Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

An Investigation into the Causes of Failures in Railway Infrastructure at Transnet Freight Rail - A Case of the Steel and Cement Business Unit

Mpho Ramuhulu

,

Ngonidzashe Chiranga

Mpho Ramuhulu 1 ,

Ngonidzashe Chiranga 1 
  1. Mancosa Graduate School of Business, 16 Samora Machel St, Durban Central, Durban, 4001, South Africa 1

Pages: 8-26

DOI: 10.18488/journal.26.2018.71.8.26

Share :

Article History:

Received: 14 August, 2018
Revised: 18 September, 2018
Accepted: 25 October, 2018
Published: 23 November, 2018


Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to investigate the causes of railway infrastructure failures in the case of Transnet Freight Rail’s Steel and Cement business unit and suggest methods to increase the reliability of the business unit’s railway infrastructure and recommend policies to increase the reliability of the railway infrastructure., A reliable railway infrastructure will grow the market share of the business unit, reduce operating costs, grow the economy of South Africa, create employment, and increase the revenue of the business unit. A quantitative approach was used to conduct the research and questionnaires were distributed to a population of 1048 employees that work for the business unit with the participants chosen based on their railway infrastructure experience and railway exposure. The study revealed that extreme weather conditions, ageing railway infrastructure, vegetation, lack of maintenance, other Transnet departments, poor railway infrastructure maintenance, theft and vandalism, are the major causes of railway infrastructure failures in the business unit. The research made a number of recommendations including that the business unit develop a lifecycle management program for its ageing infrastructure and introduce skills transfer programs in place. Railway maintenance was suggested as being a key performance measure.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution determined that management needs to improve on asset protection and security measures and controls, as neglected these can lead to substantial financial forfeiture and loss of life. The study identified the inadequacy of current security measures and makes a number of suggestions to alleviate loss.

Keywords:

Maintenance, Railway infrastructure, Weather conditions.

Reference:

Anderson, R., 2015. Surface defects in rails: Potential influence of operational parameters on squat initiation. Degree of Licentiate of Engineering in Solid and Structural Mechanics – Thesis, Department of Applied Mechanics, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.

Baumgarten, M., 2010. Paradigm wars - validity and reliability in qualitative research. Germany: Druck and Bindung: Books on Demand Gmbh.

Bayissa, W.L. and M. Dhanasekar, 2012. High speed detection of broken rails, rail cracks and surface faults. CRC for Rail Innovation, Australian government: CRC Australia. Available from http://www.railcrc.net.au/object/PDF/get/download/id/r3124_final_report_updated [Accessed 21 July 2016].

Bekele, Y., 2015. Failure analysis of signalling system of Addis Ababa-light rail transit. MSC Thesis, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Addis Ababa University.

Berawi, A.R.B., 2013. Improving railway track maintenance using power spectral density (PSD). PHD Thesis, Department of Transport System, Faculty of Engineering, Porto University.

Bowers, J.D., S.R. Magers, J. Pyrz and D.M. Bullock, 2014. Processes of small culvert inspection and asset management (No. FHWA/IN/JTRP-2014/08).

Campbell, R., 2012. Weather-related power outages and electric system resiliency. Paper Presented at the Congressional Research Service, US.

Choudhury, C., 2011. Transportation engineering II: Highway design & railways. Available from http://teacher.buet.ac.bd/cfc/CE353/Lec3_web.pdf [Accessed 19 August 2016].

Doyle, C. and R. Betti, 2010. Ageing infrastructure: Issues, research, and technology. Report done for Department of Homeland Security on Ageing Infrastructure Held in Columbia University, United States.

Fard, M.A.K., S. Karamizadeh and M. Aflaki, 2011. Enhancing congestion control to address link failure loss over mobile ad-hoc network. International Journal of Computer Networks & Communications, 5(3): 1-16.

Greener, S. and J. Martelli, 2015. An introduction to business research methods. 2nd Edn. Bookboon.com.

Haghani, R., M. Al-Emrani and M. Heshmati, 2012. Fatigue-prone details in steel bridges. Buildings, 2(4): 456-476.

Hassankiadeh, S.J., 2011. Failure analysis of railway switches and crossings for the purpose of preventive maintenance. MSC Thesis, Department of Transport Science, School of Architecture and the Built Environment, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.

Heizer, J. and B. Render, 2011. Principles of operations management. 8th Edn., US: Pearson Publications.

Keller, J. and B. Kroposki, 2010. Understanding fault characteristics of inverter-based distributed energy resources. National Renewable Energy Lab.(NREL), Golden, CO (United States).

Leviäkangas, P., A. Tuominen, R. Molarius and K. H., 2011. Extreme weather impacts on transport systems. Available from http://www.vtt.fi/inf/pdf/workingpapers/2011/W168.pdf [Accessed 06 November 2016].

Mahmood, Y.A., 2015. Availability analysis of frequency converters in electrified railway systems. PHD Thesis, Division of Operation and Maintenance Engineering, Lulea University of Technology.

McDonald, J.D., B. Wojszczyk, B. Flynn and I. Voloh, 2013. Distribution systems, substations, and integration of distributed generation. In electrical transmission systems and smart grids. New York: Springer. pp: 7-68.

Okraszewski, T. and G. Balzer, 2007. Actual problems of the distribution cable networks in Germany-Ageing and structural impact on the reliability. Power Tech, 2007 IEEE Lausanne IEEE. pp: 1875-1880.

Olusuyi, K., A.S. Oluwole, T. Adefarati and A.K. Babarinde, 2014. A fault analysis of 11kv distribution system (a case study of ado Ekiti electrical power distribution district). American Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, 3(2): 27-36.

Ono, Y., H. Arai and H. Fujita, 2012. Lightning risk analysis for railway signalling systems from observation of lightning over-voltages on signalling cables and rails. Available from http://www.irse.org/knowledge/publicdocuments/3.13%20Ono%20-%20Lightning%20risk%20analysis%20from%20observation%20of%20overvoltages.pdf [Accessed 19 August 2016].

Oslakovic, I.S., H. Maat, A. Hartmann and G. Dewulf, 2013. Risk assessment of climate change impacts on railway infrastructure. Paper Presented at the Engineering Project Organization Conference, Devil’s Thumb Ranch, Colorado.

Rajasekar, S., P. Philominathan and V. Chinnathambi, 2013. Research methodology. Available from http://arxiv.org/pdf/physics/0601009.pdf [Accessed 04 September 2016].

Rampersad, D., 2010. Investigation into current transformer failures with Eskom distribution. MSC Thesis, Faculty of Engineering, University of KwaZulu-Natal.

Richardson, S., 2007. What is a skill shortage? , Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia: National Centre for Vocational Education Research Ltd. PO Box 8288, Stational Arcade.

Saunders, M.N., P. Lewis and A. Thornhill, 2009. Research methods for business students. 5th Edn., New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Shukla, P., 2008. Marketing research. 1st Edn.: Ventus Publishing.

Taylor, C.A. and J. Marr, 2012. A research plan and report on factors affecting culvert pipe service life in Minnesota (No. MN/RC 2012-27).

The South African Institution of Civil Engineers, 2011. SAICE infrastructure report card for South Africa 2011. Available from http://researchspace.csir.co.za/dspace/bitstream/10204/5807/1/Wall3_2011.pdf [Accessed 19 September 2016].

Tolbert, L.M., J.T. Cleveland and L.J. Degenhardt, 2011. Reliability of lightning resistant overhead distribution lines. IEEE I&CPS Conf., May 7-11, San Antonio, Texas. pp: 147-152.

Trainba, M. and L. Ekonomou, 2015. Lightning performance of a HV/MV substation. Paper Presented for the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of London, United Kingdom.

Zakeri, J. and F.H. Rezvani, 2012. Failures of railway concrete sleepers during service life. International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, 1(1): 1-5.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Investigation on SMEs Features in Both China and Iran
( 2 ) An Investigation of the Relationship between Manufacturing Output and Economic Growth : Evidence from Nigerias Data Set
( 3 ) An Investigation into the Causes of Failures in Railway Infrastructure at Transnet Freight Rail - A Case of the Steel and Cement Business Unit
( 4 ) An Empirical Investigation into the Key Drivers of Economic Performance in the CEMAC Zone: A Panel Corrected Standard Errors Approach
( 5 ) An Investigation of the Impact of Organisational Structure on Organisational Performance
( 6 ) Perceived Poverty and Alleviation Efforts of Kogi State Community and Social Development Agencies in Kogi State: An Empirical Investigation
( 7 ) An Empirical Investigation of Real Exchange Rate Responses to Foreign Currency Inflows: Revisiting the Dutch Disease Phenomenon in South Asia
( 8 ) Is Loyalty Still the Same? An Investigation of the Antecedents of Loyalty
( 9 ) An Enquiry into the Contributions of Microfinance Institutions Towards the Development of Small Scale Business in Nigeria
( 12 ) Incorporating Islamic Ethic Elements into Marketing Mix Paradigm
( 13 ) Organisational Politics – Causes and Effects on Organisation and Employees
( 15 ) Implications of Accountants Unethical Behavior and Corporate Failures
( 18 ) A Review on Criteria for Green Infrastructure to be Adopted by Local Authorities
( 19 ) Public Infrastructure Spending and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) Approach
( 20 ) Conceptual Framework of Green Infrastructure Performance Evaluation for Local Authority
( 21 ) Milk or Wine: Are Critical Infrastructure Protection Architectures Improving with Age?
( 22 ) Interfaces Between Road Infrastructure and Poverty in Africa: The Case of Malawi, 1994-2013
( 23 ) Rural Roads Infrastructure and Agricultural Products Distribution: A Focus on Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria
( 25 ) Contemporary Approach to Enhanced Road Transport System in Nigeria Through the Application of It-Based (Online) Bus Ticketing and Payment System
( 26 ) The Climate Change Menace, Food Security, Livelihoods and Social Safety in Northern Ghana
( 27 ) Consideration the Relationship Between Information Communications Technology and Economic Growth in Top 10 Economic
( 28 ) The Development of Participated Environmental Education Model for Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management on Eastern Part of Thailand
( 29 ) Study on Environment and Energy Using Belonging Materials
( 30 ) The Impact of Investment Climate Reforms on the Development of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Nigeria: A Policy Brief
( 31 ) The Technical Efficiency of Collective Irrigation Schemes in South-Eastern of Tunisia
( 32 ) Importance of Corporate Governance Quality and Voluntary Disclosures of Corporate Governance Information in Listed Malaysian Family Controlled Businesses
( 33 ) Relationships Between Leadership Roles and Project Team Effectiveness as Perceived by Project Managers in Malaysia
( 34 ) Relationships among Team Trust, Team Cohesion, Team Satisfaction and Project Team Effectiveness as Perceived by Project Managers in Malaysia
( 35 ) How Telecommunication Development Aids Economic Growth: Evidence from Itu Ict Development Index (IDI) Top Five Countries for African Region
( 36 ) Strategic Evaluation of Distributed Power Generation Technology: A Sustainable Approach
( 37 ) The Effects of Exchange Rate Liberalization in Kenya on French Beans Exports
( 38 ) Analyzing Skill Profile Among Business Graduates: Is it Generic or Specific?
( 39 ) Development of Logarithmic Equations for Statistical Sample Determination
( 40 ) Financial Integration and International Risk Diversification
( 41 ) Promoting Entrepreneurship through Open and Distance Education in Zimbabwe. A Case Study of the Zimbabwe Open University Students at Masvingo Regional Campus
( 42 ) Does the Mena Countries May Converge in GDP to Southern European One? The Effects of International Trade
( 43 ) Taylor Rule in The Context of Inflation Targeting: The Case of Tunisia
( 44 ) Can the Interdependence Effect and the Contagion Phenomena be Related with One Another?
( 45 ) Exchange Rate Movements, Import And Economic Growth in Nigeria (1986-2010)
( 46 ) Impact of Food Beverage Price Index and Exchange Rate Volatility on Economic Growth
( 47 ) Cross-Cultural Leadership Intelligence: Recommendations for Kenya
( 48 ) Challenges of Human Rights Abuses in Nigerian Democratic Governance – Which Way Forward ?
( 49 ) Long-Run Relationships and Causality Tests Between Military Expenditure and Economic Growth in India
( 50 ) Fiscal Decentralization and Poverty Reduction: Citizens View
( 51 ) Survey of Students’ Academic Achievement and Mathematics Identity-Formation
( 52 ) Organizational Commitment of White Collar Employees in Damansara Heights, Kuala Lumpur
( 53 ) Study of the Relationship between Economic Growth and Inflation: Application to the Countries of the South Side of the Mediterranean: A Panel Data Approach
( 54 ) Ensuring Quality Provision of Education for All: Discovering Challenges Faced by Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Regular Primary Schools in Masvingo District
( 55 ) A Study of Transnational and Transformation Leadership Styles and Factors Affect The Leadership Style
( 56 ) Relationships between Financial Development and Economic Growth: A New Approach by Inputs
( 57 ) Impact of Microfinance Lending On Economic Growth of Third world Nations: Study of Nigeria
( 58 ) Explaining Psychological Capital Components through Organization’s Ethical Climate Components
( 59 ) The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Rural Socio-Economic Development in Africa
( 61 ) Social Security; A Public Policy for Good Governance in Nigeria: The Role of Nigerian Legislature
( 62 ) Contracting Out: What Works, What Doesn’t and Why?
( 63 ) National Urban Development Policy and the Unanswered Development Question of Slum in Nigeria
( 64 ) Rate of Return Would Not Increase To the Extent of Annuity Saving Discount
( 65 ) Value Creation in the Multi-Project Environment
( 66 ) S-Dimensional Assets Portfolio Evaluation
( 67 ) Government Borrowing Behaviour: Implications for Private Sector Growth in Nigeria
( 68 ) Quality Management Practices towards Customer Satisfaction in Local Authority Public Services Website
( 69 ) Effective Tax Administration and Institutionalization of Accounting Systems in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises: Evidence from Nigeria
( 70 ) The Association Between Corporate Risk Disclosure and Firm Performance in Emerging Country – The Case of Egypt
( 71 ) Moderating Effect of Demographics on Monetary Motivation and Employees Job Performance Relationship: Evidence from Malaysia
( 72 ) The Impact of Rice Production, Consumption and Importation in Nigeria: The Political Economy Perspectives
( 73 ) Good Governance, Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges
( 74 ) A Model of Strategic Thinking: Islamic and Iranian Perspective
( 75 ) Consideration the Effects of Water Sector Investment on Economic Growth in Iran
( 76 ) Influence Internship Learning Effect in Business Service Sector: Using Internship Self-Efficacy as the Mediator Variable
( 77 ) Factors Impacting on SMEs Internationalization: Dairy Industry in Zimbabwe
( 78 ) Promoting Local Acceptability of International Oil Companies (IOCS) Through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR): The Case of Tullow Oil in Ghana
( 79 ) Gun Violence in United States of America Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
( 80 ) Challenges and Survival Strategies for Women in Small Scale Catering Business: A Case Study of Siyaso Magaba, Mbare
( 81 ) Rural Saving Mobilizations and Economic Development in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State - Nigeria
( 82 ) The Influence of Information Technology and Communication Supply Chain Management Performance for Greater SME Manufacturing in Aguascalientes
( 83 ) Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-Arid Dodoma: An Experience from Eco-Village
( 84 ) The Phenomenon of Money Politics and Nigeria’s Democratization: An Exploration of the Fourth Republic
( 85 ) Emergent Behavior of “Rational” Agents in Some Forgotten N-Person Games
( 86 ) Attributes Influencing Strategic Alignment in the Service Sector: An Indonesian Banking Sector Case Study
( 87 ) Leveraging Telematics for Optimal Fleet Performance
( 88 ) Nigerian Politics, Economic Development, and the Role of Human Rights Organisations on Elections
( 89 ) Income Elasticity of Poverty: Estimates for South Asian Countries
( 90 ) Profit And Loss Sharing As an Offshoot for Bank Stability: A Comparative Analysis
( 91 ) The Effect of Selected Financial Ratios on Profitability: An Empirical Analysis of Listed Firms of Cement Sector in Saudi Arabia
( 92 ) Role of Foreign Investment and External Debt in Determination of Exchange Rate
( 93 ) Benefit-Cost Analysis of Alternative Insect Pests Management in Cashew and Mango Orchards in Tanzania
( 94 ) Credibility and Monetary Policy under Inflation Targeting
( 95 ) The Life-Time of Tomorrow Party of Japan and Its Negative Impacts on the Anti-Nuclear Movements in Japan’s Politics
( 96 ) Moderating Effects of Project Management Experience, Project Team Size, Project Duration and Project Value Size on the Relationship between Project Manager’s Leadership Roles and Project Team Effectiveness in Malaysia
( 97 ) Exploration of Suitability of Situational Leadership in the Oil and Gas Sector
( 98 ) An Assessment of the Impact of Information Communication Technology (ICT) On the Administration of Public Records: A Case Study of the Bolgatanga Municipal Assembly in the Upper East Region of Ghana-West Africa
( 99 ) The Effects of Changes in Accounting Standards on Value Relevance of Financial Statement Information of Malaysia and Nigeria Banks
( 100 ) The Role of Strategic Planning on the Management of Organizational Change
( 101 ) Compliance Behaviour in State-Run Fisheries: Situating Lake Chivero in a Policy Perspective
( 102 ) Republic of Zimbabwe National Water Policy: A Desk Review of the Gaps between the Policy and Its Implementation
( 103 ) Estimating Value at Risk for Sukuk Market Using Generalized Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models
( 104 ) Development, Preference Change, and Inequality in an Integrated Walrasian-General-Equilibrium and Neoclassical-Growth Theory
( 105 ) Comparative Analysis of Technical Efficiency of Milk Production Systems in Uasin Gishu County of Kenya
( 106 ) Impact of Inflation on Per Capita Income in Emerging Economies: Evidence from BRICS Nations
( 107 ) Agent-Based Simulation of Contribution Games
( 108 ) An Analysis of Purchase Behavior of Generation Y in Kenya
( 109 ) Dynamic Analysis of Competitive Technology Innovation Diffusion Model
( 110 ) A Review upon the Changes Which Come With the Model upon Turkish Metropolitan Municipality within the Provincial Administrative Boundaries
( 112 ) The Mediating Effect of Market Orientation on the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation Dimensions and Organizational Performance: A Study on Banks in Libya
( 113 ) The Impact of the Decline in Oil Prices in Latin America
( 114 ) Opinion of Parents about Child Labour and Their Education – A Study
( 115 ) An Assessment of the Relationship between Budget Deficit Syndrome and Consumer Welfare in Nigeria (1985 – 2014)
( 116 ) Various International Experiences in Waste Management - Useful Lessons for Algeria
( 117 ) The Correlation Between the Palestinian Civil Society Institutions and the Universities (Status: The Palestine Technical University Kadourie with Tulkarm Institutions)
( 118 ) Measuring the Gap Between the Syrian Accounting Qualifications and the International Accounting Education Based on IES 2 and IES 3
( 119 ) Measuring the Quality of Islamic Banks Services and Its Impact on Customers Satisfaction A Survey Study on the Islamic Banks Customers in Lattakia-Syria
( 120 ) A Negative Rational Pigs Game and its Applications to Website Management
( 121 ) Causal Relationship between Imports and Economic Growth in Zimbabwe: An Empirical Analysis 1975 – 2013
( 122 ) Managerial Judgement Versus Financial Techniques in Strategic Investment Decisions: An Empirical Study on the Syrian Coastal Region Firms
( 123 ) Investigating the Demand of Small Hotel and Restaurant Businesses for Bank Financing: The Case of Turkey
( 124 ) Determinants of Tax Revenue in Ethiopia (Johansen Co-Integration Approach)
( 125 ) A Review on EU Transportation Projects within the Case of Turkey for European Union Regional Development Policy
( 126 ) Confirming the Mediation Effect of A Structural Model By Using Bootstrap Approach: A Case Study of Malaysian 8th Grade Students’ Mathematics Achievement
( 127 ) Measuring Efficiency in Banks: A Brief Survey on Non – Parametric Technique (Data Envelopment Analysis)
( 128 ) Education and Income Relationship in Turkey
( 129 ) Corporate Funding and Sustainability of Non- Governmental Organizations in Africa
( 130 ) Acquisition of Personal Assets Through Loan Bank and Commercial Credit: What’s the Best Option?
( 131 ) Does Managerial Emotional Biases Affect Debt Maturity Preference? Bayesian Network Method: Evidence from Tunisia
( 132 ) Managing Public Perception towards Local Government Administration
( 133 ) Development of the National Economies and the Foreign Trade Relations between Ukraine and Bulgaria (In the Period 2005-2014)
( 134 ) Studying the Integration of Damascus Securities Exchange with Selected Stock Markets
( 135 ) Market Share and Profitability Relationship: A Study of the Banking Sector in Nigeria
( 136 ) The Lead-Lag Relationships between Construction Investment and GDP: Granger Causality Tests and Impulse Responses Using Japanese Data
( 137 ) The Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Consumer Prices in Nigeria: Evidence from VECM Model
( 138 ) The Effect of Access and Quality of Education on Economic Development in Botswana
( 139 ) Effect of Media Transportation and Advertising Transportation on Customers Responsiveness
( 140 ) The Effect of Personal Factors on the Customer Rating of the Quality of Services of the Islamic Banks Operating in the Syrian Coast
( 141 ) Academic Mobility for Engineering and Technology Graduates in Africa: Lessons and Experiences from the Implementation
( 142 ) A Review of Cross Border Higher Education in Africa: Focus on Graduate Level Training in Engineering and Technology
( 143 ) A Factor Analysis Approach Towards a Study of the Factors Affecting Students’ Choice of Higher Education Institution: A Case Study of a Private Institution (Twintech International University College of Technology)
( 144 ) Examining Long Run Relationship between Household Debt and Household Savings in South Africa – An Error Correction Model and Granger Causality
( 145 ) Panel Data Analysis of the Impact of Economic Freedom as Well as Economic Conditions, The Quality of Life, and Public Education Spending on U.S. Undocumented Immigrant Settlement Patterns
( 146 ) Dynamics of Inflation, Economic Growth, Money Supply and Exchange Rate in India: Evidence from Multivariate Analysis
( 147 ) The Relationship between Currency Conversions and International Business Transactions: Small Businesses and Travelers
( 148 ) Ambient Particulate Matter (PM) Evaluation in Gasabo District, Rwanda
( 149 ) Purchasing Power Parity Hold in Major SAARC Countries? Panel Cointegration Analysis
( 150 ) Structural Breaks, Electricity Generation and Economic Growth in Nigeria
( 151 ) Effects of Environmental Satisfaction on Family Displacement Case Study: Gohar Dasht Region, Karaj City
( 152 ) Measuring the Quality of Health Services in Lattakia Province Patients' Perspective (Field Study of Health Centers in Jableh City)
( 153 ) Rice Farmer and Capital Formation: A Case Study of Rice Farmer's Credit Cooperative in Itoikin, Ikosi-Ejirin LCDA, Lagos State
( 154 ) Investment Climate Rating Evaluation: The Case of Ukrainian Economy
( 155 ) How the Principles of the Sharing Economy Can Improve Organizational Performance of the US Public School System
( 156 ) Effect of Budget Defict on Private Investment in East African Community for the Period 1981-2015: A Panel Data Analysis
( 157 ) Comparative Analysis of the Effectiveness of Coub-Douglas, Real Business Cycle, and Keynsian Growth Models in Determining Economic Growth in Nigeria
( 158 ) Implications of Crude Oil Price Volatility and Parallel Exchange Rate Fluctuation on the Cost of Living in Nigeria
( 159 ) National Security and Democratization in Nigeria: The Case of Insurgence
( 160 ) The Link Between Agricultural Budgetary Allocation and Economic Growth in Nigeria
( 161 ) Evaluation of the Current Procurement Planning Process in a District Municipality
( 162 ) An Econometric Planning Model of Urban Forestry as a Measure of Sustainability: A Matrix of Action and Change
( 163 ) Technological Innovation in Central and Eastern Europe: What’s the Contribution of Innovation Policy?
( 164 ) Financial Deepening, Interest Rate Spread and Economic Growth: New Evidence from Sub-Sahara Africa
( 165 ) Internationalization of State Multilatinas: A Multi-Case Study in The Oil Sector
( 167 ) Relevance of Stakeholders Theory, Organizational Identity Theory and Social Exchange Theory to Corporate Social Responsibility and Employees Performance in the Commercial Banks in Nigeria
( 168 ) A Brief Survey of the House Allocation Problems
( 169 ) Public Sector Size and GDP Growth Nexus: Panel Data Estimation
( 170 ) Overview of the Most Common Types of Maladministration Raised at EU Level
( 171 ) The Influence of Communication, Work Motivation and Career Development on Elementary School Teacher’s Job Performance in Medan, Indonesia
( 172 ) Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa
( 174 ) The Effects of Exchange Rate Variability on Trade Flows in Nigeria: A Cointegration Analysis
( 175 ) What Drives Banking Stability? Empirical Evidence from ECOWAS Countries
( 176 ) Construction and Application of Water Resource Accounting Information System in Taiwan
( 177 ) The Profitability of Momentum Strategies: Empirical Evidence from Damascus Securities Exchange (DSE)
( 178 ) Determinants of Rural Residential Solid Waste Collection Services in Lagos State
( 179 ) Is Alumni Salary an Appropriate Metric for University Marketers?
( 180 ) A Case Study of Local Government Implementation of the Ward Based Local Economic Development (LED) Program
( 182 ) On the Prediction of the Inflation Crises of South Africa Using Markov-Switching Bayesian Vector Autoregressive and Logistic Regression Models
( 183 ) Entrepreneurial Networking and Women Entrepreneurs’ Contribution to Employment Creation in Rivers State, Nigeria
( 184 ) Participatory Processes in Planning for Self-Help Housing Provision in South Africa: Policies and Challenges
( 185 ) The Moderating Effect of Governance Mechanisms on the Relationship Between Innovation Strategy and the Performance
( 187 ) Under-Utilization of Female Capital: A Quantitative Study in Pakistani Perspective
( 188 ) Public-Private Partnership as a Strategy for E-Governance Funding in Africa: The Gains and the Pains
( 189 ) Employee Loyalty and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour in the Port Harcourt Area Command of the Nigeria Police Force
( 190 ) Does Gold Price Lead or Lags Islamic Stock Market and Strategy Commodity Price? A Study from Malaysia
( 191 ) Measuring and Assessing the State of Technological Innovations and the Level of Interaction between Rice Processors and Stakeholders in Rice Processing Industry in Nigeria
( 192 ) An Evaluation of Effectiveness of Oversight Committees: A Case of City of Johannesburg, Section 79 Committees
( 194 ) Macroeconomic Indicators and Capital Formation Growth in Nigeria: A New Evidence
( 195 ) Financial Market Predictions with Factorization Machines: Trading the Opening Hour Based on Overnight Social Media Data
( 196 ) Electronic Banking Innovations and Selected Banks Performance in Nigeria
( 197 ) The Effect of Internal and External Factors of Companies on Profitability and its Implications on Stock Price Index of State-Owned Banks
( 199 ) Firm-Level Investment Decisions Under Uncertainty and Irreversibility in Zimbabwes Private Firms
( 200 ) The Nexus between Urbanization, Energy Demand and Healthcare in Bangladesh
( 201 ) Leading Indicators and Financial Crisis: A Multi-Sectoral Approach Using Signal Extraction
( 203 ) Forecasting Equity Index Volatility: Empirical Evidence from Japan, UK and USA Data
( 204 ) Disaggregated Foreign Capital Inflows and Economic Growth in a Developing Economy: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
( 205 ) Impact of Telecommunications Market Liberalization on Labor Productivity in Economic Community of West African States
( 206 ) Urban Population Growth and Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria
( 207 ) The Importance of Public Administration Towards Achieving Good Governance for Positive National Development by Using SmartPLS 3
( 208 ) Industrialization and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Human Capital in Structural Transformation
( 209 ) Exchange Rate and Foreign Reserves Interface: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
( 210 ) Impact of Participatory Decision Making on Organisational Goal Attainment
( 211 ) Conceptualisation of Lack of Discipline and Probity as the Main Cause towards Good Governance Practice
( 212 ) Service Quality and Outpatients Satisfaction in Public Hospitals in Malaysia
( 213 ) Satisfaction with Applications Fuels the Growth of Mobile Wallet Use in Thailand
( 214 ) Investigate Airport Service Quality- A Case Study of Airports in Shanghai
( 215 ) An Entrepreneurship Research in Singapore: Basic Psychological Needs and Motivation
( 216 ) The Impact of Organisational Culture on Public Sector Performance: A Case Study of Local Authorities in Zimbabwe
( 217 ) Sectoral Credit Allocation of Deposit Money Banks and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria
( 218 ) Profitability of Commercial Bank on Interest Rate Deregulation
( 219 ) Gamification on Sales Force Performance in Nigeria Bottling Company
( 220 ) Foreign Direct Investment - Growth Linkage in Sub-Saharan Africa: Is Governance a Mediating Factor?
( 221 ) Factors that Influence Profitability of General Insurance Issuers in Indonesia
( 223 ) Impact of Exchange Rate Fluctuation on Selected Economic Sectors of the Nigerian Economy
( 224 ) Investigating the Impact of Business Alignment on Job Gratification in an Organization: The Case of a University in Egypt
( 225 ) Migration as a Livelihood Strategy: The Case of Internal Migration in Ghana
( 226 ) Impact of Network Finance Development on Inflation: Evidence from Chinese Market
( 227 ) An Empirical Evaluation of Cashless Systems Implementation in Ghana
( 228 ) Correlation between Financial Difficulties and Financing Strategies among Market Stallholders in Batangas City
( 229 ) Africa's Human Capital Development: Is Public Finance Management an Effective Strategy?
( 230 ) Analysis of Environmental Factors Affecting Manufacturing Small and Medium-Size Enterprises in Kogi State Nigeria
( 231 ) Regime Changes in the Volatility of Stock Markets
( 232 ) The Transitional Relationship between Economic Growth and Exchange Rate in Ghana: An Empirical Approach
( 233 ) Estimating the Economic Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Bioenergy in EU-28: An Application of Tobit Analysis
( 234 ) The Effect of Selected Factors on Tax Revenue Mobilization in Ethiopia: The Case of Amhara Region
( 235 ) The Relationship between Financial Development, Economic Growth, and Inflation: Evidence from Southeast Asia
( 236 ) The Mediating Effect of Financial Self-Efficacy on the Financial Literacy-Behavior Relationship: A Case of Generation Y Professionals
( 237 ) Determinants of Corporate Tax Avoidance Strategies among Multinational Corporations in Malaysia
( 238 ) Study on the Effect of Foreign Investment on Anhuis Industrial Structure Optimization
( 239 ) Problems of Bilateral Trade Deficit between Bangladesh and India: A 2SLS Regression Analysis
( 240 ) Assessing the Perceived Value of Customers for being Satisfied towards the Sustainability of Hypermarket in Malaysia
( 241 ) Effects of Socio-Cultural Diversity on the Performance of Private Health Care Organizations in Kogi State
( 242 ) Organizational Memory and Employee Performance in Federal Parastatals in Enugu State of Nigeria
( 243 ) Analysis of Effect of Profitability, Capital, Risk Financing, the Sharia Supervisory Board and Capabilities Zakat in Islamic Perspective with Circular Approach Causastion on Islamic Banks in Indonesia
( 244 ) The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure on Corporate Financial Performance
( 245 ) Incidence of Short Term Private Capital Outflow: Empirical Analysis in Nigeria
( 246 ) Rethinking Port Role as Transport Corridor under Symbiosis Theory-Case Study of China-Europe Trade Transportation
( 247 ) Determinants of Exchange Rate in Nigeria: A Comparison of the Official and Parallel Market Rates
( 248 ) Exchange Rate Pass-through to Prices: VAR Evidence for Albania
( 249 ) Growing and Building: Collaboration of Urban Poverty Reduction Strategy
( 250 ) Issues of Unemployment in Nigeria: Effect of Real Exchange Rate and Inflation Interaction
( 251 ) Challenges and Opportunities of Investment to the People of Sebeta Town, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia
( 252 ) Exchange Rate Volatility, Foreign Exchange Market Intervention and Asymmetric Preferences
( 253 ) Value for Money (VFM) Audit and Public Sector Performance in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 254 ) Seasonal Assessment of Relative Humidity, Ambient Air Temperature and CO2 Concentration Level in School Buildings of Kigali-Rwanda
( 255 ) Multivariate Analysis in Formulation of the Benefit-Cost Index Related to the Sugarcane Production System in the Quirinopolis Municipality Productive Center, Goias, Brazil
( 256 ) How can Female Executives Shape the Effectiveness of Executive Compensation?- A Multi-Dimensional Approach
( 257 ) Does External Borrowing Affect Economic Growth? A Revisit of the Age-Long Debate for Nigeria
( 258 ) What are the Contextual Influences of Bank Criminality in Osun East Senatorial District?
( 259 ) Innovations Dissemination Approaches among Government Co-Operative Supporting Organisations in Tanzania
( 260 ) An Agnostic Analysis of Exchange Rate Movement in Ghana
( 262 ) Analysing the Financial Strength of Nigeria: An Approach to Estimate the Index of Financial Safety
( 263 ) Trade Union Performance and Industrial Relations Climate in the Nigerian Petroleum Sector
( 264 ) Externality Effects of Sachet and Plastic Bottled Water Consumption on the Environment: Evidence from Benin City and Okada in Nigeria
( 265 ) Analysis of Traffic Accident Occurrence at Hazardous Road Locations: A Case Study in Tunisia
( 266 ) The Impact of Land Price Movements on the Properties in Croatia
( 268 ) Financial Inclusion and Poverty Alleviation: The Contribution of Commercial Banks in West Africa
( 269 ) Management of The CFA Franc: What are the Fundamentals of the Real Exchange Rate in West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)?
( 270 ) Evaluating the Model of Demand for Money in Nigeria
( 271 ) Intellectual Property Rights, Human Capital and Innovation in Emerging and Developing Countries
( 272 ) Entrepreneurship Training for Mitigating Unemployment in Nigeria: How have the Tertiary Institutions Fared?
( 273 ) Evaluating the Effectiveness of CAPM and APT for Risk Measuring and Assets Pricing
( 274 ) Innovation Strategy and Sustainability of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in South East Nigeria
( 275 ) Do Derivative Instruments Increase Firm Risk for Indonesia Non-Financial Companies?
( 276 ) State and Evolution of Public and Private Research and Development in Bulgarian Agriculture
( 277 ) Inflation, Oil Revenue, and Monetary Policy Mix in an Oil-Dependent Economy: Empirical Insights from the Case of Nigeria
( 278 ) Critical Review of Literature on Brand Equity and Customer Loyalty
( 280 ) Investigating the Environmental Effects of Economic Growth in African Economies
( 281 ) Fraud Auditing Law Implications in the Case of Jiwasraya Insurance in Indonesia
( 282 ) The Relationship between Creative Accounting Risks and Auditing Risks from the Perspective of External Auditors in Saudi Arabia
( 283 ) Productive Welfare Policy: An Innovative Way in Social Safety Net in Malaysia
( 284 ) Accountability and Transparency in Nation Building: A COVID-19 Experience in Sub-Saharan Africa
( 285 ) Determinants of Profitability and its Implications on Corporate Values (Studies at Ceramic, Porcelain and Glass Sub Sector Listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange, 2009 - 2018)
( 291 ) Kashmir Peasant Economy under Dogra’s: A Case Study of Agrarian Produce and Livestock 1885-1925 A.D
( 292 ) Social Sustainability of High-Rise Buildings
( 293 ) Driving Role of Institutional Investors in the Indian Stock Market in Short and Long-Run – An Empirical Study
( 299 ) Anti-Corruption Crusade in Nigeria: More Words Than Deeds
( 302 ) A Multidimensional Structure of Shopping Centre Visit Objectives - An European Consumers Perspective
( 303 ) Structural Breaks and the Long-Run Stability of Demand for Real Broad Money Function in Nigeria: A Gregory-Hansen Approach
( 304 ) Just-In-Time: Review of Empirical Studies
( 307 ) Beyond Marxist Economism and Entrepreneurial Essentialism: Post-Colonial Politics of Empire in Chinua Achebe’s And Linus Asong’s Writings
( 310 ) Bancassurance - Growth Guaranteed in India
( 312 ) A Mixed-Methods Study to Explore Stage of Readiness and Intention of Micro and Small Enterprises to Adopt Mobile Money in Indonesia
( 313 ) Micro-Credits and Poverty Reduction in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania: A Case Study of Dar-Es-Salaam Commercial Bank
( 314 ) An Empirical Test on Effect of Intra-Product Trade on Regional Income Distribution: The Case of Liaoning, China
( 316 ) Stock Market Index Prediction with Neural Network during Financial Crises: A Review on Bist-100