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New Evidence on the Link Between Income Inequality and Misery Index: A Nonlinear Time Series Analysis

Seyed Kamal Sadeghi


Maryam Barzegar Marvasti


Reza Karbor

Seyed Kamal Sadeghi 1 Maryam Barzegar Marvasti 1 Reza Karbor 1 

  1. Tabriz University, Iran 1


This paper investigates the relationship between the misery index and income inequality by estimating a nonlinear time series model in Iran from 1972 to 2011. Misery index, defined as the sum of the unemployment rate plus the annual rate of inflation. We showed that the dynamics of the mentioned relationship can be well approximated by a class of smooth transition autoregressive (STAR) models using the level of misery index as a transition variable. The findings indicated that by increasing misery index upper its threshold value, as counted 49.52, a strongly positive link is existed between two variables. However, any significant relationship was not confirmed for misery index in lower than 49.52.

Contribution/ Originality


Unemployment rate, Inflation rate, Misery index, Income inequality, Gini coefficient, Smooth transition autoregressive models (STAR).


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