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Net-Zero Energy Building – Case Study Al Khobar City, Saudi Arabia

Nader. A. Nader


Rami S. Alsayed

Nader. A. Nader 1

Rami S. Alsayed 2

  1. Mechanical Engineering Department, Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1

  2. Mechanical Project Engineer, East-West Pipeline Projects Department, Saudi Aramco, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2

Pages: 70-78

DOI: 10.18488/journal.13/2016.5.4/

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Article History:

Received: 04 February, 2017
Revised: 11 November, 2016
Accepted: 16 November, 2016
Published: 22 November, 2016


The main goal of the proposed project is to demonstrate that considerable energy conservation can be done in residential building area in the KSA, considering the living conditions of house users. For this purpose, several houses will be tested using sizable Building Integrated PV (BIPV) system.  In addition, the energy needs per year for each household will be covered in this study. Moreover, the proposed BIPV system will supply sufficient amount of electrical energy to allow free daily commute for homeowner (max. 60 km a day) with use of the electric car. The results indicate that the use of an insulation layer (BioPCM material) in building structure will decrease significantly the cooling capacity by 20%. The addition of solar hybrid air conditioner system improved the EER by 5.41% and the COP by 12.24 %. Finally, the installation plan for the PV panels in each residential household is in agreement with the official KSA government policy.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the few studies which have investigated the net zero energy building at Alkhobar area.  The paper primary contribution is finding the proper energy saving system, hybrid plus PCM.  Furthermore, this study documents all the work that has been done previously by same researcher (Nader, 2015;2016).     


Net zero energy, Energy consumption, Building integrated PV, Solar energy, PCM, Solar Hybrid air condition.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


I would like to thank my students, Mechanical Engineering Department at Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Al Khobar City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, for all their help and support into pursuing this case study.

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