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Using Refined Phosphogypsum to Replace Natural Gypsum in Portland Cement Production in Vietnam

Viet-Thien-An Van


Van-Binh Nguyen

Viet-Thien-An Van 1 ,

Van-Binh Nguyen 1 
  1. Faculty of Building Materials, National University of Civil Engineering (NUCE), 55 Giai Phong Road, Hanoi, Vietnam 1

Pages: 62-69

DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2019.81.62.69

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Article History:

Received: 16 November, 2018
Revised: 21 December, 2018
Accepted: 29 January, 2019
Published: 13 March, 2019


This study assessed the effects of different contents of two refined phosphogypsums (PG1, PG2) on standard consistency, setting times, compressive strength and sulfate resistance of cement. PG2 possesses higher water-soluble impurities such as P2O5, F content than PG1. The results were compared to those of cement containing natural gypsum (NG). The results showed that water demand of cement reduces when the content of the gypsums increases, especially with PG1 and NG. The phosphogypsums prolong the setting times of cement. The higher the gypsum content is, the more the 3-d compressive strength of cement can obtains. The low impurity phosphogypsum (PG1) accelerates the 3-d strength but lowers the 91-d strength of cement compared to the high impurity phosphogypsum (PG2). The strength of cement containing NG is always between those of the phosphogypsums at the ages of 3 and 91 days. There is a suitable content of gypsum to produce the highest strength of the cement at the ages of 28 and 91 days. Deterioration of the cement in sodium sulfate solution (50g/l) is more severely when increasing gypsum content. The sulfate resistance of cement containing PG1 is lower than that of cement containing PG2 or NG.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies in Vietnam to investigatewhich have investigated the potential for using refined phosphogypsum to replace natural gypsum in cement for environmental protection in Vietnam. This study has reported that phosphogypsum content and impurities of P2O5 and F- significantly affect the properties of Portland cement.


Portland cement, Natural gypsum, Phosphogypsum , Setting times, Compressive strength, Sulfate resistance.




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This study as part of the research project “Studying the effects of phosphogypsum from fertilizer plants to replace natural gypsum on properties of cement and concrete”, B2017-XDA-14 that received the financial support from the Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors would like to thank the Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training for the financial support.

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