Industrialization and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Human Capital in Structural Transformation
( 305 ) Trade Policy and Democracy for Development in Central African Countries
( 306 ) Does Agricultural Sector Contribute to the Economic Growth in Case of Republic of Benin?
( 307 ) Determinants of Public Sector Corruption in Nigeria
( 308 ) Exchange Rate and Foreign Reserves Interface: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
( 309 ) Impact of Participatory Decision Making on Organisational Goal Attainment
( 310 ) Conceptualisation of Lack of Discipline and Probity as the Main Cause towards Good Governance Practice
( 311 ) Forecasting Prices of Three Important Agricultural Crops in Bangladesh
( 312 ) Uncertainties in Global Economic Policy and Nigerias Export Earnings
( 313 ) Service Quality and Outpatients Satisfaction in Public Hospitals in Malaysia
( 314 ) Satisfaction with Applications Fuels the Growth of Mobile Wallet Use in Thailand
( 315 ) Public Health Expenditure, Economic Growth and Health Outcomes in Nigeria
( 316 ) Health Care Outcomes, Malnutrition and Food Security in Southern Africa Development Community: A Quantile Regression Approach
( 317 ) External Debt and Economic Growth: Two-Step System GMM Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa Countries
( 318 ) Decision-Making on Working Capital Management, Based on Industry Differences
( 319 ) Investigate Airport Service Quality- A Case Study of Airports in Shanghai
( 320 ) An Entrepreneurship Research in Singapore: Basic Psychological Needs and Motivation
( 321 ) The Impact of Organisational Culture on Public Sector Performance: A Case Study of Local Authorities in Zimbabwe
( 322 ) Sectoral Credit Allocation of Deposit Money Banks and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria
( 323 ) The Roles of Labour Union in Nigeria Industrial Harmony and Development
( 324 ) Foreign Direct Investment in Zimbabwe: The Role of Uncertainty, Exports, Cost of Capital, Corruption and Market Size
( 325 ) Profitability of Commercial Bank on Interest Rate Deregulation
( 326 ) Gamification on Sales Force Performance in Nigeria Bottling Company
( 327 ) Foreign Direct Investment - Growth Linkage in Sub-Saharan Africa: Is Governance a Mediating Factor?
( 328 ) An Empirical Assessment of the Impact of Access to Credit on Farm Output: A Case Study of Sefwi-Wiawso Municipality Ghana
( 329 ) Factors that Influence Profitability of General Insurance Issuers in Indonesia
( 330 ) An Investigation of the Impact of Organisational Structure on Organisational Performance
( 331 ) Impact of Exchange Rate Fluctuation on Selected Economic Sectors of the Nigerian Economy
( 332 ) Dutch Disease: Myth or Reality? An Analysis of the ARDL Model
( 333 ) Determinants of Banks Profitability & Liquidity and the Role of BASEL III in Islamic & Conventional Banking Sector of Pakistan: A Case Study of NBP
( 334 ) Impact of Asymmetric Government Spending on Real Balances Demand
( 335 ) Factors Influencing Human Capital in Ready Made Garments Industry in Bangladesh
( 336 ) Investigating the Impact of Business Alignment on Job Gratification in an Organization: The Case of a University in Egypt
( 337 ) External Debt and Nigeria's Sovereignty
( 338 ) The Colonialists & Indigenous Exchange Currency: Tracing the Genesis of Socioeconomic Woes in Postcolonial Nigeria
( 339 ) Migration as a Livelihood Strategy: The Case of Internal Migration in Ghana
( 340 ) Impact of Network Finance Development on Inflation: Evidence from Chinese Market
( 341 ) Profitability Behavior of Plastic Industries in Indonesia
( 342 ) An Empirical Evaluation of Cashless Systems Implementation in Ghana
( 343 ) Correlation between Financial Difficulties and Financing Strategies among Market Stallholders in Batangas City
( 344 ) Africa's Human Capital Development: Is Public Finance Management an Effective Strategy?
( 345 ) Analysis of the Effects of Pull and Push Factors on Brain Drain: An Example of Turkey
( 346 ) Analysis of Environmental Factors Affecting Manufacturing Small and Medium-Size Enterprises in Kogi State Nigeria
( 347 ) Regime Changes in the Volatility of Stock Markets
( 348 ) The Transitional Relationship between Economic Growth and Exchange Rate in Ghana: An Empirical Approach
( 349 ) Optimal Stock Portfolio Issuers of Building Construction Registered in LQ45 Based on the Markowitz Approach
( 350 ) Estimating the Economic Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Bioenergy in EU-28: An Application of Tobit Analysis
( 351 ) The Impact of Military Spending on Economic Wellbeing in Nigeria
( 352 ) Does Social Barriers Influence Women's Intention toward Entrepreneurship?
( 353 ) The Effect of Selected Factors on Tax Revenue Mobilization in Ethiopia: The Case of Amhara Region
( 354 ) Deterrents to the Success of Micro and Small Enterprises in Ethiopia: The Case of Amhara Region MSEs
( 355 ) The Relationship between Financial Development, Economic Growth, and Inflation: Evidence from Southeast Asia
( 356 ) The Mediating Effect of Financial Self-Efficacy on the Financial Literacy-Behavior Relationship: A Case of Generation Y Professionals
( 357 ) Determinants of Corporate Tax Avoidance Strategies among Multinational Corporations in Malaysia
( 358 ) Study on the Effect of Foreign Investment on Anhuis Industrial Structure Optimization
( 359 ) Problems of Bilateral Trade Deficit between Bangladesh and India: A 2SLS Regression Analysis
( 360 ) Activity Cost Management and its Effect on Enterprise Productivity
( 361 ) Exploring the Asymmetric Linkage between Commodity Prices and Fiscal Performance in Nigeria
( 362 ) Assessing the Perceived Value of Customers for being Satisfied towards the Sustainability of Hypermarket in Malaysia
( 363 ) Effects of Socio-Cultural Diversity on the Performance of Private Health Care Organizations in Kogi State
( 364 ) Organizational Memory and Employee Performance in Federal Parastatals in Enugu State of Nigeria
( 365 ) Analysis of Effect of Profitability, Capital, Risk Financing, the Sharia Supervisory Board and Capabilities Zakat in Islamic Perspective with Circular Approach Causastion on Islamic Banks in Indonesia
( 366 ) The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure on Corporate Financial Performance
( 367 ) Family Leadership and Small to Medium Sized Enterprises Research and Development Investments
( 368 ) Incidence of Short Term Private Capital Outflow: Empirical Analysis in Nigeria
( 369 ) Rethinking Port Role as Transport Corridor under Symbiosis Theory-Case Study of China-Europe Trade Transportation
( 370 ) Determinants of Exchange Rate in Nigeria: A Comparison of the Official and Parallel Market Rates
( 371 ) Exchange Rate Pass-through to Prices: VAR Evidence for Albania
( 372 ) Can Small-Cap Active Funds Substantially Outperform the Market Over Time?
( 373 ) Analyzing the Financial Soundness of Kuwaiti Banks Using CAMELS Framework
( 374 ) Growing and Building: Collaboration of Urban Poverty Reduction Strategy
( 375 ) Issues of Unemployment in Nigeria: Effect of Real Exchange Rate and Inflation Interaction
( 376 ) Challenges and Opportunities of Investment to the People of Sebeta Town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
( 377 ) Fiscal Reaction Functions and Public Debt Sustainability in Nigeria: An Error Correction Mechanism Approach
( 378 ) The Trajectory and Diaspora of Women Imprisonment: An Analysis
( 379 ) Exchange Rate Volatility, Foreign Exchange Market Intervention and Asymmetric Preferences
( 380 ) Consumers’ Behavioural Intention to Adopt Mobile Banking in Rural Sub-Saharan Africa Using an Extension of Technology Acceptance Model: Lessons from Zimbabwe
( 381 ) Value for Money (VFM) Audit and Public Sector Performance in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 382 ) German Exports, Economic Growth and Foreign Demand: An Analysis of the Period 2000–2017
( 383 ) Seasonal Assessment of Relative Humidity, Ambient Air Temperature and CO2 Concentration Level in School Buildings of Kigali-Rwanda
( 384 ) Multivariate Analysis in Formulation of the Benefit-Cost Index Related to the Sugarcane Production System in the Quirinopolis Municipality Productive Center, Goias, Brazil
( 385 ) How can Female Executives Shape the Effectiveness of Executive Compensation?- A Multi-Dimensional Approach
( 386 ) Determinant Analysis of Productivity on Rice Management in Indonesia
( 387 ) Does External Borrowing Affect Economic Growth? A Revisit of the Age-Long Debate for Nigeria
( 388 ) What are the Contextual Influences of Bank Criminality in Osun East Senatorial District?
( 389 ) Determinant of MSMEs Performance and its Impact on Province GRDP in Indonesia
( 390 ) Innovations Dissemination Approaches among Government Co-Operative Supporting Organisations in Tanzania
( 391 ) The Effectiveness of the Production of Healthy Rice in Comparison with other Rice Varieties in the Upper Northern Region of Thailand
( 392 ) An Agnostic Analysis of Exchange Rate Movement in Ghana
( 393 ) Perceived Poverty and Alleviation Efforts of Kogi State Community and Social Development Agencies in Kogi State: An Empirical Investigation
( 394 ) Analysing the Financial Strength of Nigeria: An Approach to Estimate the Index of Financial Safety
( 395 ) Determinants of Financial Performance and its Impact on the Growth of Islamic Bank Assets on Indonesia
( 396 ) The Role of Social Security Program for Enhancing Seniors Longevity
( 397 ) Trade Union Performance and Industrial Relations Climate in the Nigerian Petroleum Sector
( 398 ) Externality Effects of Sachet and Plastic Bottled Water Consumption on the Environment: Evidence from Benin City and Okada in Nigeria
( 399 ) Nexus between Non-Oil Sectoral Contribution and Economic Growth in Nigeria 1981-2018
( 400 ) Re-Engineering Nigerian Economy through Human Capital Development: A Case of Manufacturing Firms In Southern Part of Nigeria
( 401 ) Analysis of Traffic Accident Occurrence at Hazardous Road Locations: A Case Study in Tunisia
( 402 ) The Impact of Land Price Movements on the Properties in Croatia
( 403 ) An Empirical Investigation of Real Exchange Rate Responses to Foreign Currency Inflows: Revisiting the Dutch Disease Phenomenon in South Asia
( 404 ) Financial Inclusion and Poverty Alleviation: The Contribution of Commercial Banks in West Africa
( 405 ) Factors Affecting the Individual Stock Price Index (IHSI) Industrial Manufacturing Sector in Indonesia, Automotive Sub Sectors, and Components in Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX)
( 406 ) Management of The CFA Franc: What are the Fundamentals of the Real Exchange Rate in West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)?