Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

Land Use/Land Cover Change and its Effects on Bamboo Forest in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Ethiopia

Semeneh Bessie

,

Fekadu Beyene

,

Bekele Hundie

,

Degye Goshu

,

Yigardu Mulatu

Semeneh Bessie 1

Fekadu Beyene 2 Bekele Hundie 2 Degye Goshu 4
Yigardu Mulatu 5

  1. Madda Walabu University, Schoopl of Business and Economics, Department of Economics, Bale Goba 1

  2. School of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia 2

  3. Africa Rising West Africa and East/Southern Africa Projects, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Tamale, Ghana 4

  4. Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Forestry Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 5

Pages: 1-11

DOI: 10.18488/journal.26/2016.5.1/26.1.1.11

Share :


Abstract:

Bamboo deforestation has become a serious problem in Ethiopia threatening the bamboo biodiversity and the people who depend on bamboo income. Previous studies mostly emphasize on mechanical, physical and biological characterization of the lowland bamboo. Earlier studies rarely relay on measuring the trend and magnitude of bamboo deforestation. The purpose of this study is, therefore, to examine the rate and magnitude of bamboo deforestation and identify the driving factors of LU/LC change. Data for the study were obtained from geographic information system (GIS) with ground verification. To supplement the GIS and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) result, a random sample of 384 households was interviewed. In addition, key informants interview and focus group discussions were held to validate the required data. The result generally revealed the declining state of bamboo forest over the past 26 years. The 2006 year’s NDVI value shows that a household owned 3.846 hectares of forest land. The result indicated a decline in forest to 2.027 hectare in 2012. The result showed 52.704 percent decline in forest land cover. Moreover, the survey result indicated that from 2009-2013, about a 0.014 hectares of bamboo forest was converted to agricultural land.  On average, a household has converted an average of 0.081 hectares of forestland into agriculture land. Our evidence also shows that the lowland bamboo forest cover in the region has devastated due to anthropogenic and natural factors. This result implies that if the same trend continues, the available bamboo stock will vanish in shorter period of time. Therefore, quick rehabilitation and mass bamboo restocking policy shall be designed by the regional government in order to regenerate and conserve the lowland bamboo resources.

Contribution/ Originality
This study has used appropriate research methodology and hopped to contribute to the bamboo based existing literature.

Keywords:

Land cover changes, Bamboo deforestation, GIS, Ethiopia.

Video:

Reference:

  1. Bamboo Star Agro-Forestry, 2014. Factory Annual Report, Assossa.
  2. BGRFSSR, 2004. Benishangul-Gumuz Region Food Security Strategy Report.
  3. Bishaw, B., 2001. Deforestation and land degradation on the Ethiopian Highlands: A strategy for physical recovery. International Conference on African Development Archives.
  4. BOA, 2014. Benishangul Gumur Region Agricultural Bureau, Regional Report, Assosa.
  5. Boucher, B., P. Elias, J. Faires and S. Sharon, 2014. Deforestation success stories tropical nations where forest protection and reforestation policies have worked. Union of Concerned Scientists.
  6. Central Statistical Authority (CSA), 2007. Statistical abstract. Addis Ababa: Central Statistical Authority.
  7. Chen, B., G. XU, C.N. Coops, P. Ciais, L.J. Innes, G. Wang, B.R. Myneni, T. Wang, J. Krzyzanowski, Q. Li, L. Cao and Y. Liu, 2014. Changes in vegetation photosynthetic activity trends across the Asia–pacific region over the last three decades. Journal of Remote Sensing of Environment, 144: 28–41.
  8. Das, S., A. Behera and Mishra, 2014. Factors affecting household perception of wetland biodiversity conservation in West Bengal, India. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics, 34(3): 72-82.
  9. Demissew, S., D. Tesfaye, B. Kassahun, A. Mehari, K. Yared, E. Negash and E. Sintayehu, 2011. Mass flowering and death of bamboo: A potential threat to biodiversity and livelihoods in Ethiopia. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES), 1(5): 16-25.
  10. Ensermu, K., B. Tamrat, G. Alemayehu and H. Gebremedhin, 2000. A socio-economic case study of the bamboo sector in Ethiopia: An analysis of the production-to-consumption system, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  11. EPA, 2012. National Report of Ethiopia, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20). Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa.
  12. FAO, 2010. Global Forest Resources Assessment Country Report, Ethiopia. Forestry Department of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  13. FAO, 2011. State of the world’s forests. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  14. FRA, 2010. Global Forest Resources Assessment, Country Report, Sudan. FAO, Rome.
  15. Geist, H. and E. Lambin, 2001. What drives tropical deforestation? A meta- analysis of proximate and underlying causes of deforestation based on sub-national case study evidence. LUCC International Project Office, LUCC Report Series No. 4, Louvainla- Neuve, Belgium.
  16. Guyu, F., 2012. Voluntary villagization scheme (VVS) for transforming semi-pastoral communities in Benishangul-Gumuz region, Northwestern Ethiopia: Challenges and local development indicators. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa, 14(8): 1520-5509.
  17. Huete, A., K. Didan, T. Miura, E.P. Rodriguez, X. Gao and L.G. Ferreira, 2002. Overview of the radiometric and biophysical performance of the MODIS vegetation indices. Remote Sensing of Environment, 83(1): 195-213.
  18. INBAR, 2005. Training Workshop on Bamboo Cultivation and Utilization in Ethiopia.
  19. INBAR, 2010. Study on utilization of lowland bamboo in Benishangul-Gumuz Region, Ethiopia.
  20. INBAR, 2013. Bamboo as sustainable energy. Addis Ababa: Newsletter.
  21. Kassahun, E., 2003. Ecological aspects and resource management of bamboo forests in Ethiopia. Doctoral Dissertation, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
  22. Liese, W., 1985. Anatomy and properties of bamboo. Institute of wood biology and wood preservation of the federal research centre for forestry and forest products. Hamburg, Germany: Leuschnerstr. PP: 196-208.
  23. Luso Consult, 1997. Study on sustainable bamboo management. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Commissioned by GTZ.
  24. Melaku, B., 2006. Ethiopia’s environmental policies, strategies and programmes. In Taye Assefa (ed.). Digest of Ethiopia’s National Policies, Strategies and Programmes. Addis Ababa: Forum fo Social Studies. pp: 337-369.
  25. Melaku, B., 2008. Ethiopia’s environmental policies, strategies and programmes. In: TayeAssefa (Eds). Digest of Ethiopia’s national policies, strategies and programmes. Addis Ababa: Forum for Social Studies. pp: 337-69.
  26. Meneses-Tovar, C.L., 2011. NDVI as indicator of degradation. Unasylva, 62(238): 39-46.
  27. Million, B., 2011. Forest plantations and woodlots In Ethiopia. A platform for stakeholders in African forestry. African Forest Forum, Working Paper Series, 1.
  28. Mulugeta, L. and F. Bekabil, 2011. Drivers of natural resources degradation and strategies for improved management in BGR, Addis Ababa.
  29. Pettorelli, N., J.O. Vik, A. Mysterud, J.M. Gaillard, C.J. Tucker and N.C. Stenseth, 2005. Using the satellite-derived NDVI to assess ecological responses to environmental change. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 20(9): 503-510.
  30. Sankey, T.T., J.B. Sankey, K.T. Weber and C. Montagne, 2009. Geospatial assessment of grazing regime shifts and sociopolitical changes in a Mongolian rangeland. Rangeland Ecological Management, 62(6): 522–530.
  31. WBISPP (Woody Biomass Inventory and Strategic Planning Project), 2004. A national strategic plan for the biomass energy sector. Addis Ababa: Government of Ethiopia, Ministry of Agriculture.
  32. Yetebitu, M., E. Zewdu and N. Sisay, 2010. Manual for assessment and monitoring of carbon in forest and other land uses in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Forest Research Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  33. Zelalem, A., 2007. Land use/ land cover dynamics and vegetation vulnerability analysis: A case study of Arsi Negele Wereda. Published Paper. MA Thesis, Addis Ababa.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


Related Article

( 1 ) NGO Programming and Policy Advocacy in the Land Sector in Zimbabwe
( 2 ) The Development of Participated Environmental Education Model for Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management on Eastern Part of Thailand
( 3 ) The Dynamics of Land Market and Food Security in Malawi
( 4 ) Land Use/Land Cover Change and its Effects on Bamboo Forest in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Ethiopia
( 5 ) Satisfaction with Applications Fuels the Growth of Mobile Wallet Use in Thailand
( 6 ) The Effectiveness of the Production of Healthy Rice in Comparison with other Rice Varieties in the Upper Northern Region of Thailand
( 7 ) The Impact of Land Price Movements on the Properties in Croatia
( 9 ) Ensuring Quality Provision of Education for All: Discovering Challenges Faced by Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Regular Primary Schools in Masvingo District
( 11 ) The Climate Change Menace, Food Security, Livelihoods and Social Safety in Northern Ghana
( 12 ) Testing the Random Walks in Korea Stock Exchange
( 13 ) The Effects of Exchange Rate Liberalization in Kenya on French Beans Exports
( 14 ) Exchange Rate Movements, Import And Economic Growth in Nigeria (1986-2010)
( 15 ) Impact of Food Beverage Price Index and Exchange Rate Volatility on Economic Growth
( 16 ) Testing the Random Walk: The Case of Hong Kong Stock Exchange
( 17 ) Climate Change Adaptation in Semi-Arid Dodoma: An Experience from Eco-Village
( 18 ) Role of Foreign Investment and External Debt in Determination of Exchange Rate
( 19 ) The Effects of Changes in Accounting Standards on Value Relevance of Financial Statement Information of Malaysia and Nigeria Banks
( 20 ) The Role of Strategic Planning on the Management of Organizational Change
( 21 ) Development, Preference Change, and Inequality in an Integrated Walrasian-General-Equilibrium and Neoclassical-Growth Theory
( 22 ) A Review upon the Changes Which Come With the Model upon Turkish Metropolitan Municipality within the Provincial Administrative Boundaries
( 23 ) The Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Debt, Liquidity, Growth, and Volume of Companies in Palestine Stock Exchange
( 25 ) Studying the Integration of Damascus Securities Exchange with Selected Stock Markets
( 26 ) The Effect of Exchange Rate Changes on Consumer Prices in Nigeria: Evidence from VECM Model
( 27 ) Dynamics of Inflation, Economic Growth, Money Supply and Exchange Rate in India: Evidence from Multivariate Analysis
( 28 ) Implications of Crude Oil Price Volatility and Parallel Exchange Rate Fluctuation on the Cost of Living in Nigeria
( 29 ) An Econometric Planning Model of Urban Forestry as a Measure of Sustainability: A Matrix of Action and Change
( 30 ) Relevance of Stakeholders Theory, Organizational Identity Theory and Social Exchange Theory to Corporate Social Responsibility and Employees Performance in the Commercial Banks in Nigeria
( 31 ) The Effects of Exchange Rate Variability on Trade Flows in Nigeria: A Cointegration Analysis
( 32 ) The Profitability of Momentum Strategies: Empirical Evidence from Damascus Securities Exchange (DSE)
( 33 ) Exchange Rate and Foreign Reserves Interface: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
( 34 ) Impact of Exchange Rate Fluctuation on Selected Economic Sectors of the Nigerian Economy
( 35 ) The Colonialists & Indigenous Exchange Currency: Tracing the Genesis of Socioeconomic Woes in Postcolonial Nigeria
( 36 ) Regime Changes in the Volatility of Stock Markets
( 37 ) The Transitional Relationship between Economic Growth and Exchange Rate in Ghana: An Empirical Approach
( 38 ) Determinants of Exchange Rate in Nigeria: A Comparison of the Official and Parallel Market Rates
( 39 ) Exchange Rate Pass-through to Prices: VAR Evidence for Albania
( 40 ) Issues of Unemployment in Nigeria: Effect of Real Exchange Rate and Inflation Interaction
( 41 ) Exchange Rate Volatility, Foreign Exchange Market Intervention and Asymmetric Preferences
( 42 ) An Agnostic Analysis of Exchange Rate Movement in Ghana
( 43 ) An Empirical Investigation of Real Exchange Rate Responses to Foreign Currency Inflows: Revisiting the Dutch Disease Phenomenon in South Asia
( 44 ) Factors Affecting the Individual Stock Price Index (IHSI) Industrial Manufacturing Sector in Indonesia, Automotive Sub Sectors, and Components in Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX)
( 45 ) Management of The CFA Franc: What are the Fundamentals of the Real Exchange Rate in West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)?
( 46 ) Determinants of Profitability and its Implications on Corporate Values (Studies at Ceramic, Porcelain and Glass Sub Sector Listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange, 2009 - 2018)
( 47 ) Developing a Conceptual Model for Antecedents of Resistance to Change towards Sustainable Construction Practices
( 48 ) Exchange Rate Volatility and Agricultural Commodity Prices i Nigeria (2000-2018)
( 49 ) Reminiscing Stock Splits Announcement: A Malaysian Case
( 50 ) Micro-Credits and Poverty Reduction in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania: A Case Study of Dar-Es-Salaam Commercial Bank
( 51 ) The Life-Time of Tomorrow Party of Japan and Its Negative Impacts on the Anti-Nuclear Movements in Japan’s Politics
( 52 ) Republic of Zimbabwe National Water Policy: A Desk Review of the Gaps between the Policy and Its Implementation
( 53 ) Measuring the Quality of Islamic Banks Services and Its Impact on Customers Satisfaction A Survey Study on the Islamic Banks Customers in Lattakia-Syria
( 54 ) A Negative Rational Pigs Game and its Applications to Website Management
( 56 ) The Role of Social Entrepreneurship in Pakistan and its Impact on Economy
( 57 ) The Effect of Internal and External Factors of Companies on Profitability and its Implications on Stock Price Index of State-Owned Banks
( 58 ) Activity Cost Management and its Effect on Enterprise Productivity
( 59 ) Determinant of MSMEs Performance and its Impact on Province GRDP in Indonesia
( 60 ) Determinants of Financial Performance and its Impact on the Growth of Islamic Bank Assets on Indonesia
( 63 ) Does the Mena Countries May Converge in GDP to Southern European One? The Effects of International Trade
( 64 ) Corruption’s and Democracy’s Effects on Economic Growth
( 65 ) Consideration the Effects of Water Sector Investment on Economic Growth in Iran
( 66 ) Effects of Advertising on Consumer Behavior in Low Density Houses: The Case of Marlborough, Zimbabwe
( 67 ) Moderating Effects of Project Management Experience, Project Team Size, Project Duration and Project Value Size on the Relationship between Project Manager’s Leadership Roles and Project Team Effectiveness in Malaysia
( 69 ) Organisational Politics – Causes and Effects on Organisation and Employees
( 71 ) Effects of Environmental Satisfaction on Family Displacement Case Study: Gohar Dasht Region, Karaj City
( 72 ) Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa
( 74 ) Analysis of the Effects of Pull and Push Factors on Brain Drain: An Example of Turkey