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Preliminary Study of Activated Carbon Filters for Pollutants Removal in Diesel Engines

Pedro Julio Villegas

Pedro Julio Villegas 1

  1. University of Belize, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Belmopan, Belize, Central America 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 31-45

DOI: 10.18488/journal.13/2016.5.2/13.2.31.45

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Abstract:

Pollutants removal from combustion gases during diesel engines operation is one of the most widely known environmental applications of activated carbons. In order to guarantee the successful removal of contaminants and pollutants on activated carbons, the development of new adsorbents has been increasing in the last few years. This paper presents a systematic study for cleaning diesel engines of CO, SO2, NO2 and H2S using the process of physical adsorption on novel adsorbents obtained from tropical biomasses. The combustion gases were qualitative and quantitative analyzed by Gas Chromatography. The use of this simple method is a valuable alternative to meet emission standards in Developing Countries. It was demonstrated that the agricultural wastes studied here are a feasible alternative for granular activated carbons preparation for pollutants removal during diesel engines operation, approaching its efficiency to the commercial Catalytic Converters.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of a few studies which have investigated the use of agricultural wastes as alternative source for activated carbons preparation. The products synthetized trough this systematic investigation has the adequate adsorbent properties for environmental applications like pollutants removal during diesel engines operation.

Keywords:

Diesel engines, Combustion gases, Activated carbons, Adsorption, Adsorbents, Pollutants removal.

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Reference:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declare that there are no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Acknowledgement:


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