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Previous Marriage Outcomes and Fertility Preference among Re-Married Women in Nigeria: Analysis from 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey

Pages: 1-10
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Previous Marriage Outcomes and Fertility Preference among Re-Married Women in Nigeria: Analysis from 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.171.2020.31.1.10

Olugbenga Olaseinde

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Olugbenga Olaseinde (2020). Previous Marriage Outcomes and Fertility Preference among Re-Married Women in Nigeria: Analysis from 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. International Journal of Business Strategy and Social Sciences, 3(1): 1-10. DOI: 10.18488/journal.171.2020.31.1.10
With increasing rate of re-marriage, women’s decision to stick to their intended fertility may be influenced by the dictate of men who demand additional child to consummate the new union. This study examined the influence of previous marriage outcome on women’s fertility preference by analysing 2013 NDHS weighted sample data of 2,671 Nigerian women, who reported to have re-married. The analysis employed Chi-square test and Multinomial Logistic Regression Model. The result indicates that, apart from previous marriage outcome, ideal number of children, wealth status, and ethnicity are predictors of re-married women’s fertility preference. Women who lost their husband in their previous marriage were more likely to desire no more children than other categories of women. The study recommends enlightenment campaign to empower women, especially the widowed to make informed choices about their marital status after the death of husbands, also, to increase their sexual bargaining power in later remarried union.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on women’s marital fertility preference in Nigeria by examining the influence of re-marriage in relation to outcomes of women’s previous marital union on fertility intention of re-married women.

Analysis of Moral Reasoning of Teachers and the Students with Respect to Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development

Pages: 11-29
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Analysis of Moral Reasoning of Teachers and the Students with Respect to Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.171.2020.31.11.29

Muhammad Hafeez , Fatima Tahira , Qaiser Abbas Kazmi , Muhammad Zahid Hussain

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Muhammad Hafeez , Fatima Tahira , Qaiser Abbas Kazmi , Muhammad Zahid Hussain (2020). Analysis of Moral Reasoning of Teachers and the Students with Respect to Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development. International Journal of Business Strategy and Social Sciences, 3(1): 11-29. DOI: 10.18488/journal.171.2020.31.11.29
Moral development of persons is a basic aim of education. According to Islamic teachings success and failure of a person is judged on moral basis in this world and the hereafter. This study focuses on analysis of moral reasoning of teachers and the students with respect to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development. The target population for this study were teachers and students of secondary schools of district Dera Ghazi Khan. Twenty secondary schools were randomly selected from district Dera Ghazi Khan. Three (03) teachers and ten (10) students from each school were selected using random sampling method. The total sample size was 60 teachers and 200 students. Data was selected by DIT (defining issue test). The collected data was analyzed through descriptive analysis and chi-square test applied using SPSS. The results revealed that the participants reasoned predominantly at the conventional level of Kohlberg's moral reasoning which found that there is no significant difference between the view of teachers and students towards moral reasoning.
Contribution/ Originality
This study focuses on analysis of moral reasoning of teachers and the students with respect to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development.